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THE LIBRARY OF THE 

UNIVERSITY OF 

NORTH CAROLINA 

AT CHAPEL HILL 




THE COLLECTION OF 
NORTH CAROLINIANA 

PRESENTED BY 

Kenneth E. Crouch 



C286 
S913e 



UNIVERSITY OF N.C. AT CHAPEL HILL 



00043577174 



FOR USE ONLY IN 
THE NORTH CAROLINA COLLECTION 









'"— ,— .~» 



The Early Trails 

of the Baptists: A History 

of the Strawberry Baptist 

Association 17761976 



1976 



The Early Trails 

of the Baptists: A History 

of the Strawberry Baptist 

Association 1776-1976 



Compiled and Edited by the 
200th Anniversary Committee 

of the 
Strawberry Baptist Association 



1976 



Strawberry Baptist Association 



OFFICERS 1975-1976 

Moderator Donald C. Carr 

I 
Vice Moderator Rev. Tommy C. Floyd 

Clerk Rev. Harold B. Oyer 

Treasurer J. Henry Powers 

Auditor H. Page Scott 

Representative to the General Board of the Baptist 

General Association of Virginia Elbert W. Hassellr 






200th ANNIVERSARY COMMITTEE 

Kenneth E. Crouch, Chairman 



Mrs. Harry P. Clause 
Miss Audrey Foster 
Mrs. L. R. Freeman 



Mrs. Robert N. Krebs 
Mrs. Gilbert C. Luck 
Rev. Harold B. Oyer 



Miss Reva Turner 



Contents 

oreword iv 

hapter 

I. The Society Called Baptist, 1639-1776 1 

II. Baptist and the Establishment, 1777-1783 5 

III. Helping Guard the Victory, 1783-1791 10 

IV. Baptists Working With Their Association, 1791-1836 14 

V. Involvement in State Missions, 1822-1830 19 

VI. Men Move Toward Their Mission, 1776-1976 24 

VII. Ladies in the Meeting House, 1860-1976 27 

VIII. The Apostles on Horseback, 1823-1901 34 

IX. Lifting the Bounty, 1802-1976 _ 36 

X. Teaching the Word, 1830-1976 43 

XI. Learning, From the Cabin to the Ivy Halls 49 

t XII. Relieving Social Ills, 1826-1976 54 

, XIII. Caring for Those in Bondage, 1788-1871 56 

2 XIV. Relief for the Man in the Pulpit, 1836-1976 61 

! XV. Training Union, 1891-1976 64 

XVI. Attending the Association Meetings, 1807-1975 67 

8 XVII. Uttermost Parts, 1813-1976 79 

,:VIII. Continuing the Dream, 1897-1976 82 

pilogue 86 

'.ppendix A 94 

Church Histories 94 

ppendix B 170 

Men Serving the Denomination 170 

Men Serving in the Association 172 

Sunday School Superintendents 172 

Directors of Training Unions 172 

Leaders of Women's Work 172 

Daughter Associations 174 

ppendix C 176 

Vital Statistics 185 

I 

-ppendix D 196 

All the Churches of the Association 196 

.ppendix E 206 

Queries Presented to the Association 206 

.ppendix F 212 

"It Could Have Happened" 212 

iii 



Foreword 



It would be rather presumptuous to attempt to cover two hundrc 
years of the history of Virginia's oldest association in a limited ti: 
or space. 

Readers may not agree on the importance of some of the events a 
may feel that others should have been included, for this we are sorr 
The writing was done with three things in mind. What has happen* 
that one wants to recall in 1976; what is happening that the future wi 
care about and what are we doing that should be preserved for posteritj 

When researching one always finds discrepancies in names, date 
numbers and spellings. This work has been no exception and it is sei 
out with all its imperfections in the hope that many people will becorr 
acquainted with and appreciate the contribution made by the Strawben 
Association to the cause of Christ throughout the world and that it m£ 
challenge the reader to a deeper commitment to those things that ai 
lasting. This is a story of what great things God has done. 

Sincere appreciation goes to the twenty-five associational clerks wh 
have recorded the happenings of each meeting, members of the staff ; 
the Virginia Baptist Historical Society Library in Richmond and th 
Jones Memorial Library in Lynchburg, Mrs. Nancy Stanley of the Jenkin 
Memorial Library of the Foreign Mission Board, the 200th Anniversar 
Committee, Kenneth E. Crouch for the church histories, photograph 
and statistical data, Mrs. Harry P. Clause for editing the church historie; 
Mrs. Robert N. Krebs for assistance in statistical data, the Rev. Harol 
B. Oyer for selecting the queries and Lyn Moses for duplicating valuabl 
historical materials. Together we send you this volume as a labor of lovt 

Virtley Stephenson Freeman 
(Mrs. L. R.) 

May, 1976 



IV 



Chapter I 

THE SOCIETY CALLED BAPTIST 
1639-1776 



Always, a bicentennial means many things to many people. In the 
r nited States of America it has been a time of reflection on those facets 
W life that claim the attention of the populace be it political, economical, 
Educational, sociological, religious - - - -, but to all it is a celebration 
ft the release from the yoke of English repression. Freedom was to be 
TH" everyone except those religious groups not conforming to the customs 
^nd laws of the Established Church. Chief among these dissenters were 
"(uakers, Presbyterians and Ana-baptist. The Society of Baptist was 
a ot treated with the same indulgence, in religious matters, as other 
rotestant dissenters enjoyed.' It was these freedom loving Christians 
r/ho began the first united effort for total unsuppressed religious sover- 
eignty. John Lock put it in these words, "Baptists were the first and 
^nly propounders of absolute liberty, just and true liberty, equal and 
'•■npartial liberty." 



The Society of Baptists in the Colonies 

f One hundred and eleven years later there were fifty-eight Baptist 
hurches in the colonies: sixteen in Rhode Island, ten in New Jersey, 

3 ine in Massachusetts, nine in Connecticut, seven in Pennsylvania, three 
i South Carolina, two in New York, one in Delaware and Maryland. 
'he increase was rapid; in 1768 there were 137 Baptist churches on the 
forth American continent. Two in Nova Scotia, seventy-seven in New 
Ingland, twenty-nine in the Middle Colonies, twenty-seven in the 
outhern Colonies and of the twenty-seven ten were in Virginia.' 
When or where the first Baptist claimed the forest and built his 
ome in North America is not known. They may have been few and 
cattered, because the first church for this group was not organized 
ntil March 1639 when twelve persons started the First Baptist Church 
f Providence, Rhode Island. 

The Society Begins in Virginia 

The first record of Baptists in Virginia is found in the journal of 
^homas Story, an English Quaker. He tells of a meeting of Quakers 
' n. the home of Thomas Bonger a preacher among the General Baptist 
i York City. 



Robert Norden ( -1726) was sent by the General Assembly 
England in 1715. On June 14, 1715 "Robert Norden, an Ana-bap 
preacher, appears in Court and takes Oaths and Subscribes the Dec 
rations mentioned in the Acts of Parliament of the 1st William a 
Mary". 3 Mr. Norden worked in Prince George, Isle of Wight and Suiy 
Counties. 

Morgan Edwards (1722-1795) states that the first society of Baptus 
was founded at Burley in Isle of Wight County about 1727 by imn- 
grants from England. They had as their pastor Rev. Richard Nordi 
succeeded by messrs. Casper Mintz and Richard Jones. 4 Burley wj 
the presever of Mill Swamp Church in Blackwater Association. 

Growth of the Baptist Society in the State 

John Asplund ( -1807) a Baptist minister of Southampton Coun' 
had printed, in Richmond, the first edition of The Annual Register f 
the Baptist Denomination in North America. In this he reported i: 
1790 there were 30 Regular Baptist Associations, 795 churches, 622 o- 
dained ministers, 58,398 members of this record there were in Virgim 
8 associations, 204 churches, 150 ordained ministers, 20,443 membei 
He reported the Strawberry Association had 28 churches with 1,1 
members. When Baptists celebrated their one-hundred and fiftie 
anniversary Virginia had one-third of all Baptists in the United State: 
one-third of the Baptist churches and one-fourth of the Baptist minister: 

Early Assembling of the Societies 

Baptist have become what they are today because of their meeting 
The early assemblies were not made up of elected delegates, but weij 
mass gatherings where preachers preached, people prayed and tl 
ordinances were administered. The lack of formal organization aide 
in cultivating devotion, Christian acquaintance, love in spreading rd 
ligious truths and in the winning of souls. Most of the early assemblie 
were in New England; a few in Virginia and North Carolina. As th 
number of churches increased and the membership grew these gathering 
became too large to meet the needs of all those concerned. 

Beginning of Associations 

Associations were devised to solve the problem of consultation an< 
combination for the sake of unity in action, doctrine, discipline an 
progress. These associations were to be composed of delegates, selecte 
by the local churches, superseding the yearly meeting. They were t 
have no legislative or supervisory power over the churches. Th 
Philadelphia Baptist Association, organized July 27, 1701 with fivl 
churches was the first and it included all the Baptist congregations i:| 
the colonies except those in Rhode Island and Massachusetts. 

The second association was in Charleston, South Carolina, organize*! 
October 21, 1751, with four churches. Sandy Creek in North Carolin;! 
and Virginia was constituted ca 1758 with six churches. These werJ 
followed by the Kehukee in 1765 and the Ketocton in 1766. Somewhenl 



along the way these free spirited people became divided. No one knows 
' the exact spot of ground upon which the division took place, but in 
1767 two or three men from Northern Virginia and two or three from 
{ Sandy Creek assembled in Orange County and a separation took place." 
i The northern members called themselves Regulars and the southern mem- 
bers called themselves Separates; those remaining were known as 
General. 
i "Those Baptists living a distance were ignorant of the reason for the 
i division and whenever they met, they loved each other as brothers 
1 and much deplored that there should be any distinction or shyness 
among them. They traveled, they preached, they attended meetings, 
they prayed together, mingled their labors and loves. They studied 
the scriptures together and of course soon .became practically one in 
doctrine and usage." 7 

Two years after separation there were extensive revivals over the 
state. The Ketocton Association sent three delegates and a letter to the 
1769 Sandy Creek Association to propose an alliance. The letter they 
1 took reads: 

"Beloved in the Lord Jesus Christ, 
: The bearers of this letter can acquaint you with the design of writing 
I it. Their errand is peace and their business is a reconciliation between 
us, if there is any difference subsisting, if we are all Christians, all 
Baptists, all New Lights, why are we divided? Must these little ap- 
pellatives 'Regular' and 'Separates' break the golden band of charity 
and set the sons of Zion at variance"? 8 

The formal attempt failed for a time, but it was ultimately effective 
in 1787. 

Regular, Separate, and General Baptist 

The Regular Baptist conformed to the customs of the Presbyterians 

; by applying for licenses and taking the prescribed oaths. They were 

Calvinistic in doctrine, holding to "Particular Atonement" for the elect 

only and adhered to the London Confession of Faith of 1686. Their 

churches formed the Ketocton Association in Northern Virginia. 

The General Baptist descended from the English Baptist and were 
Armenian in theology; believing in a "General Atonement" offered to 
all men alike, the salvation of all infants dying in infancy, and the 
laying on of hands for the gift of the Holy Spirit after baptism. These 
believers founded the Kehukee Association in Eastern Virginia. Because 
of their zeal and vigor in the early days of their history it seemed the 
General Baptist would become predominant. 

The influence of George Whitefield caused the brethren of the Phila- 
delphia and Charleston Regular Baptist to fall into confusion so the 
Separate or "New Lighters" or revivalist were born full of aggression, 
religious zeal, peculiarities in dress doctrine and practice resembling 
the Quakers. They did not recognize the right of any civil power to 
regulate preaching or places of meeting. The necessity of a new 
spiritual birth, personal piety and New Testament doctrines were 
preached; all creeds or forms were refused. The "New Lighters" had 
nine Christian rites: baptism, Lord's Supper, love feast, laying on of 



hands after baptism, washing of feet, anointing the sick, right hand o 
fellowship, kiss of charity, devotion to children. They elected pastors 
deacons, evangelists, ruling elders, elderess, deaconesses and celebratec 
communion weekly. 9 From 1755 to the date of the Revolution this bodj 
spread rapidly. 

Call for a Continental Association 

From New Jersey in 1775 the Warren Association issued a call "foi 
a general meeting of the delegates from our associations in every colon} 
in the interest of religious liberty to meet in Virginia October 17, 1776 
to form a "Continental Association". 1 " 

Political circumstances may have deterred the gathering of delegates 
for this meeting, but another group of men met in Virginia in Octobei 
or November, 1776, and formed a district association in the Strawberry 
Church in Pittsylvania County which was to be known as the Upper 
District Association. 









Chapter II 

BAPTIST AND THE ESTABLISHMENT 
1771 - 1783 



Launching a Baptist association is sometimes a task of many years. 

At the meeting of the Sandy Creek Association convening in the Grassy 
Treek Meeting House, North Carolina, in 1770 it was decided to divide 
he body. This was the only unanimous decision of the association. 
The division came about partly because of the convenience, but chiefly 
lue to a mistake relative to the authority and jurisdiction of the associ- 
ition the delegates felt it had. They felt that too much power had 
>een taken from the churches in un-fellowshipping and ordinations. 
7he association, as in the local church, had to do everything unanimously. 
f one dissented they labored with him by argument; when that failed 

| -hey resorted to prayer in which all joined. When this failed they 
ometimes appointed the next day for fasting and prayer and to strive 
o bring things to one mind. 1 

The three bodies were to be in three states: in South Carolina it 
vould be called the Congaree Association organized in 1771 with seven 
hurches; another retained the name and most of the churches in the 
iandy Creek Association of North Carolina. The third body was com- 
iosed of the churches in Virginia and planned to meet at Craig's 
leeting house in Orange County, May 11, 1771. : 

At Craig's Meeting House 

On the appointed day these twelve churches with a membership of 
,335 sent thirty-one delegates to Orange County: 

Church Membership Delegate 

imelia (Nottoway) 260 Jeremiah Walker (1747-92), David El- 

lington, John Williams (1747-95) 
Thomas Hargate, James Menesse 
William Lovell 

Rane Chastain (1741-1803), William 
Johnson 

John Morrow, Thomas Peyton 
Joseph Hotsclaw, James Weathers 
William Marshall (1735-1808), Ruben 
Pickett 

/ouisa (Goldmine) 100 James Chiles, David Thompson, Andrew 

Tribble 



imherst 


26 


ledford 


29 


iuckingham 


52 


'ulpeper (Fiery Run) 


21 


'auquier (Carter's Run) 


148 


'rederick (Shenandoah) 


159 



Orange (Blue Run) 120 Elijah Craig ( -1808), George T 

men, Bartlet, George Eve 

Pittsylvania (Falls Ck.) 62 Samuel Harris (1724-99), Jacob Mite 
Spotsylvania (Lower) 253 John Waller (1741-1802), John Burn 

Ruben Ford (1742-1823), William We 

ber (1747-1808) 
Spotsylvania (Upper) 105 Lewis Craig (1741-1824), James Ble 

soe, William Card, John Craig 
Dan River in Pittsylvania was in distress and did not report; Blac 
water in Bedford and Staunton in Pittsylvania remained in the Sane 
Creek Association. The twelve churches in the new association repr 
sented eleven counties and they reported 420 baptisms. The new a 
sociation was called "The Separate Baptist Association of Virginia 
"Rapidann" or the "Orange"; they elected by private vote Samuel Harr 
moderator, and John Waller, clerk. 

The First Meeting of the District Association 

The delegates spent four days in fellowship, worship and busines 
Many visitors joined them. John Williams recorded in his Journal th; 
he reached the association on Saturday in time to hear Thomas Hargat 
preach to 1,200 people. He was followed by John Burrus as John Walle 
William Marshall and Elijah Craig exhorted. In the afternoon th 
delegates met for business and the reading of letters from the churche 

Sunday was given to preaching to a congregation estimated at betwee 
4,000 and 5,000. William Webber was followed by Jeremiah Walker an 
Lewis Craig exhorted. Later three other ministers preached. 

On Monday they fasted and proceeded to do the business in the meet, 
ing house. Four men preached outside to a crowd of "about 1,000' 
Tuesday the attendance was somewhat smaller. William Lovell, Joh; 
Williams, John Burrus, and Joseph Craig preached to 500, with a con 
eluding exhortation by Bartlet Bennet. 3 

These Separates multiplied, by 1772 they had twenty churches, twenty 
one additional meeting houses (branches), eleven ordained minister 
and fifty-three exhorters. The total membership of the Baptist in th 
state was put at 3,633. Allowing five to a family the "souls" hearin 
the message of Baptist was estimated at more than 40,000. Protestan 
Dissenters of the Baptist persuasion continued to grow at such a pac 
that when the General Association of Separate Baptist assembled a 
Thompson's meeting house in Louisa County on August 10, 1776, then 
were 76 churches represented. Here, again it was agreed to divide th< 
association; this time into four parts. Two north of the James and twe 
on the south side of the river. The only one to actually organize was ir 
the southwestern part of the state. It was composed of churches "dis 
missed to form a district association". Semple lists the churches in th* 
Strawberry District existing prior to the organization as Leatherwooc 
in Henry County planted by Robert Stockton (1743-1825) in 1772; Pi£ 
River in Franklin County planted by R. Hall in 1777. Asplund gives 
1776 for North Fork of Otter in Bedford County and Bitting adds Straw 
berry in Pittsylvania County, Head of Smith River and Catawba Creek 



1773 and Mayho, 1773. Strawberry minutes list Goose Creek, 1771, and 
4 Difficult Creek, 1776. These churches met in the fall of 1776 in Straw- 
berry meeting house and organized the Upper District Association, the 
H first in Virginia. We have no record of the first officers. 1 

Price of Progress 

This increase was not without cost, being a Baptist did not add to one's 
standing or safety. "Magistrates and mobs, priests and sheriffs, courts 
and prisons all vainly combined to divert them from their objectives. 
He that was for them was greater than all that were against them"." 

Churches were molested, Dan River in Pittsylvania endured much 
persecution and Falls Creek in the same county met with great opposition. 

f In Amherst the church rose into being against strong opposition from 

■ mobs and magistrates. 

By 1771 the rage of the persecution had in no wise abated; they seemed 
sometimes to strive to treat the Baptist and their worship with as much 
rudeness and indecency as was possible. They often insulted the 
preachers in times of service and would ride into the water and make 

: sport when they administered baptism. They frequently fabricated and 

U spread the most groundless reports which were injurious to the Society 

ft of Baptist. 7 

3 

J 

Punishment by the Law 

By the law, then in force in Virginia, all were under obligation to 
: go to church several times a year; the failure subjected them to fines. 

Little notice was taken of the omission of the members of the Established 

Church, but as soon as the "New Lights" were absent they were presented 

to the grand jury and fined according to law. 

When the punishment of the members did not reduce interest in 
i Baptist other steps were taken to deter their preachers by objecting to 

their preaching until they obtained license from the General Court. 

Licenses to preach were obtained only twice a year at Williamsburg 
? and applicants often had difficulties in obtaining them. Consequently 

many Baptist preachers became "strollers" — preached without official 
tj license, thus making them subject to imprisonment. 8 

If this in addition to ridicule, defamation and abusive language could 
jj not stop the progress of Baptist they were pressed to imprisonment. 

Before this could be done the parson of the parish was consulted and 
i often his judgment confirmed it. His counsel was that the "New Lights" 
r ought to be taken up and imprisoned as necessary for the peace and 

harmony of the old church. 

From Chesterfield Jail to Bedford County 

Of interest to the Strawberry Association should be the imprisonment 
i of Joseph Anthony (1713-1785) in December, 1770. Mr. Anthony, a 
native of Goochland County, had been invited to preach in Chesterfield 
v County. He was arrested for "misbehaviour" by itinerant preaching 
j and put in jail. His surity for "good behaviour" was that he would 



not preach in the county for a year and a day. Since he could not ii 
conscience comply he continued in jail until March preaching througl 
the grates. Such was the power of Anthony's ministry while in jai 
that it was judged the best policy to dismiss him. The jailer was directec 
to leave the door of his cell unlocked, that it might be reported he hac 
escaped, but he did not leave the jail.'" He later became a leading 
figure in the organization of the Strawberry Association. (For more 
about the persecution of Virginia Baptist Ministers read Little, Lewis 
Peyton, Imprisoned Preachers and Religious Liberty in Virginia (Lynch- 
burg: Bell, 1938). 

None escaped harassment. John Ireland tells of a group of negroes 
who had the patrolers let loose upon them at a large Sunday congregation, 
They were sieged and whipped. 11 

Strawberry Escapes Punishment 

So far as known there was little molesting of members or pastors of 
the churches in the Strawberry, but they felt their responsibility in 
seeing that complete freedom was to be the delight of all and stood 
ready to add to the influence of Baptist who were already strong among 
the common people and beginning to be felt in high places, because 
they loved freedom and hated the church establishment — not the mem- 
bers or the ministers, but the principles. 1 " 

Working for Absolute Freedom 

Through John Anthony (1746-1822), Robert Stockton and William 
Johnson, chosen by the association, the desires for freedom were made 
known as the Baptist General Association sent its complaints to the 
governing body of the state. 

Among the many petitions were the following that claimed Baptist 
interest: 

1. 1737 Noncomformists could not practice their respective faith. 

2. 1754 That church establishment be abolished and religion be 
left to stand upon its own merits. 

3. 1775 Against the law not admitting worship except in the daytime. 

4. 1776 Petition for the following religious privileges: 

(1). Worship God in one's own way without interruption. 
(2). Be permitted to maintain own minister and none other. 
(3). To be married, buried and the like without paying 
clergy of other denominations. 

5. 1779 Help Mr. Jefferson's bill for religious freedom get passed. 

6. 1780 Dissolving several vestries and electing an overseer of the 
poor. 

7. 1783 Against vestry and glebe laws; assessing taxes upon people 
to support the ministers of all alike. 

8. Many existing civil laws oppressive to the Baptist, the marriage 
laws not practical and oppressive. Clergy of former Established 
Church supposed themselves to have the exclusive right of offici- 
ating in marriage. 

8 



9. 1784 Praying that perfect and equal religious freedom may be 
established; they were against the amendment that would allow 
persons to designate their ministers as the beneficiaries of their 
part of the tax. They believed in voluntary religion and in free- 
will offerings for its support. Baptist stood alone on this. 

10. 1786 That glebes be sold and the money applied to public use. 
All six associations reported favorable to this. 

11. Protestant dissenters of the Baptist persuasion set forth the in- 
conviences of compelling their licensed preachers to bear arms 
under the militia law and attend muster, by which they were 
unable to perform the duties of their function. 14 

It is interesting to note that the dissenters who had experienced the 

'larsher treatment, being beaten and imprisoned, who cruelly taxed the 

ingenuity of the establishment to devise new modes of punishment and 

annoyance were to be a most cultivated group when important decisions 

1 had to be made. 

In communities where Baptists were not numerous when there was 
^anything near a division among the other inhabitants they together gave 
^a cast to the scale, by which many a worthy and useful member was 
lodged in the House of Assembly. 15 
3 

The Baptist Society, a Guardian of Freedom 

These united churches had helped win the religious freedom, now 
they needed protection from any encroachments by Civil government. 
They would find such a guardian and Strawberry would be there in 
1783 when Robert Stockton and thirty-six other delegates including most 
of the active preachers in Virginia met to form a General Committee 
to care for the good of the whole Baptist Society. 



Chapter III 



HELPING GUARD THE VICTORY 

1783 - 1791 



■ 



After the dissolvement of the General Association a General Com- 
mittee was formed — of not more than four delegates from each associ 
ation in the state. This, smaller but more representative body, could 
act punctually. There would be no local matter to consider so it couldi 
focus its attention to those things of general interest and act as the 
guardian of the rights of Virginia Baptists against remaining discrimi- 
nations. 

Delegates from Dover, Middle District, Ketocton and Strawberry met 
October 9, 1784, at Dover meeting-house. Their duty was to "consider 
all political grievances of the whole Baptist society in Virginia atid all! 
reference from the district associations, which concern Baptists at large. 
No petition shall be presented to the General Assembly from any associ- 
ation connected with the General Committee. 1 

This concentration of counsel and influence was used by Baptists who 
were largely instrumental in securing the adoption of the sixteenth 
article of the Virginia "Declaration of Rights" passed June 12, 1776. 
The year before the only "privilege" that Virginia ever accorded the 
Baptists had been granted." 

Strawberry Association and the Committee 

William Johnson, Joseph Anthony and Robert Stockton attended the 
meetings as delegates. Stockton did not absent himself from one session 
until 1799. This absence was due to the preparation for the removal 
from the state to Kentucky. 3 At the meetings they approved the minutes 
and presented frequent memorials; this tells of their zeal and persistence. 

In 1782 Robert Stockton was sent as a messenger from the General 
Committee to the Holston Association and in 1790 he and Joseph Anthony 
were asked to wait on the Presbyterial society in regard to the General 
Assembly selling the Glebes. They were repaid for their services; three 
shillings a day for traveling, two shillings a day while attending the 
sessions and a proper allowance for "hostley". This was to be paid 
from the district association funds.' Mr. Stockton spent eight days in 
journey from Leatherwood; Mr. Johnson spent six days traveling. The 
Stockton bill was two pounds, 14 shillings and Johnson's bill one pound 
and 12 shillings." 1 



10 



Memorials to the Committee 

At the first session a memorial was sent to the General Assembly 

'king that it repeal the vestry law and for a change in the marriage 

w. Later others were sent including one in August 1785 protesting a 

11 that would tax property for the support of teachers of Christian 

; ligion and for places of worship — this would destroy complete re- 

pous freedom." James Madison was sent by Virginia Baptist to the 

•st Congress of the United States of America, October 1779 in an effort 

; keep the church and state apart. 

History has not kept all the memorials. However, we did find one of 

terest. "What is a Baptist Constitution ?" This was answered August 

I 89. An abridgment of their reply is worth noting "- - - - neither this 

mnmittee nor any association have any right to Derobe Churches of 

ij| eir Independence." 7 

iflThe articles in which we all agree are as follows: 

W "1. That there is but one Eternal God. 2. That in the Godhead are 

c^xee Distinct persons. 3. That Jesus Christ is properly God. 4. That 

.e Scriptures are a Divine Revelation of the will of God. 5. That all 

i-dam's posterity are Universally Depioved. 6. That nothing atones for 

i n, but the blood of the Lamb. 7. That the imputed Righteousness of 

tjbsus Christ can justify us before God. 8. That a moral change of heart 

absolutely necessary to prepare us for the Enjoyment of God in time 

lid Eternity. 9. That repentance for sin should always preceed baptism. 

[}). That no water baptism is valid but that of Dipping the body in water 

the name of Trinity. 11. That self Denial and Gospel obedience are 

jcessary in Religion. 12. That there is a General Judgment appointed 

fjjr God, where all Adam's race will have their audit and hear their final 

^oom. For further particulars we refer you to your Delegates". 6 They 

iere William Johnson, Robert Stockton and Joseph Anthony. 

! 

Our Association Gets a Name 

In tracing the early history one can be confused because of names. 

he General Committee recorded in its minutes and correspondence the 
same "Upper District". The General Committee of Correspondence 
(idled it "Henry District Association" in 1789. In the Strawberry As- 
|>ciation minute book dated May 30, 1791, the following is recorded, 
a/iz. It is agreed that this association shall go by the name of Straw- 
:.3rry District; so at Mount Hermon the confusion over names was 
fettled."" The irony of the action became evident years later when 
\ie church where the association held its first meeting and for which 
!{ was named became anti-missionary and left its namesake. Another 
puree of confusion for the historian is the biannual meetings with minutes 

om both recorded in the same annual. The spring meeting began the 
list Saturday in May and the fall session the first Saturday in October. 
r 

The First Recorded Meeting 

I 

From October 13, 1787 to October 7, 1815, the minutes are in manu- 
xipt form and rather hard to decipher. One finds little about the business 

11 



conducted by the delegates, but they had "full" meetings, starting Sati- 
day afternoon with an introductory sermon, moderator and clerk elect<i, 
letters handed in, delegates enrolled and corresponding brethri 
seated. The moderator and clerk with five other persons were appoint} 
to arrange for the business of the association. A committee to write ) 
the corrsponding associations and three or four ministers appointed fr 
the Sunday preaching. 

Sunday's minutes usually told of the great crowds that gathered, tlj 
attention or lack of it given to the preaching and they ended with "tl 
hope that something good was accomplished". 10 

October 13, 1787, eleven years after the organization, when the asso<- 
ation met at Goose Creek the clerk gave for the first time the nam; 
of the delegates and the churches they represented." 

Church Delegates 

Strawberry Thomas Johns 

Leatherwood Robert Stockton 

Head of Smith River None 

Otter River John Anthony, Joseph Drury, James Freeman 

North Fork, Roanoke James Mathis, Elias Owen 
Lower Blackwater Alex Furgurson, Philip Bailey, Jeremiah Maxt 

Meadow Creek John Lawrence 

Goose Creek William Johnson 

Beaver Creek Joseph Anthony, Jacob Faress 

Catawba Samuel Goodwin, Absalon Smith, John Mahar 

Cotton Town Jeremiah Hatcher, Julius Hatcher 

Cascade William Stevens 

Rennet Bag Creek Randolph Hall, Bailey Carter 

Head of Little River William Derveese, Humphry Smith 

Snow Creek None 

An Association of eleven churches in North Carolina represented b 

George McNeill 
Head of Pig River Moses Renfro, William Aurs 

In 1792 they started at eight o'clock and not the usual hour. Th 
outstanding business was the adoption of a Constitution and Rules 
Decorum in the Annual Register with little change. The same Rules o 
Decorum have been used through the years with some alterations. The; 
read: 

1. The association shall open and close with prayer. 

2. A moderator and clerk shall be chosen by the suffrage of the mem 
bers present. 

3. Only one person shall speak at a time, who shall rise from his seat 
and address the moderator, when he is about to make his speech. 

4. The person thus speaking shall not be interrupted in his speech bj 
anyone, except the moderator, until he is done. 

5. He shall strictly address to the subject and in nowise reflect on thej 
person who spoke before; so as to make remarks on his lips, feeling; 
or imperfections, but shall fairly state the case and matter as nearljj 
as he can, so as to convey his light or idea. 

6. No person shall abruptly break off or absent himself from thel 
association without liberty obtained from it. 

12 



1 7. No person shall rise and speak more than twice on the same subject, 

without obtaining liberty to do so from the association. 
: 8. No member of the association shall be tolerated to read any books 
1 or papers, nor laugh during the setting of the same. No whispering 
during the time of public speech. 
9. No member of the association shall address another in other terms 
of appellations but the title of brother. 

10. The moderator shall not interrupt any member and so prohibit him 
from speaking until he gives his light on the subject except he break 
the rules of this decorum. 

11. The names of the several members of the association shall be en- 
rolled by the clerk and called over as often as the association re- 
quires. 

12. The moderator shall be entitled to the same privilege of speech as 
another and he shall have no vote unless the association be equally 
divided. 

13. That any member who shall willingly and knowingly break any of 
these rules shall be reproved by the association as they shall think 
proper. 12 

Sharing With Other Associations 

For the first twenty-five years the association corresponded with the 
Elkhorn, Roanoke, Ketocton, Yadkin, Holston and the New River. This 
letter from the New River is typical of those sent and received: 

| i"Dear Brethers: 

In the name of our Lord Jesus Christ we greet you - - - - 

We request that we appoint a day of public prayer to be observed on 

| the fourth Sunday in July next in consequence of the great decline of 

[ vital religion amongst us and the threatening calamities of the nation. 

I We do seriously recommend the strict observance of the Sabbath of 

I which our brethren and people need and that they would address the 

God of Zion with their most ardent petitions to revive his work in his 

'["land and make known the Joy of the whole earth and to the nations; 

' that he would preserve us from natural calamities and keep us in peace 

'and tranquillity" 13 

Already the association was sending out churches to help form other 
organizations. After it gave churches to form the New River and Mayo 
in 1798 there were twelve left with eight ministers to carry on the work. 

I Now, much of the business of the annual meetings was the discussions 
of problems that arose in the churches. If the messengers could not 
reach a suitable or satisfactory answer for the query it would be sent 
to the General Committee for deliberation. Other queries were sent to 

cthe several district associations and from them to the several local 
churches for their opinion. The Strawberry Association was asked to 

"consider a request about slavery and in October, 1791, answered, "We 

a advise them not to interfere with it"." 

I During this period of expanded activities the association made its 
contribution to the Great Revival of 1785, a greater understanding of 

(other Baptists, of education, publication of Baptist history, of papers and 
hymn books and an increase in the number of district associations. 

13 



Chapter IV 



BAPTISTS WORKING WITHIN THEIR ASSOCIATION 

1791 - 1836 



Since the purpose of the General Committee had been achieved, that 
of brinigng about complete separation of church and state in Virginia, 
it was dissolved in 1799. When the act for establishing Religious Free- 
dom drawn up by Thomas Jefferson had been endorsed in 1779 Vir- 
ginia became "the first government in the world to completely divorce 
church and state — the greatest contribution of America to the sum of 
Western civilization".' Baptists had lead in this and the delegates from 
the Strawberry did their part. 

Now, the state association needed a new structure for the maintaining 
of an organization that could concentrate its attention, not upon the 
local church, its problems, plans and place in the community, but the 
work of the churches of the state as a whole. In 1800 a large majority 
of the convention at Lyle's favored a General meeting and resolved: 
(Edited) 

1. The organization be of the several associations in the state under 
the title of General Meeting of Correspondence of the United Baptist 
Association of Virginia. 

2. It be composed of four delegates from each association, they meet 
once a year. 

3. Each association send annually by hand of mesengers a copy of their 
minutes, a sketch of any circumstances that could be of general 
utility. 

4. Annually print in numbers part of the minutes from the several 
associations — that will promote the interest of religion and harmony 
of Baptists. 

5. The expense of printing the proceedings of the correspondence (not 
to exceed thirty octovo pages) to be defrayed by the association and 
the sale of the work . 

G. No power to do anything to infringe on the liberties of an association 
or church. 

7. - - - not to attend to political grievances unless directed to do so. 

8. The plan when put into effect would have two-thirds of the associ- 
ations give assent thereto and be dissolved whenever a majority shall 
deem it dangerous to the happiness and interest or religion. 2 The 
delegates from seven associations rejected the plan in 1802, by 1808 
the idea had been approved and the committee got to work. 

14 



The real objective was "to promote and preserve union and harmony 
nong the churches". Little is found of the Strawberry's involvement 
the new organization. On the issue for the revision of the Phila- 
»lphia Confession of Faith they took no action. They answered a query 
K>ut sending messengers to the annual meeting of the Committee with, 
Ve think not." The 1812 minutes read "be it resolved that the Straw- 
jrry Association is not in favor of going to the General Meeting of 
Direspondence". John S. Lee (cl780-cl856) attended the 1820 meeting 
' Correspondence and reported it interesting so in 1822 he, William 
Bftwich (1768-1865) and Robert Tinsdale ( -1856) were to be 
essengers. 

The churches of the Strawberry Association proved they had more 
terest in the progress of the local congregation and its responsibility 
• the local populace than what the General Meeting of the Corres- 
mdence could do under its constitution. 



i.L| Dividing the Association for Effective Work 

Ch One of the first acts of the association in the early 1800's was to divide 

f.e churches in sections for the convenience of the people and the better 

11 " :quainting them with the work, needs of the area and to lend aid in 

cal problems. The eleven churches were placed in groups and ministers 

r ;signed to visit and give assistance when needed. 

Section 1: Otter, Liberty, North Fork of Otter, Rockbridge, 

John King and James Perego, ministers 

Section 2: Fork, Ellison, Morgan's, 

John Anthony, Jeremiah Hatcher, Isham Fuqua, ministers 

Section 3: Snow Creek, Leatherwood, Pig River, Head of Smith, 

Thomas Douglas, minister 
: By 1813 the number of churches had increased until it was necessary 
rearrange them according to the points of the compass. 

East: Burton Creek, Otter, Timber Ridge, Little Otter, Dif- 
ficult Creek, Goose Creek 

West: Leatherwood, Smith River, Perego Meeting House, Head 
I of Pig River, Blackwater 

North: North Fork of Otter, Suck Spring, Beaver Dam, Mill 

Creek, Rock Spring, Buffalo 

South: Manton, Gill's Creek, Bethal, Snow Creek 
Each section had its meetings, which must have proved helpful for 
1802 the churches expressed a desire for the gatherings. One year 
ey made a request of "wishing the association to lay aside the rule of 
sitation from section to section." By 1822 it was suggested that there 
i two section meetings a year to which ministers were appointed to 
tend and report back the next year. That year reports were given 
such meetings in Lynchburg and Suck Spring. Seven years latter 
e churches wanted to dispense with one of the sessions of the associ- 
ion and have three section meetings.' (Tradition and the brethren 
id, "No".) 

From time to time committees were appointed to rearrange the sections, 
e last was in 1865. The minutes of 1866 carried the last statistical 
bles compiled by sections. 1 

15 



The Record 






Mr. Asplund did not receive the 1793 minutes in time to strike thei 
off. The clerk lost the minutes of 1795. In 1815 the question of printi; 
the minutes came before the messengers. One session said, "No" a 
the other wanted them "struck off". The clerk received $10.00 for h 
services and the churches were asked to contribute to the 250 copi; 
with a circular letter to be annexed. 

Church Amount Requested 

Head of Pig River $2.20 

Staunton 1.50 

Buffalo 1.00 

Little Otter 1.50 

Goose Creek 2.08 

Suck Spring 1.00 

Lynchburg 1.50 

North Fork of Otter 1.00 

Bethel N 2.00 

Burton Creek 1.00 








$15.78 

The letters to be annexed were prepared by a minister, read at th 
association and voted on. If the delegates did not think it "proper 
the letter was not sent with the minutes. Some of the subjects reflecte 
upon were: 1815 "What Is a Gospel Church?", 1816, "Open Communior 
Impolite, Ingurious and Impractable", 1817, "Family Religion", 181J 
"Spirits of the World", 1820, 21, 23 the letters were read and rejectee 
1825 "Habitual Godliness, Grace, Mercy and Peace", 1827, "Lntemperence' 
1828, "Prayer". 

Through the years other papers have been presented and recom 
mended to be published as a part of the proceedings. 1852, "Evils o 
Infant Baptism", 1854, "Evils of Dancing", 1881, "Social Dancing, Anti 
scriptual and Sinful", 1881, "Needs of the Association", 1882, "Th< 
Proper Subjects for Baptism", 1970, "George Pearcy, the Almost For 
gotten Missionary", 1973, "The Viewpoint of Youth — Pastor and Con 
gregation and Their Relationship", 1971, "Baptist Imperatives for tht 
1970's". 

One of the most used sections of all minutes is the statistical tables. 
As early as 1790 the minutes of the Strawberry Association have had 
such information. That year the table included names of churches, 
location, delegates and membership. 

Presbyteries and Committees Aid All 

Owing to the distance between churches and the deficiency of ministers 
the association appointed presbyteries and committees to help care fori 
the needs of many congregations. This list of "calls" reveals the deversi- 1 
fied problems: 

1789 — Buffalo and Blackwater needed help to settle distress — thel 
distress was not mentioned. 

16 



103 — Presbytery needed to help ordain deacons in several churches. 

Jp05 — Snow Creek and Pig River want a presbytery to see about a 

lt|| church meeting house at Simmons Creek. 

ar( (08 — Staunton River requested a committee, but did not state reason. 

. ^(09 — Perego asked for a committee and on the visit a small minority 

ill received them. Big problem — a brother who had the Gift and 

used it to proclaim principles not adhered to by the Baptist 
Society to the distress of his brethren. It was suggested that 
he lay down his Gift. 
510-1811 — These churches continued to ask for help. They later be- 
came anti-missionary. 
114 — Perego meeting house in disorder. It was suggested that letters 
be granted to those who asked. Many of the churches had 
afflictions caused ,by a minority; the smaller seemed to have 
more than their share of trouble. Perego had some few mem- 
bers and letters to the associations stating charges against Lewis 
Foster. Elders John King, William Leftwich, Joseph Perego, 
Stephen Hubbard, John Black and Henry Tuggle were appointed 
to answer the charge. 

514 — Committee asked to set apart deacons at Timber Ridge. 

515 — Brothers Anthony, Leftwich, Harris, Ashworth and Terry were 

to help organize a church in Lynchburg and to ordain John S. 

Lee. 
J18 — Different ministers were assigned to visit churches in trouble. 
U8-1820 — Many reported they visited churches. 
}25 — Committee sent to settle dispute at Stanton River and another 

to organize a church at Salem. 
)31 — Ask to establish church at Fincastle. 
532 — Mt. Hermon request a committee to help settle problem between 

J. C. Noel and members of the church. 
534 — The association felt that churches should not ordain ministers; 

they should be questioned and ordained at the association meet- 
ings. 
J35 — Committee asked to organize a church in Giles County. 
536 — Same committee asked to go to Linking Creek in Giles County 

because of discord in the church. 
In later years the executive committee did some of the work of the 
;.d presbyteries and committees. 

>*■ Many of the progressive ideas that were being tried in several churches 
h the state had not reached the western churches who had been kept 
asy trying to maintain order within themselves. Some rather interest- 
ig things that are for the Strawberry Association only. The spring 
leeting of 1804 was held in the home of James Freeman at the head of 
urner Creek. July 4, 1812, a day of prayer and fasting for the problems 
: our county. No persons responsible for the reports to the 1819 meet- 
ig were present. The time was spent in discussing the problems of 
>cal interest. The minutes of 1820-1821 may be called our miniature, 
ley are about 2 l / 2 inches by 5 inches with nine pages and reports of 
venty churches. Some of the items of husiness that were of interest 
as raising money for the relief of the Lynchburg Church, $21.50 collected. 

17 



Trying to do something for the Burton Creek Church and to exclude oe 
Thomas Bunting as pastor and from the fellowship of Baptist. Maye 
the association meetings were not exciting, but they were different ai 
interesting. 



18 






Chapter V 



INVOLVEMENT IN STATE MISSIONS 

1822 - 1830 



The General Meeting of Correspondence continues its yearly meeting — 
the constitution gave it almost nothing to do. Only a few of the twenty 
district associations belonged to it and a very small number of delegates 
attended. In 1821 there were only three present and not one officer. 
No business was undertaken; Edward Baptist (1790-1863) suggested 
that something in the form of an organization for the definite purpose 
of investigating the spiritual condition of the state be started and to 
make plans to improve it. 

At the First Baptist Church of Richmond in June 1822 this recom- 
mendation to be sent to the district association was made: 

1. A meeting to be called the General Association of Baptists in 
Virginia for supplying vacant churches and spreading the gospel be held. 

2. Its object — to propagate the Gospel, preach the word in vacant 
churches, and send preachers to destitute regions in the state. 

3. To be composed of representatives from the several associations in 
the state, each to be entitled to four. 

4. The representatives, when convened, shall not interfere with internal 
regulations of the churches or associations, must not pursue any object 
other than specified in the second article. 

5. Funds to accomplish these objectives must come from voluntary 
contributions from each association and by any way they think best 
and the General Association not to infringe on the rights of individuals 
or churches. No sum is necessary to have representation from the re- 
spective association. 

6. An appointed executive board will transact business between ses- 
sions. 

7. The constitution can be revised and amended by two-thirds of 
the representatives at the General Association. 1 (This seemed to be able 
to do little good or evil.) 

The first meeting was held Saturday, June 7, 1823, at Second Baptist 
Church of Richmond. Most of the gathering, like all the others had 
little business — preaching was the thing, Luther Rice (1783-1836), Ed- 
ward Baptist (1828-1896), O. B. Brown (1779-1852), James Fife (1794- 
1876) and Daniel P. Witt (1801-1871) preached. The messages were 
heard and rated. Rice's was the feeblest, Brown's the most profound, 
Fife's the most impressive, Baptist's most beautiful and Witt's most 
popular." 

19 



On Monday they appointed twenty-one members to the board 
managers. John S. Lee, William Leftwich and Valentine Mason ( 178. 
1843) were named to the board from the Strawberry. By invitation tvJ 
Bedford County "boys" were present at the first Board meeting Augu 
1832 at the home of Andrew Broaddus in Caroline County. Daniel Wi, 
had been baptized into the church at Liberty in December 1821, the, 
broke the ice for this rite, and Jeremiah B. Jeter (1802-1880) Wc, 
baptized the same month in the Mount Hermon Church. 

Rev. Peter Dupuy heard from a delegate of the Virginia State Leguj 
lature, from the upper country, of the remarkable Baptist "plow-boyj 
preachers in Bedford County. He invited the young men to his horn 1 
and Daniel Witt "preached his way down the James to Richmond". Hi 
was tested out in two prayer meetings, in sermons and on Sunday i: 
the preaching service of the First Baptist Church of the city. Nex 
June 1823 Witt and his friend, J. B. Jeter, attended the first session o 
the Virginia Baptist General Association in Richmond. Witt vouchee 
for Jeter, for he had been tried and found faithful in the capital city. 

Birth of State Missions 

Before the Board began its evangelizing program they wanted to know 
about the religious condition of the state so Jeter and Witt were senu 
to inquire as to the fields of greatest spiritual destitution. They were, 1 , 
to make a month's tour of Western Virginia and another in the area oi 
the Portsmouth and Meherrin Associations. Each would receive $30.0C ; 
a month. 3 

On the day of their appointment in October 1823 they left Dr. Broadus 
with his carefully written instructions and headed for Bedford wherej 
they would make the final preparations for their task. Dr. Jeter said, 1 
"Our minds were inmature, with little knowledge and experience, wej 
were very imperfectly fitted for our mission; but under the circumstances 
the Board could not then do better.'" 

Later in the month they left their homes, under the shadow of the 
mighty Peaks of Otter, rudely, but after the style of the day, equipped 
for their tour. Mounted on plow horses they carried well stuffed saddle 
bags, overcoats and umbrellas strapped behind them. Their trek took 
them through Franklin and Patrick Counties on their way to the New 
River Association in Giles County."' From this point they made a hurried 
survey through Wythe, Monroe, Greenbrier, Pocahontas, Bath, Alleghany 
and Botetourt counties. Robert Tinsdale ( -1856), a well educated 
minister from the lower part of the state had spent two or three years I 
among the mountains to regain his health, accompanied them to Poca- I 
hontas and was a great help in securing introductions and information." I 
They found great "destitution of religious instruction" the people were j 
cordial and helpful in establishing missions in most neighborhoods. 7 

In December they traversed Campbell, Prince Edward, Lunenburg, 
Brunswick, Dinwiddie, Sussex, Southampton, Isle of Wight, James City, i 
York, Gloucester, Mathews, and Middlesex Counties. (They did all ! 
this traveling on horseback.) They found many destitute places of 
religion yet a continuous line of meeting houses. 

20 



First Report from State Missionaries 

An account of their work to the Board was made January, 1824. Both 
Tid kept diaries and Witt being the senior missionary read his. At 
' U|i iis session Jeter was engaged by the Board to return to Sussex and 

ijoining areas for four months. He received $80.99 for this service. 
6 aniel Witt, who had received more formal schooling than Jeter, was 
''' l ;ked to spend a few months studying with Robert Semple. After 

?lving into literary works and theological study he would go to Williams- 
'ifiurg on a five weeks preaching mission. Later in the year James Left- 
wich, a young licensed preacher from Bedford, had been chosen as a 
t --illeague and the two revisited parts of Western Virginia. For ten weeks 
Hfiork Witt was to get $50.00 and Leftwich $25.00. 

II! 

ixL Second Meeting of the General Association 

o The second meeting of the General Association was at Lynchburg 
m Mr. Dillard's school room, June, 1824. Of the thirty messengers 

jpointed, sixteen were present plus twenty "ministering brethren" made 

p the attendance. Total gifts for the year amounted to $484.06^. 

mong the missionary societies sending letters and contributions was 

ie Union Missionary Society of Bedford. 
t At this meeting the request was made that an offering be taken at 
¥1 the district association meetings for the expense of the General Board. 
The next year at one of the meetings of the Strawberry Association 
"'own Creek wanted the body to rescind the vote of the last associ- 
ation regarding union with the Virginia Baptist Association. The group 

)ted "no". 
sfe Each year someone of the messengers took the collection to the 
tseneral meeting, 1827 they carried $25.25 and in 1829 the amount was 
1 .13.13 and the balance in the Strawberry treasury of $2.84 was to be 
::aid the delegates for their expenses. It was decided that each preacher 
ii'ould take a collection where he preached for the work of the General 
. .ssociation and that we no longer take public collections at our associ- 
etional meetings. The delegates in 1830 took $25.25 for the work of 
tie Board and $4.75 for their expenses. 

9 

j Reassuring Freedom for the Churches 

Because of the jealously in the district association that somebody 
i'ould encroach on the liberties and prerogatives of the church and the 
xperiences of the three previous organizations made many of the 
hessengers wary of something new. The object of this General Associ- 
ation was to propagate the Gospel and advance the Redeemer's Kingdom 
iroughout the state. Its funds should be raised by voluntary contri- 
utions "not infringing on the rights of the individuals or churches"." 
■.'ere in the bounds of the Strawberry Association Article 7 was amended 
J safe guard this principle. 

More Plans for the Missionaries from Bedford 

The Board met after the adjournment of the General Association, 
hey engaged Jeter to return to Suffolk; Witt and Leftwich to continue 
\ Alleghany, Bath, Pocahontas, Rockbridge and Augusta counties. 

21 



John S. Lee was appointed a missionary, but did not carry out 
appointment. These men were to receive $25.00 a month; the funds 
the Board limited all engagements to periods of not more than fcx 
months. 9 

Strawberry Takes Her Place in Leadership 

Strawberry had a leading role in the formative years of the Virgiij 
Baptist General Association. After the second meeting in Lynchbt| 
the third took place in Richmond and the Strawberry was represent! ;,■• 
in the twenty-four appointed delegates present and had made her cont,- 
bution to the $972.00 ^ reported collected. The delegates accepted th(i 
appointed responsibilities. Daniel P. Witt preached at candle lightir 
he and James Leftwich were asked to visit the New River Associatii 
for the Board. The new Board of Managers included V. M. Masc, 
Daniel P. Witt, and James Leftwich all of the Strawberry Associatic.1 
Witt was assigned the grave responsibility of locating places for missioj,. 



aries to labor and to prepare the circular letter for the 1827 meeth' 
on the subject of "Christian Prudence in the Life of a Private Citizer 

Changes in the General Association Structure 

The next four years witnessed a steady decline in attendance of tl 
delegates. In 1829 the number of appointed delegates dropped to twent; 
two and those attending to sixteen. The collections reached a ne 
low of $383.91. At this meeting a committee of four were appointed 
recommend a change in the constitution that would increase broad< 
interest and support. V. M. Mason and J. B. Jeter were half of tl 
committee that recommended the membership by associations be di 
continued and that Article 3 of the constitution be changed. Brief] 
they suggested: 

1. Any person contributing $10.00 to the funds of the General Assoc 
ation be a member or could appoint someone to represent him. 

2. Contributions of $30.00 made one a member for life. 

3. Every association, church or missionary society contributing $10. C 
would be entitled to one representative and another for every ac 
ditional $10.00. Almost all the delegates present and the affiliate 
district associations to which it was referred approved it as the mos 
equitable principle of representation 

At the 1829 meeting of the Strawberry Association it was recommende 
that every pastor take one offering a year for the Virginia Genera 
Association. 

The Effects of the Change 

The decision resulted in attendance of the 1830 General Associatioi 
increasing and all who came were interested. Fifty-eight persons repre 
sented a number of groups and four associations. Again StrawberrJ 
Association was represented. The entire collection amounted to $1,003,221 
Six persons had paid the $30.00 and became life members. William 
Harris, James C. Leftwich and William Leftwich all of Bedford Count>| 

22 



;t ]vere among the group. Elder Harris had worked in the county as a 
;( k missionary on the James River for $25.00 a month. In his 1827 report 
tyo the association he had ridden 1,517 miles, worked 142 days, preached 

62 sermons, baptized 18 persons and collected $40.58." 
After 1828 it was decided that the Board should hold its meetings in 

Richmond. Men serving from the Strawberry Association at that time 

vere: James C. Leftwich and Jesse Witt (1797-1858) of Bedford County, 

^Valentine M. Mason of Lexington, Robert Ryland (1805-1899) from 

"Lynchburg and William McDermott of Botetourt County. The Board 

:'elt the lack of success expected from its missionaries was due in part 

11 ;o the distance they worked from their homes, the territory too extensive 

'and their work in one locality too brief. It recommended that the 

missionaries live on their fields of labor and they be employed from 
year to year. 12 
IS ' The General Association resolved that at each annual meeting time 
11 be set apart for the general interest of religious and morality especially 
11 in relation to Bible and Sabbath Schools, Missions, Tract and Temperance 
'societies. 
e It is not hard to see that the Strawberry Association had maintained 

its interest in and contributions to the progress of Virginia Baptists from 

the time of its first organization for religious freedom until it was as- 
J sured for posterity. Now, it was ready to look for new ways to serve 
,','.' the people of the upper county. 



23 



Chapter VI 






MEN MOVE TOWARD THEIR MISSION 
1776 - 1976 



As one reads the early records of the association he is impressed b} I 
the absence of the laymen's names or their participation in the delibef 
rations at the meetings. One knows they attended because of the crowds 
that they made preparation for the meeting in the local church, they 
opened their homes to the visitors and fed them. 

The early nineteenth century saw laymen being elected as delegates 1 
from their churches and taking some part in the design of the work/ 
The fifth Sunday in November 1868 all ministers and deacons met for 
the purpose of organizing. Historians left us nothing of this effort. 

Men and the Mission Movement 

As early as 1884 there were groups interested in missions and a num- 
ber of churches reported organizations. These may have been the re- 
sponsibility of laymen. The first missionary society of the Big Island 
Baptist Church was recorded in 1896 with B. F. Cox as president. In 
1885 the men suggested the women organize societies. 

When Strawberry's second woman missionary went to China it was 
the ministers and laymen who decided to send "Sister E. B. Sale as a 
special missionary to the foreign field and support her". Brother Royall 
was to keep account of this special offering. To date 229 persons had 
given $650.00; 24 of the churches had given nothing. Miss Sale left 
January 1895 and at this time was studying the language. 1 

The Laymen's Movement 

The movement came as the result of laymen calling upon God and 
receiving from him a divine mandate.* It spread rapidly in the United 
States. Southern Baptists were perhaps the denominational organization 
to take the first action, they begun their work in 1907. 

"The purpose of the Laymen's movement was missionary. As the I 
movement developed and its activities enlarged its purpose was enlarged 
in a corresponding degree. It was one of the organizations, formed 
around the perimeter of the convention, that became a commission in 
1952". 3 



24 



The Movement in the Strawberry 

The movement started in Virginia in 1908. J. P. Luck (1817-1891) 
idressed the association on the subject and a number of pastors and 
elegates responded to the call to help organize the work. 4 

W. H. Wranek served as chairman of the movement in the association 
•om 1913-1914. In 1915 Cornelius Gilbert and George D. Witt were a 
jmmittee presenting the following suggestions as things the layman 
Duld do for the Laymen's Movement: 

1. Establish a strong associational committee. 

2. See that each church has a chairman. 

3. Every church have an Every-member Canvas. 

4. Use the Duplex envelope. 

5. That pastors and men cooperate. 

j 

The Outreach 

For ten years laymen George Diuguid, J. M. Coleman, William Eubank, 
<Iunter Miller, J. A. Rucker, O. B. Barker and Warren McNiel helped 
>ead laymen in getting the churches to use envelopes for receiving their 
yffering, take an every-member canvas, weekly giving with the tithe as 
. minimum. In 1921 they were stressing persons to sign the tithers 
ard supplied by the Laymen's Movement, send the number of tithers 
o the chairman and for laymen to speak on stewardship. They also 
uggested that one-half of the gifts go to benevolence. 

Their last report to the association was in 1922 and they were con- 
inuing to involve more men in the church program especially in finances. 
'_ n their last report they stressed: 
i 1. Loyal and liberal support of pastors. 

2. Weekly offering as a part of worship. 

3. Better church attendance among laymen. 

4. Stewardship of life and substance with the tithe as the 

B . . 

minimum. 

5. Bequeath one tenth of your estate to the Lord's cause. 

6. Organize a Union or Brotherhood in the church. 

7. Arouse interest in work done by the state and district con- 
ventions. 

Laymen took the led in the 75,000,000 Campaign and supported it in 
;he association. 

\ 

Men Begin to Serve in 1876 

For one hundred years no layman had been elected moderator, but 

at the 1876 meeting Col. J. A. Hamner was chosen to begin the second 
'century of work. This period would see W. F. Fisher, W. A. Miller, J. 

Calvin Moss, Hunter Miller, J. A. Rucker and Harvey W. Gentry give 
'nearly forty years of progressive, layman leadership. Now, on the eve 

of the third century another layman, Donald C. Carr, adds his contri- 

gution as moderator. 



25 



The last one hundred years have seen laymen involved in every aspe 
of the association; serving on committees, leading organizations, speakir 
to reports, filling pulpits, sharing their business knowledge, even speakir 
to the W.M.U.'s and representing the association of the General Assoc 
ation Board. Many times the layman has been the catapult for th 
great movements among the Baptists in this area of the state. 









: 






26 



Chapter VII 



LADIES IN THE MEETING HOUSE 
1860 - 1976 



f back of every great man there is a good woman then these Blue 
Ige Mountains have been full of good ladies. They could have come 
m several different backgrounds. Mrs. Robert Stockton, wife of the 
ond moderator, was an excellant business woman. While her husband 
s a prisoner of the British for two years she not only supported the 
nily, but paid off all his debts. 1 

Some may have come from a group of formally educated women for 
?re was a Female Academy in 1814 in Lynchburg where young ladies 
died drawing, painting, needlework, English grammar, arithmetic, 
jgraphy, astronomy and music. Latin and Greek were omitted from 
: curriculum. In 1837 Edward Williams reopened the Bedford Female 
ademy. 2 

To be sure most of the women came from the larger group of typical 
>neer stock; brave, honest, truthful, loyal, beautiful, steady hard work- 

1 people who put God, family, neighbor and home before their comforts. 

Wanted Women 

3ne of the first times women were mentioned in the association and 
s need for their assistance was in a letter from Alexander Eubank 
which he challenged them to raise $500.00 for George Pearcy to use 
his California work. 'Ask 1,000 female members at the next monthly 
?eting to organize Female Missionary Societies and raise $1.00 each 
: the year by sewing, knitting or raising of fowl. Send the money 
the next session at Hunting Creek, August 1, 1861. You may save 

2 association from going anti-missionary." 3 The next year they were 
ked to raise Mr. Pearcy's salary by giving $1.00 annually, to organize 
cieties and lay aside in store on the first day of the week all the 
gs laid on that day. 4 

By the 1870's women were beginning to have a more important part 
the work of the association. The membership was reported by male 
d female members and when a committee was named to solicit contri- 
itions for the Education Board every solicitor was a woman. Beaver 
un, Mrs. Laura Jeter; Bethany, Jane R. Henderson; Bethlehem, Mrs. 
iams; Blue Ridge, Mrs. Jane Fox; Burton Creek, Mrs. J. M. Ogden; 
>ve, Mrs. L. Ogden; Difficult Creek, Mrs. Elizabeth Fields; Fairmount, 
rs. Bettie M. Price; Flat Creek, Mrs. Buckner; New Prospect, Ann 

27 



Read; Palestine, Bettie Wilson; Staunton, Lucinda Pinkard; Suck Sprig) 
Mollie L. Noel; Wolf Hill, Emma Hatcher; Glade Creek, Sallie H. Ruckt; 
Halesford, Annie Dinwiddie; Hill Spring, Mrs. Rebecca Updike; Libeiyj 
Mrs. Ella Judd; Mt. Airy, Angeline Ramsey; Mt. Hermon, Emma Barkr ; 
Mt. Olivet, Mrs. Jane Patterson; Mountain View, Mrs. Nancy Thorns; 
Mt. Zion, Fannie M. Tate. 5 

Pastors were organizing missionary societies in their churches. Thi< 
may have been for men. Six churches reported societies and suggestion •■'- 
were made that women organize societies in 1885 leads one to belie e 
that those before that date were for men. 6 



Women's Societies Approved 






The Executive Committee approved the Woman's Missionary Sock 
asking, "that it work for all objects represented by the General Boa 
of the General Association, to cultivate missionary spirit among q 
people, advance interest in God's work within our bounds and to se 
their money through the church treasury to the state treasure". 7 

Strawberry and the Central Committee 

The Central Committee of the Southern Baptist Convention aski, 
that each state have such a committee to promote missionary orgar 
zations and activities. Since 1874 promotion of an organization to su 
port foreign missions had been in the state and because of the oppositic 
by the General Association the Central Committee was not affiliatt 
with the Southern Union until 1889. Miss Willie Bowman was chos6 
from the Strawberry to be a member of the committee.'' The fir 
annual meeting of the Central Committee of Woman's Missionary S 
cieties Auxiliary to the Baptist General Association of Virginia w; 
held in 1896. In 1899 the W.M.U. of Virginia was organized with a vie 
president from each association. Mrs. C. R. Smith represented tl 
Strawberry Association. 



Women Meet, But Men Speak 






While the men gathered at the stand the women were in the M 
Olivet meeting house listening to J. D. Martin." Three years later 
the meeting of the association in Boones Mill there was a gathering c 
women in the church building to which A. E. Owens of Portsmout 
spoke. In 1894 they had an all-day meeting, at the stand in the mornin 
and in the house in the afternoon. 

On Wednesday, August 7, 1895, at 10:30 A.M. the ladies met in th 
meeting house. Mrs. C. R. Smith presided, Miss A. M. Board was secre 
tary and Miss E. B. Sale did the devotional. Reports were heard fron 
Lynchburg's First, Liberty, Morgans and Mt. Olivet. C. J. Thompsoi 
addressed the ladies and J. Calvin Moss talked to the youth on hov 
they could help. He suggested by feeling they had a debt of obligation 
an opportunity of all to work, to gain intelligence, to enlist others anc 
to give systematicly. Thirteen ladies reported to be giving the Sunda} 
eggs for missions. Papers were read by Miss Blanche Tolley or 

28 



Heathen" and Mrs. S. O. Fisher on "Heathen Women". 10 It was voted 
itily the association that the proceedings of the W.M.U. be included in the 
)e.iiiinutes. 

it! Before the 1896 meeting Miss Edmonia Sale had left for China and 

ffljrlrs. Olive May Board Eager was home from Italy to talk about her 

york. At Peaks in 1897 six societies reported Sunbeam Bands (organi- 

ftcation for small children). The next year the women met in the after- 

tivioon and Mrs. Smith had difficulty maintaining order caused by a 

feudden storm which sent everyone to shelter. Perhaps the women 

ould not meet every year for they reported their seventh meeting in 

901. 

On one of Mrs. Eager's early furloughs thirty-two new organizations 
or women were begun in the state and she was responsible for twelve 
%f these. 

01 It is possible that one of the most lasting incidents for the growth of 
03 he Women's Missionary Union took place at a meeting in Roanoke. 
fmiss Celeste Parrish, a teacher at Randolph Macon Woman's College in 
..ynchhurg, felt the work was too centralized in Richmond, and it should 
)e from churches over the state. She was among the twenty-six dele- 
fates from sixteen associations meeting on November 22, 1897, to this 
;roup she presented a well worded motion that a committee of twenty - 
ty'our women, one from each association, not already a member of the 
3:,i Central Committee, .be appointed to confer with each local Central 
^^ommittee and with the Committee on Cooperation of the General 
Association to devise means to 

't' 51 1. Secure representation of the local societies in the annual meeting 

worn all the churches in the state. 

"P 2. To increase the function and influence of the annual meeting. 
W 3. To stimulate the women of the country churches to form societies 
fi ind work for missions. 

c j 3 These motions were carried unanimously. Miss Parrish was appointed 

Chairman of the committee. May 4, 1898 the committee met with the 

ocal board of the Central Committee and members of the Committee 

m Cooperation to make plans for enlarging the scope of the women's 

vork. 

The resolution presented 

1. President of the Central Committee be requested to call a meeting 

)f Virginia Baptist women in Lynchburg October 26-27, 1898 invite 

is delegates the Central Committee appointed by the General Associ- 
ation of Virginia, one delegate from each Woman's Missionary Society 
n the State and one adult delegate for each Band of Sunbeams, and one 

delegate from each church having no society. 

2. The annual meeting to be an annual meeting of the Women's 
r V[issionary Society of Virginia Auxiliary to the General Association and 

vorking the Central Committee this body consist of delegates from 
:ach society and church, as provided above; and its officers to be selected 
jy the body, subject to the approval of the General Association of 
L /irginia. 

t In the First Baptist Church of Lynchburg on October 26, 1898 there 
ivas a meeting of the Baptist women in which the local societies were 

29 






represented. Twenty-one of the twenty four associations were repr 
sented by 114 delegates. There were twenty-six the year before. Tvi 
weeks later the General Association met in the First Church of Lyric.- 
burg and reports of women's work were sent and presented to the body 1 
Miss Parrish, intrepid leader, never held or sought honor for hersel 
but held the committee to the matter of necessary foundation matter, 
- - - She was not very popular with some of the sisters who at the tin 
could not see the necessity for such "legislation" and wondered why si 
kept bringing up unpleasant business when they wanted to hear insp 
rational messages and think pleasant things. Fifty years later the Unid 
came to appreciate her. Dr. Pitt in the Religious Herald said, "Whe, 
you study your history, watch out for Miss Parrish! Her brain an 
statesmanship made you what you are." 11 



The Women Go It Alone 






In 1904 the W.M.U. met at Bedford on July 7 and 8 while the assoc 
ation met at Beaver Dam August 9-11. This was the first separat 
meeting. The women sent a report which was given by a man, onl 
one half of the churches had any organization. From that time unt 
1912 some man made a report on what the women were doing. Tha 
year Miss Yancey wrote a report which was read by T. C. Miller. Ther 
was also a statistical report on gifts. Twenty-four churches had organi 
zations; the W.M.S. of Rivermont, Forest and Mt. Madison had readec 
the Standard of Excellence. The Y.W.A. of Rivermont, the R.A. of Firsl 
Lynchburg and the Sunbeams of Forest were class A. The ladies decide< 
that their next meeting would be Tuesday and Wednesday before th< 
association met. 11 

1913 was a banner year. Gifts were $1,000.00 over the previous year 
twenty-eight churches had organizations and the association was dividec 
in four groups each with a leader. Bedford with Mrs. W. O. McCabe 
Franklin with Miss Lucy E. Young as leader, Campbell had Mrs. E. H 
Payne and Lynchburg Miss Mary Morris. On the motion of W. W 
Hamilton the association voted to print the full report of the W.M.S 
meeting at Flat Creek. 

During the years of World War I the women went on with their work 
for the first time over one hundred were present to hear Mrs. Maxwell A 
Creasey discuss the "Problems of the Country Church". She included| 
in her talk unpaid pastors, unsystematic and unbusiness ways of financing 
and recommended weekly giving by envelope. 1 - The ladies did their 
part to conserve food, to have meatless and wheatless days. 13 

The First Women Delegates 

Mr. Moss returned in 1919 to discuss the 75,000,000 Campaign and 
Miss Mary Dinwiddie of the Halesford church was the first woman dele- 
gate to the Strawberry Association. In a few years Mrs. S. J. St. John, 
Big Island; Mrs. Augustus Jamerson, Fairmount and Mrs. Board from 
Shady Grove had been elected to represent their churches. 



30 



»iii Outside the Association 



Afomen were on the move, eleven went to the S.B.C. meeting in 

ishington, D. C. The offerings at the yearly meeting were deleted 

"fi each society was asked to send $1.00 with their reports. Two rooms 

re "beautified" at the mountain mission school. This could have been 

?dmont in Nelson County. The women were also asked to fill jars 

,^th food for the Louisville Training School. Empty jars were sent to 

| filled and returned C.O.D. 11 

"[Jntil 1923 some of the brothers read a report written by the superin- 
fhdent, but things do change and Miss Emiline Thornhill read the 
I port and Mrs. J. R. Smith spoke to it. The association Executive Com- 
1 ttee realized the value of women and elected Miss Thornhill to 
^resent the Sunday School and B.Y.P.U. and Mrs. Charles P. Marshall 
is selected for the W.M.U. 

Reorganizing for Better Work 

l 'For more effective work they divided the churches in groups: 
Pjjdford: Bedford, Mt. Olivet, Timber Ridge, Suck Spring, Mt. Hermon 
I'd Flint Hill 

naxton: Thaxton, New Prospect, Walnut Grove, Mt. Zion, Shady 
f'ove, Mountain View and Glade Creek 

,J g Island: Big Island, Hunting Creek, Royal Chapel, Sedalia, Chestnut 
m and Oakdale 

'-rest: Forest, Pleasant View, Norwood, Terrace View, North Bedford, 
'•-thai, Beulah and Flat Creek 

f K>dview: Morgans, Diamond Hill, Goodview, Beaver Dam and Hales- 
rd 

uanklin: Boones Mill, Fairmount, Red Hill, Cooper's Cove, Ninevah 
'..d Sandy Ridge 

i.aunton: Mentow, Palestine, Staunton, Mt. Ivey, Pecks, Difficult Creek, 
J >thlehem and Radford 

/mchburg: Inglewood, Mt. Madison, First, College Hill, West Lynchburg 
lid Franklin Street 

The Ruby Anniversary 

r During the Ruby Anniversary year, 1929, the churches surpassed their 
j-al of 125 organizations by seven and the next year found women on 
j'ven of the eleven committees of the association. It was also decided 
at each year the annual W.M.U. meeting would be at Bedford; every 
oman to bring her lunch and the church would serve cold drinks paid 
r out of associational funds and the meetings to be changed to April. 

The Depression 

All Franklin Street women gave to missions in 1931, but the depression 

money and interest seem to be creeping in. The women listed their 

eakness: they did not meet their apportionments, more of the churches 

ere without woman's work than any association in the state, too many 

31 



unenlisted women and the church treasurers not passing the money a 
Mr. Crump. ,n The fun of a Y.W.A. houseparty at Miss Elsie Gilliai* 
Timberlake summer home was a bright spot of these days. At ev.i 
meeting of the thirties they seem to ruin the spirit by stressing standa 
and reports. 

In defiance of the lack of money the women struggled through 
mid thirties. They worked on reducing the debt of the Foreign Miss! 
Board by the "Quarter a Week Offering"; gave the Home Miss 1 
Board the salary for a missionary and in 1937 they paid the salary! 
native Bible women in China and the salary of Mrs. T. B. Hawkins! 
Argentina and took on the salary of Mrs. Steen in St. Louis at $1,000 
for a year. 

Personal Service 

Among some of the unique reports were those of the White Crt 
and Personal Service. 200 quarts of food to the Louisville Traini 
school, forty night shirts to Africa, twenty quilts to the New Orlea 
Rescue Mission, ninety-three yards of gingham for the orphanage 
Ogbomosho, 150 towels, thirty-two night shirts to the mission. Sevent 
nine quilts, fifteen sheets, four pillow cases, one pair blankets, clothi 
and shoes for school children at the orphanage. Then personal servi 
became personal and local; soul winning, prayer meetings, nurseri. 
visiting the sick in hospitals and the Florence Crittenden Home. 

The forties started with Thaxton and Big Island being A 1. Thaxt 
had been A 1 for eleven years. Altavista's First, Central, Bedford, Me 
tow and Pleasant View were 100% in giving. The Business Womer 
Circle Federation was organized in 1948 with Mrs. A. E. McConnville 
president. The Strawberry Association lead the state in new juni 
organizations. $150.00 was given toward a new car for Miss Annie M 
Boyles and $1,243.00 set as a goal for the Historical Wing of the Boa 
wright Library of the University of Richmond. Contributions were ask< 
for to be made to "Debtless Denomination by 1945". Enthusiasm w; 
high! A Goodwill Center was about to be born 

Goodwill Center 

The center, located on White Rock Hill in Lynchburg, was opened i 
1946 with Mrs. Frank Murry as director. In the first fifteen month 
300 people from 125 families were reached. 200 volunteers from th 
churches had assisted. The center found a permanent home at 150 
Main Street where it remained until the "Bypass" took over. 

Miss Louise Fletcher became director and Mrs. J. P. Foster served a 
manager and chairman of the board. In 1945 Miss Fletcher reported 
revival with twenty-two professions of faith. One year she had 
number of those, who had been at the center, tell the association wha 
the center had meant to them. 

On the tenth year of operations the director reported that they ha< 
an average of 60 per year in V.B.S., children had been sent to camp, nin 
evangelistic meetings had been rewarding, 142 persons had found Chris 
and most of them joined Franklin Street Church. There were 142 en 

32 



1 

J, led in the Sunday School with an average attendance of 123 and an 

ering of $1,979.00. It was paying its own way and sending money to 

J Cooperative Program. 100 were enrolled in the missionary programs 

d there had been an average of 125 for each Christmas party with 

| ts for all. 10 

L3ecause of the change in civil conditions, roads, etc. causing lessened 

; endance it was recommended that the work close on November 15, 
54. Much of the equipment was brought to the Strawberry Lodge at 

j.gle Eyrie. 

A Decade of Change 

Prom 1951 to 1961 more than the Goodwill Center came to an end. 
ss Broyles completed her work, Mrs. W. F. Hickey ended a long and 
warding period as Superintendent, Mrs. G. W. Bond finished twenty 
j ( ars as secretary from 1942-1962 and the goal for the library was met. 
[tans for new activities began by dividing the association in four groups: 
j meta or Elsie Gilliam, Lynchburg and Thaxton or Mable Crabtree. 
Ruling lists were compiled in order to get letters from our two mission- 
lies, Edith Vaughn and Elaine Hancock, to the churches. 
,When the last group of churches left to be on their own in 1964 the 
sociation had to be regrouped. During these days the women made a 
:t to the camp site on the Piankatank River and $100.00 to the Jane 
ratton Memorial. 



Prepration for the Next Century 



^The years preceeding the anniversary celebration have found the 

")men doing their share, serving on committees, taking places of leader- 

! ip in all the association work, yet striving to do what they were 

r mmissioned to do in 1887. Believing that missions are not only for 

e entire church, but for all the family, many of the activities are 

anned to include all. Not to be forgotten was the annual meeting 

i pril 1, 1976 when all ages were on the program; when both women 

id men of the churches gathered together at Suck Spring in the same 

ace and heard Miss Kathryn Bullard and Mr. Loyd F. Jackson tell 

ji the work. Miss Bullard is State Director of W.M.U. and Mr. Jackson 

i,e Director of the Department of Baptist Men. 

j Ladies you have come a long way from meeting at the stand to standing 
U the pulpit! 



33 



Chapter VIII 

THE APOSTLES ON HORSEBACK 

1823-1901 



Although the first two state missionaries went from the Strawbe 1 ; 
Association it did not indicate all was well and no aid was needed ;i 
help evangelize the people of the Blue Ridge Mountains. In the ear 
days the most heard of, talked about and planned for item on 
agenda of any association meeting was that of securing a missionary 
colporter. 

From 1823 to 1910 twenty-nine men worked among the people 
Bedford, Franklin, Henry, Floyd, Patrick, Campbell, Roanoke a 
Botetourt counties. 

Worker, Work and Wages 

James Leftwich (1787-1872) was the first missionary and receiv 
$25.00 a month for four months in 1823. Absalom C. Dempsey (111 
1872) worked in what is now a part of Roanoke Valley Association 
1828. William Leftwich (1768-1865) employed in 1828, Jesse W 
(1797-1858) and James D. McAllister worked during 1829. Willia 
Harris (1771-1865) employed during 1839. James S. Lee (1780-184 
worked in Bedford County from 1839 to 1845 when he went to Hen 
County. In 1844 A. L. Alderson worked in Bedford and Thomas 
Goggin (1815-1895) reported to the Central Committee that he h 
worked sixty-six days, rode 600 miles in the year and had sold $60.. 
worth of books. In 1855 he worked half time for $400.00. During 18 

three men worked, M. W. Reed (18137-1903) Baker, ai 

James L. Gwaltney (1799-1864). Elder Gwaltney of Isle of Wight Coun, 
was to locate in the association bounds and circulate among the churchc 
As to wages he was to have the liberty to collect his salary from tl 
churches with which he labors. T. N. Sanderson (1819-1900) and S. 
White were employed in 1854 by the Executive Committee at $25.00 pj 
month. Elder Sanderson was not always welcomed in every home Ij 
visited. On one occasion he had left such a home and on his way droppel 
a few tracks at the gate and when he returned on his way home \\ 
found the tracts nailed to a tree near the road. 

Alexander Eubank (1826-1903) gave the Religious Herald a report < 
the work done by Sanderson and White, "In the Strawberry the mission 
aries over the last two years had traveled 6,000 miles; visited 2,200 horru 
and held 1,300 conversations about religion. They had preached 2q 

34 



srmons, given 150 exhortations and prayed with 1,000 families. They 
ad placed fifty-eight Bibles in homes where there were none, sold 
90.00 worth of books, gave away $30.00 worth, placed 35,000 pages of 
racts, secured thirty-three subscriptions to the Religious Herald and 
'oreign Journal." He also stated that in the area of the association 
here were 75,000 persons, 12,000 were Christians of all the denominations 
nd one half of the remaining 63,000 were children, leaving more than 
0,000 adults to be taught the way of life. 

J. W. Mason, J. W. Meadow and D. Staley were on the list in 1856 
,nd at the 1860 meeting they took an offering to help pay Mr. Staley's 
alary for the entire year. $145.25 was received. J. A. Davis came to 
he association in 1870 at the salary of not less than $350.00 a year and 
he next year it was to be $1,200.00; he was to give half of his time at 
hree preaching stations and help Diamond Hill to complete a union 
hurch. He had been preaching under a brush arbor. In 1872 he and 
V. J. Cocke were to give all their time to work in the association and 
I. L. Anthony some of his. J. R. Harrison got $600.00 for half of 1876. 
)ther men who wroked were W. Y. Quesenherry, 1884; J. M. Morris, 
887; R. A. Smith and Frank C. Johnson, 1889-1890; C. W. Welsh, 1891; 
'. A. Jenks, (1843-1936), J. M. Street (1860-1929) and J. S. Lynn (1835- 
914), 1896. Brother Lynn found the field to be very promising, both 
>n account of the destitution and the general prevalence of the Baptist 
entiment in the section. Alex Millar and S. T. Habel, Sr., 1899 and Mr. 
label worked until 1901. 

From Horseback to Horse Power 

For sixty years the members of the association went on their own. 

Vith the increase in organizations, the need for someone to keep up 
i'vith and interpret the new methods quickly and to assist churches with 
f : heir internal and external problems many of pastors had a need for 
Someone to give their full time to this work. A committee was ap- 
n K)inted at Beaver Dam on October 20, 1960 to secure such a person. 
| U the 1961 meeting they reported and recommended that Rev. James T. 
Cravens, pastor of Liberty Baptist Church in Appomattox, be employed. 
Me was to come May 15, 1961 at a salary of $5,400.00. The budget for 
the work was to be $10,400.00 for the year of 1961. ' The Superintendent 
;t >f Missions 1962 Report tells some of the many things that had claimed 
h iis attention: preached in many churches, took part in seventy-six 
Planning meetings, met with 127 church groups and committees, spoke 
Ibver the local radio, helped in state and southwide conferences and spoke 

o high school students in the county .- 
9 Mr. Cravens served until the formation of the Lynchburg Association 

and became the first Superintendent of Missions for that group. We 
hre reaping many of the benefits of his stay in the association. Today, 

ie and Mrs. Cravens are working in a pioneer ministry in Pennsylvania. 



35 



Chapter IX 

LIFTING THE BOUNTY 
1802 - 1976 



: 



A study of the monetary discussions and the decisions of any gro 
for one hundred and fifty years is interesting and that of the Strav 
berry Association is no exception. From the earliest records of monej 
being a part of the work until the two hundredth birthday one sees 
steady progression of stewardship. One step leads to another; from th 
passing of the hat to the Unified Budget there has been a systemati 
movement. 

The first recorded offering was in 1802 when two men were appointe 
to lift the bounty which amounted to two pounds, seventeen shilling 
and ten pence. This could have been a free-will offering or amount 
sent by the churches with their letters. 

Using the Bounty 

These interesting facts pertaining to the gifts have been culled fron 
the association's minutes and the Religious Herald and presented ii 
chronological order with apologies to anyone whose literary taste migh 
be offended. 

1820 — $21.50 given at the meeting to help Lynchburg pay for its meet- 
ing house. 

1845 — $47.60>4 in cash and $25.00 in subscriptions for an associational 
missionary. 

1854 — A plea was made for gifts and it was asked that the conscience 

be the guide in giving. After an address the proposition was 
made to raise $100.00 for Foreign Missions through donations of 
$5.00 each. In a few minutes $110.00 in cash was paid by: F. M.' 
Barker, Ira Hurt, J. W. Morgan, G. W. Leftwich, M. Lunsford, 
J. Jeter, J. E. Compton, G. Johnson, I. J. Bush, S. B. White, 
M. W. Read, John Thornton, Elliot Lowery, T. C. Goggin, J. P. W. 

Keyfauver, Bilbo, Holland, E. Wornock, 

J. Hamner, G. T. Snead and J. L. Prichard. "Ministers asked 
to lay the claims of the perishing heathen to the notice of their 
congregations and endeavor to obtain from each individual a 
contribution". 

1855 — A collection of $75.00 was given to George Pearcy, back from 

China, and at the close of the service $36.00 was taken for the 
General Association. 

36 



After the Sunday morning service an offering of $23.00 was made 
for the General Association and $128.00 for Foreign missions. 
A pledge to the General Association in the amount of $25.00 each 
from Mt. Olivet, Lynchburg, Liberty, Mt. Hermon and Hale's 
Ford. $15.00 pledged from Beaver Dam and $10.00 from Mt. 
Zion and Wolf Hill. 

Following an address on Foreign Mission, in the house, $30.00 
was received and at the stand they gave $19.00 for State Missions. 
$142.00 collected in cash and subscriptions for Domestic Missions 
after a forcible talk. 

A collection of $78.24 was received for the support of George 
Pearcy in his California work. (Mr. Pearcy did not go to the 
west ,because of the war.) 

At the close of the service two offerings were taken. $27.00 for 
State Missions and $92.55 for Sister Elizabeth Lee, widow of 
J. S. Lee. 

After a sermon on the Sabbath day that was heard by thousands 
an offering of $200.00 was raised. Alexander Eubank wrote in the 
October 25th Religious Herald that so much time was spent by 
agents asking for money and so many collections taken that it 
was suggested that at the next meeting four male and four 
female members be a collection committee from each church 
and that the membership be divided in fourths. They will be 
asked how much they will give monthly, the committee member 
will put it down and collect it each month and this will be 
assigned to agents as their needs demand. 1 

The association was asked to support systematically the benevo- 
lences adopted by the Baptist General Association of Virginia. 
The average of seventeen and one-half cents per member was 
contributed. 

The churches gave to local causes a total of $2.72 per member 
and eleven cents per member to the General Board. 
Collected for Richmond College $200.00 and disable ministers 
$35.00. 

Offering for the Education Board amounted to $28.00 in cash 
and $50.00 in subscriptions. Offering for the Foreign Mission 
Board was $25.00 and the churches asked to contribute liberally 
to the Sunday School and Bible Board. 
$300.00 given to Foreign Missions. 

Collected for Minister's Relief $30.00 and for Foreign Missions 
$105.00 in cash and $30.00 in subscriptions. 

A study of the churches' gifts from 1873 to 1878 was made by 
J. A. Davis, missionary in the association, and reported at the 
annual meeting gave some interesting facts about mission gifts. 
Liberty was the only church that gave every year. Lynchburg 
gave every year but one. Burton Creek, one of the feeblest, 
failed one year out of five. College Hill, the youngest, gave 
$36.00. Flat Creek, Hunting Creek, Mt. Hermon, Mt. Zion, and 
Timber Ridge gave for three years out of five. Beaver Dam, 
Mt. Olivet, Wolf Hill and Leesville gave for two years. Chest- 

37 



nut Hill, Cove, Diamond Hill, Fairmount, Goose Creek, N>v 
Prospect, Red Hill, Suck Spring and Walnut Grove gave for J 
out of five. Bethlehem, Bethany, Difficult Creek, Flint ll 
Glade Creek, Halesford, Hill Spring, Mt. Airy, Mountain Vi«| 
Palestine, Staunton, and Shady Grove gave nothing in five yets 

1880 — To pay a colporter there was a roll call of churches for pled;* 

which amounted to $304.00. Bitting' s history of the associat;n 
was to sell for .20 each. Following the apportionment methd 
$200.00 was to be given to Home Missions. 

1881 — Lifted from the report on "Needs of Our Association". In li'fl 

seven of our churches gave nothing to State Missions, ei|j 
nothing to Foreign Missions, twelve nothing to Home Missio 
twelve nothing to Ministers' Relief and twenty-five nothing > 
Sunday School and Bible Board. A total of $72.45 was cc 
tributed for the year. 

1882 — The Board will place a colporter in the association if it w 

raise the sum of $250.00. This was apportioned to the church 
on the basis of $15.00 to $1.00 per church. Because of a d 
pression only $120.00 was given to missions. 

1883 — Request made for the following: Home Missions $250.00, $233 

given; Foreign Missions $600.00, $340.00 given; and State Missioi 

$500.00 and $287.00 given. 
1885 — A public collection for the Sunday School Board amounted 

$42.00 and the Home Mission aportionment $400.00. 
1891 — J. P. Luck ask help to repair Diamond Hill meeting hous 

$17.00 was given. 

1893 — An offering of $5.00 taken for furniture at Jeter Institute. 

1894 — $21.00 aid given to a church (no name). 

1895 — $5.00 collected for Iron Gate Church. 

1896 — $5.00 offering for the orphanage and $5.00 collected for Peck 

Church. 

1897 — The association gave for: Foreign Missions .21 per member, foj 

Home Missions .11 per member and .19 per member for Stat J 
Missions. Miss Edmonia Sale was sent to China. W. S. Royall 
and J. P. Luck appointed to study and suggest to the churche; 
the best system of church finances. 

1898 — Collected $26.00 for Norwood church. 

1899 — The State Board suggested there be a certain per cent increase 

over last years gifts. 

1901 — The orphanage asked for $1,500.00 to be given in a few months. 
J. E. Poteet ask for gifts to the Sandy Ridge church building, 
$16.19 was taken up for this. Mentow desired to build and 
dedicate its building free of debt so W. E. Hatcher (1834-1912) 
lifted a collection of $25.22 for them. The Boards asked $300.00 
for Ministerial Relief and $800.00 for Home Missions. 

1903 — $32.25 was given to the Rustburg church. 

1906 — $10.25 given to Royal Chapel church. 

1909 — The Association pro-rated for Foreign Missions $3,000.00 and for 
Home Missions $2,000.00. 

38 



NV 9 1 2 — The denomination boards wanted to say to the association that 
0, it deemed the evidence overwhelming, that the Envelope Fi- 

ffl nancial System produces the best results. The suggested plan 

i( for the year: University of Richmond $11,426.00 and to pay 

iij $6,539 by July 1; send a special offering once a month to the 

|ji orphanage give .05 per member to Minister's Relief and that 

it $4,000.00 for Foreign Missions and $2,600.00 for Home Missions 

i be approtioned to the churches. Every agency asked to have 

an associational chairman. 
:!917 — Sunday School Board asked for .38 per member and increase 
|i of .14. 

ic 

Seventy-five Million Dollar Campaign 

fa 

918 — The $75,000,000.00 Campaign launched. After years of five an- 
nual request for gifts Southern Baptist, in May 1919, launched a 

rt goal somewhat commensurate with their ability. It was decided 

to have one big drive to be made from November 30th to Decem- 
ber 7, 1919 with the money to go to the Executive Committee 
of the convention. 

Organization of the Campaign 

Each state was assigned a goal. Virginia's was to be $7,000,000.00, this 
= vould be divided: Foreign Missions $2,357,560, Home Missions $1,007,035, 
^mister's Relief $448,000, Southwide Seminaries $280,000, State Missions 
■ 1,020,000, Education $1,500,000, Orphanage $439,000, Hospital $118,400. 
j. R. Scarbrough ( -1945) was General Chairman, George W. McDaniel 
1875-1927) was appointed Commissioner for Virginia and J. Calvin Moss 
>rganizer for the Strawberry Association with an apportionment of 
">347,100.50. The following schedule was set: July preparation, August 
nformation, September intercession, October enlistment, November 
Stewardship and December victory! The churches pledges $343,685! 

! 

I Planned, Pledge, Paid 

1924 — At the end of the Campaign there were mixed reactions; not 
all pledges were paid, some members vowed never to make 
pledges again, and a number of churches and denominational 
institutions were in deep debt. Strawberry was not alone in 
her efforts. This chart will show how the churches came through 
the Campaign. 

Church 

Beaver Dam 
3ethel 
3ethlehem 
Bedford City 
Beulah 
Boones Mill 
Big Island 

39 



Requested 


Pledge 


Paid 


P 520.00 


$ 570.00 


0.00 


1,172.00 


1,188.00 


795.00 


1,172.00 


1,300.00 


692.00 


20,592.00 


24,500.00 


14,215.00 


1,823.00 


2,000.00 


0.00 


1,300.00 


1,450.00 


321.00 


3,423.00 


4,630.00 


2,678.00 



Boones Mill 


1,300.00 


1,450.00 


0.) 


Cedar Bluff 


400.00 


750.00 


321.1 


Chestnut Hill 


651.00 


1,020.00 


0.1 


Cooper's Cove 


465.00 


465.00 


182.ii 


Diamond. Hill 


300.00 


340.00 


O.i 


Difficult Creek 


651.00 


675.00 


338.ll 


Fairmount 


1,000.00 


1,001.00 


01 


Flat Creek 


558.00 


601.00 


369.(1 


Flint Hill 


1,581.00 


1,300.00 


1,301.(1 


Forest 


3,293.00 


3,400.00 


1,900.C|- 


Glade Creek 


3,000.00 


4,253.00 


o.cl 


Halesford 


2,883.00 


2,340.00 


O.J 


Hunting Creek 


2,549.00 


3,743.00 


o.cl 


Inglewood 


2,102.00 


2,270.00 


1,417.01 


Lynch's 


100.00 


184.00 


0.0 1 


Lynchburg, First 


125,000.00 


135,000.00 


104,421.01 


College Hill 


50,000.00 


75,625.00 


46,057.01 


Rivermont Avenue 


50,000.00 


73,000.00 


58,000.0 


Franklin Street 


22,256.00 


23,250.00 


16,802.0i 


West Lynchburg 


4,000.00 


4,000.00 


3,600.08 


Morgans 


2,082.00 


1,400.00 


1,118.0( 


Mountain View 


1,023.00 


0.00 


0.0( 


Mt. Hermon 


2,828.00 


2,110.00 


1,002.0( 


Madison Heights 


3,981.00 


6,500.00 


3.581.0C 


Mt. Ivey 


1,097.00 


1,183.00 


0.00 


Mt. Olivet 


2,883.00 


2,200.00 


1,244.00 


Mt. Zion 


700.00 


805.00 


488.00 


Mentow 


818.00 


637.00 


203.00 


New Prospect 


2,120.00 


1,858.00 


1,339.00 


Ninevah 


500.00 


0.00 


0.00 


North Bedford 


2,000.00 


2,700.00 


0.00 


Norwood 


1,116.00 


720.00 


0.00 


Oakdale 


819.00 


1,023.00 


0.00 


Palestine 


1,507.00 


1,596.00 


0.00 


Peaks 


700.00 


0.00 


0.00 


Pleasant View 


350.00 


300.00 


0.00 


Radford 


354.00 


0.00 


0.00 


Red Hill 


200.00 


0.00 


0.00 


Royal Chapel 


800.00 


467.00 


438.00 


Sandy Ridge 


400.00 


0.00 


0.00 


Shady Grove 


2,500.00 


0.00 


1,138.00 


Staunton 


1,767.00 


1,942.00 


0.00 


Suck Spring 


6,455.00 


4,436.00 


0.00 


Sedalia 


2,121.00 


2,150.00 


974.00 


Thaxton 


3,500.00 


5,782.00 


3,996.00 


Timber Ridge 


5,115.00 


5,115.00 


0.00 


Walnut Grove 


2,500.00 


2,800.00 


2,267.00 


White Rock 


225.00 


0.00 


0.00 



$410,561.00 amount asked for, 8,387 church members, 4,148 members 
pledged $343,685.00 and by 1925 they had paid $299,855.00 of the amount 



40 



r approximately $84,000.00 per year. The efforts of the Campaign were 
ot in vain for from them and an evaluation of the gains and losses 
ave to Southern Baptist one of the best stewardship programs of any 
enomination in the world. 

Permanence of the Crusade 

There were lasting consequences throughout the Southern Baptist Con- 
1 ention as reflected in the Strawberry Association. 

1 1. Increase in giving 1914-1919; $5.08 per member, 1919-1924 $9.27 per 
hember; 1925-1929 $10.52 per member, a 100% increase. 
f. 2. A more systematic method of raising and distributing finances from 
I le budget plan for a church. 

| On the one-hundred and fiftieth anniversary of the association J. 
fc alvin Moss, who had lead the churches through the $75,000,000 Campaign, 
Sported on a meeting of the Virginia Board held June 18, 1925. 

A New Plan for Stewardship 

!} Following an appraisement of the financial program over the years 

me Board came to some encouraging conclusions. 

|( I. They found the following difficulties to a new plan: 

1. Inadequate facilities for informing the people. 
i( 2. Reaction to the 75,000,000 Campaign. 
!( 3. Trying to begin a new program without completion of the first. 

4. Financial freedom demanded ,by the churches, 
tl. There were heartening things: 

1. More people enlisted in the new program of the last five years. 
More tithers and a better system of giving. 
Recognition of the necissity for cooperation. 
Realization of a great world mission program, 
business-like way to pay the heavy debts of our denomination. 
These were incurred on belief that the pledges would be paid. 
Each object of the convention to get a percent of the amount 
given. 

Each member be asked to pledge. 
Every member give according to Bible principles. 
Each church adopt a budget and install weekly plan of giving 
through the duplex envelope. 

Monthly remittance to state treasure from all church treasures. 
Special day in Sunday School and a special thank offering for 
State, Home and Foreign Missions. 
t, 7. December 6-13 the date for the Every Member Canvass. 
I The apportionment for all causes outside the local churches for the 
itrawberry Association for the year 1926 was to be $51,350. 
927 — The association gave $54,751.00. $33,768.00 to the Cooperative 
Program and $20,983.00 to other mission causes. Twenty-one 
churches gave through the Program, but twelve gave nothing 
to missions. 
929 — The Cooperative Program goal was $45,000.00; the churches gave 
$34,377.00 to the Program causes and $13,788.00 to other mission 

41 



2. 


) 3. 


) 4. 


)II. A 

i Tl 


1. 
) I- 


) 


J 2. 


i 3. 


( 4. 

A 


i 

( 5. 


( 6. 



projects. Total contributions to all causes amounted 

$186,101.00. 
1931 — After five years with the Program all churches except Mounts 

Ninevah and Oakdale had given through the new plan. Or/ 

five churches gave nothing to missions. 
1940 — Only three churches gave nothing through the Program, ,b 

every church gave something to missions. 

Growing With the Gifts 

The intervening years have been spent in advancing plans for ed 

eating the churches in the meaning of stewardship and the best plaj 

for carrying it out at a very particular time. The duplex envelope h 

given way to one with the Six-point Record System for the Sundo 

Schools on it and most of the churches use the Unified Budget. TV 

financial secretary is an important elected officer of the church, financi 

reports are made regularly to all the church members and all agencit 

of the denomination are treated as their needs demand. No longer doc 

the best speaker get the largest offering for his cause. 

1975 — Thirty-four churches out of the thirty-five returned their churc 

letters. They reported 6,705 resident members who gav 

$861,929.00. $709,162.00 given for local expenses, $87,384.00 t 

the Cooperative Program and $57,437.00 to other mission cause 

May the experiences of stewardship from the years gone by be bu 

stepping stones to a greater realization of this important function of th 

churches. 



42 



Chapter X 

TEACHING THE WORD 
1830 - 1976 



it 
yoon after the Virginia Baptist General Association voted in 1830 to 
ivote time at each yearly meeting to discuss the Bible and Sabbath 
liiool more interest was expressed in the schools. There were three 
it this association: Little Otter, Glade Creek and Lynchburg. By 1835 
! s Strawberry Association was asked to approve the Virginia Bible 
jyaety and the church support it. At the same meeting there was a 
Irtery about the American Bible Society. 

The value of Sunday School instruction was discussed at the 1837 

eting. Many expressed the feeling that Bible instruction would check 

j;ecration of the Sabbath day, that it would direct the rising generation 

paths of virture and piety and that the assembled group resolve to 

! [uest that churches form and sustain Sabbath School, that preachers 

; ;ach one sermon a year on the value of the Sabbath School and that 

j read the Bible through each year by the daily reading of a chapter. 1 

n 1838 there was added to the group of organizations around the 

neral Association the Virginia Baptist Sunday School Association. 

e next year it became the Virginia Baptist Sunday School and Tract 

:iety and in 1840 it became auxiliary to the American Bible Publi- 

ion and Sunday School Society and took the third name Virginia 

nday School and Publication Society. 

Bible Teaching in the Association 

The association approved the organization and appointed a committee 

aid in the work; from Rockbridge, John N. Johnston; Campbell, 

>hua Thornhill; Franklin, Sterling M. Thornton; Bedford, Abner 

thony (1790-1884) and J. W. Leftwich ( -1868); Botetourt, Lewis 

Hows ( -1882) and Roanoke, A. Newman. James Leftwich was 

airman for the association. These men were to visit all the churches 

their county and encourage or organize Sabbath Schools. The chair - 

ji asked the churches to report number of teachers, pupils and books 

their school. By 1840 the committee reported Sabbath Schools at 

11 Creek, Zion Hill, Catawba, Buchanan, Green Ridge and Fincastle. 

\ news item to the Religious Herald, March 21, 1842, said there was 

t more than three or four schools in the Strawberry Association. The 

stors were to start schools in their own churches and in destitute areas. 

the semi-annual meeting in May fifteen of the twenty-two churches 

43 



r 

! 






reported they had started schools with a combined membership of 
pupils and teachers. 

There was no statistical table in 1855 minutes, but a report sho\ 
seven churches with Sabbath Schools. North Fork of Otter with six 
three members, Suck Spring with sixty-five, Lynchburg had 142 
Mt. Olivet had fifty-two. 

Meeting for Promotion 

The first gathering to promote Sabbath School work in the associat 
was planned to be at Mt. Olivet Meeting House on the fifth Lord's E 
in November 1857. Alex Eubank to preach on Saturday, T. N. Sanders f 
to read an essay and on Sunday T. C. Goggin was to preach and W. 
Duncan to read an essay on Sabbath Schools. The evening of each d 
to be spent in making speeches. 2 

The meeting took place as scheduled, but none of the persons appoint 
to officiate and lead the worship were present. M. W. Reese was elect 

president and S. R. White, secretary. Hensley and S 

White preached. A committee was to draw up a constitution. They h 
nine resolutions to discuss and planned to meet March 1858 at Beav 
Dam. 3 

The brethren ask that the minutes of the meeting be suspended ai 
we hear an address on Sunday School and Colportage. 4 Interest w 
growing, but not until 1866 did the movement really get under wa 
One must remember these schools were places where not only tl 
Bible, but the three R's were learned. There were 159 schools in tl 
state, ten of these in the Strawberry Association. Churches with schc- 
and their enrollment: Mt. Hermon, 28, Hunting Creek 80, Wolf Hill 2 
Liberty 156, Mountain View 70, Lynchburg 230, Timber Ridge 98, Staunto 
45, Palestine 60 and Blue Ridge 151. By 1867 not half of the churches i 
the state had Sunday Schools. 

Real promotion by the Sunday School members was launched in 
district conference held February 22, 1868 at 8:00 P.M. in the Libert 
church. J. A. Davis had planned the big meeting and interest was 
its best. Members were asked to organize Sunday Schools and in alread 
organized schools to promote efficiency and to adopt measures for tb 
extension of this work. 5 

Seeking Help 

After a brief period of growth in Sunday Schools there seemed to bt 
a decline and the churches asked that they get the help of a missionary 
and colporter." News of the success from Sunday School Conventions 
in several areas of the state reached the mountains and in 1873 a com- 
mittee of J. A. Davis, Cornelius Tyree, J. M. Mathews, Alexander Eu- 
bank and J. A. Hamner were to arrange with the state superintendent 
of the Sunday School and Bible Board for one or more conventions in the 
association during the coming year. There is no record of the results of 
this effort. The tables reported twenty-four Sunday Schools with 2,483 
pupils and 2,376 volumns in their libraries. Three churches used "Kind 

44 



ords", four were union schools and the other churches used "Bible 
jssons" and the "Young Reaper". 7 

v A few years after the churches took Bible instruction seriously John R. 
Kpser made a comparison between churches with and without schools. 
i : the thirty-seven reporting thirteen had no Sunday School. In these 
i found an unusual share of religiously, petrified and antagonistic 
embers. He also found the churches had a great lack of other things.' 4 
On one occasion the ministers and deacons wanted to change their 
ganization to Ministers, Deacons Institute and Sunday School Con- 
i';ntion of the Strawberry Association and to meet for the first time 
p Liberty on Wednesday after the second Sabbath in October in con- 
ation with the Strawberry and Valley Association Sabbath School 
invention, to be meeting there at that date. 6 

p No mention was made of such a meeting, but the association requested 
colporter and contributed $400.00 to the salary. 

Reports to the Association 

The reports for the 80's were "wordy", suggesting that every church 
ould have a Sunday School. The one helpful thing submitted was 
at whenever possible there should not be union schools even if they 
id to meet in school building or homes. The possibilites for Sunday 
hools were increasing according to the 1880 census the population in 
e Strawberry Association had reached 37,000. There were 12,000 
I toveen the ages of five and twenty-one. 3,450 were Baptist and 6,006 
her Protestants. In Baptist Sunday Schools there were enrolled 2,385 
I id in all other church schools 3,822. 

f People were working to improve the existing schools. W. G. Hamner 
' esented an outstanding report on how to help or hinder a school at 
e August 6-9, 1889, meeting of the association. 10 
'Helps: 

A Superintendent filled with good common sense, devoted to his 
! work, religious in his life and heart, freshness in his methods, and 
1 a controlling interest in every body and everything. 

Teachers who are prompt, regular, pious, persuasive, loving and a 
| controllable. 

':■ Confidence and good feeling between Superintendent and each 
teacher. 

Subordinate officers who will give special attention solely to their 
duties. 

A hearty, zealous determination on the part of officers and teachers 
i to disseminate God's word first, foremost and continually. 

Music of the very best possible order, used vigorously and abundantly. 
' A good sexton with a comfortable, bright, clean and cheerful house. 
Short sessions with ever varying and crisp exercises. 
A pervasive impassion that it is God's work, engaged in by God's 
. people and for God's glory. 
I Hinders: 

A Superintendent who is lazy, thoughtless, tardy, "poky", dogmatic, 
: meddling and who abounds in routine, sameness and "talk-you-to- 
j deathness." 

45 



2. Teachers who are slow, irregular, unprepared, dyspeptic, quarrelson- 
and fault finding. 

3. Officers who are rarely present and as rarely missed. 

4. General "discussions" which interest only those who engage in the 

5. Fault finding and criticism by the teachers of the school who coi 
unprepared on their lessons. 

6. Inferior music and too much of it. 

7. That very general and false impression that your school is intende 
only for little ones. 

8. A lack of interest on the part of parents, except on Sunday. 

9. The chronic visitor, who drops in now and then, "not prepared t 
take part this morning", but is always willing to "make you a littl, 
talk", and tell you all about how it ought to be done. 

— Walker G. Hamne 
Messengers to the association in the last decade of the nineteent 
century heard more about the condition of the state Sunday School 
than they did their own. Of the thirty-seven churches in the associatioi 
twenty-six had schools; two were union. There was a combined mem 
bership of 2,761. Four years later seven churches had twelve month 
of Bible teaching and twenty-six had from four to eight months. Thesi 
schools enrolled one third of the church members." 

The twentieth century started with union schools in Mt. Zion an( 
Diamond Hill, eight of the churches reported no schools. All the churche. 
were requested to order their supplies from J. M. Pilcher (1841-1924) 
Superintendent of the Sunday School Board, Petersburg, and that 
statistical table for the Sunday School be added to the church letter. 

Improving the Teaching 

The first quarter of 1900 was spent in trying to carry out the motto 
"a Baptist Sunday School in every neighborhood". At first they wanted 
a colporter to do this. The state offered to pay one half of the salary if I 
the association would be responsible for the remainder. In 1904 one 
reported that "in the past years the three agencies of evangelism, I 
pastors and publishing were the pioneers. Today's pioneer is the col- I 
porter, who is both the pioneer minister and publishing agency." Often, 
it was hard and the failure of the churches to send sufficient money to 
do the work added extra burdens. 

The second plan for enrichment of the Sunday School was the study, I 
courses leading to the King's Teacher Diploma and seals for additional 
books studied. Many workers were studying in the Sunday Schools, at ] 
the Encampment at Virginia Beach and Intermont. Over 1,000 persons 
from 300 churches participated in the 1911 encampment. Each Sunday 
School in the association was asked to send one person in 1914. 

E. J. Wright, delegate from Cabell Street, reported hundreds of normal 
students had received normal diplomas from the Sunday School Board. I 
Through study many churches found the best way to improve their 
local work. Some discovered the organized class helpful in enlisting 
men. The Home Department, new graded lessons and standards were 
proving very fruitful. Many churches were not using Baptist literature 

46 



^("i a plea was made that they buy it from the Board, now located in 
:hmond. 

Just as knowledge brought many satisfactory results the teachers 
ought sharing of ideas would be helpful so the Sunday School Con- 
htion became a significant part of the association. In its meeting at 
dford, December, 1915, reports and discussions were delivered. The 
jociation superintendent had mailed reports to all churches and only 
-st of Lynchburg, College Hill, Royal Chapel, Oakdale, Mt. Madison, 
lestine, Suck Spring and Bedford City had returned them. Bedford 
ty had reached the A-l Standard, Rivermont and Franklin Street 
f»re Standard. A resolution was made that permanent officers be 
?cted and meetings be held in different sections of the association, 
inting Creek was host in 1916 with six schools present. Other meetings 
?re at Mt. Zion and Bedford City. 

So popular were these district gatherings that it was deemed best to 

ve two a year. At Mount Madison, G. A. Miller was elected president 

id R. E. Ingram secretary. The meeting at Forest in 1920 was good, 

irjost of those present came from the community. On July 2nd the 

ttpUestine church could not seat all who came. However, only a few 

xjaere delegates. Interest in the conventions began to wane. They 

emed to have served their purpose, but the institutes continued to be 

nirpular. 

'^Membership was increasing and the need for better facilities caused 

'jpany churches to enlarge their buildings, among those were: Bedford, 

j adison Heights, Big Island, Inglewood and Thaxton. All of the new 

< lps brought the desired results. Thirty-four of the forty-five churches 

iswered questionnaires about their work. They shared an increase 

attendance, contributions and conversions. Special days for offerings 

d decreased since the $75,000,000 Campaign was launched. The present 

l^al was to have the Sunday School enrollment as large as the church 

Membership and a mission day once a quarter. 

''From 1926 to 1940 little was reported about the Sunday Schools. The 

' 26 statistical table reveals fifty churches. Twenty-seven evergreen 

'mools (twelve month school) two with no school, eight met nine 

Dnths, two met seven months, one came together for teaching eight 

3nths and ten met for one-half of the year. The combined enrollment 

is 10,000. The next year there were 24 full time schools, twenty-five 

rt time and seven churches with none. The greatest need reported 

(is to have trained teachers with prepared lessons. Often J. B. Hill, 

'ate Sunday School Secretary, spoke and led discussions on the 

•oblems facing the schools. At the 1940 meeting of the association's 

1 ecutive committee meeting it was asked to choose a Sunday School 

'.perintendent. 

This officer was selected and a complete organization set up, but it 
. is short lived. In the next few years the only associational officer 
-ted was the superintendent. For the support of the work an offering 
•is taken each day at the annual meeting and other organizations were 
Iked to do the same at their meetings. These and the church offerings 
-;re to be sent to the associational clerk. This was to be a deputation 
-'id. By 1940 the organization was again completed. 

47 



Some recalled the days of big crowds attending the conventions m 
suggested one for each month. This did not meet with much sue 
so it was decided to group the churches for better work, less meet 
and the elimination of duplication. In 1953 groups were selected foi 
Lynchburg, Bedford, Moneta and Thaxton. The same year a bus jaal 
of workers attended the Sunday School week at Massanetta Sprigs 
A scholarship of $20.00 was offered to any superintendent attending he 
state or southwide conference. 

The sixties saw Sunday School attendance begin to decline. Tire 
was a reorganization of the forces, new names for the officers, irv? 
terms, new materials and ideas. In the fall of 1965 these were introdved 
to the association in one-night conferences lead by a team of s te 
workers from Richmond. Bedford, Big Island, Old Forest Road, ^at 
Lynchburg and Madison Heights hosted the meetings. 

Plans for the Next Century 

As we take the Bible teaching program into the third century soie 
thing new is in the making. You will enroll people where you find thm 
■ — no longer must they attend three Sundays before becoming memhs. 
Studies find that the average attendance is about one half of the i- 
rollment and no longer do people come seeking membership so te 
Sunday School will go to them where they can be found, enroll ii 
assign the new member to the proper class. It will ,be up to the els 
to reach them on Sunday. We will really be going into the byways o 
bring them in! 



48 



n§! Chapter XI 

T " LEARNING, FROM THE CABIN TO THE IVY HALLS 



W'Few people know that Luther Rice's concern for the two mountain 
eacher boys from Bedford County set in motion a plan that has brought 
out Virginia Baptist interest in the education of its people, especially 
i ministers. 

m 

m The Early Training of Ministers 



The experiences of the last few years and the contact with educated 

en had made J. B. Jeter and Daniel P. Witt desirous of a formal edu- 

.tion. Elder Rice was anxious for them to step aside from active 

. rvice and seek effective training for their mission. He wanted them 

T take advantage of a collegiate education and it fell with their strongest 

'Ssires. Not being sure of their ability to the right decision they 

ferred it to Semple and Broaddus (1785-1864). The older brethren 

)iced an opposition; they were not against education, but that the call 

t ministers was urgent and these young men could not immune them- 

dves in a college for four years. Witt was in "poor health" and the 

d men assumed he was to die in six or eight years and it was absurd 

•r one on the verge of death having a notion of going to college. He 

ved to be over sixty. 1 

Birth of a Baptist School 

June 8, 1830 at 5:00 A.M. a group of men attending the General Associ- 
:ion meeting in the Second Baptist Church, Richmond, were trying to 
?vise and propose some plan for the improvement of young men, who 
. the judgment of the churches, were called to the work of the ministry, 
[any of the leaders were seeing the results of an uneducated ministry, 
ecause the lack of being enlightened "had clogged the wheels of our 
wise and greatly impeded our spiritual advancement". 2 There were 
JO Baptist churches in the state, 261 licensed and ordained men and 

considerable portion of these were "illiterate and unqualified for the 
unistry." 3 

The men deemed it unadvisable at that time to establish a seminary 
f learning. However, they felt that help could be given by placing 
beneficiaries" in families of experienced ministering brethren, whose 
iucation, libraries and opportunities would give instruction that might 
nable them to render essential service to their younger brethren. The 
eneficiaries might employ their "gifts" by preaching in the adjacent 

49 



county "willing to contribute by subscription, products and clothijf & 
their support". 4 

After the early morning meeting these men recommended the or:u;>" 
zation be called Virginia Baptist Education Society with a membesl 
fee of $2.00 annually or $30.00 for life; churches or societies wenje 
titled to one representative for each $10.00 contributed. Among k 
managers elected from the Strawberry were J. B. Jeter, James C. mi< 
wich, V. M. Valentine, Daniel P. and Jesse Witt. Eli Ball was elected: .' 
first vice-president. He had been pastor of the Lynchburg cllnp 
1823-1826. 

Until 1832 students were boarded in a private home and t 
by a pastor, gratis. Eli Ball (1786-1853) had made such arrangeme: 
his home. Six men were enrolled. In 1831 there were nine men stud 
who in addition to their classes, had to do manual labor for three b 
a day, five days a week, on the 240 acre "Spring Farm" for the pr 
vation of his health - - - mental vigor and cheerfulness of temper 



Strawberry and the College 






We have no record of students from the association attending I 
school, but they needed someone to supervise the ten students. Rose 
Ryland (1805-1899), pastor of the Lynchburg Church 1827-1832, -a 
chosen on April 21, 1832. Two weeks later he accepted and wen to 
Richmond July 4, 1832. One year later there were twenty-six enrols!: 
sixteen "beneficiaries", who had tuition free and ten were "nval 
youths" who paid all their expenses. Mr. Ryland saw the scl 
through the war years and resigned in 1866. Today this school is m 
University of Richmond, whose third president F. W. Boatwright (1! 
1951) served from 1894 to 1946, was the son of R. B. Boatwright (lil 
1913), long-time pastor in Bedford County and connected with Jt 
Female Institute. 

Education in the Upper Country 

The idea of education was spreading into the upper country. At 
1840 meeting the association requested that its members patronej 
literary institutions especially those conducted under the supervis d 
of our society. In 1855 A. Eubank asked that a male academy, wJ 
suitable teachers, be established in the association and it be starljl 
not later than October 1 of this year and that the association appotj 
a committee to carry out and collect the money for same. 6 

The next year Halesford Academy in Franklin County was recoi-l 
mended to the patronage of the association because there was a nel 
for a school to prepare for Richmond and Columbia. 7 The committ I 
appointed in '55 reported in '57 they could not succeed in establishii.l 
an academy for the want of means. 

Public Education 

After the war of 1865 there was an interest is public education an! 
the association asked the churches and their membership to seek ti 

50 



m 



stablish and maintain good common schools in our midst. " Many church 
leeds recorded in the county courthouse state the building be used as 
. place of worship and for a school. 

Caring for the Ministerial Students 

"6 j 

C The Straw.berry did not forget Richmond College. An offering of 
•te;l,006.00 was taken at the 1868 meeting. In 1869 they promised twenty 

c x>xes for the clerical club of the college." The next year Suck Spring, 
Timber Ridge, Mt. Pleasant, Difficult Creek, Wolf Hill, Beaver Dam, 

^I31ue Ridge, Fairmount, Hill Spring, Hunting Creek, Glade Creek, Liberty, 
tf.vlt. Hermon, Mt. Olivet, Mt. Zion and Shady Grove promised boxes for 
■Khe benefit of the brethren studying for the ministry. These were to 
eljtgo by express to Rev. H. H. Harris, c/f Wm. G. Dandridge and Co., 827 
Pr 3road Street, Richmond, Virginia. 
r.« 

Private Schools in the Strawberry 



Rco 



Mr. Eubank continued his plans for a male academy by establishing 
Sunnyside Academy near Bedford. By 1874 it was one of the best pre- 
partory schools in the state owned and operated ,by the founder. The 

'' Superintendent of Bedford schools in his 1899-1900 report listed it with 
twelve boys and five girls enrolled. 

Many pastors of the past generation started their formal education 
at Sunnyside. Among them was J. P. McCabe (1876-1956), a great sup- 
porter of the denomination and education. He helped Charles B. Kessee, 
a native of Floyd County, set up the Kessee Educational Fund located 
'in Martinsville. This fund assists hundreds of students in Virginia 
Baptist Colleges and our Seminaries every year. 

I With the land boom of the 1890's came a plan for a female institute 
so the association appointed seven members to a board to erect a high 
school for girls. W. P. Tinsley, an architect, drew plans for the $30,000.00 
building. Bedford City Land Company made the liberal offer, as a 
gift, of seven acres west of the city and $2,700.00 in subscriptions if the 
cornerstone was laid six months from gift date. Bedford City subscribed 

J $4,300.00 and W. H. Williams of St. Louis was asked to present the 

• : matter to the Second Baptist Church where J. B. Jeter had been pastor. 

' " The school, Jeter Female Institute, was to be named for Dr. Jeter. 

1 ' At the 1891 meeting of the association it was reported subscriptions 

' " amounting to $7,000.00 and a site of seven acres had been acquired in 
the last year. Today we report $13,000.00 subscribed and we will get 
■$10,000.00 to $11,000.00 of this pledge, the cornerstone was laid 30th of 
September, 1890. Foundations have been laid, walls built to first floor 
and on the way to the third in process of erection with all the wall 
materials on the grounds. The roof will cost $3,500.00 and to complete 
the interior, plumbing and heating we will need $7,000.00 more. The 
financial depression made collections hard. The 1892 report stated that 
A. Poindexter Taylor was to manage the Institute; a complete corps of 
instructors had been secured and the school would open 14th of Septem- 
ber. By 1893 the board was embarassed because they had ordered 

51 



furnishings with plans to pay for same out of the pledges which fe 
people paid. 

After one full year the school closed because of the financial pani 
It was leased to the county for a short time. From 1900-1910 W. 
Don E., and James N. Parker leased the building and started Bedfoij 
Cooperative School. More than a thousand students studied in the hij 
school and two years of college, art and music. With forty-five boy 
and seventy-five girls it was the largest private school in the count.t 
The Elks used the building for a home in 1912-1913. 

Other Baptist Schools in the State 

Every Baptist school in the state has been directly touched by t 
Strawberry Association. 

Averett College located in the bounds cf the original association h 
Miss Mary Fugate as dean of women, academic dean and acting pres 
dent. Her sister, Elizabeth, also worked there. They were daughtei 
of Dr. Henley M. Fugate, long-time pastor of College Hill Church i 
Lynchburg. 

Virginia Intermont College was started through the efforts of Josep 
R. Harrison (1832-1901). He was a native of Franklin County an 
pastored several churches in the association. H. G. Noffsinger (1873-1955] 
born in Botetourt County, was vice president and president 1912-1945. 

Hargrave Military Academy located in the first association had Co; 
Aubrey H. Camden (1886-1973) as teacher and dean 1913-1918, presi 
dent 1918-1951 and president emeritus 1951 until his death. 

Fork Union Military Academy was started by W. E. Hatcher (1834 
1912) and its first president 1898-1912. He was succeeded by his soi 
Dr. Eldridge B. Hatcher (1865-1954) as president 1912-1914. Dr. John Jj 
Wicker (1866-1958), born in Lynchburg, was president 1930-1945 and hi, 
son, Col. James C. Wicker (1895-1973), was president 1945-1968. 

Bluefield College had Charles L. Harman (1907- ) as president 
Mr. Harman grew up in Lynchburg where his father, Dr. P. T. Harmar 
(1876-1956), was pastor of West Lynchburg Church. 

Oak Hill Academy, organized in 1878, located in the association area 
Walter A. Hash, native of Grayson County, was principal 1923-1948 
Grover M. Turner, a native of Bedford County, was president 1948-1957 
Another Bedford County native, William W. Fuqua (1850-1879), was the 
first principal in 1878. 

Blue Ridge Mission School located in Patrick County had most of its 
principals and teachers from the churches of the association. 

Piedmont Mission School in Nelson County included in its faculty 
Minnie Chocklett, daughter of G. A. Chocklett, who served several 
churches in Bedford County. Rev. J. M. Street, a former missionary of 
the association, also worked with the school. 

Buchanan Mission School was organized by Walter A. Hash, a native I 
of Grayson County. 

Strawberry has had a definite part in the education of ministeral j 
students in two of our S.B.C. seminaries. After a ten year discussion j 
the Virginia Baptist Education Society suggested in 1854 that something j 
should be done now. A. M. Poindexter and J. B. Jeter were members j 

52 



^ a committee to report next year. During the intervening session of 

{ e S.B.C. they called a conference of persons interested in theological 

Plication. This conference led to the formation of General Theological 

*hool at Greenville, South Carolina. Virginia General Association 

^proved the school at its 1858 meeting. J. B. Jeter was one of the first 

^■istees. The first class started in 1858 and out of the ten from Virginia 

>|« matriculate were three connected with Strawberry: Ruben B. Boat- 

feght, Hilary E. Hatcher (1832-92) and James D. Witt (1797-1858). 

New Orleans Seminary had James Edward Gwatkin (1866-1941), Bed- 

ird County native, as business manager, associate professor of New 

sstament interpretation 1918-1941 and librarian 1935-1941. William W. 

imilton (1868-1960), pastor of First Church in Lynchburg 1909-1918, 

came president in 1928 and served until 1942. Miss Helen Falls, 

lUghter of O. B. Falls, has been professor of missions since 1945. Mr. 

fills spent his childhood in the Mount Hermon community. 



53 



!*i 



Chapter XII 

RELIEVING SOCIAL ILLS 
1826 - 1976 



The American Temperance Society was organized in Boston, Febru; 
1826, biiit was unknown in Virginia. The state society had its birth 
Ash Camp meeting house in October 1826. Elder Eli Ball (1786-18!} 
the pastor, preached an "appropriate sermon" to a large and excii 
congregation. 1 

To be a member of this group one had to be a sober person; whet! 
a member of a church or not. He had to promise to abstain fri 
habitual use of spirituous liquor, and use it as medicine only. If 
was the head of a family he must enforce the same rule upon 
children. 

The Society could have no connection with any church, but its great 
promoters were Baptists. It was the first organization to record "a lai 
number of females."" The third Temperance Society was formed a 
known as Strawberry District Temperance Society; William Leftwi: 
president, James D. McAllester, vice-president and Jesse Witt secreta 
They were to meet annually the Friday before the third Lord's day 
July at Liberty. 3 

No memo of this organization has been found, but its influence 1 
continued as evidenced in most annual meetings of the associatk 
Requests and resolutions suggest that the churches not support or all< 
a person to speak in the church if he encourages the improper use 
ardent spirits; that as a guest during an association meeting, we ri 
use ardent spirits during our continuousness together when and where ^ 
are entertained. 4 In 1835 the association requested the churches 
promote the Temperance Society. 

That same year the association went on record against liquor "sin 
most cases before our churches are originated in ardent spirits". 6 Anoth 
resolution stated, "That the manufacture of and traffic in intoxicatii 
drinks as a beverage is anti-Christian." In 1881 the members we 
requested not to use spirits at all and the next year a request was r 
corded asking members to use all proper means to secure repeal of til 
law that authorizes this wicked traffic. 

The twentieth century churches are still at work for temperance il 
a new way. The 1901 association meeting voted that the clerk sen! 
to each delegate, at the Constitutional Convention, from within til 
bounds of the association, its approval of the resolution before then! 
This proposal would require every soloon keeper to secure the signature I 

54 



i f a majority of the registered voters before a license to retail can be 
ranted. 

The brethren in 1881 may have expressed the opinion of the early 
900's members when they said, "If intoxicating drinks, as a beverage, 
>roduces great harm and if it is the source of temptation to the habits 
i intemperance and in the sale of legalized spirituous drinks the associ- 
.tion should ask its members to secure the legal abolition of the law 
hat licenses the sale of strong drinks." 7 



55 



Chapter XIII 



CARING FOR THOSE IN BONDAGE 
1788 - 1865 



When the colonies were free from the bondage of England and V 
ginia Baptists had achieved freedom for all religious groups there aro 
a concern for the black man in bondage. 

The subject of making the yoke of slavery more tolerable was di 
cussed at the meeting of the General Committee in 1788 and every ye*. 
thereafter until 1792 when they dismissed the subject as belonging •« 
the legislative body. 1 Robert Stockton of the Leatherwood churc 
helped with the deliberations. 

The Negro and the Baptist Churches 

Negroes were always admitted to the Baptist churches in Virgini 
and allowed to "exercise their gifts". Although the Negro populatio 
in the Strawberry was not large the Baptists were interested in thei 
spiritual welfare. In 1792 they sent a query to the General Committe, 
about the remarriage of a slave who had been separated by a grea 
distance against his will. 

In 1841 J. B. Jeter had organized the first church for the colored abov 
the "fall line". This he thought would help take care of his Negr 
members, First African Baptist Church of Richmond had 940 members. 

Strawberry Plans for the Spiritual Education of the Negro 

A good part of the 1847 association was spent in discussion of specia 
education for the colored population. The committee presented th( 
following report the next year: 

1. Masters see that each slave has suitable clothes to appear in decenl 
company for Sunday wear. 

2. Each church appoint two or four men to meet every two weeks with! 
the slaves to instruct them. 

3. Pastors to explain to the slave holders the purpose and plan of these! 
meetings. 

4. Pastors to get a list of blacks from masters, places to meet and the! 
names of those approved to teach them. 

5. Pastors and teachers to make all arrangements for teaching. 

6. Teachers to have a copy of the Holy Scriptures and a Sunday School I 
Question Book to use in class. Each session a chapter is to be read, a 

56 



prayer, questions asked and discussed, answers learned and answered 
so all can hear them. The men sit on one side and the women on 
the other. 

Teachers were to spend three or four hours on each chapter and to 
remain on the grounds until all the Negroes are gone. 
Negro Baptists continued to grow to the extent that their congregations 
itnumbered some of the white groups. On October 29, 1853 J. L. 
»valtney, F. M. Barker, T. C. Goggin and Brother Cocke were to visit 
e colored congregation worshipping in the Baptist meeting house in 
mchburg to see if they deemed it expedient to organize them into a 
.urch. They reported there were "enough numbers of colored persons 
ofessing godliness and baptized believers holding letters of dismission 
om regular Baptist churches and they have asked the Strawberry Associ- 
ion to give them a church organization in accordance with the State 
.garding the worship of colored people". 1 

Strawberry's First Negro Church 

'At the 1854 meeting of the association on August 4, 5 and 6 the com- 
mittee presented the following resolution: "A church be organized and 
: lied the African Baptist Church of Lynchburg with these regulations: 
■ The pastor be white, regularly ordained and approved by the board 
of the Strawberry Association. 
All meetings be held between sunrise and sunset. 

The church be represented by white pastor or some other white 
Baptist at the association meetings. 
• All ordinances and services be conducted by the pastor. 
t No meeting be held without the pastor or other qualified person 
3 present. 

*' The pastor shall keep a fair record of attendance and doings of the 
" church. 
Elder James C. Clopton (1782-1850) was accepted as pastor and served 
for seventeen years". 2 Clopton was an alumnus of William and 
"' Mary and had been a student at the Virginia Baptist Seminary and 
a teacher there. T. C. Goggin, J. L. Gwaltney, Jesse Jeter and 
George Johnson were appointed to superintend the African Baptist 
Church of Lynchburg for the next associational year. 

White Pastors Cross the Color Line 

Ministers were asked to devote the Sabbath afternoon to religious 
istruction of the colored people. Out of 2,170 church members 618 
ere Negroes. Lynchburg had 208 of these, Timber Ridge had 36 white 
id 62 Negro and nearly one third of Mt. Zion were colored. 3 Often 
.lough blacks attended the association meetings to have special services 
"»r them, sometimes in the meeting house while the whites were at the 
and. 

G. W. Leftwich in a report on "Our Interest in the Colored Popu- 
ition" suggested: 1. We are not as interested as we should be. 2. The 
dnisters are not as solicitous as they should be. 3. Ministers seldom 
reach on Sunday afternoon to the slaves. 4. Masters should pray with 

57 



and give them scriptual instruction. Remember they are ours and 
are responsible for their souls. 1 

During the years prior to the Civil War the churches and membtg \- 
were asked to "deprecate the interest by people from other states wj 
try to stir bad relations between slaves and masters. Local pastors a» j .. 
asked not to allow outsiders to preach to slaves and all are asked nt | 
to patronize pamphlets or newspapers of anti-slavery societies and 
all times oppose schemes of abolitionest." 

Helping the Needy Friends 

After Appomattox members of the association manifested a deep ar. 
constructive interest in the freed Negro. They noted the loss in the' 
own membership and the problems faced by the new congregation, I 
The year the war ended there were 1,863 white members and 390 colore 
One year later the churches reportd 1,113 whit and 158 Negro member 
by 1875 there were 2,711 members with 39 Negroes in Beaver Dar 
8 in Fairmount, 1 in Glade Creek, 7 in Old Fork, 2 in Suck Spring, J 
in Timber Ridge, 1 in Hunting Creek. Negroes did not leave in mas; 
the centennial year showed 3,000 members and thirty-five of thei 
black. The last records of separate listings had Old Fork with 2, Fail 
mount 30 and 3 in Timber Ridge. 

T. N. Falls presented a query as what to do about the Negro churche;' 
The answer is worthy of consideration. 

1. Recognize them as they are here and dependent and that our churche 
have an obligation. 

2. Receive them in our membership and when there are enough, hel 1 
them to form their own district association. 

3. Let them use our present houses of worship until they can erec 
their own. 

4. Instruct them on the Sabbath day. 

5. Encourage them and aid in seeking out from among them able anc 
suitable candidates for the ministry; train and set them apart. 

6. All colored churches now in existence be formed in district organi 
zations according to Baptist usage. 5 

The first evidence of nondiscrimination was in 1893 when the associ 
ation voted to strike the words colored and white in the membershif 
table. 

Negro Baptists Organize 

The local Baptist church was the first institution the freed Negro] 
had control of besides his home. Having visited the white association j 
they wanted the same thing for their churches. By 1868 there were I 
three in Virginia, Shiloh Baptist Association of Virginia for the central j 
section of the state. It had 75 churches with 25,213 members. Their j 
third annual session was held August 5-9, 1871, in the First Baptist I 
Church of Lynchburg. 

On July 9, 1868 fifteen members of the Norfolk Union Association! 
and the Shiloh met in Portsmouth and organized the Virginia Baptist 1 
State Convention." The 1874 session of this body met in Liberty in I 

58 



f ford County and the colored ministers preached in the white Baptist, 

hodist and Presbyterian churches. 7 It is ironic that this convention, 
^his time, met in Dr. Jeter's home county. 

I'ie Virginia General Association received, in 1872, a letter from the 
^;inia Baptist State Convention in which they requested correspondence 
' r i the body in "the laudable work of evangelizing this our State - - -. 

?ive our beloved President in love". h 
B. Jeter chaired a committee to study the request whose response 
"we shall deem it a privilege to aid them in their pious labors by 

i cooperation as may seem expedient". The Association rejected the 

.■gate. 

p 1872 the reply from the Convention stated that they would go alone 

^heir work and - - - "considering that said proffers of friendship are 

"'ocritcal and that we have shown ourselves to be destitute of prejudice 

15 ur white brethren."" 
i 
t. Jeter defended the action of the General Association on the 

,'ands that to invite colored delegates to seats in the association would 

^lve their invitation to the hospitality of homes. This would lead 

["intimate social intercourse and destroy the racial purity." 10 

by 1882 the State Convention reported 578 churches with 128,601 

nbers and they had set up an Education Board in Lynchburg. This 
Li operated through the Richmond Theological Seminary. In 1886 

pie of Lynchburg donated a site in that city for a school to be con- 
3 led by the Convention. Today this is the Virginia Seminary and 

lege located in Fairview Heights just off Campbell Avenue or Route 
1 south. 

> The Negro in 1976 

/e still maintain interest in their schools, churches and children's 
fie. One hundred and five years after the decision by the General 
ociation not only the Virginia Baptist State Convention, but all 
,?r black conventions in the state joined the General Association at 
annual meeting November 11-12-13, 1975, in the very church Dr. 
?r had served as pastor and all the presidents shared the responsi- 
;ty of presiding. From time to time delegates have heard the pastors 
the First African Baptist Church stand in the pulpit of the First 
'tist Church of Richmond and challenge the white delegates with their 
ssages. Members of Strawberry Association joined all Baptists from 
r the Dominion in a service of praise, worship and communion lead 
black and white persons. 

World Famous 

i 

ot many people from the area of the Strawberry Association ever 
ame world famous, spoke with the heads of governments, had schools 
led for them or their statue placed in important sites. One black 
:i did, Booker T. Washington, born at Halesford in Franklin County 
ut 1859. He was asked to head Tuskegee Institute in Alabama where 
fashioned a program of practical education rather than education 

59 



for the sake of culture. He was to point the way for the newly fi© 
Negroes to advance and change the concept of life for many of them 

The Negro free from the .bondage of slavery became another pioio 
for the cause of right in our association and county. 



i 



60 



Chapter XIV 



RELIEF FOR THE MAN IN THE PULPIT 
1836-1976 



From the early days there was a concern for the ministers of the 
jociation and the state as evidenced at a meeting of the General 
sociation when A. M. Poindexter (1809-1872), pastor of Hunting Creek, 
jested that retired preachers be provided pecuniary support for 
zy had labored in word and doctrine. 1 In 1806 sixteen pastors in the 
rawberry received no support from the churches and as late as 1836 
ly five of the thirteen ministers had churches who contributed to their 
pport. 

Men Study the Problem 

After a study begun in 1848 and completed in 1849 C. L. Cocke (1820- 
01), Jerry Griggs and Jesse Geeter (Jeter) brought a report to the 
sociation on a regular system for the support of its ministers. 

At the beginning of the year agree on a certain amount to be paid 

the minister. 

Members divide this amount among themselves as they are able. 

Let the amount of subscription and the amount paid be reported to 

the association. 

Each pastor preach one sermon on the importance of discharging 

these obligations faithfully and punctually in the sight of God. 
About fifteen years later two discussions were to be presented re- 
rding "Duties of the Church to the Pastor", by a layman and the 
'astor Duties to the Church" by a pastor. J. A. Hamner ( -1884) 
ide the layman's report: 

Recognize pastors as servants of Jesus Christ appointed by God to 

the work of the ministry. 

Respect his opinion, never speak light of in presence of those who 

might be disaffected or alienated by such remarks. 

When complaints are necessary make them in mild Christian spirit 

and with caution. 

Guard and respect his character. It is an invaluable part of his power. 

Respectful attention to his ministry; don't make God's house a house 

of merchandise by thinking of farm work, shop or store, by laying 

plans and not worshipping. 

Love your pastor. 

Cooperation — everyone (fellow helpers in truth) attend services. 

61 



Sunday School is an auxiliary to the pulpit. Neglect these dut 
and you destroy the pastor's usefulness. 

8. Contribute to his support, competent and punctual pecuniary; not| 
keep him from starving, but to relieve him from worldly care, 
maintain and educate his family, provide suitable books and hos-j 
tality to his brethren. 

9. Pray, think of him as a man, subject to all temptations, that true <-| 
votion may flow in his heart, that the Holy Spirit guide him in loj 
pulpit. 2 

The committee on "Duty of Pastor to the Church" did not make 
report. H. W. Dodge made some remarks on the subject, saying tr| 
preachers should visit regularly and systematically. 

Expressing Appreciation 

The brethren did not forget one of these men after death. Willis*- 
Harris (Father Harris) (1780-1865) had been interred in a remote famrfl 
cemetery which had been neglected. A committee of five was to haj 
the remains removed to a suitable location and an appropriate memorii 
erected. At the next meeting of the association nothing had been doij 
because they had no money. 3 By 1882 $85.00 had been pledged to tl] 
Harris Memorial which was to be placed in the Longwood Cemetery 
Bedford. The project was completed in 1883. 

Sometimes they would show appreciation while the minister was st: 
in active service. A group of friends presented T. C. Goggin (1815-1891 
a new horse and buggy. Today it is keys to a new car. 4 

The post war economic troubles did not discriminate the preache 
and at all the meetings of the associations in the early 1870's a plti 
was made for aid to the pastors, their families or widows. Only fhl 
of the churches paid a salary to their ministers. Often special offering 
were taken for a special pastor or his family. In 1874 all the church* 
were requested to send funds for minister's relief, it is "Our duty 1 
care for the temporal necessities of our destitute preachers and thei 
families". 

The Annual Call and the Churches 

The financial condition of the pastor and church may have contribute 
to another problem among the ministers, the "annual call". Oftei 
churches would have several ordained ministers in its membership ant 
they were ever alert to the pastor's mistakes or suggesting that the: 
would serve the church for a lesser amount of money. This led th< 
association to go on record against the "annual election of pastors ty 
our churches as it was detrimental to the cause of Christ." 

At one time there were nineteen ministers, thirteen pastors with twe 
full time churches, Lynchburg and Liberty; the other eleven men hacj 
from two to five churches each. The total salaries paid was $6,654.00 J 
One pastor received over $500.00, one over $200.00 and the others frorrj 
$32.00 to $190.00 per year. 8 

Even though some churches were still beset by ordained men in their | 
congregation only three had preaching every Sunday in 1890; College i 

62 



- ; 1, Lynchburg and Liberty. Hunting Creek had it twice a month and 
: other thirty-three had one service a month. Sixteen churches had 
1 stated salary. 



The Pastor and Practical Problems 



.i 3 atsors were becoming more involved with the practical problems of 
j s church and seeking solutions to them. In doing so they suggested 
i rtors exchanging pulpits, holding pastor's conferences at Liberty, en- 
3ivoring to organize missionary societies, to support each of the six 
lards of the General Association according to its importance, send 
icons to minister's and deacon's meetings and to strive to unite and 
: )port pastors of contiguous churches. 7 Later the Executive committee 
j tranced the idea of churches having a prayer and praise service when 
I preacher could be present and that the deacons take charge. The 
torches were to arrange and adopt some regular system of giving. 
•'Minister's Relief became the interest of Virginia Baptists. With im- 
f^ved conditions the calls were not as great or the amounts as large. 
F 1890 the largest amount given in the Strawberry was $150.00 and the 
Fallest $5.80. After all the funds were channeled in the state plan 
fs report showed Strawberry contributing $218.00 and its beneficiaries 
i :eiving $480.00. At this period the average salary in the association 
i a $250.00. 



Church Fields and Needs 



9^ot only was salary a problem, but often a man served a field of five 
iJ six churches and his home was thirty-five miles from them. J. G. 
ljuncill (1821-1916) lived in Buena Vista and at the age of seventy 
^stored Big Island, Hunting Creek, North Bedford and Ivy Creek in 
Itdford County and Cornerstone in Amherst County. He lived most of 
I three year pastorate among the people, riding over the mountains on 
brseback. Over one hundred persons were baptized into the churches 
: ring his pastorate. 

because of many situations similar to this the association endorsed the 
! ion of the General Association requesting the State Mission Board 

cooperate with the district associations in forming more compact fields; 
a;h the parsonage in a central location and better pastor support. They 
ere asked to appoint three persons to work with the State Board on 
bs. 10 Not much of the plan could be done without the help from the 
bard which set up certain guide lines for churches needing assistance. 
nese guides were: 

Id Applying through the Executive Committee of the local association. 
I Must not extend an annual call. 

i Pastors to live in the association and as near the churches as possible. 
.Be in sympathy with the association work and lead the church to be. 
;< The pastor must not engage in other business for a livelihood. 11 
t 



63 



Chapter XV 

TRAINING UNION 
1891 - 1976 



,* 



P 






The Baptist Training Union started as the Baptist Young Peopj 
Union of America was organized in Chicago July 7, 1891. The inter! 
quickened and spread so rapidly that close, wise guidance was neeci 
to produce intelligent and loyal Christian leaders. The purpose of 1 
union was "unification of all Baptist young people; their incre; 
spirituality, their stimulation in Christian service, their edification 
scriptual knowledge, their instruction in Baptist history and doctri; 
their enlistment in all forms of missionary activity through existi 
denominational organization." 1 

The materials used were interdenominational in nature with the ei 
positions written by Baptists. Freedom loving Southern Baptists n 
the organization should ,he strickly denominational with all materiil 
and topics prepared by Baptists. Those holding these beliefs met | 
Atlanta, November 21-22, 1895 and organized the B.Y.P.U. Auxiliary 
the Southern Baptist Convention with its headquarters in Birmingha 
Alabama. In 1919 the work was placed in a special department of t| 
Sunday School Board in Nashville, Tennessee.- 

Starting in Virginia 

Charlottesville had the first organization in Virginia. On Novemb 
23, 1884 M. C. Thomas was chosen president and due to a tie cast tl 
deciding vote and gave us the name Baptist Young Peoples' Union. 
is unique that the Charlottesville Lodge at Eagle Eyrie, named in h 
honor, is the next door neighbor of the Strawberry Lodge. 

Strawberry Leads the Way 

As in all other pioneer movements among Virginia Baptists, men froi 
this association have shared in the leadership and responsibilities an 
so it was with the B.Y.P.U. The second union in Virginia started Apr 
5, 1891 in Lynchburg's First Baptist Church. W. H. Wraneck was il 
president. He had been active in the Charlottesville union. Colleg; 
Hill organized on September 29, 1895, Cabell Street October, 1895, an] 
Mt. Madison in 1896." 

It was Cabell Street that recommended a city B.Y.P.U. organization 
and on February 23, 1896, Percy S. Flippin was elected president of th 

64 



y venture. This was the first in the state and led the way for associ- 

onal organizations. 

'ossibly no person deserves more credit for the state B.Y.P.U. Con- 
dition than J. Calvin Moss of Lynchburg. After attending the Inter- 

tional Convention in 1892 and 1893 he came home determined to 
i aWish the Virginia Convention. In response to his call fifty-three 
I >ple from twenty-five churches met in Roanoke during the session 
i the General Association and the B.Y.P.U. of Virginia was born on 
\i 11th of November 1893. Moss was elected vice-president. The next 
; ar he was president. 

Trom 1893 to 1910 the convention met in the local churches; 1896 
I First Lynchburg and in 1902 at College Hill. 1919-1920 W. P. Coving- 
: i, Jr. of Lynchburg was state president. 

|qj. Calvin Moss addressed the association in 1901 on the subject of 
jiY.P.U. and the next year they resolved "that the association again 
Indorse and would emphasize the importance of B.Y.P.U. work; appreci- 
I ng its great educational plans for the larger equipment in Christian 

|9*vice " :1 and another resolution in 1909 "We commend the B.Y.P.U. 

fi the churches of the association as a means of how young people may 
b developed in Christian living - - - we also commend the excellent 
literature for the B.Y.P.U.'" 

After the first city union had served its day it was disbanded and in 

20 a new organization was formed with Percy Monroe as president, 
i.wrence Driskell succeeded him followed by Mrs. L. O. Old. Later 
fce Junior-Intermediate Association was formed, Miss Mary Ellyson, 

wrence Furgerson and Remi P. Crist served as leaders/' 

s Struggles, Trials, Triumphs 

The Strawberry B.Y.P.U. 's were hardly alive in the twenties. The 
st report to the association was made in 1922 when S. H. Stewart 
;luded one paragraph in his Sunday School report. In 1926 Dr. Mary 
Dowdy gave the first detail report of fifty churches in the association, 

.teen with B.Y.P.U. 's, twenty-seven had Senior Unions with 710 en- 
ded. There were five Intermediate Unions with 150 enrolled and 250 
?re enrolled in Junior Unions. The first full page of statistical reports 

. is printed in the minutes the same year. 

Study courses became popular in the late twenties. The B.Y.P.U. De- 
rtment would send a worker to an association for a summer. They 
ould conduct five night classes in the local church ending with a 
"itten examination. Strawberry was sent such a worker in 1927, 
;rsil S. Crenshaw (1906-1970), who taught his first class at Timber 
dge. He later became field worker for the Training Union Department 
I the state serving until 1944. Leaving this post for the directorship of 

"2 Intermediate Training Union Department of the Southern Baptist 
invention where he served until his death. 

'For a number of years there seemed to be no interest in the church 

'lining program. The Lynchburg Pastor's Conference through Dr. H. 

Fugate ( -1960) presented a resolution of endorsement to the 

sociation and recommended that they elect the suggested officers, 

vide into as many groups as necessary, have one yearly meeting and 

65 



that each church make a quarterly report to the association dire 
Rev. Ira Campbell was chosen director, B. C. Davis associate director 
Lucille Figg secretary and treasurer. 8 

Results of Renewal 

In 1938 B. C. Davis became director and with renewed interest in 
Training Union the association again took its place in the state wc 
There was an 86 % increase in the number of unions in the early fort 
This was the largest in the state. During the same period the associat 
was chosen for a pilot study of the value of a one night clinic foi* 
church. Miss Virtley Stephenson from the State Training Union ]f 
partment made the study which included Shady Grove and Wall 
Grove churches. 

During the fifties "M" (Mobilization) Night was the big thing. 1 
first one was in 1951 and by 1953 no church building could care for 
attendance so the Bedford High School was rented. This, too, was fil 
several years. 



To Each His Own in Training 

After many years of valuable service the Training Union seemed 
have served it first purpose and many of its distinctive features wf 
being used in other programs. Efforts of loyal leaders, changes in orga 
zation and literature did not halt the downward trent of the early sixti 
Now, each church does its training in whatever manner it thinks be 
In 1976 only eleven churches reported any type of training program. 

Strawberry gave the Baptists of Virginia their first B.Y.P.U. Secreta 
in the person of E. J. Wright (1880-1972) from Cabell Street Bapt: 
Church in Lynchburg. He was one of the pioneers in the work, seei 
it from its inception through all the growing years and retired at 
apex. He served from 1919 to 1947. 



66 



Chapter XVI 



ATTENDING THE ASSOCIATION MEETINGS 
1807 - 1976 



Perhaps no event in a community created more interest than did the 
inual meeting of the Strawberry Association when it was to be hosted 
/ the local Baptist church. All the neighbors got ready. Early in the 
:ar plans were made to entertain the delegates and visitors — every 
ing was spruced up! 

The actual meeting claimed the attention of only a few persons: 

ected delegates from the churches in the association, messengers from 

[rresponding associations and others invited to be "seated". All of 

uese could take part in the deliberations of the body. 

[ For the first seventy-five years each meeting followed the same format, 

;ith the purest democracy at work. After a Sabbath day of preaching 

id exhorting they would vote to convene at 8:00 A.M. on Monday 

icept in 1809 when they voted to meet at 9:00 A.M. At the fortieth 

-ssion it was deemed necessary to have two meetings a year, one in 

<e spring and the other in the fall. This practice continued for a 

timber of years when they voted to change to the last of August and 

have one meeting a year. 1 August was a slow month for the farmers; 

e gardens and orchards were at their peak and the temperature right 

r Baptist pallets and hayloft sleeping. 

The first constitution and articles were changed and two committees 
Ided as well as twelve articles of faith. One of the committees was 
• examine certain brethren and if they were worthy and found ex- 
cellent the committee could constitute them into the church. The 
her committee was to help restore members to the fellowship. 2 Free- 
mi was still new enough for the delegates to ever be on guard to protect 
They decided on fourteen scripture truths as the freedom principles 
their body. There is no listing of these scriptures. 3 
By 1826 there appeared a need to reprint the Rules of Decorum 
lopted in 1793 along with the Confession of Faith and the constitution. 
In the early days the churches did not send delegates to the General 
ssociation, but each association sent its own delegates. Jesse Witt 
id George Pearcy were sent most often. This was continued until 
179 when each church could send messengers. From 1854 when F. M. 
arker went to the Southern Baptist Convention as a delegate from 
ie Strawberry Association until 1926 one man represented the entire 
sociation at the Convention. R. E. Brown was the last associational 
presentative. 

67 



When more members and visitors were becoming interested in 
yearly meetings there seemed a need for a new plan of presenting 
program. In 1854 it was adopted. They opened with a sermon, 
a recess after which the moderator called the meeting to order, 
sang a song, prayed, listened to the letters, enrolled the messeng: 
elected the officers, asked the delegates from corresponding associat: 
to report themselves and take seats and the visiting brethren inv 
to be seated. Ministering brethren recognized and invited to particip 
in the deliberations. Those responsible for reports read them 
committees were appointed for Education, Foreign Missions, Dome 
Missions, General Association, Sabbath School, Temperance, Colo 
population and Sabbath observance. 

There was usually two places of activity. The stand outside wh 
those not delegates attended and the house. By 1858 a commit 
recommended the preachers for Sunday. In the morning two were 
be at the stand and two in the house and one at each place in 
afternoon. 4 

The last of the nineteenth century began with the assurance tl 
freedom was here to stay, the political and economic condition of 1 
country were safe so the association was ready to get to the work amo 
its own people. There were thirty-two churches that had fifty or li 
members and many thought that something should be done for specl 
education of the colored population. They further felt that a committ 
could deal with the plans and problems better than a once a year meeti 
of delegates. On August 16, 1853 the first Executive Committee m 
it consisted of five ministers and six laymen. They were to have 2 
copies of a circular letter printed, to get a general secretary for i. 
board and to employ M. W. Reed as colporter to make missionary tou 
and hold protracted meetings. 5 Later C. L. Cocke placed an ad for ' 
worker in Bedford, Franklin, Floyd, part of Roanoke, Botetourt, Patric 
part of Campbell and Henry Counties to labor as a missionary ager 
evangelist, colporter and etc. Who will enter this evangelistic fielc 
Solicit correspondence on the subject." 6 

The Executive Committee or Board was to employ means and solic 
funds for the work in the local association. It functioned for a number ( 
years giving reports at the annual meetings until 1859 when they mad 
their last appearance. It became an auxiliary to the Sunday Schoi 
and Colportage Board of Virginia. This was not to lessen the obi 
gations of interest by prayers, contributions, patronage and benefactors 

A time limit was set for program of 1879. The opening praye 
and introductory sermon was followed by a two and one hal 
hour recess. At 2:30 P.M. the first business was that of reading fiw 
letters by two men collecting them and two others reading. The dele 
gates enrolled, other delegates from sister associations asked to b( 
seated and report to the clerk for enrollment and the committee or 
religious exercise appointed. This committee was made up of the hostj 
pastor and deacons. They always had a second committee on the order 
of business. Tuesday at 1:00 P.M. Sabbath School; Wednesday 9 l / 2 A.M.I 
Religious Exercise, 10:00 A.M. State Missions, 11! i A.M. Miscellaneous! 
business, 12 M. Recess, V/ 2 P.M. Ministeral Relief, 2 l / 2 P.M. Education; 

68 



ursday 9'/j A.M. Religious Education, 10:00 A.M. Foreign Missions, 
00 A.M. Home Missions, 12 M. Recess, l 1 ! 1> P.M. Digest of letters, 
1 10 P.M. miscellaneous business. 

^The question of Sunday meetings was discussed for a decade and a 
ffilf and in 1859 it was postponed until the 1860 meeting so that the 
'furches might report their views on the subject with their letters. 
Wien the vote was taken fourteen wanted to leave it as it was, six 
Mare in favor of excluding the Sabbath Day meeting and some opposed 
3 the two meetings a year. A few years later during the discussion 
f. the subject the Timber Ridge church was against changing from 
l Wday through Monday to Tuesday 11:00 A.M. to Thursday P.M. because 
was giving way to the devil; every church could spare its pastor one 
r'lnday a year. Too, the vendors would have more days to sell beer, 
['ke, cider and ardent spirits." 

pThe large Saturday and Sunday crowds often caused discord. At one 
I eeting they were selling ardent spirits near the pulpit." The practice 
1 selling continued until 1895 when it was declared that no selling on 
lie grounds where the association is held and the moderator be requested 
I enforce the rule. However, in 1919 the Executive Committee stated 
p : at only one stand was to sell ice cream and lemonade and that the 
plurch be responsible for order on the grounds. 

'Discipline was meted to pastors and churches when it seemed necessary. 
! |} i one occasion the church at Big Lick (Roanoke) had violated an 
'■tide of the constitution by not sending to the body a letter or dele- 
|?te for three years in succession so it was to be excluded from the 
1 sociation. After much discussion they decided that a special com- 
'ittee of Jesse Jeter, William Harris and W.- W. Reece look into the 
'atter and report their findings. 10 At the next meeting Brother Jeter 
: oved that C. Bass be received as a delegate from the Big Lick church 
''nich was cut off at last year's meeting and that the church be restored. 



The Printed Minutes 



iFrom year to year more information was being incorporated in the 
•inted minutes. The church letters were getting complex and lengthy 
e in 1855 the reading of the letters was dispensed with and only the 
uatistical reports were made. George Pearcy suggested a simple form 
or the derk to send to each clerk. There were eleven items to report 
iid to be printed in columns: baptisms, received by letter, dismissed 
M letter, excluded, deaths, white, colored, number of Sunday School 
[ embers, associational fund, amount paid the pastor, benevolent fund, 
pis was adopted and used by the clerk and printed by sections: 

North: Hunting Creek, Jennings Creek, North Fork of Otter, Suck 

Spring, Liberty, Mt. Zion, Wolf Hill, New Prospect 
East: Lynchburg, Timber Ridge, Otter, Goose Creek, Difficult 
Creek, Staunton, Mt. Olivet, Meadow Road, African (Lynch- 
burg), Bethlehem 
South: Mayo, Pedego, Halesford, Mt. Airy, Franklin, Union, Rock 
Spring, Providence, New Leatherwood, Blackberry, Jackson- 
ville, Fairmount, Palestine, Mt. Vernon, Old Fork 

69 



West: Sycamore, Red Hill, Mt. Pleasant, Big Lick, Glade Cre 
Beaver Dam, Meadows of Dan, Blue Ridge 11 

Note the financial membership statistics for 1857 

Church Gifts Membership 

Mt. Olivet $35.75 51 

Suck Spring 17.50 76 

Hunting Creek 18.50 39 

Big Lick 15.00 69 

Mt. Zion 35.60 120 

Difficult Creek 17.12 77 

Liberty 28.25 76 

Fairmount 22.00 71 

Lynchburg 17.25 156 

Timber Ridge 19.00 36 

North Fork Otter 42.20 83 

Providence 9.10 119 

Halesford 8.50 35 

New Hope 1.50 81 

Staunton 1.50 77 
Thirteen churches gave nothing when the association had been ask 

for $1,000.00. 

The methods of reporting the early meeting were unique and oft- .- 
more was given in the Religious Herald than the clerk included in tl 
printed minutes. The Herald of May 11, 1832 reported that the assoc 
ation had a Domestic Mission Society, auxiliary to the General Assoc 
ation, and its contributions were $45.40. The churches had a recoi 
number of baptisms for the year, over 758. In 1843 there were 3( 
added to sixteen churches by baptism: Beaver Dam seventy-one, Di 
ficult Creek forty-three and Goose Creek thirty-five. 12 

Strawberry was the first association in the state to share its recorc 
through the news media. The December 12, 1831 Religious Herald carrie 
this note from the editor, "Useful hints of what others can do." It we 
at the bottom of an item about the association. "Twenty churches wit 
1,122 members in the last nine months had added 600-700 members t 
their rolls. The majority of the church members were members of th 
Bedford Temperance Society. No young men entered the ministry 
Little Otter, Glade Creek and Lynchburg the only church with Sabbatl 
Schools and they are not flourishing. No reported missionary societies 
some of the churches do contribute to the object. $100.00 given t< 
Domestic Missions and the Tract Society has dwindled away. Goost 
Creek, revived, Difficult Creek recorded the largest accession of any 
church in the association, Timber Ridge revived — "is still looking up" 
Head of Goose Creek had a happy revival and is flourishing. Two people 
took the Herald. Beaver Dam prosperous, North Fork of Otter had con 
siderable additions, looking up has two or three copies of the Herald, 
Hunting Creek had a good revival and is advancing rapidly, Glade Creek 
in comfortable circumstances has two copies of Herald, First of Lynch- 
burg has had some additions, not greatly prospering has six copies of 
Herald, Staunton not flourishing, Burton Creek looking up, Mill Creek 

70 






expectable church prospects encouraging, Fincastle lately constituted — 
xl promise has three copies of Herald, Blue Ridge a little declining 
arch, Catawba large but unhappy situation, Salem small — nothing 
cresting passing among them. Craig Creek a small declining church 
i may be disbanded in the ensuing year. Ministers in the association: 
hn S. Lee, Jas. McDonald, Wm. C. Ligon, all of Lynchburg; William 
ftwich, Otter Bridge; William Harris, James Leftwich, Z. Whorley all 
Liberty; Abner Anthony, Monroston in Pittsylvania County; Jesse 
itt, Goose Creek; Absolon Dempsey, Fincastle; Merriman Lunceford, 
anklin County; Joshua Burnet, Salem." The clerk stated that many 
the churches were tardy in sending in their letters. 

Synopsis of Church Letters by the Clerk in 1868 

. Airy — Interesting Sabbath School 

thlehem — Doing but little to promote its Master's cause; not even a 

Sabbath School or prayer meeting 
ae Ridge — Fine meeting, several additions to church membership, 

church revived 
aver Dam — Interesting Sabbath School, but all members not working 

for the Lord 
.nt Hill — Reasonable state of prosperity, but admits that they are 

doing little for the Master's cause, have a Sabbath School 
firmount — Nothing of interest, church cold, Sabbath School of some 
' interest 

Ffficult Creek — Has no Sabbath School, prayer meeting or revival so 
f of course, as it admits it has "nothing interesting to communicate". 
; Better try to give us something interesting next year, 
fiose Creek — Cold state, no Sabbath School; one in the neighborhood 
'^ade Creek — Had a revival meeting this year; several additions, church 

revived, interesting Sabbath School in the morning and a large Bible 
U class in the evening 

iimting Creek — Small Sabbath School, but laments its lukewarmness 
N and inactivity 
idesford — Exceedingly cold, small Sabbath School, no church going. 

All gather around a prayer meeting once a week and I will insure 
I you will warm up. 

ill Spring — Good meeting even if they have no Sabbath School 
ii'nchburg — No pastor for some time; but still keep up regular prayer 
M meeting. Has a flourishing Sabbath School and a children's mission- 
ary society. 
; coerty — Prosperous Sabbath School. No prayer meeting — Oh! my. 
;V. Hermon — Flourishing Sabbath School 
fountain View — Flourishing Sabbath School 
f.. Olivet — Flourishing Sabbath School 

g;. Pleasant — Cold and lukewarm, no Sabbath School or prayer meet- 
r ing. (Try a Sabbath School and prayer meeting and you will no 

longer lament your cold condition.) 
|d Fork — Has a pastor, but no Sabbath School or prayer meeting 
elestine — Gaining strength and has a flourishing Sabbath School 

71 



IS 






Red Hill — No Sabbath School, laments its condition and asks the prayr 

of the brethren 
Suck Spring — Interesting Sabbath School 
Staunton — Nothing of interest, small Sabbath School 
Shady Grove — Has a Sabbath School, nothing else of interest 
Timber Ridge — Small Sabbath School 
Wolf Hill — Considerable revival during the association year; seve 

additions to the church, small Sabbath School 
Mt. Zion — Nothing of interest, no stoves in the church to keep 

members warm. There is no Sunday School or prayer meeting 
The agenda of the early meetings was quite flexible; since there 
always someone or something to claim attention of the meeting. 
Halesford Elder H. W. Wyre, the brother appointed to preach the int 
ductory sermon, being absent the meeting they requested Elder Han 
his alternate, to preach. Elder Harris requested F. M. Barker, of Bal 
more, to do so after which they took a fifty minute recess. At the 18 
meeting there was no preacher for the noon hour so it was suggest 
that the time be spent in prayer, singing and exhortation. Before tl 
sermon there was a recess "so members might be better prepared 
hear same". After the sermon the association adjourned for forty-fi' 
minutes to partake of refreshments. This year the crowd at the stai 
was very orderly, attentive and solemn. On the Sabbath at 9:00 A.l 
the brethren met in the house and spent an hour in singing, prayer ar 
exorting after which they repaired to the stand where two impressh 
sermons were delivered by Dodge and Jeter. There was no Sund 
afternoon service. 

John R. Steptoe reported the largest attendance ever, in 1866, whe 
several thousand heard Elders Gitt and Jeter at the stand and Eldei 
Gray and Ellison in the Mt. Zion meeting house. Could this have bee 
the result of the War Between the States? 



: 



Sad Years of '61 - '65 






This long drawn out saga was noted as early as 1861 when the associ 
ation voted to spend one-half hour each day, of the meeting, in praye 
for our country. At the fall meeting an offering was taken for th 
colportage work among the soldiers. Only a few days before the meetinj 
150 men left Liberty and some were heard to have said, "I wish I hac 
some good books, tracts, etc. to read". Bedford County had sent mor< 
than 1,000 men and 300-400 more to go in a few weeks. 13 

The second year of the war found the churches in a cold and declining 
state. Many of ministers and men were meeting in Tented fields' 
$377.65 had been given for army colporters and $41.00 for subscriptions 
to the Herald which was placed in the hospital in Liberty. Harmony, 
love and fellowship was sensed at the Association meeting.' 1 In 1863 
a plea was made "That the association recognize the chastening hand 
of an all wise and merciful Providence in the present affected condition 
of the country and that the churches observe twenty-first day of August 
as a day of humiliation and prayer in behalf of our country and people." 
Each day of the meeting, business was suspended from 9:00 A.M. to 

72 



00 for one half hour of religious exercise with special reference to 
''.» good of our country. ir ' 

[\vo years after Appomattox visitors to the association remarked on 
j w pleased and refreshed they were to see a countryside untouched 
1 war; no singed shingles, no lone chimneys, no broken fences and no 

ninder of a battle. That year they reported twenty-nine churches, 

*ee did not report, 2,000 members, the Negroes had been dropped 
T;d 108 had been baptized — one half less than they baptized the year 

fore. Twelve of the churches had a Sunday School and all, except 
i> e, had half or quarter time preaching. The egg plan was working 
i mirably and the people were requested to send the Sunday eggs to 
Vjnner and Bass in Lynchburg. Concern was expressed over people 
[ ing out at night, that they made no restraints in selling and getting 
)m. 16 



Ten Years After the War 



.The Report on the Digest of Church Letters, 1875. 

, aver Dam — Nothing of special interest. 

1 thany — The disposition of this church peaceable. 

[•rton Creek — This is, without ostentation, a live working church and 

not only provides for its own household but supports all enterprises 

of the denomination. 
'. thlehem — There is a division of interest. 
I. estnut Hill — Reports two Sunday Schools. 
Lve — Is informed and strengthened in our doctrine and unusual 

interest is manifested in our cause, 
amond Hill — Has had some little embarrassment, but sinners seem 

to be anxious about their salvation of their souls. It has a union 

Sunday School, 
fficult Creek — Enjoyed a precious revival and the ministration of 

Rev. J. R. Harrison was great, 
irmount — Has two arms, Boone's Mill and Gbgginsville. 
at Creek — Has no pastor and is in a feeble way. 
Jtnt Hill — Have elected Bro. G. Wheeler as pastor. 
,>ose Creek — Enjoyed a revival after which a prayer meeting was 

established in consequence of which the pastor's services are highly 

appreciated. 
. ade Creek — Enjoys the earnest and faithful labors of Bro. G. Wheeler. 
, It reported a small Sunday School on the union plan, 
tlesford — Is not very flourishing, the congregation being small but 

very attentive. 
,11 Spring — No report. 
Anting Creek — Reports growing interest in the church meetings and 

Sunday School, 
oerty — Nothing of interest, 
'nchburg — The College Hill Church has been organized by members 

from this church. 
.. Hermon — Is in a prosperous condition. 

];. Olivet — Extends a Centennial welcome to the association. The 
: spiritual condition of the church is good. 



73 



: 



Mountain View — No report. 

Mt. Zion — Is prosperous. 

New Prospect — Nothing of interest. 

Old Fork. — Has an out station at White Rock. 

Palestine — Is greatly revived and is pressing forward in the great wc •■ 

Red Hill — Delegates, but no letter. 

Staunton — Nothing of interest. 

Suck Spring — Nothing of interest. 

Timber Ridge — The spiritual condition of this church has been grea 

improved. It has a flourishing Sunday School. 
Wolf Hill — Recognizes its obligation to give according to its ability. 
Walnut Grove — Is very prosperous. 

100 Years Ago 

On Friday 11th of August, 1876 the association adjourned at 10 
P.M. and formed a procession and proceeded to the stand for the o 
servance of the 100 years of service. C. C. Bitting, D.D., of Marylai 
spoke on the "Outward History of the Strawberry Association, From 1 
Organization to this Centennial Anniversary" and Dr. C. Tyree was 
address the group on the "Internal Doctrinal History of the Association 
During Dr. Bitting's address a storm came up and the exercises we 
suspended. 

Dr. Bitting had been pastor in Lynchburg and before that in Alexandri 
While in Alexandria he was imprisoned for two months because 1 
would not take the oath of allegiance to the United States Governmei 
and was compelled to ride all day on the fender of the locomotive th; 
ran from Alexandria to Orange Court House to prevent attacks on th 
train by Mosby's men. 17 

i 

Travel to the Association 

Often we think of how so many people traveled in the early day 
without the auto, but they seemed to reach their destination without to 
much inconvenience. In an announcement of the meeting at Huntin 
Creek in 1861 it was suggested that those who would go by packet, oi 
the canal, to Big Island could call on Col. Arthur, who lives on tht 
canal and he would take care of all the delegates who might call upoi 
him. At the same time an announcement was made of the Southerr 
Baptist Convention and that the Virginia and Tennessee Railroad woulc 
take and return ministers for $25.00 to $30.00. 16 The 1879 moderator 
thanked the Atlantic, Mississippi and Ohio Railroad and the Packel 
Company for the courtesies extended to the delegates and visitors. 

Recommendations of the 1880's 

1. Stronger churches send pastors to help the weaker churches. 

2. Some plan of systematic giving be adopted. 

3. Give some special attention to young men. There are one half as 
many men as women in the churches. 

4. Association to discourage the practice of huckstering at our meetings. 

74 



The Executive committee be required to present a report on the 
iition and needs of the churches.'" 

requently the clerks reported on the number of copies of a sermon 
nave printed, but they did not tell what the messages contained, 
/ever, W. R. L. Smith's Introductory Sermon 1881, on "Needs of the 
ociation" must have been outstanding. Some of it was printed. "We 
e peace and harmony, but need more. There are thirty-seven congre- 
ons — three worshipping every Sunday, five are without pastors and 

fee no regular service. Twenty-nine have Sunday Schools, eight have 
e; twenty-one have Baptist schools and seven none. Six meet all 
r, twenty-three for three to eight months. Of the thirty-seven congre- 
ons only twenty-two worship in Baptist houses and of these, twelve 
unfinished, decaying and uncomfortable; ten are creditable to the 
>ciation, ten worship in union buildings and five have no houses. The 
■nen need to be enlisted. The pastorates should be consolidated and 

[] benevolence generalized and liberalized. They are not liberal enough 

^ause we lack conviction and a system of work." 

E . number of interesting things were recorded in the seventies. They 
nged from four days to three and sold ads for the 1870 minutes, 
er they limited the length of a report and suggested that no report 
printed. Hymn books were in some of the churches; for 1873 session 

^un with the singing of hymn number 560. 

One Report of the Executive Committee 

Pastors have attended pastor's conference. 
i Church in Franklin County to be encouraged. 
J. Pastors visited and assisted in eighteen churches. 

. One day of prayer held for missions and made plans for raising 

ley. 

. Worked on arranging pastorates (fields of churches). 

. Suggested an offering on the Lord's Day for the special purpose of 
pairing the buildings and paying the sexton to keep them neat and 
pirn. 

pliat same year George Baker was thanked for preparing a map of the 
iritory embraced in the bounds of the Strawberry Association. 
■Between 1890-1900 the association begun to think in terms of modern 
pveniences. The 1896 sermon was preached in a tent and it was 
Digested that it be bought, but due to the cost the idea was dropped. 
Bey returned to the stand where rain cut short the 1898 message and 
used the afternoon business session to be canceled. 
r 

The Apostolic Movement 

'he anti-missionary of the mid 1800's had not been overcome by 1901, 

'■ ecially in the southern section of the association. This feeling was 

as disastrous as the Apostolic Movement. A resolution from the 

>; tors' conference read: "That the Doctrine of instantaneous sanctifi- 

ilsion and present absolute holiness and the so called Apostolic doctrine 

unscriptual and their proclamation is injurious to the churches; that 

churches close their doors against the teaching of such." 

75 



Material Prosperity 

Special offerings were still called for. One to help complete the m 
building of the Orphanage and another for Virginia Intermont College 

In 1904 the clerk made note that material prosperity had blessed ( 
section and the churches had certain obligations. He entered th 
suggestions: Have more compact pastorates, see the need for m 
discipline in the churches, get members to move their church lette 
the income from the churches not equal to the leakage. The associat 
used to send out many preachers — now it is in a sad decline. Past 
should arrange their summer schedule so as to ensure their attendai 
upon the association meeting. The biggest decline seemed to be in 
country churches, because many of the members were moving to 1 
cities. "The church members were making money fast, but when th 
get it they keep it and try hard to make more."-" 

Not much of the money got to the churches. Forty-eight of the fifl 
two averaged $90.00 per year for their pastors or $360.00 if the past 
had a four church field. 

Entertaining the Association 

The prestige of entertaining the association had passed by 1916 aij 
the churches were becoming very indifferent about inviting it so 
recommendation was made that the churches be divided in four ge 
graphical sections as northeast, southeast, northwest and southwest. Tl 
association was to meet in the sections in order and the churches 
the group decide which one should entertain. 

Eight years later they voted for the next two meetings to be held 
Bedford or Lynchburg. The delegates be entertained in homes for oi 
night and breakfast and they pay for the other meals which were 
be provided for by a church society at not more than fifty cents. 
1947 they voted to meet for only two days. From 1943 to '47 they hi 
met for one day. For the years 1929 to 1957 every meeting but one hi 
been in Bedford. 

This problem of entertaining in addition to several others may ha\ 
led to the very bold suggestion made in 1928 chat there be a consolidate 
of local churches. Forty-eight of the churches were rural, the remained 
in the city. Four had been organized previous to 1845, two before 186 
five by 1880, nine by 1900, six before 1910 and only eight are on goo 
motor roads. Forty cannot carry on fulltime twelve months a yes 
program. One pastor has five churches, three three churches each, fiv 
have four churches and four two churches. The discussion that followe 
must have been interesting. 

Strawberry's Standard of Excellence 

When standards were becoming popular the association set up its ow: 
for a church. 

1. Every church was to have a pastor. 

2. The church must have a Sunday School at least eight months a yeai 

76 



Two thirds of the membership must contribute to the pastor's salary 
Lind to missions. 

)ne third of the members must attend the Sunday School meetings. 
There must be during the year an every member canvas for missions. 
The church must have a missionary society. 

The church must send the association a church letter, a delegate and 
:i he association fund." 

i the '30's most of the business for the association's business was 

ussed and decided in the pastor's conference. At the annual meeting 

n'fi were few reports published, but much talk reported. There seemed 

>e more interest in the social ills of the day than in other types of 

church's business. In 1924 they went on record as opposing the 

iing of the Bible in public by compulsion. At the '36 session much 

i said about the evil of liquor, horse racing and gambling. When 

)■ question of teaching Bible in the public schools came to their at- 

Mon they were opposed to it. Another session voted to approve the 

I rd of Censors for Movies created by the Virginia General Assembly 

; iliminate objectionable scenes. In one year they had cut scenes in 

| 8 films and rejected seven as totally unworthy. 

The Last Twenty-five Years 

'ihe annual meeting went from two days to one and one half and 
Fr to one afternoon and two evening sessions. The quarterly meeting 
pthe Executive Committee takes care of most of the business, 
! >rts are printed and given to the messengers and much of the time 
jht in hearing recommendations from committees and speeches. One 
(i .he most used and enjoyable events happening in these years was 
! erection of the Strawberry Lodge at Eagle Eyrie. 

Hien the drawing for lots took place June 13, 1955, the representative 
^our association drew lot thirteen and Mrs. Foster presented a check 
I $750.00 from the W.M.U. to pay for it. J. B. Thurman was elected 

irman of the committee. Trustees were to be G. W. Bond, G. C. Luck, 
5.3. Jackson, O. C. Carter all of the Bedford church. Building and 
;iishing committee: Charlie W. Markham, Miss Elsie Gilliam, Mrs. 
t'M. Fugate, Robert L. Bradley and Elton C. Hite. Later Herbert R. 
Blton replaced Mr. Bradley. 

J ced Fuqua, a native of the Huddleston community, made a bid of 
1 500.00 which was accepted and the trustees empowered to accept a 
^000 loan at 3%. The churches were asked to give $2.00 per member 
'the payment of the debt, 
charge of forty cents per person a night was asked for and groups 

ig the Lodge for other than over night stays were asked to make a 

intary gift. Later a fee of $5.00 per night and $1.00 per person for a 

k was requested. 

ae first administration committee had Mrs. H. M. Fugate as chairman, 

:. Clifton, Charlie W. Markham, W. C. Mattox, Arnold Coffee, F. M. 

ter. Mrs. Fugate served well until 1959 when she resigned. Mrs. L. 
-'reeman has been the administrator since then. 

77 



There may be no project of the association that has been better 
caved than the Lodge. We continue to share it with the Lynchb 
Association with full cooperation. Almost every week-end and all , 
summer conferences find the building in use by both young people f 



78 



Chapter XVII 

UTTERMOST PARTS 

1813- 1976 



The Virginia Foreign Mission Society was organized October 28, 1813 

i that same year the movement was introduced to the Strawberry 

iociation through a letter from Luther Rice. Mr. Rice is also known 

have visited the association and was a guest in the home of Nicholas 

arcy. Joseph Perego was to answer Mr. Rice's letter as he seemed 

disable. Mr. Perego was an uneducated man and later became a 

der in the anti-missionary movement that led to the formation of 

i Pig River Association, one of the several "anti-associations". By 

1 .6 the interest had grown and John S. Lee was appointed corresponding 

. i retary for the mission plans in the association, but the propriety of 

; .ing missions was referred. 

[ jiving to foreign missions was almost unknown for several years. 
I e Lynchburg Church was among the first in the state to start mite 
l :ieties to aid the work. It was organized January 18, 1818. The 
i arches of the association were very cautious in making decisions, 
) vays trying to "conforming to the mind of the churches". By 1817 
I other Lee was to let the agents know of the decision from the churches. 
i 45 found them ready to appoint a committee to make a report on 
: - eign missions, to hear suggestions that the association support the 
I uthern Baptist Foreign Mission Board and to raise funds too for the 
i ssionaries from within their borders. George Pearcy and his wife, 
'. ances Miller, were the second missionary couple appointed by the 
uthern Baptist Board. 1 It was at the call of the Virginia Society 
' at those assembled in Augusta, Georgia, at the 1845 Southern Baptist 
invention created the Foreign Mission Board with J. B. Jeter as the 
st president. 

The interest in missions grew and by 1866 the following resolution 
is adopted: 

"Resolve, that we have a monthly concert of prayer for foreign 
issions, that the churches form missionary societies, that the pastors 
each one sermon on foreign missions each year and that money be 
llected from each member of our churches for the cause." In 1885 
ey asked each member to give thirty-five cents a year for foreign 
.ssions. 

Not only did the interest in giving money increase, but people from 
e association became interested in "going". Since 1846 when the 
^arcys went to China there has been a substantial number of members 

79 



going to the ends of the earth. Included in this list are: Edmonia Sa 
Bedford County, in China 1895-'99; Olive M. Board Eager, Bedford Counlj 
in Italy 1880-'98; Jessie Pettigrew Glass, Fincastle, first trained nur; 
in China 1901-'43; Lettie Spainhour Hamlet, Grayson County, in Chili 
1909-'53; Elsie Gilliam, Lynchburg, 1910-'12; Margie Shumate, Pearisbui 
1915-ca '55; T. B. Hawkins, Bedford County, in Argentina 1921 -'6 
Grace Mason Snuggs, Natural Bridge, in China 1923-'61; A. E. Wels 
Bedford County, in Mexico 1923, died 1924; Ola Lea, Pittsylvania Count 
in China 1925-ca '65; Eva Sanders, Roanoke, in Africa; Edith Vaugh 
Big Island, in Brazil 1952; Henry Martin, Patrick County, in Africa 195" 
Mary Burnett Small, Martinsville, in Africa 1954; Louis and BarbjHF 
O'Conner, Henry County, in Korea 1958; Elaine Hancock, Bedford Count*'" 
in Hong Kong 1959 and Rev. and Mrs. Norman Burnes, Lynchburg, ij-'- 
Greece 1951. 

This year one-fourth of the Missionary Journeymen appointed froi 
Virginia were from this area. Cathy Lynn Allison, Lynchburg, a nun 
to Tanzania, Africa; Connie Turpin, Big Island, a teacher to Paraib 
Brazil; and Jim Smith, Henry County, youth director to Germany. 2 

One has no way of knowing the number of Baptists who left th 
section of the state and went west after the Revolution to settle i 
Tennessee and Kentucky. 

We do know that Elder Robert Stockton left Leatherwood Church i 
1799 and pioneered the Baptist work in Kentucky. The second moderato 
of the Strawberry Association, he was born December 12, 1743, 
Goochland (now Albemarle) County, a son of Presbyterian parents 
He was a captain in the British Army and after baptism into the Baptis 
church in 1771 in Henry County resigned from the army. During th 
Revolutionary War he was captured in the battle at Brandywine, Md. 
and held prisoner two years. He moved from Henry County to Barrel 
County, Ky., in 1800 was elected the first moderator of Green Rive: 
Baptist Association and served as moderator several years. He was i 
landowner in Barron (now Metcalfe) County, Ky., and died September 
21, 1824. With his wife, Mrs. Catherine Blakey Stockton (1753-1825) 
they are buried in the Stockton family cemetery west of Edmonton, Ky 

Gilbert Mason (1811-1872), a native of Bedford County, the first pastoi 
(1856-1857) of Manchester (now Bainbridge Street) Church in Richmond, 
was the only representative of the Braden Association at the 1837 
meeting in Louisville, Ky., when the Kentucky Baptist Association was 
organized. 

Mathew Talbot, Jr. ( -1812), native of Amelia County but living 
in Bedford County, was the first Baptist minister to become a regular 
settler in the Watauga settlement that became the state of Tennessee. 
He was a son of Matthew and Annie (Mary) Williston Talbot of Mary- 
land who settled in Bedford County. Mathew Talbot, Jr., married Mrs. 
Mary Hale (Haile) Day ( -1785) and was a captain in the Virginia 
militia participating in the battle of King's Mountain in the Revolutionary 
War. In 1783 he was the organizer and first pastor of Sinking Creek 
Baptist Church near Elizabethton in Carter County, Tenn. In 1784 or 
1785 he went to Georgia and in 1786 received a land grant in Wilkes I 



80 



:i[)unty, Ga. In 1795 he became affiliated with the Georgia Baptist 

imvention and died October 12, 1812, in Wilkes County, Ga. 

Jj Jesse Witt (1797-1858) was appointed by the Domestic Mission Board 

l Texas, June 1847. He died in Marshall, Texas, in 1858. Miss Zula 

jiomas of Franklin County served as a missionary of the Home Mission 

^ard among the Indians of Oklahoma and Miss Georgie Snead from 

Irjg Island worked for a number of years with the Home Mission Board. 

r jFrom some of the Bedford County Court records we know that laymen 

gent to Texas. A brother of George Pearcy moved to what is now 

vashington state from Bedford county in the mid 1800's. His journal 

jcords taking a house cut from lumber, ready to assemble, and his 

mily by way of a packet boat to Richmond and a train to the coast. 

1 11 was loaded on a freighter that sailed down the coast of South 

merica around Cape Horn and up the west coast. His family is active 

churches of the northwest. 3 

yDr. Edward B. Willingham (1899-1973), pastor (1928-1932) of Rivermont 

venue Church in Lynchburg, was Western treasurer of the Baptist 

brld Alliance from 1953-1956. His father, Dr. R. J. Willingham, was 

"r 20 years executive secretary of the Foreign Mission Board of the 

mthern Baptist Convention. Dr. E. B. Willingham taught at the Uni- 

?rsity of Richmond and from 1955-1964 was general secretary of the 

>reign Mission Society of the American Baptist Convention. 

■ Through the years many of the members from the Strawberry Associ- 

1 ion have served as state missionaries; some have already been 

' entioned, but in the last twenty-five years Gladys Parker from the 

fyiaxton church, Annie Mae Broyles from Madison Heights Church and 

Elizabeth Thomas of the Glade Hill Church have served as Goodwill 

••enter directors or associational missionaries. 

s Dr. Josef Nordenhaug (1903-1969), pastor (1941-1948) of Rivermont 
'venue Church in Lynchburg, was president of the Baptist Theological 
?minary in Ruschlikon-Zurich, Switzerland, from 1950-1960. A native 
'' Norway, he taught at the Baptist Theological Seminary in Oslo, Nor- 
( ay, and held pastorates in Norway, Prestonburg, Ky., Vinton and 
• ynchburg. From 1948-1950 he was editor of The Commission, world 
)>urnal of the Southern Baptist Foreign Mission Board, and from 1960 
Kitil his death was general secretary of the Baptist World Alliance. 



81 



Chapter XVIII 

CONTINUING THE DREAM 

1897-1976 



:* 






Many persons from many churches, once a part of this associatio 
have provided support for the work in every facet of Virginia Baptis 
endeavor. Some have already been cited, but others need to be becau 
they helped to perpetuate that which had been launched. No group h 
done more than the women. Wives of two native pastors served 
presidents of the state organization in the beginning, Mrs. J. B. Jet 
1874-'87 and Mrs. W. E. Hatcher 1882-'92. 

The first meeting under the name of Women's Missionary Union | 
Virginia met October 18-19, 1899 in Salem; Mrs. Alexander Millar 
Bedford Springs recorded the proceedings of the body. In 1898 Mr 
I. M. Mercer (Frances Pearcy, daughter of missionary George Pearcy 
was recording secretary and in 1901 had the responsibility of corresponc 
ing secretary. 

When the Women's Missionary Union opened its Training School i 
Louisville, Kentucky, September, 1916, there were twenty-five studen! 
in its first class. Miss Elsie Gilliam was the lone Virginian enrolled. 

An Impressive Registry 

Mrs. J. A. Baker, first Mission Study Superintendent, was elected ii 
September, 1916, and the wife of a pastor. 

Mrs. Franklin P. Robertson, president 1901 and vice-president 1902-03 
was wife of a pastor. 

Miss Mae Burton was elected Education Secretary in 1912, but unabk 
to assume her duties in Richmond. 

Mrs. John F. Vines, president 1916-'20, was wife of a Roanoke pastor 

Miss Elizabeth Harvey, vice-president 1912, was from Lynchburg. 

Mrs. W. S. Royall, vice-president 1914, was wife of a pastor. 

Mrs. George T. Winn, vice-president 1938-'40, from Axton in Henry 
County. 

Mrs. E. L. Dupuy, recording secretary 1940-'58, from Martinsville. 

Miss Alma Hunt, Executive Secretary of Southern Women's Missionary 
Union 1948-'74, native of Roanoke. 

Mrs. Harry P. Clause, vice-president of the Southern Union 1950-'55 
and a member of the Executive Committee 1956-'59, wife of a pastor. 

Mrs. A. G. Carter, vice-president 1942-'47, '49-'55, wife of a pastor. 

Mrs. O. C. Hancock, president 1956-'64, native of Bedford County. 

82 



Ais. H. P. Clause, vice-president 1960-'65, wife of a pastor, 
hlrs. J. R. Kirk, vice-president 1971-'73, from Martinsville. 
' Ars. Frank Murry, of Lynchburg, served as state president of the 
[ siness Women's Federation. 

, »frs. Chiles J. Cridlin, vice-president 1974-'76, presided over the historic 
] '6 annual meeting when the structure of the state organization was 
\ lusted to better carry out its mission in the present day church pro- 
f im. 

Vlrs. Albert E. Simms was elected recording secretary at the 1976 
I eting. She is wife of a pastor and the fourth woman to be chosen 
I this position from the Strawberry Association. 

Vtrs. A. Harrison Gregory, president 1971-'75 and Southern Union 
I ;sident 1975, is from Danville. She received the honorary Doctor of 
I .mane Letters degree from Averett College in May, 1976. 

il 

i Religious Herald 

\s early as 1790 Virginia Baptists subscribed to a Baptist paper, the 
ndon "Baptist Register"; later they took the Massachusetts "Baptist 
I ssionary Magazine". On January 11, 1828, the Religious Herald was 
^..abashed. Eli Ball became the second editor 1831-'33; J. B. Jeter edited 
he magazine 1865-'86 with W. E. Hatcher as junior editor 1882-'83. The 
l.nchburg bureau was established in 1908 with Amos Clary as director. 
L\ Clary and W. S. Royall joined the editorial staff the same year, 
Lt returned to the pastorate the next year. Today, Thomas Miller is 
\ i associate editor and photographer. Strawberry is still in editorial 
1 >rk. 

Virginia Baptist Hospital 

The Virginia Baptist Hospital was the brain child of Dr. Hugh C. 
! nth. It opened July 12, 1924, with private rooms costing $3.50 to $7.50 
i lay and ward rooms from $2.00 to $3.50 a day. O. B. Barker of Lynch- 

rg was the first president of the Board of Trustees. Miss Mary 
i.wling (1887-1971), a Bedford County native, became the first superin- 

ldent of nursing on January 1, 1924, at the salary of $175 a month. 
ij,ter 30 years of service she retired in 1954. Miss Louise Habel suc- 

Kied her in 1955 and for 10 years inspired both patients and staff. 
ySs Habel is the daughter of S. T. Habel, Sr., the last of our early 

ssionaries. Many members of area churches serve on the large staff. 

' Virginia Baptist Orphanage 

-.ike the hospital the Virginia Baptist Orphanage is located in part of 
|! original association, Salem. The first cottage was ready for oc- 

>ancy in 1892. W. E. Hatcher was the first president of the Board of 
•astees. Martin Halstead is the present business manager and the 

l-in-law of Rev. R. L Camden, a Bedford County native. Through 
| • years Baptists from the churches in Roanoke, Roanoke County and 

iford County have filled many places of responsibility in this home. 

83 



Baptist Student Union 

William J. Fallis of Roanoke is one of our modern day pioneers. ■.. 
became the first full-time secretary for Virginia Baptist Student U:tt/; 
in 1940 and held the position until 1944 when he became Book Eel 
for the Southern Baptist Sunday School Board in Nashville. 



Camp Meetings 



f. 









In the mid and late 1800's Baptists were gathering for camp meeti] 
J. B. Jeter had been very successful in establishing one in the North 
Neck of Virginia. At the General Association meeting in Danville 
1907 the Pastors' Conference of Richmond offered a resolution requ 
ing the appointment of one person from each district association 
consider the matter of a summer encampment. H. M. Fugate and J 
McCabe were on this committee. The first summer encampment 
at Buckroe Beach June 24- July 1, 1908. After seeking a perman 
home for many years 200 acres of land on Fleming Mountain in Bedf 
County was purchased in 1950 for $31,000. W. M. Thompson, pastor 
Inglewood Church in Boonsboro, had led the way for securing this 1: 
on Route 501 northwest of Lynchburg. Herbert R. Carlton served 
the first manager and the present director is Malcolm H. Burgess 
native of Lynchburg. After 19 years of service this conference i 
assembly center has proven that every state in the Southern Bap 
Convention needs a year-round facility. Eagle Eyrie was the first si 
plant in the convention. 

Our association is also the home of the Peaks of Otter Royal A 
bassador camp. This camp, off the Blue Ridge Parkway south of 1 
Peaks of Otter, is located on a 386-acre tract given by the Robert 
Johnson family of Bedford in 1961. Boys do real out-of-doors campi 
in connection with other camp activities. 

Baptist Homes 

When Virginia Baptists were rethinking the obligations they owed 
those who had served their churches well for many years and were 
longer in a position to care for themselves the idea of the Virgir 
Baptist Homes, Inc. became a reality in 1946. There are homes 
Culpeper and Newport News where many from the Strawberry ha 
found a place to continue to live. In 1975 construction on a new hon 
in Richmond was begun. Albert E. Simms, pastor in Lynchburg, w 
selected as the manager of the Lakewood Manor project. 

The chaplain service for our state correction instructions is one i 
the newer projects in which Virginia Baptists cooperate with other chun 
groups. The executive director is George F. Ricketts of Martinsville 

Secretaries 

When the churches became interested in a better music program wit 
more people involved they sought a state leader. Miss Kathrine Baile 
of Bassett in Henry County was selected and continued as the first full 
time music worker for the General Association until 1966. 

84 



The state wanted a Secretary of Evangelism and they turned to a 
>anoke pastor, H. W. Connelly; when they needed the next one R. L. 
indolph (1893-1956), pastor in Lynchburg, was chosen. He served 
>m 1945 to his death. W. B. Denson (1906-1976) was the third secre- 
ry. He had served in Buena Vista and Roanoke. 

Two men have been selected by the Virginia Baptist Association from 
e area of our association to be their Executive Secretary: James R. 
yant, a layman from Roanoke, and Lucius Polhill, a Vinton minister. 
These are but a few of many who have helped to carry on the de- 
mination's work during the last two hundred years. More names could 
added and it is hoped that the reader will add his own roll of honor 
d when you do ask, "Am I doing anything about what I have in- 
rited?" 



85 



Epilogue 



The ideals that our Baptist forefathers introduced, fought for a: 
sustained in the early years should be an inspiration and challenge 
all who have been the beneficiaries. 

Look at these figures as flesh and blood and ask, "What do they st 
to us?" Our first record in 1789 covered the vast territory of the Strav 
berry Association which embraced seventeen churches with 1,116 men 
bers. In 1832 there were 1,153 members and the churches baptized 7E 
persons, a 58% increase. The centennial year, with decreased are 
recorded thirty-three white churches, 2,947 members and 249 baptism 
a gain of 9%. Last year we reported thirty-five churches in Bedfor 
County with 8,503 members; 242 persons were baptized, an increase < 
3.3%. 

What of the Mother Association constituted 200 years ago wit 
churches in thirty counties of Virginia and North Carolina? So far s 
figures can tell the story let those found in Appendix C of this boo 
speak concerning the growth in gifts and numbers. Yet, these do nc 
include all that has been recorded in the daughter, grand-daughter an 
great-grand-daughter associations found in two states. Reports neve 
tell the full story of the activities through which an association serve 
the Lord. Infinity alone will reveal how many people, on the earth 
have been influenced by the ministry of those who constitute the associ 
ation. 

And what lies ahead? Are our churches caught between a proud pas 
and a precarious future? Great as has been our past, encouraging a. 
our present accomplishments may we together pledge to pray, work an( 
live so homogenously that this association, Virginia's oldest, may sa3 
with Robert Browning: 

Grow old along with me; 

The best is yet to be. 

The last of life, for which the first was made: 

Our times are in his hand 

Who said, "A whole I planned," 

Youth shows but half; trust God; see all, nor be afraid. 



86 



References 

CHAPTER I 

The Society Called Baptist, 1639-1776 

\ Journal of the House of Burgesses, February 12, 22, 24, 1772. 

e Benedict, David, A General History of the Baptist Denomination 

(Boston, 1813), p. 364-65. 
. Prince George County Order Book 1714-'20, p 20. Oath and the 

declaration are given in Deed Book No. 1, p. 58. 
R Ryland, Garnett, The Baptists of Virginia 1699-1926 (Richmond, 
H 1955), p. 7. 
j Asplund, John, Annual Register of the Baptist Denomination in 

North America (Richmond, 1791), p. 47. 

Leland, John, The Virginia Chronicle (Fredericksburg, 1790), p. 
' 105. 

Bitting, Charles C, Notes on the History of the Strawberry Baptist 
r Association (Baltimore, 1879), p. 11. 
Ibid., p. 11. 

Ryland, op. cit., p. 42. 
* Barnes, William W., The Southern Baptist Convention 1845-1953 
i (Nashville, 1954), p. 3. 



* CHAPTER II 

ii Baptist and the Establishment, 1771-1783 

i 

i Ryland, op. cit., p. 51. 
. Ibid., p. 52. 

Williams, John, "Memo or Journal" (Ms. 1771), Simple, p. 51. 

Ryland, op. cit., p. 120. Semple, p. 63, 261. 

Ibid., p. 57 Semple, p. 11. 

Ibid., p. 57. 

Semple, p. 18. 

Andrews, Matthew P., Virginia the Old Dominion (Richmond, 

1949), p. 350. 

Fristoe, William, History of the Ketocton Baptist Association (Staun- 
ton, 1808), p. 69. 

Sketch of Anthony in Virginia Baptist Ministers, First Series. 

Patrol mounted were those who arrested and punished negroes 

found away from their homes without passes from their owners. 

James, Charles F., Struggle for Religious Liberty in Virginia 

(Lynchburg, 1900), p. 108. 

James, op. cit., p. 41-104. 

James, op. cit., p. 32. 

James, op. cit., p. 58. 



87 



CHAPTER III 

Helping Guard the Victory, 1783-1791 

1. Constitution of the General Committee. 

2. Bitting, op. cit, p. 20. 

3. Minutes of the General Committee, 1799. 

4. Minutes of the Strawberry Association, 1788, 1790, 1799. 

5. Bitting, op. cit., p. 47. 

6. James, op. cit, p. 138. 

7. Bitting, op. cit., p. 28. 

8. Ibid., p. 14. 

9. Early manuscripts in Virginia Baptist Historical Library. 

10. Bitting, op. cit., p. 16. 

11. Ibid., p. 41. 

12. Strawberry Minutes, 1793. 



CHAPTER IV 
Baptists Working Within Their Association, 1791-1836 

1. Ryland, op. cit., p. 126. 

2. Ibid., p. 164. 

3. Strawberry Association Minutes, 1802, 1822, 1829. 

4. Ibid., 1866. 

5. Ibid., 1973. 

When a date preceeds an item, that item is taken from the Minu 
of that date. 



CHAPTER V 
Involvement in State Missions, 1822-1830 

1. Ryland, op. cit., p. 206. 

2. Hatcher, William E., Life of J. B. Jeter, D.D. (Baltimore, 188' 
p. 108. 

3. General Association Minutes, 1842, p 8. 

4. Hatcher, op. cit., p. 112. 

5. Not the present New River Association. 

6. Jeter, J. B., The Recollections of a Long Life (Richmond, 1891), 
107. 

7. Hatcher, op. cit., p. 113-114. 

8. Jeter, op. cit,, p. 108. 

9. Ryland, op. cit., p. 211. 

10. Ibid., p. 213. 

11. Strawberry Minutes, 1828. 

12. Ryland, op. cit., p. 214. 



CHAPTER VI 
Men Move Toward Their Mission, 1776-1976 



'■;■:■: 

;:■:: 
to 
... 



1. Strawberry, op. cit., 1896. 

2. Barnes, op. cit., p. 236. 

3. Ibid., p. 238. 

4. Strawberry, op. cit., 1911, p. 14. 



88 






CHAPTER VII 
Ladies in the Meeting House, 1860-1976 

History of Kentucky Baptists, p. 380. 



| Andrews, op. cit, p. 367. 

I Religious Herald, op. cit., 11-18-1860, p. 177/3. 

[bid., 7-10-1861. 
i Strawberry, 1874, p. 9. 
\ [bid., 1884, p. 6. 
! [bid, 1887, p. 7. 
| Ryland, op. cit., p. 324ff. 
I Strawberry, 1890, p. 18. 
I Ibid., 1895. 

i Poe, Mrs. E. D., From Strength to Strength (Richmond, 1949), p. 
■ W-100. 

t Strawberry, 1913, p. 8. 
i [bid, 1917. 
, [bid., 1918. 
[[bid., 1920. 
i [bid., 1932. 
'jlbid., 1955. 
i. Fletcher, Louise, The Diary of a State Missionary (Richmond, 1967), 

p. 55-59. 



CHAPTER VIII 
The Apostles on Horseback, 1823-1901 

3 

Strawberry, 1961, p. 15. „ 



I Ibid., 1962, p. 22. 



CHAPTER IX 

Lifting the Bounty, 1802-1976 

An agent was a person who would represent a certain board or 
committee of the General Association. He would promote and 
collect money for his particular interest. In 1831 Valentine M. 
Mason, of Lexington, was appointed the first full-time General 
Agent in Virginia at the annual salary of $500.00. He resigned 
in 1841 because of ill health and was succeeded by Eli Ball. 



CHAPTER X 
Teaching the Word, 1830-1976 



Strawberry, 1837. 
Strawberry, 1857, p. 3. 
Religious Herald, 1857, p. 195/2. 
Strawberry, 1865. 
Religious Herald, 4-9-1868. 
Strawberry, 1871. 
Ibid., 1877, p. 14. 
[bid., 1879, p. 4. 



89 



9. Ibid., 1879. p. 7 

10. Ibid., 1889, p. 3 

11. Ibid., 1890-1899. 



CHAPTER XI 
Learning from the Cabin to the Ivy Halls 

1. Hatcher, op. cit, p. 117. 

2. Religious Herald, 6-18-1833. 

3. Ibid., 6-14-1833. 

4. Ryland, op. cit., p. 225. 

5. Ibid., p. 227. 

6. Strawberry, 1867. 

7. Religious Herald. 1856, p. 114/6. 

8. Strawberry, 1867. 

9. Religious Herald, 1868, p. 127/4. 



CHAPTER XII 

Relieving Social Ills, 1826-1976 

1. Jeter, op. cit., p. 35. 

2. Ryland, op. cit., p. 217, 218. 

3. Religious Herald, 1829, p. 183/3. 

4. Strawberry, 1830. 

5. Religious Herald, 11-23-1825, p. 165/4. 

6. Strawberry. 1854. 

7. Ibid., 1881. 



CHAPTER XIII 
Caring for Those in Bondage, 1788-1871 

1. Ryland, op. cit., p. 152. Strawberry, 1852. 

2. Ibid., p. 285. 

3. Strawberry, 1856, p. 12. 

4. Ibid., 1858, p. 12. 

5. Ibid., 1866, p. 10. 

6. Ryland, op. cit., p. 305. 

7. Ibid., p. 316. 

8. Ibid., p. 315. 

9. Ibid., p. 316. 

10. Religious Herald, 6-8-; 9-7, 1871. 

11. Andrews, op. cit., p. 563. 



CHAPTER XIV 
Relief for the Man in the Pulpit, 1836-1976 



1. Religious Herald, 1836, p. 94/4. 

2. Strawberry, 1866, p. 6-7. 

3. Ibid., 1873, p. 8. 

90 



I Ibid., 1889. 

Ibid., 1873, p. 9. 

Ibid., 1879. 

Ibid., 1883, p. 8. 

. Ibid., 1888. 

Ibid., 1901, p. 21. 

t Ibid., 1911, p. 17. 

I Ibid., 1916. 



CHAPTER XV 
Training Union, 1891-1976 

Wright, Elbert Joseph, Virginia Baptist Training Union History 

(Richmond, 1947). 

Ibid., p. 14. 

Strawberry, 1902, p. 10. 

Ibid., 1909, p. 13. 

Wright, op. cit., p. 63. 

Strawberry, 1936, p. 13. 



CHAPTER XVI 

Attending the Association Meetings, 1807-1976 

Religious Herald, 10-10-1850, p. 49. 

Strawberry, 1822, p. 8. 

Ibid., 1823. 

Ibid., 1854, p. 9. 

Religious Herald, 9-11-1853, p. 139/1. 

Ibid., 9-22-1853, p. 151/3. 

Strawberry, 1850, p. 9. 

Religious Herald, 7-11-1866, p. 110/13. 

Ibid., 9-21-1859, p. 139/1. 

Strawberry, 1857, p. 5. 

Ibid., 1855. 

Religious Herald, 6-29-1843, p. 103/2. 

Ibid., 9-21-1861, p. 125/6. 

Ibid., 8-14-1862, p. 127/6. 

Strawberry, 1863, p. 5. 

Religious Herald, 8-22-1867, p. 134/6. 

Taylor, op. cit., Fourth Series, p. 328. 

Religious Herald, 6-11-1861, p. 111/6. 

Ibid., 1905. 
Ibid., 1904. 



CHAPTER XVII 

Uttermost Parts, 1813-1976 



Strawberry, 1970, p. 53-59. 
Religious Herald, 5-6-1979, p. 8. 
Family papers. 



91 



Sources 



To which references have been made are in the collection of the 
Virginia Baptist Historical Society and Jones Memorial Library inl 
Lynchburg unless otherwise indicated. 

Andrews, Mathew Page. Virginia, the Old Dominion. Richmond, Va., 
1949. 

Asplund, John. The Annual Register of the Baptist Denomination in 
North America to November 1, 1790. Southampton County, Va., 1794. 

Barnes, William W. The Southern Baptist Convention, 1845-1953. Nash- 
ville, Tenn., 1954. 

Bitting, Charles C. Notes on the History of the Strawberry Baptist As- 
sociation of Virginia. 1879. 

Fletcher, J. F. A History of the Ash County, North Carolina and New 
River, Virginia Baptist Associations. Raleigh, N. C, 1935. 

Fletcher, Louise. The Diary of a State Missionary. Richmond, Va., 
1967. 

Fristoe, William. History of the Ketocton Baptist Association. Staun- 
ton, Va., 1808. 

Freeman, Mrs. L. R. From Beginnings to Beginnings. Martinsville, 
Va., 1958. 

Hatcher, William E. Life of J. B. Jeter. Baltimore, Md., 1887. 

Hening, W. W. Statutes at Large of Virginia, 1619-1792. Richmond and 
Philadelphia, 1809-1823. 

House of Burgesses of Virginia Journals of 1619-1775. Edited by John 
P. Kennedy and Henry A. Mcllwaine. 

James, Charles F. Struggle for Religious Liberty in Virginia. Lynch- 
burg, Va., 1900. 

Jeter, Jeremiah Bell. The Recollections of a Long Life. Richmond, Va., 
1891. 

Leland, John. The Virginia Chronicle. Baltimore, Md., 1871. 

Little, Lewis Peyton. Imprisoned Preachers and Religious Liberty in 
Virginia. Lynchburg, Va., 1938. 

Minutes of the 

Baptist General Committee 

Baptist General Meeting of Correspondence 

Baptist General Association of Virginia. 

Poe, Mrs. E. D. From Strength to Strength, History of W.M.U. of Vir- 
ginia, 1874-1949. Richmond, Va., nd. 

Religious Herald, Richmond, Va., 1829- 

92 



and, Garnett. The Baptists of Virginia, 1699-1926. Richmond, Va., 
955. 

nple, Robert B. History of the Rise and Fall of the Baptists of Vir- 
inia. Richmond, Va., 1810. Revised and extended by Geo. W. Beale, 
tichmond, Va., 1894. 

awberry Association Minutes, 1787-1975. 

flor, George Braxton. Virginia Baptist Ministers. Third Series, 
.ynchburg, Va., 1912. Fourth Series, Lynchburg, Va., 1913. Fifth 
>eries, Lynchburg, Va., 1915. Sixth Series, Lynchburg, Va., 1935. 

•ginia Baptist Hospital, 1924-1974. Lynchburg, Va., 1974. 

tlliams, John. "Memo or Journal." Ms. 1771. 

ight, Elbert Joseph. Virginia Baptist Training Union History. Rich- 
mond, Va., 1947. 



93 



APPENDIX A 



Church Histories 



BEAVERDAM BAPTIST CHURCH 




Records show that Beaverdam Baptist Church, on Route 24 i 
Chamblissburg, was planted in 1801 with a membership of 36. 

On April 2, 1803, it was organized, as a branch of Goose Creek (nc 
Morgans) Baptist Church, with a membership of 40 white and thrt 
Negro members. 

Its first place of worship was a log house on the site of the preset 
church, to which was attached a shed for the use of the Negro membej 
This old log house was used as the place of worship until after 18) 
when Jointee Church closed its doors and its organization united wii 
Beaverdam Church in building the brick church in use at this time. 

In 1804 the church was received into the Strawberry Association ail 
in August of that year the Rev. Joshua Burnette was chosen the fui 
pastor of the church. 

Jointee Church, the fore-runner of Beaverdam Church, can be regardl 
as the first Baptist church established in Bedford County. A del 
dated December 24, 1771, describes a church of the Society of Baptr. 
Church, reading ". . . . between James Davis of Bedford County of tl: 
one part and Matthew Talbot and Stephen White and the rest of tfl 



94 



ociety of the Baptist Church of the said county confirm unto 

le said Baptist Society and their successors forever one acre of land 

) include the said meeting house and the adjoining spring together. . . .". 

This church, generally referred to as Jointee Church, later became 
ieaverdam Baptist Church and New Hope Methodist (now Parrish 
!hapel United Methodist) Church and was located south of Route 24 
etween the present locations of the two churches. 

In 1893 the Methodist congregation worshiping with Beaverdam 
Jhurch and known as New Hope decided to withdraw and build their 
wn church further east on Route 24. A prime mover in the movement 
f the Methodist denomination to have their own building was the Rev. 
'. W. Parrish, pastor of New Hope Methodist Church, and in his honor 
he new church was named Parrish Chapel. 

In 1817 the first recorded instance of a fund for missions was raised. 

In 1831 a revival was held which was considered to be the greatest 
eligious revival ever known in Bedford County. 

In 1833 there rose a division in the church upon the question of 
aissions. The pastor, with a large majority, favored missions while 
ome prominent members believing it was a departure from the Baptist 
aith were opposed. This resulted in eight members withdrawing and 
initing with the Primitive Baptist Church at Lynville. 

In July, 1847, the pastor was directed to take up a public collection 
or foreign missions. A collection of $10.00 was received and sent by 
he clerk to the General Association. This was the first record of any 
ontribution by the church for foreign missions. It was also during 
his period that a committee of gentlemen and ladies was appointed 
o raise a fund to send to the Strawberry Association to help defray 
he expense of two colporters who were to labor in the bounds of the 
issociation. This is the first recorded instance where the sisters of 
he church had been appointed to committees. 

In 1859, 13 members were granted letters of dismission for the purpose 
)f constituting Shady Grove Baptist Church; in 1860, 10 members were 
iismissed by letter to constitute Flint Hill Baptist Church. In addition 
vhen Vinton Baptist Church (1892) and Barnhardt Baptist Church (1898) 
vere organized, many of their charter members came from Beaverdam. 

In 1856 an aged member of the church, Mrs. Elizabeth Richards, was 

L eft with no one on whom to depend for a home. The church appointed 

i committee to select a place to settle Mrs. Richards. A small lot was 

Purchased and a house erected and given to Mrs. Richards where she 

Resided until her death. This is the first record of a social mission 

)roject being assumed by the church. 

. In 1881 the Strawberry Association was entertained at Beaverdam. 
^.This was in the days when crowds were so immense that "pallets" in 
. he living rooms for the ladies and "hay lofts" for the men were used 
'is beds. Some families entertained as many as forty and fifty persons 
)er night. 

, The first Sunday School was organized in 1886. In 1887 the first 
,nissionary society was organized with a male member, R. L. Dearing, 
! erving as president. It is interesting to note that it was not a "Ladies" 
r »lissionary Society. 

95 



' 



In 1896 Beaverdam purchased two acres of land joining the churn 
lot for a cemetery. In 1899 and 1900 the church was generally renovate 
and repaired and new pulpit furniture given. In 1921 the church a; | 
pointed a committee to collect funds and have the walls of the chun 
completely overhauled. The work was finished in June, 1922, at a cd 
of $216.81. This amount was paid in full with a balance of $.25 turn* 
into the treasury. 

In 1938, electricity was installed in the church at the expense 
Homer Simmons and his brother. 

In 1946 a basement was dug under the sanctuary, a central heatir 
system installed, the main floor raised, the windows shortened, ar 
the slave balcony removed. New pews were secured in 1952. 

A parsonage was built on a corner of the church property in 194' 
In 1966 it was almost completely renovated. 

A two story educational building was added to the back of the sanctua 
in 1951. Work has been done on this building and in the basemei 
under the sanctuary on three occasions recently to make the education! 
space more useful for the present needs of the church. 

In 1959 Miss Elaine Hancock became the first foreign missionary I 
go out from this church. She is serving as a missionary nurse in Hon 
Kong under appointment by the Foreign Mission Board of the Souther 
Baptist Convention. 

In 1962 missions again became a dividing factor in the church. J 
group of 67 withdrew their membership to form the Chamblissbur 
Baptist Church due to their opposition to the support of the Souther 
Baptist Convention and the Cooperative Program by the church. 

A new two-story educational building was added to the south side c 
the existing facilities in 1971-72. The building was in the planning stage 
for approximately four . years. The contract was let for the building i: 
November, 1971, and completed in August, 1972. The building was fir; 
used for Vacation Bible School in that month while the finishing touche 
were still in progress. 

A Youth Choir which was organized by Miss Rheta Carr and Mis 
Jane Moles in 1970 has doubled its enrollment and is presently witnessini 
through singing in various churches in Bedford County, Roanoke, an< 
Fincastle under the direction of Mr. and Mrs. Danny McCoy and Mr5 
Judy Thomas. 

The church has seen several members enter the ministry. Their firs 
pastor, Joshua Burnette, was licensed in 1804. The next year saw th 
widely-known William Harris receive his license from the church 
Gabriel Wheeler was ordained in 1860, James F. Board licensed in 1873 
Nathan C. Burnette licensed in 1875, L. A. Thomas licensed about 1895 
J. A. Barnhardt's ordination requested in 1893, W. T. Henderson 
ordination requested in 1899 and T. E. Goad's ordination requested ir 
1921. 

Three brothers were also ordained to the ministry by the church 
Alexander G. McManaway, born in 1852, was ordained in 1874 and 
educated at Richmond College and the Southern Baptist Theological 
Seminary in Louisville, Ky. He held pastorates in Blacksburg, North 
Carolina and Arkansas. He was a general agent and professor of Greek 

96 



t Ouachita College (now Ouachita Baptist University) in Arkadelphia, 
Jjkrk., and also worked with The Charlotte News-Observer in Charlotte, 
mjO. C, The Religious Herald and the North Carolina Baptist. He died 
tt( Ln 1899 in a St. Louis, Mo., sanatorium. 
rj.L James E. McManaway, born in 1855, was ordained in 1874 and at- 

ended Richmond College. He held pastorates in Southampton and Isle 
;. if Wight Counties, Kentucky, Missouri, North Carolina and Georgia. He 

vas co-editor of The Word and the Way, weekly publication of the 
i;.,; Missouri Baptist Convention. He died in 1922 in Richmond. 
. John E. McManaway, born in 1868, was ordained after 1875. He at- 

ended Wake Forest College (now Wake Forest University) in Winston- 
ipalem, N. C, and taught school in Nash County, N. C. He went from a 

>usiness position in Charlotte, N. C, to Missouri and Kansas and held 
rf >astorates in North Carolina and South Carolina. He was an evangelist 
Jjn South Carolina, served for several years on the evangelism staff of 
Jjhe Home Mission Board of the Southern Baptist Convention and was 

editor of The Fort Mill News in Fort Mill, S. C. He died in 1930 in 

Jreenville, S. C. 
1 In addition to those in the ministry and foreign mission field Mrs. 
..[.tfannie Wright Stephens worked with prisoners in the Roanoke city 

ail and Miss Ola Wright was a teacher at the Virginia Baptist Orphanage 
I now Virginia Baptist Children's Home) in Salem. 



BEDFORD BAPTIST CHURCH 




It was the custom of early Baptist churches to take the name of a 
: near- by stream of water, thus what is now Bedford Baptist Church was 
.named Little Otter when it was organized by the Rev. Nathaniel Shrews- 
bury in 1797 with 90 charter members. He served as the pastor until 
he moved to Kentucky the following year. In 1851 the name was 



97 






changed to Liberty, in 1901 to Bedford City, the "City" being dropi 
in 1923. 

Since no minutes before 1879 have been preserved, information 
cerning the early years has been gathered from other sources. We 
not know the names of the 90 constituent members nor where tli 
worshipped, probably in homes and/or in the court house. The Bapl 
Meeting House built in 1800 on what is now the southeast corner 
Bridge and Jackson Streets was the first church building in Liber* 
It was used frequently by other denominations and in 1833-34 asj 
temporary court house. 

In 1853 a new building was erected on what is now East Main Stre 
The Bedford Sentinel of May 5, 1853, gives an account of the dedicati 
of "The new Baptist church, a neat, comfortable and commodious bui; 
ing." Seventy-one years later, May 5, 1924, another building replaci 
that one was dedicated. That location is now occupied by the Krog 
Company. In 1961 the church purchased eight and one-half acres 
the W. L. Martin property on Oakwood Street, and in August, 1962, t 
contract for the first unit of the proposed building was awarded 
Fred B. Fuqua, great-great-great nephew of Isham Fuqua, second past 
of Little Otter Church. The building was occupied in December, 19(i 
The sanctuary was added in 1970, the dedication being held on June 

Little Otter is listed in the minutes of Strawberry Association in 17f 
At this meeting its messengers brought a recommendation "That tl 
Association recommend to its churches a day of fasting and prayer 
Almighty God that He would be pleased of His infinite mercy to ave 
the impending calamities which seem to threaten us, and be pleast 
to grant that true and vital religion may flourish amongst us." Tl 
recommendation was adopted. Much praying was done, and the Gre; 
Revival which was in progress in Roanoke gradually spread into Strav 
berry in 1802-1803 where it became more effective in Little Otter the 
in any other church. As a result Little Otter baptized 225 persor 
ordained to the ministry three young men and organized two ne 
churches. 

During the 1800's rules for the conduct of members were very stric 
and matters of discipline occupied an important place in business mee 
ings. Members were called before the church to give an account fc 
such conduct as drinking, selling liquor, dancing, card playing, gamblin 
being absent from services or business meetings and failure to cor 
tribute to the church. Only male members were disciplined for nor 
attendance and non-support. A member being charged with breakin 
the rules of conduct who did not show repentance was excluded fror 
the fellowship. There was no respect of persons, for even deacor 
were disciplined, some being excluded for drinking and dancing. How 
ever, it appears that a good spirit was shown by both the church an 
the member being disciplined, for all along members who had bee: 
excluded apologized and were restored to full fellowship. 

In the Digest of Letters in the 1844 minutes of Strawberry Associatioi 
we read, "Little Otter, situated in the vicinity of Liberty is of Ion 
standing and useful in her borders. Many revivals have been in thi 
part of Bedford County and members from time to time added to thi 

98 



fO[i:rch. They have had many changes, but at present enjoy much peace 
. are enjoying the blessings of a Sabbath School where it is to be 
it Died many may be born of the Spirit. The hospitalities of this people 
iVtlsl the kindness of the villagers of Liberty have endeared many 
1 [ arts to them. May the Lord enable them to hold on their way and 
lather strength as they go until they become a great people." The 1879 
lei iest says, "Liberty Church prominent in every good word and work, 
be s^atly revived but not perfect. Membership 264." 

^lission money was collected by a special committee for each Southern 

jtist Convention board and state causes — Foreign, Home, and State 

Mission, Education, Sunday School and Bible, and Minister's Relief — 

alral 1919 when the Convention adopted the 75 million campaign which 

4ituded all boards in one offering. This was followed in 1925 by the 

imperative Program. In the church budget of $10,000.00 for 1927 the 

it oirch allocated $4000.00 for the Cooperative Program, thus beginning 

i 60-40% division between local expenses and the Cooperative Pro- 

m. This division was held through one of the worst depressions in 

| nation's history, and at the same time the church debt was paid. 

iifc November, 1943, the division was changed to 50-50% and continued 

Bthat ratio for fifteen years before being changed back to 60-40. For 

ny years the church was in the top twenty-five churches in Virginia 

7 contributions to the Cooperative Program. When the Forward Pro- 

im plan was adopted for the 1962 budget and a building program was 

;un, the percentage division was discontinued. In 1973 the church 

r ;.ed to give \Z% of the envelope and loose collection contributions to 

f j Cooperative Program. The policy since then has been to increase 

jit by 1% each year. 

"Bedford Church has been in the forefront in organizations. It re- 
nted a Sunday School as early as 1844. The B.Y.P.U. was organized 
n 1916 and continued under several different names until 1972 when 
(was discontinued. The Brotherhood, organized in 1951, continued to 
action until 1971. A Woman's Mission Circle was in existence in 
11. A missionary society of children was functioning in 1882, and 
i^oung men's missionary society was active in 1888. Y.W.A., G.A. and 
\. were organized at various times. 

tfive churches have been formed from the Bedford Church member- 
p: Suck Spring (1805) with 28 members, Timber Ridge (1805) with 
c Washington Street (1866) with 66 colored members, Main Street 
1)61) with 26 and Trinity (1962) with 62. 

'As far as records are available 18 young men have been licensed or 
lained or both to the ministry: John Carter, William Moorman, James 

1 L. Moorman, Daniel P. Witt, John R. Fizer, J. L. Lawless, W. J. 
eke, W. F. Fisher, Alexander Millar, W. C. Hughes, Harold Fraine, 

^nford A. Dean, Eugene Rider, Edward Johnson, George Gray, Daniel 

Dtt, Henry Fizer, Andrew B. Moon. Two young women have served 

foreign missionaries: Mrs. Olive May Board Eager in China and 

ly from 1880 to 1898 and Miss Edmonia Sale who was sent to China 

1 Strawberry Association paying her expenses. 



99 



Twenty-three pastors have served the church. Dr. Harry P. 
was elected pastor emeritus in March 1960. In addition to pasto 
church has had four other full-time ministers. 

Space does not permit the naming of the host of lay leaders who 
served faithfully in every department of the church. However 
must be saluted. Mrs. C. H. Burnette (the former Miss Orelia How 
began working in the Sunday School in 1905 teaching junior 
For fifty-eight years she served as superintendent of the primary de 
ment where she now serves as assistant superintendent. 

In the life of Bedford Church there have been periods of great re 
and periods of discouragement and failure, yet always, under the q 
ings of God, it has moved forward. The achievements of the past 
but stepping-stones to the future and challenge the members toda 
"Rise up O men of God; have done with lesser things; Give heart 
soul and mind and strength to serve the King of Kings." 



BETHEL BAPTIST CHURCH 



■ 




Located on the old Rocky Mount turnpike near New London, Betj 
Baptist Church was organized in 1879 and the church built about lij 

The 15 members who organized the church first worshipped in Hunt* 
Chapel, a log-hewn one-room building on the J. W. Dowdy farm on 
Evington Road about three miles south of the present church. 

When this chapel ceased to be used as a school and only the st< 
chimney remained this was torn down and used as an under-pinning 
the building of the new church. 

Samuel M. Mitchell, an elder in Academy Presbyterian Church at N 
London, gave one acre of land from his farm for the church. 



100 



VI; 



The Baptists were far out-numbered by other denominations in the 
immunity but there was a spirit of unity in the building of the new 
urch. The First Baptist Church in Lynchburg aided in the beginning 
the new church. 

When Mrs. Sammie Owen Read, wife of William A. Read, came to 
tie community to live as a bride there was only one Baptist family in 
le vicinity. They were somewhat lukewarm, having sprung from an 
piscopal family. 

Mrs. Read launched upon the matter of establishing a Baptist church 
nd with her small son, Lawrence Read, spent many days riding horse- 
ack soliciting funds and materials for the erection of the church. 

The charter members of the church were Mrs. Sammie Owen Read, 
Irs. Henry Ann Ogden Black, Mrs. John Sweeney, Mrs. Arch Dooley, 
Lrs. Morton L. Gooch, Mr. and Mrs. A. T. Ogden, Mr. and Mrs. J. W. 
'owdy. Mr. and Mrs. Thomas Jones, Mr. and Mrs. John Tolley and 
Ir. and Mrs. Blair Murrell, ten women and five men. 



BETHLEHEM BAPTIST CHURCH 




The present Bethlehem Baptist Church located on Route 24 south of 
r)tter River lists its organization date as 1824 but its history dates to 
he early 1800's. 

The Rev. John Anthony, Jr., planted a church known as Otter Church 

ind the present Bethlehem Church is on that site. Mr. Anthony was 

>astor of the church in 1804 when there was a great revival and served 

-is pastor until his death in 1822. In 1810 the membership of Otter 

"hurch was listed as 100. 



101 



From the 1804 revival many were baptized and from this, in 18l 
was constituted Burton's Creek Baptist Church on the Lynchburg tunp 
pike in Campbell County. 

Burton's Creek Baptist Church suffered a division as to missions aj 
one group formed, in 1831, Flat Creek Baptist Church in Campbti 
County. The old Burton's Creek Baptist Church site was the locatii 
of the establishment, under the leadership of the Rev. James A. Dav 
in 1886 of Beulah Baptist Church, now in the city of Lynchburg. 

Henry Adams transferred one acre of land to the members of Ott 
Baptist Church, the present site of Bethlehem Baptist Church, on Nove 
ber 12, 1831. The first church building was a log structure. This w 
replaced in 1875 by a frame building with William Pollard the contract 

On April 26, 1901, Alexander Millar was ordained into the minist 
at the church. He was born August 29, 1864, in London, Ont 
Canada, a son of Matthew and Mary Colquohoun Millar who came 
Pittsylvania County in 1870 engaged in lumber business. Mr. Mill 
was educated in Chatham, Virginia Polytechnic Institute in Blacksburj 
McMaster University of Toronto, Canada, and the Southern Bapti; 
Theological Seminary in Louisville, Ky. He married Miss Malenia Wa 
Hudson of Culpeper County and held pastorates in Rustburg, Madi 
Heights, Stuart, North Carolina and Georgia. He died May 12, 192 
at the H. L. Kinzer home east of Bedford and is buried in Oakw 
Cemetery in Bedford. 

On July 3, 1901, thirteen members from Bethlehem Baptist Church m 
in the Mentow school house near Huddleston and organized Mento 
Baptist Church with the Rev. Alexander Millar as their first pastor. 

In 1951 the church purchased additional land to enlarge the cemeterj 

On July 31, 1966, the church membership entered into contract wit! 
G. M. Overstreet and Son of Bedford to construct a brick building am 
this was air-conditioned in 1970. 

Among the many evangelists who have held revivals at Bethlehen 
Baptist Church is the Rev. J. F. Aker. He held several revivals in sue 
cession in the early 1930's, also in 1960 and 1961 and the last in 197 
at the age of 103. 



BIG ISLAND BAPTIST CHURCH 

On Sunday night, October 24, 1886, an invited presbytery consisting oJ 1 
S. A. Major and R. N. Hobson from Hunting Creek Baptist Church, the 
Rev. J. H. Harris, G. E. Sanderson and W. G. Putt from Chestnut Hill 
Baptist Church and the Rev. Gabriel Gray from Cornerstone Baptist! 
Church met with interested persons in Big Island for discussion. After 
due deliberations the Big Island Baptist Church was constituted. 

B. M. Page was elected clerk, J. B. Cox treasurer, R. H. Cox, George T. 
Snead and B. F. Cox as deacons and the Rev. Gabriel Gray was called 
as the first pastor. 

From the records of Hunting Creek Baptist Church dated December, 
1886, the following were granted letters to join the Big Island Baptist 

102 






i J sirch: G. T. Snead, B. M. Page, W. M. DeJamette, James Oliver, 

fries Reynolds, Mrs. Martha Spinner Snead, Miss Gracie Snead, Mrs. 
rtha Arthur McDaniel, Mrs. George Going, Mrs. Peachy Hawkins, Mrs. 
is; jirohn, Mrs. Hudson, Mrs. James Reynolds, Mrs. B. M. Page and Mrs. 
nj: jrtin. Other charter members were J. B. Cox, B. F. Cox, R. H. Cox, 




* 



; 

s. J. B. Cox, Mrs. Jennie Jordan, Miss Occola V. Hawkins and Miss 

orgie Snead. 

At the first meeting after organization Mr. Gray made some very 

propriate remarks in condemnation of the usual worldy amusements 

the day. Brother Snead offered the following query to be answered 

J the following meeting: "Is is right for church members to engage 

dancing, if not, should we not discountenance its practice." The 

nutes of the next meeting noted: "After discussion of Brother Snead's 
| ery propounded at the last meeting, the same was withdrawn un- 

swered." It is not unusual to read in the early history of the church 
. ch statements as this: "Rumors contrary to the Christian character 
1 some brother has caused to be appointed a committee to see him and 

e him to the church if his conduct warrented it." In most cases, the 
-faying .brother would acknowledge his transgressions with "regreat 
| d sorrow" and was forgiven to be fully restored. A few, however, 
fre not repentant and continued their "unchristian conduct." In these 

ses their names were removed form the church roll. 

The year 1889 brought a new way of life to the folk along the James 
,ver. The first paper mill was started and the community began to 
,9w. The church now had 49 members. The men did not always 

tend in sufficient numbers to have a quorum for the conducting of 

isiness so the word "male" was erased from the second clause of the 

ules of order" in order to give the female members the right to vote. 
; g Island, Hunting Creek, Mt. Hermon, Ivy Creek, Chestnut Hill and 



103 



Cove churches formed a field this same year. A few years later 
Island, Cornerstone, and Hunting Creek formally organized the 
Baptist Cooperative Union with a code of laws. Mt. Hermon later j 
this Union. 

The members did not always pay their "dues" or attend church 
great regularity. In 1894 the minutes note: "Resolved that on 
more collectors be appointed to receive the monthly dues of the me: 
and to pay the same to the treasurer, also to report the names o: 
who failed to pay. That all members who fail to pay their du 
attend church for three consecutive months shall be cited by the ch 
for discipline." 

The frame building erected in 1872 seemed to have met the ne 
the congregation until about 1914 when a building committee was 
pointed. However, nothing was done until 1920 when a new buil 
committee was appointed. On June 10, 1921 ground was broken f 
new building. September 11, 1921 services were held in the 
structure and it was dedicated October 9, 1921. The building, lot 
furnishings cost $17,337.65. The members became all too familiar 
the "church debt" until 1936. 

By 1940 the Sunday school had outgrown the building, so at a cos 
$3,685.00 the present lower floor was added. The next building pro 
took place in 1956 when on October 8, ground was broken for an e 
cational building. This building and its furnishings cost $40,000. 
parsonage was purchased in 1958 at a cost of $20,500 for the first 
time pastor to live in. These two debts were all paid by 1961. In 1 
an extensive remodeling program was started on the 40 year 
sanctuary unit and was finished in 1963 at a cost of $60,000. 
money and a better sense of stewardship has made the business 
paying debts easier than in the earlier days. 

Not all of the interest has been at home. As early as 1896 th 
was an organized missionary society with B. F. Cox as president. Th 
is no mention of women taking part in missions until 1918. Miss Geoi 
Snead, one of the charter members, served with our Home Miss 
Board. Mr. Herman Reynolds, who belonged to the Big Island Bap 
Church in his youth, served as a missionary to India for over 35 ye 
under the mission board of the Christian Church. In 1952, Miss Ed 
Vaughn, daughter of the Rev. E. S. Vaughn, went to Brazil and M 
Zula Humphreys (now Mrs. Almos Shelly) went to India. In 1955 J 
church licensed Paulus E. Bryant, Jr., to the ministry. 

Figures do not always give a total picture of the life of a chur 
Because of the close relationship of the paper mill and the members 
the church who worked there, the activities of the mill have been ]j 
fleeted in the church. Working schedules, changing personnel, and e< 
nomic conditions all have become a part of the community way of li 

We do feel that the church has made Big Island a place where Christi 
love is manifested, where Christian care is ministered to the needy, a; 
where Christian memories are cherished when you are gone. 



104 



DIAMOND HILL BAPTIST CHURCH 




out 1855 the people of the Diamond Hill community, south of 
fe 24 between Moneta and Goodview, desired a place for worship 
■bhose the knoll where Diamond Hill Baptist Church now stands. 
e men of the community cut logs and laid them on the ground, 
'ng flat rails on them for seats. Then they planted forks, laid poles 
|Iiead and covered them with brush as a shield from sunshine but 
; was no protection from rain. 

e Rev. Byrd Turner, a Methodist minister, gave it the name Diamond 
^because of the location on the knoll at the intersection of the roads. 
•. Turner did not leave the Methodist Church with the Southern 
ch when the church divided; when the first deed for the church was 
; ? it did not include the Northern (or parent) church and he con- 
oid as a minister of the Methodist Episcopal Church. 
<>out 1860 the people decided to build a church at this location and 
'and Mrs. Obediah Meador deeded one acre of land to the Southern 
lodist, Missionary Baptist, Primitive Baptist and Brethren churches. 
.e Brethren Church gave up their interest to the other three de- 
inations. Soon these three denominations constructed a frame 
p:her-board building which was roofed and floored but not ceiled 
was used that way for years. 
ie Baptist denomination date their church organization as June 22, 



1923 the Methodist and Missionary Baptist bought the interest of 
'Primitive Baptist and built the present building which was dedicated 
fifth Sunday in September, 1923. 

lere was a reduction in membership when Goodview Baptist Church 
organized in 1922. 

. recent years Sunday School rooms have been added and the church 
:onditioned. 



105 



FLINT HILL BAPTIST CHURCH 




Flint Hill Baptist Church, located on the Dickerson Mill Road southwe 
of Bedford, had its beginning about the time of, or likely, before tl 
War Between the States. 

Devout citizens of the community had worshipped in a tiny log-cabi 
which is said to have stood only a few yards from the present chu: 
site. This humble structure stood on the land of W. H. Thaxton an; 
when it was decided to erect a new building in which to worship. M 
Thaxton gave the land. This was in 1866, the year after the war close, 
and it was naturally a difficult time for the people to carry on. Hou 
ever, with the people of the community contributing practically all to 
material and labor, the new building came into being. Ambrose Tha> 
ton, long deceased, but whose descendents still live at Flint Hill, is sai 
to have cut the first log that went into this building. Services werj 
held before the church was completed and it continued in use for man 
years, undergoing repairs from time to time. 

That same year the 99th annual meeting of the Strawberry Associ 
ation was held at Mount Zion Baptist Church. After presenting 
letter setting forth the faith and orders of the church the associatioi 
received the Flint Hill Baptist Church into its fellowship on August 2 
1866. Messengers to that meeting of the association were W. H. Thaxtoi 
and T. A. Kasey. The associational records show a membership at Flin 
Hill Church of 40; thirty-six white and four colored. 

In 1902 the congregation decided to build the frame structure whicl 
served the community as a place of worship for about 50 years. WiUiarr 
Ramsey, with the help of a brother, Pleas Ramsey, contracted to do th« 
building. They were assisted from time to time by such men as Henrj 
Carner, Anthony Wright, William Thaxton and Alex Spradlin. 

Others whom the records list as being very active in the progress o1 
the Lord's work at Flint Hill Church include G. G. Scott, J. P. Wingfield, 



106 



. Saunders, N. T. Harris, John Dooley, H. J. Thaxton, Jack Spradlin, 
/ard Franklin and P. M. Keister. 

1 1938 extensive repairs were made inside and out of the church. 

building had almost reached the point beyond repairs. The sum of 

86 was spent on repairing the outside of the church. To help pay 

; repair work the church organ was sold for $5.00. In September, 

B, a sign in front bearing the name of the church was erected. In 

ober, 1939, the church voted to have the building wired for electricity. 

y 1951, the congregation decided it was time to build again at Flint 

j Church. Much discussion followed for several months as to what 

build — Sunday School rooms or replace the present building 

gether. The old frame building was almost beyond repair. On 

^ust 24, 1951, W. W. Huddleston gave the land on which to build a 

■ church. Finally, in 1953, the building program was launched and 

k begun on a brick-cased building with Sunday School rooms. This 

Iding was completed in June, 1954. 

much needed water system was added to the church in 1962. By 

time the Sunday School was needing more room. A building pro- 

m was again launched and in 1964 ten new classrooms were com- 

ted. The members of the church donated much of the labor on this 

ject and thereby kept the cost down considerably. 

I 'here has been dedicated layman leadership in the history of the 

C'rch. Two with lengthy dedicated records were Richard C. Spradlin, 

I iday School superintendent for 53 years, and G. W. Scott, clerk for 

3 years. 

I 'he church membership has remained on a rather constant increase 
km the beginning. By 1870 the membership had reached fifty-five. A 
l«;e number of baptisms were reported for the years 1895 through 1897. 
I 1895 there were nineteen baptisms, in 1896 thirteen, in 1897 twenty- 
Is ) and in 1914 thirty-two. By this time the membership finally passed 
h one hundred mark. In more recent years the membership was 
t >sted by forty-one baptisms in the 1964-65 church year. 
* 'he organizations of the church have served well down through the 
& : irs, too. The Sunday School along with the Woman's Missionary 
lion have led the way in much of the work. H. A. Black is the first 
I'ntioned Sunday School Superintendent, in 1870. By 1898 the Sunday 
i iooI enrollment had reached 99. Richard C. Spradlin continued the 
c-tllenging leadership in this organization and the results of such leader- 
E<p are still visible today. 

i.Ars. Laura Thaxton organized the first Missionary Society on Decern - 
y 22, 1899, and served as president until November, 1915. Then on 
l' ( y 29, 1916, Mrs. Thaxton was re-elected as president of the Society 
t'l served until the year 1926. This organization, as in many other 
t irches, makes up much of the working nucleus of the church. Mrs. 
I axton also organized the first Sunbeam Band at Flint Hill Church in 
i iition to serving for a number of years as church organist. 
. n August, 1925, the church licensed Contee Franklin to the ministry, 
n 1971 the church purchased land from Mr. and Mrs. Abe Hurt to 
I Id a parsonage, the work was completed in the spring of 1972 and 
dedication held July 30, 1972. 



107 



In 1972 the sanctuary was air-conditioned and the following year tl 
educational building was air-conditioned. In 1972 the members of tljp' 
Adult Choir purchased an organ for the sanctuary. 

The first pastor of the church was the Rev. Alexander Eubank, 
outstanding educator. He was born in 1826 in King and Queen Couni 
and was educated at Richmond College and the University of Virginia. 

He taught school for four years in Charlottesville, two years at B 
Island and for nearly 40 years operated Sunnyside Academy at h 
home "Sunnyside" on the Dickerson Mill Road just southwest of Sig 
Rock. 

He was married to Miss Emma Dickinson of Charlottesville and wj 
pastor of over a dozen churches in the Strawberry Association. He die; 
July 18, 1903, at his home, "Sunnyside", in Bedford County. 



FOREST BAPTIST CHURCH 




Forest Baptist Church dates its beginning in 1893 but its building was| 
not erected until 1900. 

Prior to the erection of the church building, services were held in anj 
old mill building which was later used as a cannery. 

On October 2, 1899, a deed was recorded between Ned and Victoria] 
Scott and the trustees of the church, Robert H. May, Charles H. Callahan 
and Chesley McVey. The sum of $125 was paid for the lot and work 
was begun on the new church with the Rev. Joseph M. Street, pastor, 
assisting with the erection. The new building was dedicated in Decem- 
ber, 1900. 

The first marriage ceremony in the church was on January 22, 1902, 
uniting Miss Mattie Lou Tinsley and Frank L. Gordon. 



108 



c 'Jiring the pastorate of the Rev. M. W. Bloxom the church parsonage 

■>< I built. 

lalizing the need for Sunday School rooms, in 1947 the church 
d to build the rooms beneath the church and a building committee 

oar .-named with T. H. Nester chairman. Houston B. Campbell made a 
of the brick and sand for the church. 

:j : i May 29, 1949, the church observed homecoming and dedication day 
the dedication sermon by the Rev. Edgar P. Roberson of Huddleston. 



GLADE CREEK BAPTIST CHURCH 




Irlade Creek Baptist Church, located in Blue Ridge on the Webster 

id, is one of the oldest churches in Botetourt County being originally 

(janized in 1829. 

\\\i one time it was a log cabin near the present site but relocated 

I a building period. During the War Between the States it was used 

l t a hospital as Union forces retreating west after an engagement in 

, Lynchburg area. 

I 'he old building, a landmark in the community, was built of sand 

: ck. It served as a union church for the Baptist, Brethren, Lutheran 

; 1 Methodist denominations but now is owned by the Baptist de- 

nination. 
*?here was a reorganization of the church in 1939 after some members 

t the association to become independent. It was during this period 
! >39-1951) that Old Glade Creek Baptist Church also held membership 

the Strawberry Association. 

jlade Creek Church was admitted to the Strawberry Association the 
-ir it was organized (1829) and withdrew in 1841 in the formation of 

i Valley Association. It returned in 1843 to the Strawberry Association 



109 



and remained until 1971 when it joined the Roanoke Valley Associat 
but was readmitted to the Strawberry Association in 1973. 

In the 1939-1945 period five Sunday School rooms were built in 
basement of the original building which gave the church 12 rooms 
this department. 

On May 16, 1971, a groundbreaking service was held for a r, 
sanctuary and on April 2, 1972, this addition was opened for worship. 



HUNTING CREEK BAPTIST CHURCH 




No complete history of Hunting Creek Baptist Church, south of El 
Island, can be prepared as many of the church records have been lost I 
destroyed. 

As a result of a call from Suck Spring Baptist Church in 1828 til 
Hunting Creek Church was organized in 1832. It was not until 181 
that a deed was recorded conveying property on which a log buildii 
was located. The deed reads "From Poindexter W. Mosby and Nanc 
his wife, to Howard Major, John Turpin and Moses Snead, Trustee 
for use of Presbyterian, Baptist, Episcopalian, and Methodist, approx 
mately ten acres on which building at time of purchase." The dee 
refers to the building as the Hunting Creek Meeting House. Negroi 
used the building until they formed their own church nearby. In 18" 
the first Sunday School was started. In 1899 the Woman's Missionar 
Society began. Sometime before 1921-25 a frame building replaced tl 
log building. In 1921-25, during the pastorate of the Rev. R. E. Browi 
Sunday School rooms were added to the frame building. 

The centennial celebration of the church was held in September, 193; 



110 



n April, 1946, a decision was made to construct a new building. The 
tiding still being used as the sanctuary was accepted by the church on 
cember 2, 1951, and dedicated May 18, 1952. 

The Rev. Woodrow W. Neal .became the first full-time pastor in May, 
>8. Previously the church was in a field with Big Island Baptist 
urch. 

.n the summer of 1958 a pastorium, across Route 501 from the church, 
.s erected and dedicated August 3 of that year. In January, 1961, 
>und was broken for an educational building and this was dedicated 

{ Member 2, 1962. 
.n July, 1963, the Rev. James T. Campbell accepted a call to become 

j stor of the church. Within five years a $23,000 debt had been retired, 
|» sanctuary renovated, carpet installed, additional land purchased, 
jrch lawn landscaped, parking area paved, new organ and piano 
rchased and other improvements made to the church property, 
[n 1972 the church sanctuary was renovated by the addition of stained 
iss windows, air conditioning and repainting. 

One member of the church was called to the ministry, Robert L. Cam- 
n. Although retired for several years, he was recently honored by the 
jrch for over 50 years service in the ministry. 



MENTOW BAPTIST CHURCH 




3 The history of Mentow Baptist Church near Huddleston dates to June 
, 1900, when land was deeded to the church by Victor W. Nichols, his 
r fe, Callie R. Nichols, and Miss Alcora L. Nichols. 



Ill 



The deed was for one acre and the original trustees were Robert ( 
Mitchell, William I. Fuqua and W. J. Johnson. 

While the meeting house was being built, services were held in t 
new public school, across the road from the church site, and in f 
grove where the church was built. 

The church received its name from the Mentow post office located 
what is called Woodford's Corner and was named in the summer of 190 

On July 3, 1901, 13 interested individuals, all members of Bethlehe 
Baptist Church, met in the Mentow school house for the purpose 
organizing a church. The church building was completed at the ti 
the church was organized, with the exception of benches hence 
organization being in the school house. 

The 13 charter members were three men and ten women, William 
Fuqua, Victor W. Nichols, J. P. Walton, Mrs. Virgie Fuqua, Miss Alco 
Nichols, Miss Bessie Nichols, Mrs. Callie Nichols, Miss Mabel Nichol 
Mrs. Lelia Overstreet, Mrs. M. M. Shipp, Miss Hattie Tolley, Miss Jenni 
Walton and Mrs. Lula Walton. 

At the organization meeting William I. Fuqua and J. P. Walton wer 
elected deacons and Victor W. Nichols elected clerk. 

A Sunday School was organized March 23, 1902, and a Ladies Missio 
ary Society organized in March, 1910. 

Three ordination services have been held at the church. Henry L 
Thomas was ordained April 24, 1917, T. Edison Goad in June, 1921, anc' 
Herman C. Inge in February, 1939. 

The latter part of 1952 plans became final for building a new churcl 
and in January, 1953, a groundbreaking service was held for the nev 
church. Participating were three charter members, Mrs. William Lacy 
Mrs. B. B. Fuqua and Mrs. Victor W. Nichols. Speaker for the service 
was C. Shields Jackson of Bedford. 

In June, 1953, there was a cornerstone laying service with the Rev 
Herbert R. Carlton of Lynchburg speaker. The box used in the corner 
stone was part of the cornerstone box for the Bedford court house 
which had been saved by Gilbert E. Woodford, contractor for the churcl 
building. 

The new building was dedicated May 30, 1954, with the Rev. Rolen C 
Bailey and Dr. Wade H. Bryant of Roanoke speakers. The first servicd 
in the new building was December 6, 1953, with the wedding of Miss 
Betty Josephine Howell and Herbert Hoover Thomas taking place on 
December 19. 

In 1966 the church began construction on a pastorium on land given by 
Burks Nichols and Harold Howell. The parsonage was completed in 
January, 1967, and dedicated May 17, 1970. 

In September, 1974, the church voted to proceed with the first of a 
two-phase building program, the first phase consisting of the addition 
of a vestibule and tower, air conditioning of the sanctuary and complete 
renovation of the sanctuary. Work began on this in February, 1975, with 
the first service in the new sanctuary August 17, 1975. Dedication serv- 
ices were held September 7, 1975. 



112 



MORGANS BAPTIST CHURCH 




The oldest Baptist church in continuous existence in Bedford County- 
Morgans Baptist Church north of Moneta and was organized in 1771. 
In May, 1771, the Rev. Nathaniel Shrewsbury and his brother, Samuel 
irewsbury, constituted the church and for 27 years Nathaniel Shrews- 
iry served as its pastor. He was born in 1739 in Hanover County and 
jne to Bedford County in 1766. In 1798 he moved to Adair County, 
y., and died in 1825. 

For several years there was an interchange of names between Goose 
reek and Morgans until the church settled on the name Goose Creek 
nd it remained as such until April, 1881, when the church adopted the 
)ime Morgans. 

The first building site, known as Turner's Meeting House according 

Hi best data available, was located one mile above Davis Mills on the 

^rth side of Goose Creek. Then there is record of the church meeting 

i<T the first time in Morgans Meeting House which must have been built 

«i the fall of 1789 as the first meeting in it was held in January, 1790. 

ne third building was located about one mile west of Stone Mountain. 

this building burned and another of hewn logs was erected on the 

iime site. A new house of worship, the fifth building, was built prior 

i November, 1882, for records of this date state ". . . we met for the 

rst time in our new house . . . .". This building burned the night of 

tecember 16, 1923. After considerable discussion and dissension a new 

1 .aiding was erected on this site and the first service in the building 

yas January 3, 1925. In renovated form this building is the present 

■ inctuary of the church. However, the following additions have been 

iade: Sunday School rooms on each side and on April 1, 1939, the 

.aiding committee reported the indebtedness paid; the rear Sunday 

:hool rooms with basement and baptistry were added in 1940: on 

ugust 24, 1958, a groundbreaking was held for construction of the 



113 



vestibule, this was dedicated July 8, 1959; on Februray 21, 1965, t 
church adopted a dual program looking forward to its bicentennial pj 
gram, first the erection of the second unit of the Sunday School buildi 
and second the renovation of the church sanctuary. On December 
1967, this last addition was dedicated and on February 7, 1971, a nc 
burning service was held. 

During the more than two centuries of its history Morgans Bapt 
Church has been blessed by many devoted, dedicated and consecra 
pastors. It is remarkable that in the 200-plus years of existence the "- 
have been but 32 pastorates including two who served interim pastorat; % 
Furthermore five pastors have ministered in a second pastorate 
another in a third pastorate. 

In the November, 1831 church meeting it was agreed to observe t 
last day of the year as a day of Thanksgiving to God. December 
1831 "The last day of this notable year was set apart a day of fasti: 
and prayer to Almighty God, for the great blessing He had bestow 
and was still bestowing on them." By the end of the year 88 w 
received by baptism, four by letter, and eight were dismissed. To 
membership now stood at 200. 

During the life of this church there have been times of triumph a 
victory as well as times of adversity and defeat. In its two centuri] 
of existence the church has experienced nearly everything that c; 
happen in the life of a church. We need not go into detail with m 
of these experiences, but there is one that we can call "THE GRE 
PROBLEM," which came to a head in 1841. This was a problem, r§ 
only of this church, but also throughout many of the Baptist church 
of Virginia and other states. It centered on the question of wheth 
the church should have a paid ministry and whether the church shou 
engage in missionary activity. 

Under date of May 1, 1841, the church minutes reveal that "we co 
to the conclusion that there is a minority in the church that can ij 
longer bear with the majority in pastoral support, in giving to the caua 
of the spread of the Bible in our land, of sending salaried preachers n 
destitute parts to preach the Gospel, or in any way the giving of mone 

to benevolent institutions of the day This feeling was so intens 

as to destroy all communion for seven years." Then in October, 184: 
the following motion was agreed to — "that all who wished to witl 
draw should make it known by rising to their feet." Four did so a 
that time and at a later meeting three others joined the minority. 

In August, 1869, the colored members presented a request for thei 
church letters. The next month the following resolution was adopted 
"Whereas the colored members of our church have for some tim 
absented themselves from our meetings, and manifested a desire t< 
be organized and worship by themselves, and have made known $ 
this effect through one of their number, therefore, be it resolved: Tha; 
we do this day give them full privilege to withdraw from us, and d< 
therefore no longer consider them as being our watch care, as member; 
of this church, and no longer hold ourselves responsible for their pro 
ceedings — or the preaching of Monroe Burroughs, who was chargec 



114 



i being drunk. But are willing to give them advice and help them 
way we can, should they desire to apply for it." 
11 J ihe church plant is one of the finest and complete of the rural churches 
°* (Strawberry Baptist Association. Across the expanse to the north 
'famous Peaks of Otter stand in prominent sight. A modern parson- 
is situated on the church grounds to the east of the church. A 
jl-kept church cemetery lies to the west of the church which provides 
I ioetual care for the members of the church and community who are 
lied therein. The church is exceedingly fortunate to have such an 
squate church plant in beautiful and well-kept grounds. 



MOUNT HERMON BAPTIST CHURCH 




Ho source has revealed the month or the day on which Mount Hermon 
ootist Church near Cifax was established but records show that it was 
anized in 1787. 

t is regarded as having been planted by the Rev. Jeremiah Hatcher 
o was pastor of the church in 1831. Mr. Hatcher was the grand- 
tier of Jeremiah B. Jeter and William E. Hatcher, two who entered 

It ministry from Mount Hermon Church. 

inhere is no record of the number of members until 1821 when there 
re 104. The organization had no building in its early days but met 
und in the homes of the members on the last Saturday of each month. 

pn 1804 strict rules of decorum were passed and in May, 1805, the 

p irch voted to erect a building which was known for many years as 

Etcher's Meeting House. The next year it was moved and repaired 

li the body was recognized by the association. 

nn 1809 two men had been licensed to preach and were ordained, 
och W. Terry and Edmund Jennings. Since then the following have 



115 



been ordained entering the ministry from Mt. Hermon Church, Di 
P. Witt, Jeremiah B. Jeter, William L. Hatcher, Francis M. Baj 
Chastain C. Meador, Harvey Hatcher, Hilary Hatcher, William E. Hat 
G. D. Falls and O. B. Falls. 

As far as records of the church show the first regular pastor, Ge 
Rucker, was elected in January, 1809, and served two years. 1 
was no regular treasurer until Julius Hatcher was elected in 18 

By far the most interesting history of the church was in regar, 
discipline, which was administered very freely and very strictly 
members irrespective of their position in the church or community. 

From March, 1833, to May, 1834, the church split into two divis 
because one group did not approve of the disciplinary measures, 
new church was known as North Fork of Otter Baptist Church bee, 
it met in a schoolhouse of that name. During the 14 months of 
split the association was called to discuss the differences; each side 
forced to acknowledge its wrong and the split was healed. From 
time, 1834, they took the name of Mount Hermon after a meeting h< 
of that name but the first business done under the official nam 
Mount Hermon was not recorded until 1836. After the split William I 
wich was called as pastor for 12 months at a salary of $40 per ye£ 

On October 29, 1849, William E. Hatcher was received for bap 
and five years later a letter of recommendation to an institutior 
learning was given to him and his brother, Harvey Hatcher, to s 
for the ministry. In 1857 a presbytery consisting of George W. 
wich, A. Staley and Alexander Eubank met and ordained Willia: 
Hatcher. 

At the same time that William E. Hatcher was ordained ChastairB 
Meador asked the church to grant him the privilege of exercising 1 
gift in prayer and exhortation and it was granted. In 1853 a commil 
was appointed to collect money for his education. The next yearB 
was lettered out to go to study at George Washington University* 
Washington, D. C. While a student there he founded what is now Fl 
Baptist Church and was its pastor for 47 years. 

The first Sunday School was started in 1854, the first revival meel 
recorded at the church was in 1854. 

In 1860 William E. Hatcher was called as pastor at the salary of m 
per year but declined. 

In 1862 Walker B. Freeman was received into the church and left 1 
military service in the War Between the States. In 1869 he was eleel 
church clerk. Sometime later he raised money for an organ but I 
church members would not permit him to install it. He beeamil 
businessman in Lynchburg and was the father of Dr. Douglas SoutlJ 1 
Freeman, newspaperman and historian. 

At times the Negro membership was almost equal to that of 
whites and in 1864 a resolution was passed to allow the Negro memt 
to form an independent church, having the right to elect their ol 
pastor and other officers but amenable to Mount Hermon Church. Ai; 
several months this action was rescinded but in 1866 the Negro me 
bers were given permission to withdraw in a body and from this wi 
drawal Otterville Baptist Church was formed. 

116 



H Reuben B. Boatwright, father of Dr. Frederic W. Boatwright, long a 
deader of the Univerity of Richmond, was elected pastor in 1889 and 
Served until 1894. 

The church took an important step in 1895 when it voted to help 
GUiend Miss Edmonia Sale as a missionary to China. The records show 
-hat money was collected quite often for this cause. 

'' " The only Bedford County native to serve as president of the Woman's 
' J Missionary Union of Virginia was Mrs. Ada Hatcher Hancock, a great- 
't p-anddaughter of the Rev. Jeremiah Jeter. She was born January 26, 
1900, on Jeter Hill in Bedford, daughter of Armistead C. and Ida Bur- 
roughs Hatcher. Her grandfather, Jeremiah Gibson Hatcher, was a 
c'irst cousin of William E. Hatcher and Jeremiah B. Jeter. She was a 
graduate of Bedford High School and attended Radford College and the 
Jniversity of Virginia. She taught school in Bedford. On September 2, 
•1933, she married Ollie C. Hancock of Bedford County and has resided in 
Roanoke since then. She was state Woman's Missionary Union presi- 
dent from 1956-1964. 

M 



MOUNT OLIVET BAPTIST CHURCH 




Mount Olivet Baptist Church, located just west of Route 122 at Bunker 
Hill, dates its organization in 1831 when Difficult Creek (now Quaker) 
i Baptist Church was to constitute a church at that location. 

The 1832 minutes reported a church was constituted, known at first 
'as Bunker Hill Baptist Church, with 28 members. 

' On May 22, 1832, William B. Leftwich, Jr., and his wife, Sarah, deeded 

' a tract of land on the north side of the road from Bunker Hill to Goggin's 

Mill on Goose Creek, adjoining the land of Thomas Mead and William 



117 



B. Leftwich, Jr., containing one acre to William L. Walker and otl 
trustees to be used in establishing a church. 

In the deed it was stipulated that the meeting house to be built wouh 
be accessible to four denominations, Baptist, Episcopalian, Method!' 
and Presbyterian. A board of trustees was appointed, charged wi 
equal distribution of time to the four denominations and no denominatio 
was to use it more than seven days in succession. 

Little is known of the early history of any of the four denomination 
however, the Episcopalian and Presbyterian denominations have n 
been active for many years. The Baptist and Methodist denominatioi 
continued to share the original building until 1951. 

At the 1846 session of the Strawberry Association the church w: 
first reported as Mount Olivet Baptist Church. 

In 1876, the centennial year for the Strawberry Association, Mour 
Olivet Church was host to that session. At this session the Rev. C. 
Bitting, former pastor of First Baptist Church in Lynchburg, delivered a 
address on the first hundred years of the association, this later beini 
published in book form. 

The moderator of the centennial session was the Rev. William H 
Montgomery, pastor of First Baptist Church in Lynchburg. He wa 
active in the state- wide unification in 1874 of Baptists in Tennessee 
with the formation of the Tennessee Baptist Convention of which he wa 
president in 1881. In 1881 he led the unification of Carson College an*j 
Newman College in Jefferson City, Tenn., and became first presiden; 
of Carson-Newman College. 

An old roll book with minutes shows a Mission Society at the churcl 
as early as 1891. There were 25 members, both men and women, listen 
in 1891. Money collected was given to mission endeavors, meeting^ 
were on Saturday proceeding the third Sunday each month and offering'.'? 
ranged from 65 cents to $4.86. 

The first known Woman's Missionary Society was organized in 191(1 
with Mrs. M. L. Overstreet as president. On July 12, 1933, a group o 1 
ladies of the Mob Creek community met at the home of Mrs. Walte 
Turner and organized a circle with Mrs. S. W. Gray and Mrs. Fran! 
Huddleston assisting in the organization. 

There has never been a time since the 1920's that the church did no 
have active mission organizations and in 1948 the Young Women';, 
Auxiliary received national recognition because of their accomplishments 

The ravages of time had made major repairs to the building necessary 
for safety and comfort. By 1947 it became evident that it was becoming 
more difficult for the Baptist and Methodist denominations to function 
progressively in the same building. The deacons of the Baptist dev 
nomination on December 4, 1947, drew up resolutions that it would not 
be wise to repair the old church and to further recommend that the 
Baptists build a new structure. 

At a business session December 12, 1947, the church in a called business 
meeting adopted the recommendations of the deacons and on March 29, 
1948, at a regular business meeting voted to build a new church naming 
the building committee of Mrs. Fred Turner, C. Aubrey Saunders, Frank 
Wright, Grady L Nichols and Robert Johnson. On July 1, 1948, the 

118 



Ml Mount Olivet school lot was purchased for $750 as a site for Mount 

vet Baptist Church. 
(t. ijtn the early spring of 1950 various committees were appointed and 
^istruction begun on the modern cinderblock brick-cased structure with 

ucational facilities. Due to a great amount of labor donated, the 

ilding valued at $50,000 was erected for a cash cost of $25,000 showing 

; great efforts put forth by members, old and young, men and women, 
];,( bring the church to reality. 

^The new church was dedicated October 7, 1951, with 1,000 people in 
< .endance. As the church was without a pastor at this date C. Aubrey 

unders, chairman of the deacons, presided over the dedicatory services. 

ijie dedicatory sermon was delivered by the Rev. Robert L. Randolph 
Lynchburg. 
I Soon after moving into the new church it became evident that a 

storium was needed. A lot was purchased from Fuqua Nance, directly 
- ross from the church, for $600 which Mr. Nance later donated to the 

urch. An all-day service was held June 26, 1955, for the dedication 
; the pastorium. The Rev. and Mrs. Grady C. Dickens were the first 
I mily to occupy the pastorium. 

During the illness of the Rev. Norman A. Hicks and the Rev. Robert E. 

lompson the church was served by Dr. and Mrs. Harry P. Clause and 
Le Rev. George E. Reynolds. 

•The cemetery land was a gift to the church by Mrs. Norma Fuqua. 

During 1973 a lighting system was installed in the church and both 

e church and pastorium were air-conditioned. 

yThe evening of October 30, 1973, the Rev. Robert E. Thompson, pastor, 
3 is on the program of the Strawberry Association meeting at Timber 

dge Church when he suffered a heart attack and died later in the 
' ening in the Bedford hospital. 

Five have entered the ministry from Mount Olivet Church, William 
, iley Fuqua, John L. Lawless, Samuel H. Dooley, John B. Thurman 
jid Rucker T. Burnette. 

The Rev. William W. Fuqua was to become the first principal of Oak 

ill Academy at Mouth of Wilson in Grayson County. 

He was born August 15, 1850, in Bedford County, a son of Martin L. 

id Martha Early Fuqua. From 1872-1874 he attended Richmond College 
3 iOw the University of Richmond) and in 1878 went to Grayson County 
become principal of the Baptist school that had opened that year. 

He was married January 8, 1879, in Fluvanna County to Miss Cornelia 
"itherine Leftwich. His wife was born in 1850 in Bedford County, a 
hughter of the Rev. James C. and Ann Bilbro Leftwich. She died in 
( ?dford County and is buried in the Leftwich family cemetery near 
-inker Hill. 

iMr. Fuqua died unexpectedly September 9, 1879, in Grayson County 
'id is buried in the Leftwich (Gills) family cemetery near Bunker Hill. 

After the death of Mr. Fuqua, his widow, on September 19, 1885, in 
;xlford County, married Dr. John T. Kincanon. 



119 



MOUNT ZION BAPTIST CHURCH 



The earliest records for Mount Zion Baptist Church, on the knoll ab 
Goose Creek on Route 460 east of Montvale, dates to 1824. 

As Head of Goose Creek Baptist Church it was admitted to the Str 
berry Baptist Association in 1824 so there was an organization at 1<| 
that year. 

It is thought to be on or near the location of Upper Goose Cijii 
Meeting of the Society of Friends (Quakers) which existed in that all 
in the period that Bedford County was formed in 1754. It has ba 
established that Lower Goose Creek Meeting of the Society of Friend* 
the present site of Quaker (formerly Difficult Creek) Baptist ChurclJi 

The deed to the site for the church was not made until 1858 and* 
this deed is reference to a building on the land. The land was boul 
for $40 from Thompson Layne and his wife. Named as trustees of m 
church were Pascal Buford, Nicholas Pearcy, Alexander Price M 
Robert Campbell. In the beginning the site was deeded to the Baput, 
Episcopal, Methodist and Presbyterian denominations to be used alir- 
nately for public worship. 

There have been three additions to the church, Sunday School rocis 
to the rear, a vestibule with a Sunday School room on each side ami 
fellowship hall with bathroom facilities to the rear. 



the beginning, worship was held once a month and Sunday School 
ie summer. The church has been associated with other area churches 
lelds and is now fulltime. 

iiree have been ordained to the ministry at the church and one of 
ie became the second missionary sent out by the Foreign Mission 
j rd of the Southern Baptist Convention. 

j;Borge Pearcy was born June 23, 1813, to Nicholas and Rebecca Hardy 

■jjrcy at their home on Goose Creek near Montvale. Nicholas Pearcy 

been the first clerk of Beaverdam Baptist Church when it was 

inized in 1803, and in 1824 when Head of Goose Creek (Mount Zion) 

tist Church was organized he was one of the first trustees. Nicholas 

rcy was born in 1780 and died November 3, 1854. 

eorge Pearcy had his education in the "old field" school near his 
ie and in 1836 entered Columbian College (now George Washington 
versity) in Washington, D. C, where he received his Bachelor of Arts 
ree in 1842. Shortly after graduation he returned to Southwest 
jinia and accepted the position of first tutor in the male department 
Botetourt Male and Female Academy (now HoDins College) in 
stourt (now Roanoke) County and continued there a number of years. 
ear the academy Baptists from Big Lick (now Roanoke) and Tinker 
ek worshipped in Tinker Creek Church and this was the church that 
aested George Pearcy's ordination. The service took place October 
1845, at Mount Zion Church. 

n November 3, 1845, he was appointed the second missionary of the 
rly organized Foreign Mission Board, four months after the meeting 
\ugusta, Ga. He was appointed to China while a student at Virginia 
>tist Seminary (later Richmond College) and took classes at Richmond 
iical College (now the Medical College of Virginia). 

|>n May 30, 1846, he married Miss Frances Patrick Miller, daughter of 
nuel and Frances Elizabeth Patrick Miller. Mr. Miller had taught at 
v London Academy in Bedford County, was principal of Woodburn 
ulssical School and they made their home at "Cedar Forest" in north- 
! t Pittsylvania County near Long Island. 

an October, 1846, the Pearcy's arrived in Canton, China. They arrived 
jsl:k in Virginia in May, 1855, after nine years in Canton and Shanghai. 

ifter a visit with relatives they accepted an invitation to visit Botetourt 
I ings (now Hollins College) for a period of recuperation. 
t n May, 1860, they were appointed to work with the Chinese in Cali- 
rnia but events leading up to the War Between the States thwarted 
fir plans. For some years they resided in Powhatan County and he 
fveled throughout the state as a special agent for the Foreign Mission 
rard. As the war approached he took his family to "Cedar Forest" in 
ftsylvania County where he died July 24. 1871, and is buried on the 
| ntation there. Mrs. Pearcy died December 12, 1903. Their son, John, 
f :ame a Baptist minister and their daughter, Frances, married Rev. 
ril Mercer, a Baptist minister. 

George P. Luck was born December 29, 1817, a son of John P. Luck 

I Botetourt County who married Mrs. McGee Calhoun of 

'inklin County. He was educated at New London Academy and 

aght a farm in Goose Creek Valley. He was ordained in 1859 or 1860 

121 



at Mount Zion Church and pastored pastorless churches. He organ 
Big Spring Baptist Church at Shawsville, built the meeting house 
Mountain View Baptist Church near Montvale, served at Back Ci 
and Jennings Creek in Botetourt County and was a trustee of Hoi 
Institute (now Hollins College). He married Miss Nannie Luck of M< 
vale. One of their sons entered the ministry from Mount Zion Chu 
and another from Walnut Grove Baptist Church. He died October 7, 1 
Julian M. Luck was born in 1847 and was ordained June 12, 1875 
Mount Zion Church. He was educated at Richmond College and 
Southern Baptist Theological Seminary from 1873-1875 when it 
located at Greenville, S. C. He taught a Sunday School at the sll 
penitentiary in Richmond and was a state missionary in Pulaski id 
Montgomery Counties. His pastorates were in Botetourt, Halifax 
Albemarle Counties and he died December 18, 1929. 



MOUNTAIN VIEW BAPTIST CHURCH 




Mountain View Baptist Church is located atop Porter's Mountai 
southwest of Montvale. 

As to the organization of the church the minutes record "A compar 
of baptized believers in Jesus Christ called for a meeting at Mountai 
View Mission Station to convene December 10, 1891, at 11 A.M. to inquiu 
into the feasability of organizing a Missionary Baptist Church at th;j 
place, at the above mentioned time and place, By invitation Rev 
J. A. Davis, G. Wheeler and J. P. Luck met in council. Thirty-thre 
persons with letters from neighboring Missionary Baptist Church* 
made known their intentions to organize a church of like faith and orde 



122 



jut, that place. The same producing letters of dismission, showing that 
u^ey were in full fellowship and good standing in the churches from 
C^iich they came. 

Hc|;After examination by the council, respecting the word of God, its 
i;,uth and doctrine therein taught, and this being satisfactory and in 
:h ery way in harmony with the faith and practice of the Missionary 
i iptist they were deemed fit, by the council, to be organized into a 
jugular Missionary Baptist Church to be known as the Mountain View 
;tj issionary Baptist Church. The discipline by which this church shall 
> . .. governed is that which is found in the New Testament respecting 
;: e government of Christian Churches." 

i In 1892 one half acre of land was donated by M. M. Giles and the 
j I urch was built. The next year this building was dedicated to the 
e of four denominations, Baptist, Brethren, Methodist and Presbyterian. 
3 far as is known the Baptists have been the only organized denomi- 
ition but the other three denominations have held services at the church. 
The Articles of Faith, rules of order and church covenant furnished 
r the Rev. Robert R. Lunsford were approved by the church on April 
, 1893. 

In the 1920's one of the pastors was a nationally-known leader in 
e prohibition movement, the Rev. Thomas E. Boorde. 
He was born August 16, 1876, in Uniontown, Penn., and educated at 
imenville Soldiers Orphan School in Jumenville, Fayette County, 
;nna., Western Pennsylvania Classical and Scientific Institute in Mt. 
easant, Penn. (later merged with Bucknell University in Lewisburg, 
;nn.), and the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in Louisville, Ky. 
He taught school for three years in the Pennsylvania coal regions and 

ias ordained in 1902. He served pastorates, was a colporter and evange- 
st in Pennsylvania. In 1916 he came to Virginia to serve as a Y.M.C.A. 
jorker in the Hampton Roads area and in 1919 was an evangelist for 
l<e Virginia Baptist Board of Missions and Education, 
r After his pastorate in the Strawberry Association he went to Virginia 
: Teach where he held two pastorates, leaving for Washington, D. C, in 
|g>27. In the nation's capital he served Temple Church and did evangelistic 
STork developing East Riverdale and Wilson Avenue Baptist Churches. 
like was pastor of Anacostia Baptist Church in Washington, D. C. (now 
j$.rst Baptist Church of Friendly in Oxon Hill, Md.) from 1937 until his 
iij^tirement in 1949. 

!| In 1946 he was a candidate for the U. S. Senate from Virginia on the 
Irohibition Party ticket. A strong prohibitionist, he served as national 

easurer of the Prohibition Party and as a member of its national 

wnmittee. 

While serving the Bedford County pastorates Mr. Boorde was cited 
Iff contempt of court because he spoke his mind about a judge who 

resided over liquor cases in which his sons represented the defendants, 
'he decision in this case was appealed and his conviction was affirmed 
. j the Virginia State Supreme Court in 1922. 

He formerly lived in Arlington but in 1954 he and his wife moved to 

»e Masonic and Eastern Star Home in Washington, D. C, where he 

ied May 19, 1956. Burial was in Cedar Hill Cemetery in Washington, 

• C 

£ 

123 



In 1947, 33 members of the church, at their own request, were grant! 
letters of dismission to organize Montvale Baptist Church. ' 

The first homecoming of the church was held September 26, 1948, a, 
when Mountain View School was closed the church purchased the schc 
lot. In 1949-1950 the building was remodeled and four Sunday Scho 
rooms built. . 

The first Vacation Bible School was held in 1949. In 1959 D. 
Williamson purchased a plot adjoining the cemetery and presented it 
the church. 

In 1966 the church voted to become a half-time church with one worsh 
service each Sunday. 



NINEVAH BAPTIST CHURCH 




Ninevah Baptist Church, in Franklin County on the south side of th 
Roanoke (Staunton) River near Hardy, dates its organization in 1898. 

The land for the church was deeded June 26, 1897, by Henry H. Kesle 
and his wife, A. E. Kesler. The church was organized the next yea 
with the Rev. James E. Poteet as the first pastor. 

In 1951 an addition was made for Sunday School rooms. In 1973 ther 
was another addition, six Sunday School rooms with a social hall an( 
kitchen, with the dedication held September 9. 



NORTH BEDFORD BAPTIST CHURCH 

The history of North Bedford Baptist Church north of Forest date: 
its origin to November 11, 1880, as Ivy Chapel. 

The records read "Pursuant to appointment Brother W. R. L. Smitl 
baptized the following persons: Mrs. Waller J. Rucker, Mrs. Sally Web 



124 



I Waller J. Rucker, James E. Webber, Henry S. Crank, William P. 
| ber, Thomas Crank, John W. Howard. After the baptism Brother 
Ljj organized the above named persons into a Baptist church. Brother 
, .er and Brother John A. Howard were ordained deacons and Brother 
Ljt A. Howard was elected clerk. Then on Saturday before the third 
lay in November Brothers Jesse N. Millner and E. B. Millner were 




ived into the church by letter from Cove Baptist Church. The 
xh then called Brother John Fizer as pastor for the ensuing year. 
church agreed to pay him a salary of $30." 

y Chapel was received into the Strawberry Association in 1881 and 
he statistics each year it is listed as Ivy Creek thus it must have 
rially been Ivy Creek Baptist Church. 

le Rev. John R. Fizer, who entered the ministry from Bedford Baptist 
rch, was ordained November 19, 1881, into the ministry. 
le church for sometime was part of a field composed of Big Island, 
iting Creek and Mount Hermon churches. 

ae second pastor of the church was the Rev. Reuben B. Boatwright. 
Boatwright was born January 23, 1831, in Buckingham County, a 
of Reuben B. and Mary Bryant Boatwright. He was educated at 
imond College and the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in 
snville, S. C. He served as pastor of several Bedford County churches 
veil as in Marion and Bristol. He was married September 5, 1865, 
Axss Maria Elizabeth Woodruff of Cumberland. He died April 19, 
; , and is buried in Buckingham County. 

e was the father of Dr. Frederic W. Boatwright, president (1894- 
i) and chancellor (1946-1951) of Richmond College and president 
■8-1939) of the Baptist General Association of Virginia. 



125 



On October 15, 1892, the church met for the purpose of making arrar 
ments for building a new house of worship. J. H. Austin and wk 
Rucker were named a committee to purchase a lot and shortly thereat 
purchased one acre of land from Robert McDaniel for $15.00. The buildjji 
committee was composed of J. H. Austin, W. J. Rucker, J. N. Millu; 
A. C. Webber and S. A. Elliott. On May 20, 1893, it was reported ns 
of the building was completed and it would be called North Bedfy 
instead of Ivy Creek. Dedication services were held Sunday, Octobeil 
1893. | 

For a period then the church was part of a field of Inglewood i\ 
Royal Chapel churches; later it was in a field with Bethel, Oakdale ; 
Terrace View churches. 

In 1951 Raymond Gallaher was the contractor for the addition of thi 
Sunday School rooms at the back of the church. In 1965-1966 there v 
remodeling of exterior and interior parts of the church. Other impro 
ments were made to the church in 1968 and 1971. In 1970 the chu 
began a bus ministry with a station wagon. 



NORWOOD BAPTIST CHURCH 




About 1898 a group met in the Norwood community of Bedford Couiv 
to cut trees and clear land for the beginning of a new church. The k9 
were to be used as sills for the new building but since the people wei 
not able to build immediately they were used for seats and Sundrt 
School and worship services were held out in the open for about i> 
year. A school house nearby was used for seivices during bad weath: 

This church, then called Bethany, consisted of both Baptists ali 
Methodists. When the Methodists left to organize and build their churri 
they carried the name Bethany with them. 

On July 9, 1899, the Baptists met in their new building to organized 
Baptist Church. A deed dated August 22, 1894, records the sale of til 



126 



je by Kit Irvin to H. B. Massie, H. C. Coffee and W. W. May, trustees 
| the church. 

°Dr. F. C. McConnell of Lynchburg delivered the sermon at the organi- 
ftion meeting and was assisted in the organization by the Rev. C. J. 
"lompson and the Rev. Joseph M. Street. 

^Deacons of the church participating were R. A. Dearing, R. A. Free- 
man, R. H. May, M. L. Hatcher and George Fuqua. 
' 3 Dr. McConnell acted as moderator and letters requesting membership 

ere presented from G. M. Abbott, L. A. Pearman, Mrs. Mary Coffee, 
• iss Mary Coffee, Adolphus Coffee and Mrs. Belle Massie. Those 
1 liting with the church upon Christian experience were Mrs. M. S. Miller, 

rs. B. C. Hunter, Mrs. H. C. Coffee, T. S. Padgett, J. T. Leonard and 

r. and Mrs. J. T. Brizentine. 

f The articles of faith and church covenant of the First Baptist Church 
P Lynchburg were read and adopted and the name Norwood was chosen 
H<r the church. 

On July 30, 1899, the membership met to call a pastor and the names of 

ie Rev. Joseph M. Street and the Rev. James P. Luck were presented. 

r. Street received six votes, Mr. Luck five votes, so the church did 

3t make a final decision at this time. At a later meeting Mr. Street 

as called as the pastor. 

In the early 1950's the membership considered a building program. 

n January 14, 1956, the church received a report from the deacons 

commending a new building rather than an addition to the present 

lurch. 

Land for the church, on Route 221, was donated by Mr. and Mrs. Frank 
ige. In April, 1956, groundbreaking services were held. Cornerstone 
irvices were held in July being conducted by the Rev. William T. Vest 
rid Dr. H. Hansel Stembridge, Jr. In January, 1957, the first services 
r ere held in the new building. 



NEW PROSPECT BAPTIST CHURCH 

The history of New Prospect Baptist Church, north of Reba in the 
Hue Ridge Mountains, dates its beginning in 1854. 

At a meeting of the Strawberry Association on July 30, 1858, at Glade 
reek Baptist Church it was admitted to the association. 

When it was admitted to the association it had a membership of 64, 
he Rev. William Harris was pastor and James V. Cobbs was Sunday 
-chool superintendent and church clerk. Delegates from the church 
o the association in 1858 were the Rev. William Harris, J. H. Goff and 
'leasant Carter. 

A deed dated September 26, 1876, is perhaps the first record of the 
ite of the church. 

On this date John C. Hatcher and his wife, Rebecca, sold for five 
lollars one acre on Ewing's Creek to Samuel M. Overstreet, James V. 
^obbs and Patric Hatcher as trustees of the Baptist church worshipping 
it New Prospect Church. 

127 



In recent years there has been no worship service by a regular pasto 
of the church due to the decline in membership. 

Among its list of dedicated pastors was the Rev. James R. Harrison; 
a leader in Baptist educational efforts. He served as the third pasto 
of the church. 

Mr. Harrison was born in 1832 in Franklin County and educated a 
Halesford Academy in Franklin County. His parents were Irish Catholi 
and he was converted in a Presbyterian meeting. He was ordained ii 
1857 and held pastorates in Franklin County, Buchanan, Radford, St 
Joseph, Mo., Fulton and Immanuel Baptist Churches in Richmond, Blui 
Ridge and Mt. Pleasant Baptist Churches in Roanoke County, Enoi 
Baptist Church at Hollins, Amelia County, Stuart and a Bedford County 
field. 







He held meetings in Virginia, Maryland, North Carolina, West Virginia, 
Tennessee, Kentucky and Missouri and over 30,000 made confessions in 
these meetings. At a meeting he held at Clay Street Baptist Church in 
Richmond there were over 250 confessions. 

He was married March 26, 1861, to Miss Sarah Elizabeth Lunsford: 
(1831-August 19, 1890) and after her death married Miss Anna Captaine 
of Richmond. 

In the early 1890's he was sent to Glade Spring, in Washington County, 
by the State Mission Board at the request of two Baptist churches (Friend- 
ship and Greenfield) in that community to become their pastor. 

As he took up the new field he was as equally interested in founding 
a school for the higher education of young women. He launched 
movement for an election to vote on drinking in the town, which had-j 
six saloons; the prohibition ticket won and then his group ventured 
upon the educational project. 



128 



He persuaded 12 citizens to join him in underwriting the campaign, 
lese guarantors became the first trustees of the school when it opened, 
fine of the guarantors-trustees was the Rev. Reuben B. Boatwright, later 
[J ': minister in Bedford County. 

The school, at the intersection of the Tri-state Highway and the old 
'.altville road in Glade Spring, opened in 1884 under the name of South- 
vest Virginia Female Institute. The institution later bore the name 
.outhwest Virginia Institute, then for a short time (1889-1910) Virginia 
nstitute. 

1 In 1891 the school was moved to Bristol, Va., and in 1910, at the 
uggestion of S. W. Edmondson of the school faculty, the name was 
hanged to Virginia Intermont College. Mr. Edmondson chose the name 
ntermont from a community of the same name he came upon between 
Jig Stone Gap and Appalachia; it was suggested and officially adopted. 

The third president of the institution was Samuel D. Jones, son-in-law 
>f the Rev. Joseph R. Harrison, who served from 1889 until 1898 when 
Le resigned and moved to Atlanta, Ga. Mr. Harrison was a special agent 
or the institution during Mr. Jones administration. The Harrison-Jones 
Memorial Hall, the college's chapel-auditorium, was named in honor of 
he founder and his son-in-law president. 

Mr. Harrison died June 24, 1901, in Stuart and is buried in Hollywood 
Cemetery in Richmond. 



PALESTINE BAPTIST CHURCH 




Palestine Baptist Church, southwest of Huddleston, began its existence 
as Meadow Ridge School House, not as an organized church but as an 
arm of Moody Meeting House (now Staunton Baptist Church) near 
Anthony's Ford. 



129 



.-- 



According to minutes of Moody Meeting House for September 21, 18! 
". . . . consented to extend an arm of this church to Meadow Rid 
School house . , . .". The first meeting at Meadow Ridge School Hou 
located just east of the present church, was held October 2, 1850. T 
minutes of that meeting are "Meadow Ridge October 2, 1850. The chur, 
convened for the reception of members when Nancy Turner was i 
ceived by letter — also Lucy Page came forward and stated that she hj 
lost her letter but gave satisfaction and was received — adjourned." 

The church remained an arm of Staunton Baptist Church until 18 
when it became self-supporting. In the minutes of Staunton Chur 
the last reference of a meeting at Meadow Ridge was July 23, 18J 
On that date a list of members belonging to Meadow Ridge taken fro 
Moody Church (Staunton) was given, the list contained names of 
members. 

It was not until May 21, 1853, that the membership was constitute 
as a church. That date Richard Dowdy and Alexander L. Thurman we; 
ordained as deacons. The Rev. Abner Anthony, who had been pastor 
Staunton Church, was called as the first pastor. 

Mr. Anthony was born September 16, 1790, in Campbell County, 
son of the Rev. John Anthony, Jr., (1749-1825) a Revolutionary soldit 
from Hanover County, and Susanna Austin Anthony (1752/55 - befo] 
1825). The Rev. Abner Anthony married in 1822 Miss Elizabeth Ear] 
and in 1836 Miss Almyra Arthur of Big Island. A son, the Rev. Charl< 
L. Anthony (1837-1922), served as pastor of the church and a grandso 
A. Donald Anthony (1903- ) served as interim pastor of the churc 

In 1853 the church was admitted into the Strawberry Association. 

Services continued to be held at Meadow Ridge School House fc 
several years. In 1855 the church decided to purchase a plot of groun 
and erect its own building. A deed dated December 20, 1855, recorc 
the sale of a plot ,by John H. and Lucy C. Turner to W. W. Rees 
Charles W. Wood, J. R. Metts, Samuel G. Tinsley, Richard Dowdy, Joh 
H. Turner, E. C. Cundiff, Washington Hackworth, John Hall, Josia 
Turner and Alexander L. Thurman as trustees. 

In 1856 work was begun on the new church with Abe Krantz as fort 
man. No date is given for the completion of this building but it wa 
thought to be in the summer of 1857. On July 4, 1857, the name of th 
church was changed from Meadow Ridge to Palestine. 

Slight changes were made to the building in 1910 and in 1935 a com 
mittee composed of Perry D. Turner, J. O. Hackworth, W. H. Saunden 
Boyd Nichols, Frank J. Overstreet and Miss Reva Turner was appointe 
to investigate the advisability of building a new church. The churc] 
accepted their report and plans for a new church and on April 3, 193E 
the first service was held in this church. Dedication services were hel< 
May 29, 1938, with the Rev. Grover M. Turner of Danville as speaker. 

The basement was completed in 1947, the parsonage built in 1952. Thi 
educational building was constructed in 1963 with dedication service 
Sept 29, 1963, with the Rev. Robert C. Wells of Galax as speaker. 

The field of Mentow and Palestine churches was dissolved in 196 
with each church going full-time and the Rev. Joseph S. Stirman, Jr 
was the first full-time pastor. 

130 



dieorge G. Turner was ordained to the ministry in 1920 and later 
lived as pastor of the church. Jesse V. Ashwell was a member of the 
lurch 1911-1923 when he united with a Roanoke church and was 
Plained, later serving as interim pastor of the church. 
^eo Kendrick united with the church in 1928, later joined another 
lomination and was ordained into the ministry. 

tin 1974 the church licensed Melvin J. Harris to the ministry and he is 

'sently (1976) pastor of Halesford Baptist Church in Franklin County. 

ther L. Lemon, Jr., a deacon in the church, is presently (1976) interim 

;i;tor of Norwood Baptist Church in Bedford County. 

Jrover M. Turner was baptized into membership of the church in 

:)8 and was later ordained into the ministry. He was born January 29, 

)1, in Bedford County, a son of Thomas H. and Jennie Snow Turner. 

was educated at Hargrave Military Academy in Chatham, the Uni- 

: "sity of Richmond and the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary in 

'uisville, Ky. 

He was a teacher and coach at Hargrave Military Academy from 
19-1923 and his wife, Mrs. Daisy Moses Turner, was on the faculty at 
,]» academy 1920-1923. He was a pastor in Philippi, West, Va., from 
124-1936 when he became pastor of Lee Street Baptist Church in Dan- 
)ie. He was active in the organization of six churches in the Pittsyl- 
ijaia Baptist Association. 

•He left Danville in 1948 to become president of Oak Hill Academy at 
Wth of Wilson and was instrumental in many improvements to that 
ptist school which he served until his retirement in 1957. Turner 

i mnasium at the school is named in his honor. 
He was moderator of the New River Baptist Association in 1955-1956. 

f J K>n his retirement he returned to Danville and died December 15, 1958, 

r his home in that city. Burial was in Danville. 

The Rev. Robert C. Wells, who served as pastor of the church, was a 
aduate of Oak Hill Academy and taught there in 1940-1941. He was 
rn May 11, 1906, in Knoxville, Tenn., and after graduating from Oak 

: 11 Academy received the Bachelor of Arts degree from Carson-Newman 

■ liege in Jefferson City, Tenn., and also attended the New Orleans 

.'.'ptist Theological Seminary in New Orleans, La. 
He served Baptist churches in Virginia and Tennessee for 25 years 

! d was a teacher in the Virginia public school system for 22 years. He 
is clerk of the New River Baptist Association in 1944. 

. He married Miss Ruth Hash, daughter of the Rev. and Mrs. Walter A. 

Jish. Mr. Hash had been associated with the Buchanan Mission School 

: Council, Buchanan County, and was president of Oak Hill Academy 

"»m 1923-1948. 



PECKS BAPTIST CHURCH 

i The earliest record of Pecks Baptist Church, southeast of Bedford, is 
[ieed dated July 30, 1895, for two and one-third acres of land set aside 
the purpose of erecting a house of worship. 

131 



This deed was from William Turner, Thomas S. McGhee and C 
Rucker as trustees to W. H. Wright, P. A. Wade, R. D. Johnson, 
Gardner and A. C. Parker as trustees for the new church. 

Mr. Gardner and Mr. Parker, realizing the need for a place of woi 
were instrumental in organizing the church with 30 members as I 
charter membership. 

The church was named for Thomas M. Peck of Grand Rapids, MJ 
whom Mr. Gardner had met in 1888 in Gettysburg, Penn. From f 
friendship came support from Mr. Peck in the building of the new chi] 




Mr. Peck was a druggist and capitalist well-known for his deed 
charity. He was born Februray 16, 1834, in Newburgh, N. Y., an( 
1875 with a brother settled in Grand Rapids, Mich. In 1876 he op« 
a drug business in that city and was engaged in banking, industy I 
real estate. He was a liberal contributor to many charities but ml 
tained secrecy in his gifts. He was a member and trustee of Westmini 
Presbyterian Church in Grand Rapids, Mich. He traveled abroad I 
his art collection was one of the most extensive in the Middle 'Wl 
He died December 16, 1913, as a result of complications from a I 
several days earlier. The funeral services were conducted from 
residence with burial in Newburgh, N. Y. 

A Sunday School addition to the church was dedicated August 
1954, with the Rev. M. A. Cumby of Roanoke as speaker. 

In 1959 the church built additional Sunday School rooms and v<i 
to become full-time having been in a field with Quaker Baptist Chul 

In 1964 the church voted to build a parsonage. 

On July 6, 1975, the church dedicated its new building with the I 
Tearle P. Brown of Martinsburg, West, Va., as speaker. 



132 



PLEASANT VIEW BAPTIST CHURCH 




The history of Pleasant View Baptist Church on Route 221 near the 
Lynchburg city limits dates to a chapel built in 1875. 

Towards the end of the War Between the States a party of Confederate 
cavalry was doing scout duty in the Blue Ridge Mountains near Lynch- 
burg. A young Maryland soldier of Scotch descent, who like many 
another had survived hairbreadth escapades in the course of the four 
years, became separated from his companions. His horse stumbled 
and fell, the soldier's leg was broken, and he spent the night lost, alone, 
and helpless. The next morning a neighboring farmer, looking for 
, straying livestock, found the young man and carried him home, where 
, he was nursed by the farmer's women-folk, including his slender daughter, 

i Lucy - 

n The young man found not only strength, but love and faith came to 

him during those idyllic days. VTien he recovered, Robert Chambers 
* and Lucy Vest were married, and young Chambers was baptized ini 

the fellowship of Prospect Baptist Church of which the bride was 
j member. 

j Soon the two went to Baltimore, Md., the groom's home; but the 
Confederate veteran did not fit into a household where his older brother 
had fought on the victorious Northern side. After a month's visit, he 
bade good-by to his prosperous and substantial kin, the Courtlands 
and Chambers, and returned with Lucy to the farm at the foot of the 
Peaks of Otter. There amid the austere abundance of the mountain 



133 



farm, he bent his back and soul to the task of building in those R 
construction days. 

In 1869, or early 1870, Mr. Chambers and his family moved to Be< 
ford County near the line toward Lynchburg, to a hundred acre far 
which he had bought. The white frame house, green-shuttered ar 
amply verandaed, stood in a locust grove (which gave the place 
name) on a pleasant hill-top. It faced another hill which soon the ne 
owner dedicated to the service of God, building there, with his your 
kinsmen's aid, a Baptist chapel, "Pleasant View." The year was 187 
According to the minutes of Strawberry Baptist Association which wi 
meeting in its 99th annual session, R. M. Chambers was a leader 
Baptists. 

According to the records, there were approximately 34 persons in tl 
congregation. Worship was held only once a month but the congregatic 
conducted Sunday School weekly for 12 months per year instead 1 
the usual nine months. The church had eight Sunday School instructed 
with 50 students and "100 volumes in the library." 

The church was admitted to the Strawberry Association at its annui 
meeting in 1878. 

Until 1958 Pleasant View Church was on a field with Oakdale, Terracj 
View and Forest churches. In that year it decided to call a full-tim 1 
pastor and has continued to do so. 

In the beginning the church met in a one-room building. The buildin 
was remodeled in 1922, in 1952 two classrooms were added and fou 
more classrooms were added in 1956. 

In 1958 a parsonage was purchased and soon after this the congregatio 
began to think of purchasing land for a new church building. In 196 
the tract of land on which the present building stands became availabl 
and the price of the approximately six acres was $3,500. In Decembei 
1961, the church voted to erect a new building on the property. Plan 
were accepted June 18, 1962, and the contract was awarded to T. M 
Sweeney Co. The congregation moved into the new building on th 
third Sunday in May, 1963. The church had a note burning servic 
March 2, 1969. 

The following improvements to the church building and grounds hav 
been made, 1968: driveways and parking lot paved with asphalt, 1969 
first floor including main sanctuary and basement air-conditioned 
1970: wall-to-wall carpeting of the first floor including main sanctuary 
pastor's study and both stairways, folding doors installed to enclost 
the balcony as needed for class space and to divide the assembly roon 
downstairs for additional classes, 1974: new shrubbery placed arounc 
the building and 1975: congregation painted downstairs areas and out- 
side painted by contractor. 

The year 1975 was declared Centennial Year for the church. A drama 
"Upon This Rock" written by Mr. and Mrs. Fred Moody and Dr. J. G. 
Henry was enacted. 

On May 7, 1975, the church voted to construct an educational building 
which would be three stories. 



134 



QUAKER BAPTIST CHURCH 




,The history of Quaker Baptist Church, south of Route 24 near Body 

imp, is associated with two denominations, each beginning in homes 

i, the community, and the change of names of both groups. 

The present church derives its name from the first denomination to 

; ?et at the site of its present location, the Society of Friends (Quakers). 

iM. petition dated October 9, 1756, to the South River Monthly Meeting 

|jow Quaker Memorial Presbyterian Church) at Lynch's Ferry (now 

j'nchburg) reads "A petition of John Eccles and others setting forth 

ieir desire to have a Monthly Meeting at Goose Creek in Bedford 

,i>unty, Virginia, was received and referred to the next meeting." The 

larterly meeting to which they applied did not question their standing 

U Friends or as a Meeting so it would seem that an organization existed 

(ior to that time. 

^The monthly meeting set up held its first session September 15, 1757, 
KB first session being held in Goose Creek Meeting House and Richard 
>irner was chosen the first clerk. 

i(On November 11, 1788, a meeting was officially established among 
r iends at lower Goose Creek and it was given the name Bedford 
feting. Dissatisfaction was expressed in regards to the name Bedford 
eeting and in process of time and common useage the meeting on 
rfficult Creek (a branch of Goose Creek) became known as Lower 
;x>se Creek Meeting and the other as Upper Goose Creek Meeting 
ear the present Mount Zion Baptist Church). 

t Proof of the location of the Lower Goose Creek Meeting and the 
esent church is a deed dated July 27, 1789, between Elijah Turner 
id his wife, Sarah, and Jehu Lewis and his wife, Alice, of the first 
irt, and Moses Cadwalader, John Coffee and Joel Lewis of the second 
irt. The meeting house, a corner rock still stands in the church ceme- 



135 



tery, was built that year. Cadwalader, Coffee and Joel Lewis \ 
named in July, 1789, as trustees of Lower Goose Creek Meeting. 

In the meantime a Baptist fellowship in the community begat 
form and, like the Society of Friends, their early meetings must r 
been in the homes but later at the Lower Goose Creek Meeting Ho 
With the decline of Quaker membership, due to westward migra 
and Indian troubles, the Lower Goose Creek Meeting House was ta 
over as a place of worship by the Baptists. 

The Baptist denomination organized their church in 1775 and v 
constituted the next year. In 1805 the church, known as Difficult Ci 
Baptist Church, was admitted to the Strawberry Association. At 
1806 session of the association the delegates representing the chi 
were Henry C. Latham and John Garrett. 

In 1831 the church was responsible for the constitution in 1832 
Bunker Hill (now Mount Olivet) Baptist Church with 28 members. 

At a business session of the church in January, 1899, a commi 
was appointed to construct a new building and Lee Creasey hired 
contractor. The committee was composed of Dr. John T. Kincar 
M. R. Hubbard, J. G. Leftwich, P. G. Dowdy, R. E. Wildman and A 
Hubbard. The building was dedicated August 26-27, 1899, with 
Rev. W. S. Royall speaker. 

At a business session of the church January 7, 1939, the name 
officially changed from Difficult Creek Baptist Church to Quaker Bap 
Church. In 1949 the Virginia State Conservation and Developm 
Commission erected a highway marker on Route 24 north of the chu 
in recognition of its history. 

In 1951 the church purchased a pastorium at the intersection 
Routes 24 and 43. The home, built in 1949, was purchased from 
and Mrs. Tyree L. Campbell. The residence was dedicated October 
1953, with Dr. Wesley N. Laing of Richmond speaker. 

An incident at the residence the night of January 1, 1956, was ass< 
ated with the General Assembly of Virginia approving a "Peeping To 
bill on March 2. The Rev. Tearle P. Brown, pastor, was returning ho 1 
when he noticed a Negro male "peeping" into the residence; the subj 
was later apprehended and charged with trespassing and peeping. 1 
Bedford County Trial Justice Court on January 9 found him guilty 
disorderly conduct. The case was appealed to the Bedford Coui 
Circuit Court which nolle prossed the case. In the meantime the B 
ford Town Council and Bedford County Board of Supervisors adop 
peeping and spying laws, to be fohowed by the action of the legislatu 

At a business session July 9, 1955, the church named committees 
follow through with plans by the church to erect a new building. 1 
building committee was composed of Raymond J. Dowdy, Fred 
Overstreet, Onie E. Williamson, Owen C. Creasy and Cecil C. Overstre 
Roy Burnette was hired as contractor. The building was dedical 
June 30, 1957, with the Rev. Tearle P. Brown of Danville speaker. 

In 1966 the church purchased from Mr. and Mrs. Lewis A. Mayh 
their residence on Route 24 as a parsonage and the former pastorii 
was sold to Mr. and Mrs. Mack H. Crowder, Jr. 

Two members of the church entered the ministry and later served 
pastor of the church, Zachariah Whorley and Merriman E. Lunsfo 

136 



:•• 



'aul Franklin was licensed to the ministry by the church, being 
ined later at Yellow Branch Baptist Church in Campbell County of 
:h he was pastor. 

>ur that made their profession of faith at the church later entered 
ministry. Samuel Harris (1806-1891) joined Difficult Creek Baptist 
rch and in 1838 was ordained in Richmond. He lived in Louisa 
,nty and was moderator of the Goshen Association in 1845, 1847, 1857 
1860. William Logwood Hatcher (1806-1882), grandson of the Rev. 
miah Hatcher, was converted in a meeting at the church in 1831, 
licensed by Morgans Baptist Church and in 1843 ordained in Blacks- 
He held pastorates in Montgomery and Roanoke Counties. 
>hn P. Franklin, Jr., was ordained at Lakewood Baptist Church in 
:k Mountain, N. C, and Nolan R. Crowder entered the ministry of 
-United Methodist denomination. 

ae Rev. Gilbert M. Profitt, pastor from 1968 until his retirement in 
i and interim pastor in 1975-1976, was named pastor emeritus of the 
•ch April 10, 1976. 

uried in unmarked graves in the old Quaker section of the church 
jetery are Stephen Goggin, Jr., and his wife, Rachel Moorman Goggin. 
y were the great-grandparents of the writer Samuel L. Clemens 
irk Twain) and his brother, Orion Clemens, acting governor of the 
ritory of Nevada. 

hree pastors of the church had active roles in the educational field 
•Will. 

ire Rev. James C. Leftwich was born near Bunker Hill on January 31, 
}, a son of the Rev. William Leftwich, Jr., and Frances Otey Left- 
h. About 1817 he went to Franklin County to be engaged in mercan- 
| business for a brother. He accompanied the Rev. Daniel P. Witt 
L western Virginia on mission work. He was married January 15, 
>), to Miss Ann Bilbro (February 2, 1810 - November 15, 1881) of 
^etourt County. They were the parents of 10 children, including 
^nelia Catherine who married first the Rev. William W. Fuqua and 
i f md Dr. John T. Kincanon. 

O rom 1849-1853 Mr. Leftwich was president of the Valley Union 
f ication Society of Virginia, chartered in 1843 to operate a school 
,3otetourt Springs (now Hollins College). From 1846-1849 he served 
general agent for the Board of Trustees of the society. 
[This school, incorporated in 1844 as Valley Union Seminary, was 
jamed Hollins Institute in 1855 and then Hollins College in 1911. 
fi was the successor to the boarding school for girls opened, about 
0, on West Main Street in Liberty (now Bedford). From this grew 
1 iord Female Seminary that was acquired in 1839 by Edward William 
'nston (1799-1867) who removed the school the same year to Botetourt 
^ings renaming it Roanoke Female Seminary. 

t was located on hotel property acquired by E. W. Johnston from 
. uncle, Charles Johnston (1768-1833) of "Sandusky" near New London. 
1842 it was again offered for sale and purchased by the Rev. Joshua 
dley of New York. It was then the Valley Union Education Society 
Virginia was formed to pay for the seminary to be used by all 
■ lominations. 

137 



Mr. Leftwich died July 2, 1852, and is buried in the Leftwich fan 
cemetery near Bunker Hill. 

The Rev. William W. Fuqua left as pastor of Quaker Church in 1 
to become the next year the first principal of Oak Hill Academy 
Mouth of Wilson. 

The Rev. John T. Kincanon was born December 26, 1837, near Mar 
in Smyth County, a son of Francis and Martha Kincanon. He 
baptized in 1858 in the south fork of the Holston River and in 1 
licensed to the ministry in Marion. 

He was educated at Emory and Henry College in Marion, Alleghj 
College in Blue Sulphur Springs, West. Va., (organized, then in Virgii 
by William E. Duncan (1825-1912) who later founded Halesford Acade 
in Franklin County) and Richmond College, where he was later a trusl 

He was married April 23, 1862, to Miss Martha Emma Cole (Septem 
28, 1840 - November 17, 1882), was an officer in the Confederate Sta 
Army and a prisoner of war. In 1865 he was ordained at Saint Cla 
Bottom Church and held pastorates in Virginia and Tennessee. Fr 
1872-1874 he was moderator of the Lebanon Association. 

On September 16, 1885, he married Mrs. Cornelia Catherine Leftw 
Fuqua, widow of the Rev. William W. Fuqua. He died October 24, 1 
at the University of Virginia Hospital in Charlottesville and with 
first wife is buried in East Hill Cemetery in Bristol, Va. 

He helped promote, establish and was part-owner of Bristol Fern 
College in Bristol, Tenn. The school, first known as The Female Ins 
tution, was chartered in 1872 but dated its founding as 1866. Dr. K 
canon was general agent for the school, known later as Bristol Femj 
Seminary and finally as Bristol Female College, from 1874-1877, sen 
on its Board of Regents and was professor of moral philosophy. 
1871 the First Baptist Church in Goodson (now Bristol) purchased 
school from Dr. Kincanon and its last records were in 1882. 



RADFORD BAPTIST CHURCH 

i 

The history of Radford Baptist Church near Moneta dates its orgar 
zation in 1898 as a union church for Baptist and Methodist denominatior 

The land for the church was given by Miss Sis Martin and Miss Eli 
Martin but not not recorded until 1903. 

In 1900 a group gathered and decided to build a church. Only a sma 
amount of lumber was available so only a hull of a building, withoi 
a ceiling, was constructed. It was used for three years as a summ< 
meeting place due to its construction. 

In 1901 a Sunday School was organized with D. W. Saunders i 
superintendent. 

In 1902 more lumber was obtained and the ceiling was complete 
for year-round services. The building was finally completed in 19C 
and dedicated. 



138 



I 

i!|i[n 1914 the church experienced a great revival with 30 heing baptized 

Bowyer's Creek. 

[n 1935 the Baptist denomination purchased the property of the 

ithodist denomination, the Methodist members transferring to Bethle- 

m Methodist Church in Moneta, 
I tn 1936 the first remodeling of the church was made, with new windows 

d wings added for Sunday School rooms. 




In 1955 the Rev. and Mrs. Edgar P. Roberson donated two large pulpit 
airs to the church. In 1957 the church purchased new pews and 
ilpit and added Sunday School rooms with the dedication and corner- 
>ne laying on June 16. 

In 1964 the church built a parsonage across the road from the church; 
is was completed the next year and a full-time pastor was called, 
sin 1973 a steeple was added to the church with Mrs. Margaret Martin 
mating a bell from her home-place. Mrs. Martin, 94 years old, rang 
e bell for the first time at homecoming services. The children of 
r. and Mrs. Earl Tuck on their 50th wedding anniversary presented 
e church a new organ in honor of their parents. 



RAINBOW FOREST BAPTIST CHURCH 



The Rainbow Forest Baptist Mission, located west of Route 460 between 
ue Ridge and Coyner's Springs in Botetourt County, was formed in 

f65. 

c The Rainbow Forest sub-division set aside land for a church and with 
e help of Dr. Harry Y. Gamble and the Rev. C. Lawrence Dodson of 



139 



Roanoke the site was purchased by the Roanoke Baptist Missionary an< 
Social Union Inc., the missionary arm of the Roanoke Valley Baptis 
Association. 

The Rev. T. Robert Brown of Vinton and the Rev. W. J. Yeaman o 
Roanoke were leaders in the organization of the mission which me 
in the Rainbow Forest Recreation Center. 




The mission was organized into Rainbow Forest Baptist Church on 
April 11, 1967. Construction for the new building was begun in 1968 
and the first services held in the new church Januray 8, 1969. 

The Rev. Phillip C. Day became the first pastor, assisted by the Rev. 
Garney E. Day. 



SEDALIA BAPTIST CHURCH 

Sedalia Baptist Church on the Big Island road had its beginning as 
early as 1910 and the Rev. James P. Luck can be regarded as its founder. 

About this time Baptist people living around Sedalia begin to talk of 
building a church and Mr. Luck became interested and started to work 
with the people. 

A Sunday School was started and met in the school building at Sedalia 
during the summer months and Mr. Luck preached there once a month. 
He did not live to see the church built. 

After much discussion for and against, it was decided definitely to 
build. 

The land on which the church stands was purchased from C. R. Arring- 
ton on July 17, 1911. It contained two acres and cost two hundred dollars. 

Reed Forbes and sons drew the plans and built the church. 

Interested men of the community gave the trees from their farms, 
cut and hauled them on wagons to the saw mill to be sawed into lumber 



140 






1 then hauled the lumber to the newly purchased lot and work on 
'building began. 

ie ladies .being anxious to help, formed "The Ladies' Aid and 
ionary Society" and went to work to help raise money, 
ley planned entertainments such as plays, oyster suppers and ice 
m suppers. Large numbers of people attended and good sums were 
,zed. Other money making projects were making and selling quilts 
giving all eggs laid on Sunday to be sold and money added to the 
;ury. They gave half of all money made to the building fund and 
to missions, 
ie church building was completed early in 1914. 




'he church was organized on July 29, 1914. The Rev. A. J. Coon, 
tor of Suck Spring Baptist Church, acting as moderator, called a 
ncil composed of the following: J. A. Wildman, T. M. Turpin, H. A. 
'ks, William Foster, Sam Witt, R. H. Major and William Odgen who 
ed themselves to be a church named Sedalia Baptist Church, 
'his council accepted the following additional names for membership: 
;. Gertie Long, Mrs. Lizzie Parks, Mrs. Mary Watson, Mrs. Berta 
: *pin, Miss Nina Burks, Miss Martha Watson, Miss Lucy Parks, Miss 
tie Wildman, Mrs. Viola Hatcher, Charlie Sanderson, Will Turpin, 
i. Hallie Tomlinson, Mrs. Fon Arrington, Mrs. Sam Witt and Mrs. J. A. 
.dm an. 

'he church covenant was read and adopted, 
'hey proceeded immediately to elect church officers, 
lunday School was organized with 63 members and was in session 
only three months the first year, 
.''he church was received into the association in 1914. 



141 



The first revival services were held in the late summer of 1914. Ei 
men and seven women made professions and were baptized in R< 
Creek which flows near the church. 

Two other men joined the church at this same time by letters 5 
one by statement. 

One half of the church property was laid off in cemetery lots wh 
were sold for five and ten dollars according to size of the lot. T 
money was to be kept in a separate fund called "a sinking fund" to 
used only for the up-keep of the cemetery. 

The Woman's Missionary Union was organized in 1916 replacing 
Ladies' Aid and Missionary Society. 

The church was dedicated October 15, 1916, with Dr. Hugh C. Sm 
of Bedford speaker. 

In May, 1919, the first wedding was performed in the church wl 
Harry Parks and Katie Wildman were married. 

By the late 1930's changes were taking place. Electricity was instal 
in the church, the envelope system for offerings was begun and 
every-member canvas made. The pastor's retirement plan was adopt 
a sexton employed and the first finance committee appointed. 

In 1944 the church agreed to go in with two other Baptist churcl 
and call a pastor at a salary of $1200.00 a year. Each of the thi 
churches were to have one morning and one evening service a mor 
and give the pastor the privilege of preaching at another church 
Sunday a month. 

Later in the 1940's the church called a pastor on half-time basis, th 
adopted the uniform budget plan and six point record system, a 
graded the Sunday School according to ages. 

Curtains that could be easily put in place and taken down w 
designed to divide the sanctuary into Sunday School rooms and 
Vacation Bible School departments. These curtains were used un 
the educational building was built. 

In 1950 a furnace was installed. 

A two-story educational building was added to the back of tl 
sanctuary in 1954 and a baptistery was installed at the same time. 

Since the church did not have a water system an arrangement w 
made for rain water from the roof to run into the baptistry. This buil 
ing was dedicated July 11, 1954. 

Next a parsonage was built on a corner of the church property ai 
dedicated on May 21, 1961. 

A well was drilled at the same time. 

In 1963 the church decided to go full-time and Rev. Johnny C. McBric 
was the first full-time pastor. 

Later in the 1960's the pulpit was remodeled and the choir rearrange 
a new carpet laid on pulpit floor and down middle aisle of the sanctuarj 

The old organ that was bought when the church was built w;j 
electrified and a new piano purchased. 

The church constitution was written in 1966 and adopted on January 
1967. 



142 



I 

6ln the early 1960's the church bought one acre of land that joined the 
fiurch property and added it to the cemetery. 

Easter Sunday, 1973, the church observed its first Easter sunrise 

rvice conducted by the pastor, the Rev. Jack Miller. 

Carpet was installed on the outside aisles of the sanctuary in 1973, 
1 gift from Robert Arrington. 



SHADY GROVE BAPTIST CHURCH 




Shady Grove Baptist Church between Thaxton and Stewartsville was 
rganized in 1859 and its first building was a hewed log structure erected 

m one-half acre of land given by Irvin Bowles. 
This building was used as a house of worship by Baptist and Methodist 
mgregations. In 1880 the old log building was torn down and a new 

3 ame building was erected on the same site. This structure was dedi- 
ited in October, 1880, and was used by both Baptists and Methodists 
>r a number of years. However, when the Methodists ceased to use 

nis building for worship purposes it was left entirely for the use of the 
aptists. 

I Later the church obtained one acre of land, adjoining the church 

L operty, from Dr. Fuqua. In 1916 additional land was purchased from 

L B. Bramlett for a church cemetery. In 1930 a legacy of several hundred 
hilars was received from the estate of B. A. Bramlett which was used 

, ir making repairs and painting the .building. At various times the 
lurch purchased several more acres of land from Fields Bramlett for 
iditions to the cemetery and facilitating other improvements. 



143 






In October, 1949, the church voted to build a parsonage so th? 
the pastors of the church could live in the community. G. H. Burkholde 
gave about one-third of an acre of land a quarter of a mile east of thl 
church for this purpose. S. C. B. St.Clair and H. B. Sublett took the lea 
in the work of building and, along with the help of others in the churc 
and community, the parsonage was completed. A home-coming cele 
bration was held October 17, 1954, at which time there was a note-burr! 
ing ceremony for the loan on the parsonage. 

A great step forward was taken May 6, 1959, when the church vote 
to adopt plans furnished by the Architectural Department of the Sunda; 
School Board of the Southern Baptist Convention for a new sanctuar 
and education building. To celebrate the 100th anniversary of th! 
church, a homecoming celebration and ground-breaking ceremony for th 
new educational building, was held June 21, 1959. Dr. Frank Voigh 
of the Sunday School Department of Virginia was the speaker. Thi 
day was also significant in that $4,963 was raised for the work of build 
ing. The pastor and people urged that 100 persons give $100.00 thi! 
day. A fine spirit of unity and cooperation was evident. 

The work of construction began immediately with W. W. Emersoi 
as the contractor. Members of the church and friends donated mud 
of the labor. A great fellowship was enjoyed by all who participate* 
in the work. Harry StClair, Oscar Brown and J. Henry Powers wen 
the building committee. At a homecoming celebration, July 25, 1965 
a note-burning ceremony was conducted on the loan for the educationa 
building. At the same time a special offering was received to go towarc 
the construction of the new sanctuary. The sum of $2,502.55 was raised 

The church voted at its regular business meeting May 4, 1966, to star 
construction on the sanctuary on or before July 15, 1966, and that « 
homecoming celebration and fund raising drive be conducted July 24 
1966. A Bedford contractor, Paul E. Overstreet, was selected to do thi: 
construction and the same building committee was also asked to super- 
vise this work. 

Having engaged in this extensive building program the church con- 
tinued to grow and further expansion became necessary, therefore at 
its regular business session in August, 1972, the church voted that th 
same building committee, namely J. Henry Powers, Harry St.Clair and 
Oscar Brown, supervise the construction of six additional Sunday School 
rooms and two rest rooms on the east side of the sanctuary. The plans 
for this addition were accepted in November, 1972, and Nelson Boothe 
a member of the congregation, was elected as the contractor. The dedi- 
cation service for this addition was conducted July 30, 1973, with Rev 
Marvon Patterson delivering the dedicatory message. He was pastor 
of the church at the time this entire building program began in 1959. 

In March, 1971, the church purchased three and one-half acres of land 
from the G. H. Burkholder estate, adjoining the church property, for 
further expansion purposes. In November, 1973, the church received a 
gift of six-tenths acre of land, next to the first parsonage, to make that 
area equal to a full acre. This was given by O. B. Crawford of Roanoke 
who had purchased part of the Burkholder estate. The Strawberry 
Association held its annual meeting at Shady Grove Church in October, 
1969, with 215 registered guests. 

144 



( 



In the 115 years of the history of Shady Grove Church there have 
f een only five who have served as clerk. This is a remarkable record 
rid the church is to be congratulated. James M. Moore, first church 

erk, served 17 years. He was followed by William H. Powers who 
jjrved for 21 years. The third clerk, A. S. St.Clair, served for over a 
| alf century, 52 years. Harry St.Clair, fourth clerk, occupied that 
ffice for eight years. J. Henry Powers, was elected in 1958 and is still 
irving in that capacity. 

Shady Grove Church, in the shadow of Porter's Mountain, in a fertile 
.alley of Bedford County, has one of the finest rural church plants in 
pe Strawberry Association. This is one of the finest examples of a 
lurch that realizing its need to build, engaged in an extensive con- 
xuction program, until they achieved their objective. The united effort 
f a willing people, dedicated in the service of God, has accomplished 
in outstanding work. Shady Grove Church is making a profound impact 
,ji the total spiritual life of her community and in the life and work of 
trawberry Association. 
b 



STAUNTON BAPTIST CHURCH 




s One of the oldest churches in Bedford County is Staunton Baptist 
Church, southwest of Huddleston, and one of few churches to derive its 
i' ame from a woman. 

P The church is located near what was once Anthony's Ford on the 
toanoke (Staunton) River now the waters of Smith Mountain Lake. 
The church was organized in 1790 with the first meeting house saulh 

k 



145 



w 



aMn 



of the present church on the sotrtfa side of Route 626. This meeting ho 
was known as Moody Meeting House of Stanton Church. 

The church minutes of April 11, 1790, read "We the Baptist Church 
Christ on Stanton, at the mouth of Black Water, .being constituted, 
number being 32. By the Reverend Brethren to wit — William Johns 
John Anthony, Thomas Douglass and we have chosen Brother John 
for our pastor and have given him charge of us." 

The church was on the river which officially bears a dual name fr 
the Franklin-Roanoke-Bedford County line to the Virginia -North Cai 
lina line at Buggs Island and is spelled both Stanton and Staunton 
was on the north side of the river (now lake) where Blackwater ~Rv 
enters the stream at the Bedford-Franklin County line. 

The name Staunton from which the church derives its name, by vi 
of the river name, comes from Lady Rebecca Staunton Gooch, wife 
Governor Sir William Gooch of Virginia. 

Governor Gooch named a group of commissioners to run the Nor 
Carolina- Virginia boundary and one of these commissioners was 
William Byrd II. He applied the name Staunton to the river in 1' 
when the commissioners came upon it, designating it to honor the w 
of the governor. 

Lady Rebecca Staunton Gooch, daughter of William Staunton 
Hampton, Middlesex, England (now part of the London borough 
Richmond upon Thames), was bom in 1690 and died between 1773 a 
1775 at her home in Bath, England. Sir William Gooch (1681-1751) 
buried in the east wall of the north chancel aisle of St. Nicholas Pari 
Church in Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, England. He served as lieutenar 
governor of Virginia 1727-1740 and 1741-1749. 

The first meeting house of Staunton Church was built of logs, t 
size about 30 feet by 18 feet. Two mighty white oaks stand guard ov 
the stone foundation and part of one log that was this first meetii 
house. 

No deed appears on record for a meeting house until 1844 when Dav 
Saunders conveyed one acre and 35 rods to the treasurer of the Bapti 
Society at the Moody Meeting House. 

In the spring of 1877 the members thought it advisable to move th€ 
place of worship to the Pleasant Grove School House across the ro£ 
from the present church. There they worshipped until 1884 when tl 
present building was completed. 

In business session April 23, 1883, a building committee was name 
to serve as trustees, P. Anthony, D. R Hensley, J. S. Saunders, M. 1 
English and T. P. Plymale with James Allen later added to the committe 
In 1883 the church obtained from Jordan Martin the land upon whic 
the present church stands. 

A cemetery was added to the church grounds with land obtained fror 
William and Z. Coleman. Additional land was purchased with th 
cmpletion of the Smith Mountain hydroelectric plant in the gap of th 
mountain since it was necessary for Appalachian Power Co. to mov 
cemeteries from the reservoir to nearby churches. 

For the longest years of service at Staunton Church, mention shoul 
be given to the Rev. Abner Anthony, pastor for 39 years; A. V. Anthony 

146 



k for 57 years, and W. D. Franklin, Sunday School superintendent 
I 32 years. 

c|fi the late 1950's and early 1960's the church was renovated inside. 
Ine time later carpeting was furnished for the main auditorium by 

nlftis English and William English of Altavista in memory of relatives 

irl/ied at the church. The pulpit furniture was furnished by the James N. 
| mders family. 

)ue to increased Sunday School attendance it was seen advisable for 

tre rooms to be added to the church and on July 11, 1971, three new 

iday School rooms were completed and moved into. A vestibule has 

^•n added, the gift of the children of W. S. and Nellie J. Martin in 
ir memory. 

,)n April 9, 1950, the church observed its 100th anniversary. Speaker 
the morning service was the Rev. Penn A. Anthony and for the 
arnoon service Miss Annie Mae Broyles of Roanoke. 
Seven have entered the ministry from the church, John Black in 1802, 
jke Bird in 1809, Joseph Burroughs in 1819, Abner Anthony in 1826, 
:k Hail in 1832, Charles L. Anthony in 1879 and Penn A. Anthony in 
18. 

n 1805 Moody Meeting House was the church that extended an arm 
Meadow Ridge School House in its organization, the church later 
;oming Palestine Baptist Church. 

3 rhe Rev. William Johnson, first pastor of Staunton Church, was the 
>t moderator of the Strawberry Association. 

-jdCe was born about 1735, a son of Ashley Johnson who married October 
( 1734, Miss Martha Woodey. Ashley Johnson was a son of John 
nnston who married Miss Lucretia Massey of New Kent County in 
98. 

l May, 1771, the Rev. William Johnson was a delegate from Bucking- 
m County to the organization in Orange County of the General Associ- 
on of Separate Baptists in Virginia. He was the first pastor of Rocks 

-,ptist Church in Prince Edward County when it was organized in 1772 
,d was pastor of Wreck Island (now Red Oak) Baptist Church in 
ipomattox County and Gills Creek Baptist Church in Franklin County. 
.While living in Albemarle County he was a signer of the declaration 

,»m that county to the Virginia convention asking for independence 

.>m England and, while living in Bedford County, furnished provisions 
• soldiers in the Revolutionary War. 

In 1794 he moved to Knox County, Tenn. In 1802 he was elected 
e first moderator of the Tennessee Baptist Association (now the Knox 
junty Association of Baptists) and was reelected in 1803. He was a 
'amber of Boyd's Creek Baptist Church in Sevier County, Tenn., and 
ed February 26, 1814, after an illness of more than a year. 
Among the ministers present at the 1790 organization of Moody Meet- 
g House was the Rev. John Anthony, Jr. From this family has come 

■ars of leadership in Staunton Church and Baptists in Virginia and 
■nnessee. 

"His son, the Rev. Abner Anthony, served as pastor of Stanton Church 
id was the first pastor of Meadow Ridge School House meeting that 

i -came Palestine Baptist Church. He died March 3, 1884, at his home 

1 Bedford County. 

147 



Two of his sons entered the ministry, the Rev. Charles L. Anth 
and the Rev. Perm A. Anthony. 

The Rev. Charles L. Anthony was born April 21, 1837, at "Cedar ij 
on the Roanoke (Staunton) River at Anthony's Ford. He made 
profession of faith at Meadow Ridge (now Palestine) Baptist Chi 
and was ordained at Staunton Baptist Church. He held pastorates 
Amherst, Campbell, Bedford and Franklin Counties and taught in 
Bedford County school system. He served in the Confederate St 
Army, was never married and died February 1, 1922, at his home 
Bedford County. 



SUCK SPRING BAPTIST CHURCH 







The history of Suck Spring Baptist Church near Peaksville can 
back to 1802-1803 when the great revival which began in the Roan( 
Association and spread into the Strawberry Association and beca 
more intense in Little Otter (now Bedford) Baptist Church than 
any other church. 

A result of the revival was the planting of two churches, Suck Spr 
with 28 members in 1805 and Timber Ridge with 40 members. The R 
Isham Fuqua, pastor of Little Otter Church, also served as pastor of 
new churches. 

The earliest records of the church must not have been kept, or m 
destroyed by fire, as they are preserved only from the year 1839, thoi 
it was organized in 1805. 

The church has had three houses of worship, the first of unhewn 1< 
located lower down Yellow Stone Creek and which later burned. T 
second, 40 x 30 feet of hewn logs and standing between the first a 
the present church. The present building was begun about 1860. CI 



148 



as dug on the lot and the brick was made there. Our forefathers 
.'11 us that the foundation was dug down to solid rock, and around all 
j>ur walls it was as deep as a man's shoulder in some parts. The walls 

arted upon solid rock. After the close of the Civil War the formal 
Indication of the church took place, approximately 1868. 

In the past, black and white members worshipped together. In the 
ear 1840 white membership was 233, black membership 97. The church 
;ill has the balcony which was reserved for the slaves in pre-war times. 
he church had side doors for the slaves to enter. 

I In 1870 the church was heavily indebted and plans were made to put 
le property up for public auction. Members rallied and raised $800.00. 
he debt was paid off and the auction was not held. 

In 1877, the members agreed to raise money "for the spread of the 
ospel" in an amount that would equal one cent per week for each 
rhite member. 

There has been a missionary society since the 1800's. It is recorded 
i the church minutes that in 1887 they had $3.05 on hand from the old 
lissionary society and it was forwarded to the Home Mission Board. In 
893 a new missionary society was organized and the officers were men. 
'ery little information is in the records concerning leaders or members. 

In October, 1888, a revival was held by the Rev. James P. Luck, as- 
Lsted by W. L. Lemon, and 13 were baptized. 

i In the early years of the church, matters of discipline were important 
l the business meetings. Members were called before the church to 
ive an account of unchristian conduct, such as drinking, profanity, 
bsenteeism from services or business meetings and failure to contribute 
o the support of the church. In most cases, they would acknowledge the 
in and were forgiven and fully restored. If the members were not 
epentant and continued in unchristian conduct, their names were re- 
aoved from the church roll. 

In October, 1902, a revival was held with 24 baptized. The following 
omment was made "the church experienced one of the most glorious 
evivals ever known to many of its members." 

In November, 1915, Thomas B. Hawkins was licensed to preach and 
rater served as a foreign missionary in South America. 
1 In December, 1915, a committee was appointed to see how much money 
'ould be raised to build Sunday School rooms, estimated cost — $1,200.20; 
■lay, 1917 voted to drop plans for building Sunday School rooms. In 
i 949, additional Sunday School rooms were built. 

I In September, 1921, two members were ordained to the ministry, 
kobert P. and A. E. Welch. 

1 

|] In August, 1925, 39 persons were baptized into fellowship of the church 

bllowing revival services, the Rev. G. S. Ellyson guest speaker. 

In May, 1954, the church went on full-time service. 

A new parsonage was completed in 1955, a six-room brick structure, 
osting approximately $16,000.00. 

In 1956 due to a conflict in beliefs there was a division in the church 
vith approximately 75 members leaving to form Temple Baptist Church 
jiear Kelso (now Longwood Avenue Baptist Church in Bedford). 

149 



In December, 1957, the church voted to build the present vestibu 
and nursery rooms at the front of the church. On October 7, 1973, groui ■:■' 
was broken for an educational building. 

Figures do not always give the true picture of the life of a churc; 
We feel the church has made the community a better place to live aq 
Christian love is ministered to the needy. 

Looking backward for inspiration and ever forward in faith, olj ';:: 
church can be an ever present witness to the world about us, that Jesq ;;: 
Christ is the hope of the ages. 



. 



|Cll 



TERRACE VIEW BAPTIST CHURCH 



It 




Terrace View Baptist Church, located northwest of New London at the 
intersection of Routes 704 and 705, first was a place of worship for three 
denominations: Baptist, Brethren and Methodist. 

Prior to the erection of a church, Sunday School was held at Edgewood 
School. Services were sometimes held in an arbor below where the 
church now stands, these being conducted by Booker Padgett, the Rev. 
B. H. Funk and the Rev. Walter G. Hughes. 

In 1919 realizing the need for a church the people of the community 
met to formulate plans for building a church. William W. Parker, 
Donald Parker and O. C. Rucker donated two acres of land to build the 
church upon, and the name of Terrace View was derived from the Rucker 
farm known as Terrace View Farm. 

Trees for lumber were contributed by A. T. Newman and V. T. Bur- 
ford and it is reported Mr. Burford rode horseback all one day soliciting 
funds, reporting $1,200 at the end of the day. 



150 



die church was dedicated, debt free, in the summer of 1920 with 
takers being the Rev. Luther C. Coffman of the Brethren, the Rev. 
lliam S. Royall of the Baptist and the Rev. W. L. Mays of the Methodist. 
l"ne first members of the Brethren denomination were those transferred 
i : m Antioch Church of the Brethren and the Rev. Luther C. Coffman 
s elected the first Brethren pastor serving from 1920-1927. 
-["wo members of the church were ordained into the Brethren ministry, 
; .bert N. Whitten and his son, Hubert N. Whitten, Jr. 
Vith increase in membership, five Sunday School rooms and a vestibule 
ve been added, and in the summer of 1971 the building was brick-cased. 
The Rev. Luther C. Coffman, who served as Brethren pastor, had the 
tinction of serving as the Baptist pastor of the church from 1932-1942. 
An outstanding educator, minister and farmer, he was born August 25, 
10, in Botetourt County. He was married on December 24, 1903, to 
ss Clara Ernestine Dooley. 

ie received the Bachelor of Arts degree in 1912 in the first graduating 
ss at Botetourt Normal College (later Daleville College) at Daleville 
I in 1917 received the Bachelor of Science degree from Roanoke Col- 
e in Salem. 

n 1913 he joined the faculty of Botetourt Normal College as dean of 
; normal department and as professor. He also served as assistant 
asurer of the Board of Trustees of the college. In 1925-1926 he was 
member of the Board of Trustees of Bridgewater College. He taught 
tool at Jefferson High School in Roanoke and in 1953 retired after 
years teaching in the Botetourt County school system. He was presi- 
lat of the Daleville College Alumni Association. 

ie died July 6, 1965, in a Roanoke hospital and is buried in Evergreen 
metery in Roanoke. 



THAXTON BAPTIST CHURCH 

(Fhaxton Baptist Church in its early days was known as the Wolf Hill 
urch. The minutes of the annual meeting of the Strawberry Associ- 
on meeting in the Providence Church of Franklin County on August 6, 
3"')5, record 

A letter was read from the brethren and sisters worshipping at Wolf 
j 11 requesting a presbytery be sent to constitute a church at that place. 
i lerupon Elders George W. Leftwich, A. Eubank, William Harris, and 
i.e. Goggin were appointed by the moderator to attend to the matter." 

r'n 
Sarly in the year of 1856 the church was constituted and was known 

L the Wolf Hill Baptist Church. The minutes of the Strawberry Associ- 

|on meeting at Staunton Church on August 1, 1856, recorded in the 

eport on Finances" a total contribution to the association of $278.49 
0' the year and Wolf Hill was among the number contributing. The 

nutes of the same year recorded 

'The church worshipping at Wolf Hill, having applied by letter for 
.mission into our body, was received, and the right hand of fellowship 

s extended to the delegates by the moderator." 

151 



Thus Wolf Hill became a pail of the Strawberry Association 
August 2, 1856, it is reported that the Wolf Hill Church be attached 
the north section of the association. 







The first structure to house the W°^ Hill Church was a small wo 
building located on or near the present location of the Fenler McMill 
home, about a quarter of a mile from Route 460. This became a uni 
church in the early days. 

The Wolf Hill Church had a struggle during the next few years. Sh< 
pastorates and small membership caused many problems for the n( 
church. In the minutes of the Strawberry Association of 1875, it 
reported to the association that the church enjoyed a "tolerable degr 
of peace and prosperity during that year." In the Association of 18 
a report from the church in the Digest of Letters indicated that "Wt 
Hill has a pious people, but is pastorless and low spirited." And aga 
in 1878 it was reported that "Wolf Hill is in a poor condition, witho 
a pastor; but hopes to do better." This seemed to be the general coi 
dition of the church until about the turn of the century. Howevc 
better days were in store for the church. 

In 1900, under the leadership of the Rev. J. P. Luck, who was past 
at that time, the church built a new building on a lot donated by tl 
late Thomas Newman, located behind what is now the Wilkins Saunde 
home on Route 460. This building was a white frame building wii 
three rows of seats and two front doors. There was an organ purchase 
for this building. This new building was dedicated in 1903 and at th 
time the name of the church was changed from Wolf Hill to Thaxton 

The minutes of 1905 show that there were mission organizations 
the Thaxton Baptist Church that year which were not composed er 
tirely of women and for that reason a report was not sent to th 
Woman's Missionary Union of Virginia. 



152 



1912 the church joined with the Suck Spring, Walnut Grove, and 

pect churches to form the Thaxton field. 

i March, 1913, the members voted to move the church to the present 

at Thaxton, on a lot given by Dr. W. O. McCabe. In October of 
, year the building committee reported that the contract had been 
'rded to Overstreet and Wingfield, at a cost of $4,124.55 for the entire 
ding except for the foundation which was built by the members with- 
charge. The first services were held in the new building on May 2, 

1933 Dr. W. O. McCabe was honored for 30 years of service as 

day School superintendent of the Thaxton Church. In 1936 Dr. 

abe died and when his will was probated it was learned that he 

left the lot and residence adjoining the church lot to the church to 

ised as a parsonage. 

i Sunday morning, October 10, 1948, the church suffered quite a 
edy. The building was entirely destroyed by fire. The story as 
frted by the Bedford Bulletin was as follows: 

L spectacular fire, which destroyed the Thaxton Baptist Church 
lay morning added a sad note to the church history contained on 
page. The fire broke out a few hours before services and caused 
ages to the two-story frame building estimated by insurance agents 
letween $12,000 and $14,000." 

Inder the leadership of Dr. Cline L. Vice, pastor at that time, the 
!ch rebounded from tragedy to success. The church voted to build 
Jj building that it presently uses which was designed and built by 
irge M. Overstreet, a deacon of the church and a contractor by trade, 
ik was begun on December 3 and the building was completed on 
26, 1949. It was dedicated on August 27, 1949. In five years and 
[ie months after the fire, the new building was all paid for. 
i'"om a slow beginning with short pastorates the church has become 
jader in its community and is known by its long pastorates. The 
jrch continues to grow and in the minutes of 1973 reported for the 
I time a membership of over 400. It is active in the associational 
M and in community affairs, of which the youth and community 
bier of Thaxton is partially sponsored by the church. The church's 
jrrests he in the unsaved in the community and the sharing of mission 
pis so that the "Great Commission" might be carried out and that 
Hist might be shared around the world. 

l Februray 10, 1974, the church voted to construct an educational 
,iing on to the end of the existing building at a cost of $177,480. The 
Tact was given to George M. Overstreet Construction Co. This 
^cture will house most of the Sunday School and eliminate much of 
^congestion. 

,ie church praises God for His hand in its life from meager beginnings 
j I now and dedicates itself to performing His work in this community. 



153 



TIMBER RIDGE BAPTIST CHURCH 




Timber Ridge Baptist Church near Lowry was one of two churches 
be organized in Bedford County as a direct result of the revival know 
as the Great Awakening. Timber Ridge Church along with Suck Sprii 
Baptist Church was constituted from the Bedford Baptist Church in 180 

Timber Ridge Church was planted by the Rev. Isham Fuqua in tl 
Lowry community with 40 members on June 14, 1805. 

Isham Fuqua was born in Goochland County, a son of Ralph ar 
Priscilla Owen Fuqua who later settled in Bedford County. He wi 
married about 1777 to Mary Hammons and they had nine children, si 
of the seven sons became ministers. Between 1805-1810 he moved | 
Davidson County, Tenn., and died before 1820. 

The first building for the Lowry Meeting House, as the church wj 
called, was a one-room log cabin on one and one-fourth acres of Ian 
which was purchased from William Lowry for five shillings. 

The property was deeded to Joseph Fuqua and John Hewitt, the fin 
deacons of the church. The church did not have trustees at the time ( 
purchase. 

Joseph Fuqua, a brother of the Rev. Isham Fuqua, was born May 
1756, in Bedford County and died May 4, 1829, in Bedford County. 
Revolutionary soldier, he married November 13, 1782, in Bedford Count 
Miss Celia Bondurant (December 25, 1762 - March 3, 1847). Josep 
Fuqua gave the land at the corner of South and East Main Streets fo 
the first courthouse in Liberty (now Bedford). 

Sometime in the early 1820's the one room log cabin of Lowry Meetin 
House was taken down and a second building erected on the site. Th 
first pastor in the new building was the Rev. William Leftwich wh 
married Mary, daughter of Joseph and Celia Bondurant Fuqua. 



154 



i 



["his building was later used as a meeting house of the Church of 
rist (Episcopal) at Lowry and still later as a school building. 
The name of the church was changed from the Lowry Meeting House 
Timber Ridge, being named after the home place of William B. Lowry. 
ground 1848 subscriptions were taken and plans were made for the 
istruction of a new building. This work began under the ministry 
the Rev. Francis M. Barker and was completed during the years 

BJ3-1854. The Rev. William Harris was the pastor of the new church. 
e church building, the present structure, was built on additional land 
iated by William B. Lowry, Jr. 

\ chart of the Strawberry Association, listing the churches and their 
stors, is recorded in Semple's "History of the Rise and Progress of the 
ptists in Virginia," dated 1810. In this chart the Rev. Isham Fuqua 
is still listed as pastor of Timber Ridge Church. Bedford Baptist 
urch history shows the Rev. James H. L. Moorman to follow Mr. 
qua as pastor. It appears that the mother church shared the pastor 
th Timber Ridge Church until the Rev. William Leftwich was called 
Hind 1823. If so, then the Rev. James H. L. Moorman and the Rev. 
lliam Harris would have served this church, during this period of time, 
treral ministers have come out of Timber Ridge Baptist Church or have 
en members of the body, are as follows: George W. Leftwich, Merri- 
in Lunsford, W. D. Barr, John Mills, S. T. Hahle, Nathan Wingfield 
i Jesse Witt, brother of the famous Daniel P. Witt and close companion 
Jeremiah Bell Jeter. Jesse Witt was the first appointed domestic 
Dme) missionary to the West by the General Assembly. 
One of the many interesting items in the study and preparation of 
Tiber Ridge history was the number of black members on the church 
1 in the early 1800's. There were 80 black members and 40 white 
?mbers at one time listed on the church roll. The Rev. George W. 
iftwich, a member of Timber Ridge Church, was very active in aiding 
d helping the black people in the Strawberry Association. He was 
itrumental in establishing the African Baptist Church in Lynchburg, 
[n March, 1945, a few members looked out on the field and saw it 
is white unto harvest. The need of more space was realized to care 
the increasing number of pupils in the Sunday School. The church 

=Titinued praying and working toward this goal and in October, 1945, 
i Sunday School began a building fund. Work began on July 19, 1948, 
raise the present building and build classrooms in the basement and 
i job was completed on September 25, 1948. 

in 1953, the church voted to build a six-room brick case parsonage 
th the job going to J. D. Arthur, contractor. Work began in June and 
August 31, 1953, the dedication service was held. The Rev. D. C. Craig 
is the first pastor to occupy the new parsonage. 

In 1954 Timber Ridge Church voted to go into a full-time program 
d called the Rev. Alton W. Jessee on December 12, 1954 as the first 

| 1-time pastor. 
The church purchased new pews and furniture for the sanctuary in 

^)5. The pews and furniture were given as memorials to relatives, 

fends and former pastors, 
n 1959 the church voted to brick case the church building at a cost 
$5,232. 

155 



The church once again was feeling growing pains and a need for mor ;: 
Sunday School space was realized. May 28, 1966, the church voted t $ 
construct an educational plant and install a baptistry in the presen jju 
sanctuary. The plans were prepared ,by the Bedford Lumber Co. an* t 
the contract was awarded to them. The building was brick cased an^ &\ 
electric heat installed, and the cost of the construction was arouni '% 
$23,000. The Rev. William H. Pearson was pastor at the time of thi ft 
construction. There was approximately $8,000 pledged by several familie H 
before construction began. On June 16, 1968, a dedication and mortgag 
burning service was held with the Rev. Carl Sizemore leading in th 
services. I 

In 1970 an air-conditioned unit was installed in the main auditorium 
at a cost of $1,400, and on July 17, 1971, a central air-conditioning uni 
was installed in the parsonage. 

The church began a bus ministry in 1971 with the purchase of tw< 
buses. A pastors study was also built in the basement of the parsonage 

In 1973-74 a new sanctuary with a seating capacity of 500 was con 
structed, including a fellowship hall, classrooms, library and a pastor, 
study. 

Timber Ridge Church has experienced a phenomenal growth \\ 
membership and a record number of baptisms in the past four years. , 



TRINITY BAPTIST CHURCH 



."• 




A history of Trinity Baptist Church, located at the corner of Lyle and 
Pinecrest Streets in Bedford, musf go back to 1959 when the Bedford 
Baptist Chapel was started as a mission of Bedford Baptist Church. 

156 



le chapel met in the former Clark Building at Jackson and Grove 

ets and the pastor was the Rev. R Wendell Sodergren. 
June, 1962, with 62 members the chapel became a self-supporting 

ich, unanimously chose the name Trinity Baptist Church and con- 
i ed to worship in the Clark Building. 

i iter the removal of Bedford Baptist Church from East Main Street 
i lakwood Street there was organized in August, 1961, the Main Street 
| ;ist Church with a membership of 40. This membership purchased 
i Orange property on East Main Street to provide space and facilities 
> the congregation. In 1962 this church was received into the Straw- 
l y Association. 

) istors of Main Street Baptist Church were the Rev. Samuel Harvey 
& -1962, the Rev. Henry Irvin 1962-1963 and the Rev. Charles F. Wilson 
j -1965. 

' l October 28, 1964, Trinity Baptist Church merged with Main Street 
^tist Church under the name of Trinity Baptist Church. The newly 
i nized church met in the Clark Building with the Rev. Charles F. 
f ion as pastor. 

August, 1967, the properties committee of the church investigated a 
I ere parcel of land, the Cheatham property, on Lyle and Pinecrest 
t ets. In August, 1968, the church voted to sell the pastorium on East 
t i Street and purchase the Cheatham property to build a church. 
i 'ound was broken March 29, 1970 for the new church building. The 
I jegation had purchased in September, 1969, the Evans residence 
E ining the Cheatham property as a pastorium. In November, 1970, 

:»ngregation sold the Clark Building. The new church was completed 

•ecember, 1970, and dedication held March 28, 1971. 
July, 1969, the Rev. L. Gale Lyon, pastor, and Robert F. Johnson, 

:ord businessman, traveled to Uganda in East Africa for an evangelis- 

nission in which over 125 decisions were made for Christ. 
July, 1972, the church started its bus ministry. 



WALNUT GROVE BAPTIST CHURCH 

Walnut Grove Baptist Church, located in the Goose Creek valley five 

! s north of Montvale, dates its beginning as 1874 but there was a 

e of worship in the area prior to that date. 

le first known place of worship was a Methodist Church just above 

Dscar Broughman residence, about six miles north of Montvale. The 

i it was built is not established but it was prior to the War Between 

States and the site was donated by James Bunch. 

x>se Creek runs at the foot of the elevated point of which Smyrna 

"ch stood. It was a plain one-room building, heated by an open- 

>lace. The only furniture was a small table and homemade benches. 

Ininent among its early members were the families of John Cofer, 

[iam Arrington, Forgie, Noell, James Bunch, etc. 

r those days, they either walked through fields, crossed creeks on 

i:>sed rocks or just plain jumped across, climbed fences or rode horse- 
Each family called for his neighbor, who proudly appeared 

157 




dolled in their Sunday ,best with spirits high and with a pride in reveren 
for their meeting house. Some of our older members recall that some 
our elderly sisters wore sun-bonnets and veils over their faces. It 
also noted that our ladies all rode side saddles and wore long, full flowii 
riding skirts over their regular costumes, this being done to prote 
their dress, hose and shoes from dust or perspiration from horses, an 
of course, this brings to our minds the horse-blocks, where the dam 
and damsels mounted and dismounted their prancing steeds. 

During the War Between the States this building was used as a scho 
One morning, to the sorrow of all interested, the building went down 
flames. As soon as these pious saints of old recovered from the shcx 
of this loss they set diligently to work and erected a building simil; 
to Smyrna, just below the Albert Dickens residence, in a grove abo^ 
the old road that led to Montvale thus moving their building down tl 
valley about two miles. 

The Baptist had an organized church, Mount Zion Baptist Church ea 
of Montvale, but that being quite a distance away they united with tl 
Methodist and it was then that they changed the name from Smyrna j 
Walnut Grove. This building also served as a school for a number | 
years with Major Thompson and Mr. Dickens teaching there for sever 
years. The Rev. L. M. Saunders was pastor of the Methodist Churc 
and the Rev. George P. Luck of the Baptist church. The two denom 
nations held meetings and established a friendship that has lasted t 
the present day. 

In 1868 the people decided to build a new church. The Sunday Scho< 
had a picnic and all the people gathered at Walnut Grove. The visitin 
ministers made addresses. A sumptuous and delectable dinner wa 
served on the grounds, and the older people got together to make plan 



158 



building a new church. The Rev. George P. Luck had charge of the 
eting, he gave the land and $100 in money. The rest worked and 
jre what they could. It wasn't an easy task as they hadn't gotten 
|»r the effects of the war. This was a nice frame building and located 
hort distance from the other church on a high elevation. A Mr. Blount 
Botetourt was selected as contractor and Mr. Kistling and Mr. Hall, 
m Penicks, helped to build it. This church was dedicated on the 
rd Sunday in June, 1870, by the Rev. W. R. Gitt. The trustees were 
an A. DeWitt, Methodist; Capt. N. C. Luck, Episcopalian; Mitchell 
:ing, Presbyterian; and Capt. Tankersley, Baptist. 

\t first the church only had candles for light. One of the members 
tde holders and tacked them to the wall. Some time after that Mrs. 
Read rode horseback through the valley and collected money for the 
nps for the church. The denominations worked in perfect harmony 
i the church continued to grow. In 1906 the people went to work to 
ild a new church. It was erected by J. M. Ferrell, Alonza Noell and 
lliam Smith with the help of others. 

In 1907, at Thanksgiving, it was dedicated by the Rev. Ben Becham 

listed by the Rev. John W. Carroll, Methodist pastor, and the Rev. 

I J. Dogan, Baptist. The following April the new church burned down. 

Undaunted by the loss, the members began to study how to build 

tather. E. W. Luck knew there were nice poplars on the Luck estate. 

, - s. Schenk, Mrs. Barnette, Doctor Luck, and the Rev. James P. Luck 

.ve enough of these for weather-boarding. Some of the men went with 

j\ Luck to the woods and cut the logs. Hugh Garrett and Rosser Ferrell 

uled the logs, had them sawed and put on the church grounds. Mr. 

( mire and sons of Penicks came and dressed the lumber, Andrew Miller 

, d his force of men from Buchanan came and put up the new church. 

,ie Rev. R. L. Cawley was pastor of the Baptist church and the Rev. 

* W. Royall the Methodist church. This church was dedicated July 4, 

09, by the Rev. R. J. Dogan and the Rev. Shackford. 

(This church is continuously being improved. In 1938 electric lights 

i?re installed. In 1942 Sunday School rooms and an auditorium were 

ided in the basement through the vision and leadership of the Rev. 

M. Roberson, Baptist minister. In 1949 the grounds were graded, 

fned and fertilized and sown in grass. This improved the grounds 

satly. 

There have been a number of preachers from this community, some 
ft whom the three Welch brothers, John Wood, J. M. Luck, J. P. Luck, 
lbert Cofer, R. H. Luck and E. W. Luck served as superintendents of 
e Sunday School for quite a number of years. 

! A committee composed of Mrs. Pearl McDaniel, Mrs. Margaret Ar- 
Kigton and Miss Helen Luck discussed putting carpet in the church and 
is project was carried. 

Later an organ was purchased with Mrs. Annie Virginia Garrett being 
e promoter of this project. 

■In 1960 the latest improvement of notoriety was the installation of 
e memorial windows, the vision of Mrs. R. H. Luck. 
■ t A brass set of candle-holders and cross was presented by Miss Ella 

159 



& 



Lee Cofer in memory of her parents, Mr. and Mrs. Richard Hobson Cofei 
A brass baptismal bowl was presented by Mrs. Ruby Forgie. 

In 1965 a kitchen was installed and equipped with an electric stov 
and refrigerator given by Joy Cook and the floor tile by Mrs. Wellingto: 
Luck. At this time a well was drilled. 

In 1966 the interior of the church was given a face lift by installin 
beams overhead, painting, and a new lighting system (memorial chande 
liers.) Walker Burdette deserves honorable mention for this improve 
ment. 

In 1973 a new piano was purchased for the church and the interior o 
the church remodeled and painted. 

The Rev. James Pascal Luck was ordained at the church September 16 
1887. He was a son of the Rev. George P. and Nannie Buford Luck anc ft 
born April 4, 1856, in Goose Creek valley. His father and a brother . 
the Rev. Julian M. Luck, were ordained at Mount Zion Baptist Church 

He was educated at Sunnyside Academy in Bedford County and ir 
1889-1890 at the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary. He served a; 
pastor of at least 17 churches in the Strawberry Association. He diec . 
November 13, 1913, at his home in Bedford and is buried in Oakwooc 
Cemetery in Bedford. 



PASTORS OF ASSOCIATION CHURCHES 

Beaverdam 

i 

Joshua Burnette 1804-1824, James C. Leftwich 1830, Thomas C. Goggini 
1847-1855, Thomas N. Sanderson 1855-1870, Joseph R. Harrison 1870, 
James A. Davis 1875-1884, James P. Luck 1887-1889, James A. Davis 
1889-1890, James P. Luck 1891-1893, Josephus A. Barnhardt 1893-1899, 
W. T. Henderson 1899-1901, Horace L. Wilkinson 1902-1910, George H, 
Broyles 1910-1912, Cyrus L. Eubank 1912-1913 (supply), Walter G; 
Hughes 1913-1915, D. A. Thomas 1915-1918, S. B. Moses 1919-1920, T. 
Edison Goad 1921-1922, J. M. Nester 1925-1927, Frank A. Brumfield 1928- 
1936, Leonard Prillaman 1937-1938, George C. Lynch 1939-1941, J. E. 
Sassaman 1942-1943, Frank A. Brumfield 1944-1945, J. M. Nester 1946- 
1947, Frank A. Brumfield 1948-1953, W. H. Kissinger 1954, William F. 
Schroeder 1955-1957, Thomas E. Weringo 1958-1961, Carl H. Lee 1962-1964, 
Carroll B. Welch 1966-1974, Dr. Gordon L. Keller 1974-1976 (supply), 
Dennis E. Moore 1976- 



Bedford 

Nathaniel Shrewsbury 1797-1798, Isham Fuqua 1798, James H. L. 
Moorman 1810, William Harris 1814-1847, Francis M. Barker 1847-1854, 
Alexander Eubank 1855-1859, Andrew Broaddus, Jr., 1862, James A. 
Davis 1864-1872, Dr. Cornelius Tyree 1872-1882, Dr. John T. Kincanon 
1884-1886, George C. Abbitt 1887-1889, W. F. Kone 1890-1891, R. L. Motley 
1891-1894, William S. Royall 1895-1904, Charles W. Collier 1905-1913, 
Charles T Kincanon 1913-1915, Dr. Hugh C. Smith 1915-1923, J. Lester 

160 



ine 1923-1929, Dr. Harry P. Clause 1930-1944, A. G. Carter 1944-1954, 
?ne F. Moffatt 1955-1959, Dr. Harry P. Clause 1959 (supply), J. Marshall 
alker 1960-1973, Dr. Woodrow W. Clark 1973-1975 (supply), Dearl L. 
ince 1975- 



Bethel 



W. T. Coats 1879-1880, William D. Barr 1881-1886, John H. Pearcy 

,87-1889, James A. Davis 1890-1892, Dr. William F. Fisher 1893-1894, 

I R. Brown 1894-1895, Joseph M. Street 1896-1903, M. W. Bloxom 1904- 

ii06, James M. Coleman 1907-1911, E. B. Morris 1912-1913, Richard F. 

sicks 1914-1919, Simpson G. Callison 1919-1922, Andrew W. Connelly 

3)23-1924, B. L. Peters 1924-1934, Ira A. Campbell 1935-1938, L. Preston 

^rown 1938-1939, John B. Thurman 1939-1944, A. M. Fox 1945-1948, 

lul R. Morton 1949, H. L. Hanshew 1950-1953, Samuel B. Tucker 1954- 

| >56, J. C. Reynolds, Jr., 1957-1960, Bernard W. Camden 1961-1963, John 

Campbell 1965, John B. Thurman 1966-1967, Samuel C. Crawford 1961- 

>)75, S. W. Elliott 1976- 



Bethlehem 

John Anthony, Jr., 1804-1822, Thomas C. Goggin 1855, J. J. Little 

358-1859, George W. Leftwich 1859, Alexander Eubank 1861-1863, Charles 

. Anthony 1870, Alexander Eubank 1876-1880, John T. Rhodes 1881, 

William D. Barr 1881-1883, Charles L. Anthony 1884-1890, Alexander 

:ubank 1891-1895, Charles L. Anthony 1896-1899, Alexander Millar 1900- 

,'903, Dr. John T. Kincanon 1905-1909, Horace L. Wilkinson 1910-1915, 

homas B. Hawkins 1916, Henry L Thomas 1917-1921, Mathias B. Major 

022-1927, Thomas B. Hawkins 1928, James E. Poteet 1929-1931, Henry L. 

Ihomas 1932-1933, Hubert L. Cooper 1934-1940, M. O. Harvell 1941-1945, 

Hubert L. Cooper 1945-1955, Ernest G. Cary 1956-1959, Frank S. Cooper 

:959-1963, C. A. Echols 1963-1964, Hubert L. Cooper 1965-1971, Randall P. 

layne 1972- 



i Big Island 

] Gabriel Gray 1886-1888, Reuben B. Boatwright 1889-1891, James G. 

/'buncill 1892-1895, J. Paul Essex 1895-1897, W. B. James 1897-1901, Dr. 
ames P. McCabe 1902-1904, William S. Royall 1905-1906, John W. Guy 
nd Willie E. Guy 1907-1908, James P. Luck 1909-1910, William L. Hayes 
910-1913, C. Kelly Hobbs 1914-1918, R. E. Brown 1920-1925, J. Mack 
ranklin 1926-1937, Everett S. Vaughn 1938-1952, T. Graham Lester, Jr. 

J952-1957, Lucien R. Freeman 1958-1975, Eugene C. Campbell 1975- 

Diamond Hill 

h 

James A. Davis 1873-1874, John L Lawless 1875, Gabriel Wheeler, Jr., 
876-1878, William J. Cocke 1879-1880, Samuel H. Dooley 1880-1881, 
harles L Anthony 1883-1884, Alexander Eubank 1885, James P. Luck 

161 



■;,- 
'i 



1888-1889, James A. Davis 1890-1891, Reuben B. Boatwright 1892, CharL 
L. Anthony 1893-1894, Josephus A. Barnhardt 1895-1896, James E. Pote 
1897-1899, W. H. Parker 1900-1902, Josephus A. Barnhardt 1903-190 
James E. Poteet 1907-1910, Cyrus L. Eubank 1911-1913, Walter G. Hughi 
1914-1917, S. B. Moses 1918-1921, T. Edison Goad 1922-1923, George ( 
Turner 1924-1925, Omar G. Burnett 1927-1929, G A. Chocklett 1930-193 
Luther C. Coffman 1933-1937, A. C. Lawson 1938, Jesse V. Ashwe 
1939-1950, Hubert L. Cooper 1950-1956, Lewis C. Hall 1958-1960, Joh T 
Dennis 1961, Frank S. Cooper 1962-1964, Hubert L. Cooper 1965- 



US 



Flint Hill f 

lie 

Alexander Eubank 1870, N. M. Leslie 1873-1874, James A Davis 187! 
Gabriel Wheeler, Jr., 1876-1878, William D. Barr 1880-1882, Charles 1 g| 
Anthony 1883-1884, James P. Luck 1889, James A. Davis 1890-189: 
Reuben B. Boatwright 1892-1894, Joshua T. Thornhill 1895, Josephus / 
Barnhardt 1896-1898, W. T. Henderson 1899-1904, Dr. John T. Kincano 
1906-1907, A. M. Rittenour 1908-1909, R. L. Cauley 1911, Walter G. Hughe 
1913-1916, Horace L Wilkinson 1920-1936, Andrew W. Connelly 1937-193' 
Fred Harcum 1940-1942, Frank A. Brumfield 1943-1948, R. T. Smith 1949 [ 
1951, D. C. Craig 1954, Grady C. Dickens 1955-1958, Ralph K. Ham 
1959-1961, Everette H. Chapman 1963-1965, Mervin J. Garrison 1966-196 
Paulus E. Bryant, Jr. 1969 (supply), William F. Carson 1970 (supply)' 
Dr. Harry P. Clause 1971 (supply), Norman A. Gooding 1971 






Forest 

Dr. William F. Fisher 1893-1894, Joseph M. Street 1896-1903, M. "W 
Bloxom 1904-1906, James M. Coleman 1907-1911, Richard F. Hicks 1914 
1919, Simpson G. Callison 1920-1922, B. L Peters 1923-1935, Ira A. Camp, 
bell 1936-1938, L. Preston Brown 1939-1940, John B. Thurman 1941-1945, 
A. M. Fox 1946-1947, Paul R. Morton 1948-1949, H. L. Hanshew 1950-1953 
Guy H. Newman 1955-1957, A. H. Morgan 1958-1960, Dr. Dancy S 
Dempsey 1961-1962 (supply), George E. Reynolds 1963-1966, John B 
Thurman 1968-1974, Sanford A. Dean 1974-1975 (supply), Howard W, 
Welling 1975- 



Glade Creek 

Merriman E. Lunsford 1829-1832, John N. Johnson 1832-1833, William! 
McDermed 1834-1835, Merriman E. Lunsford 1855-1857, T. P. Fellers 
1858-1861, Robert R. Lunsford 1862, Merriman E. Lunsford 1863, Gabriel 
Wheeler, Jr., 1876, Robert R. Lunsford 1878-1903, E. C. Root 1904-1906, 
Dr. John T. Kincanon 1906-1912, George H. Broyles 1912-1920, Thomas E. 
Boorde 1920-1923, W. L. Naff 1925-1927, George H. Broyles 1928-1938,! 
F. L Holland 1938, Jesse V. Ashwell 1939-1945, Hubert L. Cooper 1945- 
1952, O. R. Humphreys, Jr., 1953-1955, J. M. Nester 1956-1957, Kenneth 
E. Noe 1958-1960, Charles E. Davis 1961-1962, Philip D. Moran 1963-1967,.: 
Earl B. Denoff 1967-1972, Cyril W. Holland 1973- 



162 



. 



Hunting Creek 

^enjamin Milam 1831-1835, William Harris 1851-1858, Alexander 

lank 1859-1867, T. B. Gatewood 1868, William Fisher 1869-1875, John 

Uwless 1876-1880, F. M. Satterwhite 1881, A. Judson Reamy 1882-1893, 

liam Fisher 1884-1887, John R. Fizer 1888, Reuben B. Boatwright 

9-1891, James G. Councill 1892-1894, J. Paul Essex 1896-1897, W. B. 

*ies 1897-1901, Dr. James P. McCabe 1902-1904, William S. Royall 

5-1906, Willie E. Guy and John W. Guy 1907-1908, James P. Luck 

9-1910, William L. Hayes 1910-1913, C. Kelly Hobbs 1914-1918, Penn 

'Anthony 1919, R. E. Brown 1920-1925, J. Mack Franklin 1926-1937, 

llsrett S. Vaughn 1938-1952, T. Graham Lester, Jr. 1952-1957, Woodrow 

I Neal 1958-1961, James T. Campbell 1963-1968, Sanford A. Dean 1970- 

fcl (supply), Howard A. Stokes 1971-1976, Sanford A. Dean 1976- 

I ppiy) 

Mentow 

dexander Millar 1901-1904, Horace L. Wilkinson 1904-1919, Henry L. 

Dmas 1919-1922, Mathias B. Major 1922-1924, James E. Poteet 1925- 

.2, Hubert L. Cooper 1933-1937, A. C. Lawson 1937-1939, R. E. Dunkum 

9-1940, Edgar P. Roberson 1941-1951, Rolen C. Bailey 1952-1955, 

pert C. Wells 1955-1961, Robert L Camden 1962 (supply), Joseph S. 

fcinnan, Jr., 1962-1965, Robert L. Camden 1965-1966 (supply), Howard 

[•Smith, Jr. 1966-1969, A. Donald Anthony 1970 (supply), C. Merrill 

\ -odson 1971-1975, James R. Elrod 1975- 



Morgans 



Nathaniel Shrewsbury 1771-1798, Joel Preston 1798-1805, Joshua Bur- 

;te 1805-1806, William Leftwich 1806-1838, James C. Leftwich 1838- 

U, Thomas C. Goggin 1841-1848, James C. Leftwich 1850-1852, William 

rris 1852-1853, Thomas C. Goggin 1853-1855, William Harris 1856-1859, 

omas N. Sanderson 1860-1863, Thomas C. Goggin 1864-1873, Gabriel 

1 leeler, Jr., 1874-1886, James P. Luck 1888-1889, James A. Davis 1889- 

!)2, Reuben B. Boatwright 1892-1894, Joseph us A. Barnhardt 1894-1896, 

I. John T. Kincanon 1896-1899, James P. Luck 1900-1903, Horace L. 

1 lkinson 1903-1920, Mathias B. Major 1921, S. B. Moses 1922-1924, 

I race L. Wilkinson 1924-1933, Andrew W. Connelly 1934-1939, Fred 

[ rcum 1939-1942, Dr. Benjamin F. Bray 1950-1951 (supply), Andrew L. 

bumate 1952-1953, Harold B. Oyer 1954-1967, Luther R. Vann 1968-1969 

ppply), G. Palmer Belcher 1969-1971, David E. Brooks 1972- 



Mount Hermon 



[George Rucker 1809-1810, Enoch W. Terry 1818-1826, Jesse Witt 1827, 
'•remiah Hatcher 1831, William Leftwich 1834, Alexander Eubank 1857, 
}L. Gwaltney 1858-1859, William Harris 1863, James A. Davis 1870-1874, 
! hn L. Lawless 1876-1880, F. M. Satterwhite 1881, A. Judson Reamy 
32-1883, James A. Davis 1885-1887, Reuben B. Boatwright 1889-1893, 

163 



James P. Luck 1894, J. Paul Essex 1895, Dr. John T. Kincanon 1897, W, 
James 1898-1901, W. T. Henderson 1902-1904, James P. Luck 1906-1$ 
A. M. Rittenour 1908-1909, James P. Luck 1910-1913, C. Kelly Hobbs 19' ft 
1918, Penn A. Anthony 1919, Horace L. Wilkinson 1920-1925, Mathiaa 
Major 1926-1927, Lewis D. Craddock 1929-1933, Frank A. Brumfi 
1935-1948, John B. Thurman 1950-1951, Thomas E. Weringo 1952-1S 
Eugene C. Campbell 1954-1959, Bobby C. Buchanan 1960-1962, S 
Elliott 1963, Floyd D. Crenshaw 1964, E. C. Brewer 1965-1967, CarL 
Davis 1968-1969, N. C. Napier 1970- 

I »■ 



Mount Olivet 



■;; 

■:;■ 






William Leftwich, Jr., 1832-1835, George W. Leftwich 1835, Thomas w t 
Goggin 1855-1859, Joseph R. Harrison 1861-1863, Alexander Euba 
1870-1874, James A. Davis 1875-1888, J. D. Berry 1889, James P. Lu 
1890-1892, James B. Cook 1893-1894, James P. Luck 1895-1899, W. , 
Henderson 1899-1904, James P. Luck 1905-1913, Walter G. Hughes 19]' 
1916, Horace L. Wilkinson 1918-1933, Andrew W. Connelly 1934-19: 
Fred Harcum 1940-1942, Andrew W. Connelly 1942-1946, J. M. Fogg 19 
D. Carwile 1946 (supply), Neal W. Ellis 1947-1948 (supply), R. T. Smi 
1948-1951, Charlie M. Shelton 1952-1954, Grady C. Dickens 1954-19! 
Norman A. Hicks 1959-1969, Dr. Harry P. Clause 1966-1967 (supplj 
George E. Reynolds 1967 (supply), Robert E. Thompson 1970-1973, I 
Harry P. Clause 1970-1971 (supply), A. Donald Anthony 1973-19 
(supply), John S. Virkler 1974- 



Mount Zion 



I 



Alexander Eubank 1855, J. P. Carron 1857-1863, Woodward R. G 
1870, James A. Davis 1873-1889, J. K. Gait 1889-1891, James B. Ox 
1892-1894, Horace L. Wilkinson 1895-1903, Dr. John T. Kincanon 19C 
R. L. Cauley 1906-1907, A. M. Rittenour 1909, James P. Luck 1911, Waltj 
G. Hughes 1914-1916, R. E. Ingram 1918-1919, J. Mack Franklin 1920-192; 
Francis H. Harrison 1926-1929, L H. Urquhart 1931, Charlie M. Robersci 
1932-1944, Elbert M. Yeatts 1945-1947, Charlie M. Shelton 1949-1951 
Harold B. Oyer 1952-1953, Woodrow W. Glass 1954-1955, Charles / 
Echols 1956, William C. Mattox, Jr., 1956-1957, Bernard W. Camdq 
1959-1960, Thomas E. Weringo 1963, Phillip E. Day 1965-1967, Harold 
Oyer 1968-1974, Vernon V. Jennings 1974-1976, Daniel W. Smith 197t; 

: 

Mountain View 

James P. Luck 1892, Robert R. Lunsford 1892-1896, J. Paul Essex 189 
W. H. Parker 1897-1906, R. L. Cauley 1907-1909, Walter G. Hughes 1911 
1917, George H. Broyles 1917-1920, Thomas E. Boorde 1921-1923, W. I 
Naff 1925-1928, L. H. Urquhart 1929-1938, Jesse V. Ashwell 1938-1941 
L. W. Gammon 1941-1943, Elbert M. Yeatts 1944-1947, Charlie M. Shelto: 
1948-1950, Harold B. Oyer 1951-1952, J. M. Nester 1952-1956, Charles 4 

164 



i;hols 1956-1957, C. L. Hepler 1962, Thomas E. Weringo 1963-1964, 
lillip E. Day 1965-1969, Vernon V. Jennings 1969-1970, Phillip E. Day 
1(70-1971, Robert P. Steinmetz, Jr., 1971-1972, Milford F. Garrett 1973- 
I 
I 

New Prospect 

William Harris 1858-1859, Thomas N. Sanderson 1861, Joseph R. Harri- 

in 1863, Woodward R. Gitt 1873, Gabriel Gray 1874-1878, John L. Law- 
ss 1880, C. F. James 1881-1882, James A. Davis 1883-1889, J. K. Gait 
190-1891, James B. Cook 1892-1894, James P. Luck 1895-1897, William S. 
pyall 1900, Horace L. Wilkinson 1901-1906, R. L. Cauley 1908-1911, 
ndrew J. Coons 1912-1914, James M. Coleman 1915-1917, R E. Ingram 
►18-1919, J. Mack Franklin 1920-1925, Francis H. Harrison 1926-1929, 

'orace L. Wilkinson 1930-1931, Charlie M. Roberson 1932-1945, J. M. 

ogg 1946, William Duncan 1954, Willard Courtney 1954-1958, James T. 

rail 1959-1961, A. T Powell 1963-1966, Basil Ferrell 1968-1970 (supply), 

Jr. Harry P. Clause 1972 (supply) 



I Ninevah 

I I James E. Poteet 1899-1913 and 1915-1917, Thomas B. Hawkins 1917- 
18, C. B. Peters 1922-1923, W. A. Hawley 1923-1924, J. M. Nester 1924- 
27, Frank A. Brumfield 1927-1937, George C. Lynch 1938, Jesse V. 

-Ishwell 1939-1942, G. D. Caldwell 1943-1947, Logan S. Cronk 1948-1951, 
'rank S. Cooper 1952-1954, O. T. Jacobs 1954, T. R. Brown 1955, A. N. 
ooley 1956-1958, Gerald E. Conn 1959, R. T. Rieley 1965-1966 and 1969- 
)70, Roy D. Smith, Jr. 1970-1972, Arthur J. Chisom 1973-1975, Scott R. 
abrielson 1976- (supply) 



North Bedford 



'John R. Fizer 1881-1885 and 1888, Reuben B. Boatwright 1889-1891, 
^imes G. Councill 1892-1895, J. Paul Essex 1896-1897, W. B. James 1897- 
feoi, Dr. James P. McCabe 1902-1904, William S. Royall 1904-1907, 
Willie E. Guy and John W. Guy 1907-1908, H. T. Allison 1909-1910, 
3/illiam L. Hayes 1910-1913, C. Kelly Hobbs 1913-1917, Henry B. Jennings, 

-., 1917-1918, William S. Royall 1918-1922, B. L. Peters 1925-1928, J. H. 
Pranklin 1928-1935, Ira A. Campbell 1935-1939, L. Preston Brown 1939- 
|l941, John B. Thurman 1941-1947, A. M. Fox 1947-1948, Paul R. Morton 
SM8, H. L. Hanshew 1949-1953, Garth Long 1954, J. C. Reynolds, Jr., 

)55-1961, Randall P. Layne 1961-1967, Earl Clarkson, Jr., 1968-1970, 

harles K. Stinson 1970- 



Norwood 

Joseph M. Street 1900, Horace L. Wilkinson 1901-1903, M. W. Bloxom 

^04-1906, James M. Coleman 1907-1911, Walter G. Hughes 1913, Robert 

|J, Hicks 1914-1919, Simpson G Callison 1919, Horace L. Wilkinson 1921- 

J23, B. L. Peters 1924-1934, Ira A. Campbell 1937, L. Preston Brown 

165 



1938-1940, John B. Thurman 1941-1945, A. M. Fox 1946-1947, Paul 
Morton 1948-1949, H. L. Hanshew 1949-1953, Daney D. Dunn 19541 
William T. Vest 1955-1959, Bernard W. Camden 1959-1963, E. C. Brewei i 
1965-1966, Nelson K. Barese 1967-1975, Luther L. Lemon, Jr. 1976 : 
(supply) 

i t 
I il 

10 



Palestine 



Ahner Anthony 1850-1870, Charles Wood 1862-1870 (assistant), Thomas* s 
C. Goggin 1871-1877, Charles L. Anthony 1878-1881, William D. Bar; 
1882-1884, Thomas C. Goggin 1885-1887, Charles L. Anthony 1888-1896 f 
G. Robert Haley 1897-1907, James S. Lynn 1908-1910, Franklin P. Robert 
son 1911-1920, George G. Turner 1921-1925, Franklin P. Robertson 19261 
Omar G. Burnett 1927-1929, G. A. Chocklett 1930-1931, Hubert L. Cooped 
1932-1936, A. C. Lawson 1937-1939, R. E. Dunkum 1939-1940, Edgar P i 
Roberson 1941-1951, Rolen C. Bailey 1952-1955, Robert C. Wells 1903 ¥ 
1961, Joseph S. Stirman, Jr., 1962-1967, Jesse V. Ashwell 1967-196* 
(supply), John H. McDaniel 1968-1969, A. Donald Anthony 1970 (supply) 
Henry B. Land, Jr. 1971- 



Pecks 



Dr. John T. Kincanon 1896-1912, Horace L. Wilkinson 1912-1916, i 
Thomas B. Hawkins 1916-1917, Henry L. Thomas 1917-1921, Mathias B. 
Major 1922-1927, Thomas B. Hawkins 1928, James E. Poteet 1929-1936,ib 
Luther C. Coffman 1937-1949, John B. Thurman 1949-1951, Charlie M. 
Shelton 1952-1954, Tearle P. Brown 1954-1957, John F. Layton, Jr., 1957 
1959, Dr. Lewis E. Martin 1960-1962, Dr. Harry P. Clause 1962-1963 
(supply), Bobby C. Buchanan 1963-1967, John L. Hawkins 1967-1972, 
Robert E. Sherrill 1973-1975, Dr. Harry P. Clause 1976 (supply), Arthur J. 
Chisom 1976- 

Pleasant View 

Alexander Eubank 1879-1880, J. H. Pearcy 1891, Dr. William F. Fisher 
1893-1895, Joseph M. Street 1896-1899, Horace L. Wilkinson 1900-1902, 
Joseph M. Street 1903, M. W. Bloxom 1904-1906, James M. Coleman 
1907-1909, W. W. Townsend 1912, Richard F. Hicks 1914-1919, Simpson 
G. CalUson 1919-1922, Andrew W. Connelly 1923-1929, N. L. Loflin 
1930-1937, Herman C. Inge 1938-1939, Frank A. Brumfield 1940-1942, 
John B. Thurman 1943-1944, T. Edison Goad 1946-1948, John B. Thurman 
1950-1951, Morris E. Campbell 1952-1954, Guy H. Newman 1955-1957, 
J. R. Duffie 1959-1973, Robert L. Thompson 1973-1974 (supply), Dr. J. G. 
Henry 1974- 



: 



Quaker 

Alderson Weeks 1810, Zachariah Whorley 1828, Zachariah Whorley and 
Merriman E. Lunsford 1829-1830, Merriman E. Lunsford 1831, Zachariah 
Whorley 1833-1835, James C. Leftwich 1849, Abner Anthony 1853-1854, 

166 



n mas N. Sanderson 1855-1856, William Harris 1857, George W. Leftwich 
lt-1864, C. W. Wood 1865-1869, Charles L. Anthony 1870, Gabriel 
K .-jeler, Jr., 1872-1876, William W. Fuqua 1877, William J. Cocke 1877- 
!"[, Alexander Eubank 1878-1879 (supply), Charles L. Anthony 1879- 
I ), William D. Barr 1880-1885, Gabriel Wheeler, Jr., 1886-1887, Alex- 
u er Eubank 1887-1894, Dr. John T. Kincanon 1895-1905, James S. 
Ji n 1906-1909, Horace L. Wilkinson 1910-1919, Henry L. Thomas 1920- 
! ., Mathias B. Major 1922-1927, Thomas B. Hawkins 1928 (supply), 
fines E. Poteet 1929-1935, Andrew W. Connelly 1936-1939, Fred Harcum 
ti 1-1942, Luther C. Coffman 1942-1950, Dr. Wesley N. Laing 1950 
i'.oply), Charlie M. Shelton 1950-1954, Tearle P. Brown 1954-1957, John 
loayton, Jr., 1957-1959, Wilbur C. Kirchner 1960-1962, Dr. James L. 
) d 1963 (supply), Lester F. Gayton 1963-1965, George C. Lynch 1965 
fcpply), Olin V. Glidden 1966-1967, William F. Carson 1967-1968 
i )ply), Gilbert M. Profitt 1968-1975, A. Donald Anthony 1975 (supply), 
fc'>ert M. Profitt 1975-1976 (supply), Arthur H. Bishop 1976- 

Radford 

amuel T. Habel 1902, James S. Lynn 1903, Charles L. Anthony 1906- 
5, James E. Poteet 1917-1919, Omar G. Burnett 1927-1929, G. A. 
I cklett 1930-1932, Hubert L. Cooper 1933-1937, A. C. Lawson 1938, R. E. 
) lkum 1939-1941, Edgar P. Roberson 1942-1951, Hubert L. Cooper 
1M957, Grady C. Dickens 1958, Ralph K. Harris 1959-1961, Bobby E. 
Knett 1963-1964, Haywood Calvert 1965-1966, Hubert R. Hart 1967- 
fi, A. Donald Anthony 1968-1969 (supply), Tommy C. Floyd 1969- 



Rainbow Forest 

hillip C. Day 1969-1971, Garney J. Day 1969-1971 (assistant), Guy R. 
I twright 1971-1974, Wessley C. Patterson 1974-1975 (supply), Richard 
t Moran 1975 (supply), Phillip C. Day 1975- (supply) 



Sedaha 

( 

indrew J. Coons 1914, H. L. Nicholas 1915, Walter G. Hughes 1916, 
In A. Anthony 1918-1920, Edwin J. Hopkins 1922, W. P. Brooke 1924, 
bert E. L. Chadwick 1926-1928, Lewis D. Craddock 1929-1937, Frank 
ij3rumiield 1938-1946, Jesse V. Ashwell 1947-1956, Eugene C. Campbell 
■ 7-1959, Bobby C. Buchanan 1960-1962, Johnny C. McBride 1962-1963, 
I Harry P. Clause 1963 (supply), James H. Keaton 1965-1967, George 
Reynolds 1968-1971, Jack R. Miller 1972- 



Shady Grove 

Dseph R. Harrison 1861-1863, Gabriel Wheeler, Jr., 1869-1870, James 
Oavis 1874-1878, Gabriel Wheeler, Jr., 1879-1889, James A. Davis 1890- 
IL, Reuben B. Boatwright 1891-1893, Gabriel Wheeler, Jr. 1894, 
r;phus A. Barnhardt 1895-1896, James E. Poteet 1898, Horace L. Wilk- 

167 



inson 1899, W. T. Henderson 1899-1903, James P. Luck 1905-1908, A. 
Rittenour 1908-1909, George H. Broyles 1910-1920, Thomas E. Booi 
1921-1922, W. L. Naff 1925-1927, George H. Broyles 1928-1942, Earl 
Dodson 1942-1944, Elhert M. Yeatts 1944-1948, Charlie M. Shelton 19' 
1950, Harold B. Oyer 1952-1953, Woodrow W. Glass 1954-1955, WilliJ 
C. Mattox, Jr., 1956-1958, Marvon C. Patterson 1958-1962, Garney J. E 
1963-1966, Andrew B. Moon 1967-1968 (supply), Elmer W. Sellers 1969- 



Staunton 



f 



William Johnson 1790-1792, Teass 1793, William Johns 

1794, John Black 1802, Joshua Burnette 1803, Luke Bird 1809 (suppl; 
Joseph Burroughs 1818-1822, Abner Anthony 1827-1866, Thomas C. Gogi 
1867, Charles L. Anthony 1878-1882, Thomas C. Goggin 1883-1884, Chari 
L. Anthony 1885, Thomas C. Goggin 1886, William D. Barr 1887, Pe. 
A. Anthony 1888-1890, Charles L. Anthony 1891-1894, G. Robert Hal 
1895-1900, James P. Luck 1900-1901, James S. Lynn 1901-1908, Char] 
L. Anthony 1909-1914, James E. Poteet 1915-1919, George G. Turner 195 
1925, Omar G. Burnett 1927-1929, G. A. Chocklett 1930-1932, Hubert 
Cooper 1932-1934, J. E. Poteet 1936, Hubert L. Cooper 1937, A. C. Laws' 
1938-1939, R. E. Dunkum 1940-1941, Edgar P. Roberson 1942-1951, Hubt 
L. Cooper 1952-1957, A. A. Blanks 1958- 



Suck Spring 

Isham Fuqua 1805-1810, William Harris 1814-1865, Thomas C. Gogg 
1865-1870, James A. Davis 1871-1873, Gabriel Gray 1873-1882, A. Juds< 
Reamy 1882-1885, William D. Barr 1885-1888, James P. Luck 1888-18* 
J. K. Gait 1890-1891, James B. Cook 1892, James P. Luck, 1893-191 
Andrew J. Coons 1912-1915, H L Nicholas 1915, Walter G. Hugh 
1915-1917, Perm A. Anthony 1917-1921, Edwin J. Hopkins 1921-1922, W. 
Brooke 1923-1925, Robert E. L Chadwick 1926-1929, Robert L Camd( 
1929 (supply), Lewis D. Craddock 1929-1937, Frank A. Brumfield 193 
1947, G. D. Caldwell 1947-1950, Thomas E. Weringo 1950-1953, James . 
McKittrick 1953-1956, Dewey V. Page 1956-1959, Thomas M. Mishoe 196 
1970, C. V. Cochran 1970 (supply), Wilton O. Gleaton 1971- 



Terrace View 

George G. Turner 1921-1925, Robert E. L. Chadwick 1926-1928, Willia) 
S. Royall 1929-1932, Luther C. Coffman 1933-1942, John B. Thurma 
1942-1944, A. M. Fox 1944-1945, Thomas E. Weringo 1946-1948, John 1 
Thurman 1949-1951, Morris E. Campbell 1952-1954, Dr. Henley M. Fugal 
1955 (supply), J. C. Reynolds, Jr., 1956-1960, Dr. Joseph E. Johnso 
1960-1963 (supply), Dr. Dancy S. Dempsey 1963-1964 (supply), D 
Joseph R. Johnson 1964-1965 (supply), Dr. Dancy S. Dempsey 1965-196 
(supply), Samuel C. Crawford 1968- 



168 



Thaxton 

lomas N. Sanderson 1857, Nathan Lesly 1858, J. L. Gwaltney 1859, 

-lam Harris 1861-1863, Alexander Eubank 1870-1876, James P. Luck 

1879, Alexander Eubank 1880, James A. Davis 1881-1884, Alexander 

jank 1885-1889, James P. Luck 1890-1908, James M. Coleman 1909- 

, Andrew J. Coons 1913-1914, James M. Coleman 1915-1917, R. E. 

am 1918-1919, J. Mack Franklin 1920-1925, Francis H. Harrison 1927- 

ll, Andrew W. Connelly 1930-1931, Charlie M. Roberson 1932-1946, 

\> Cline L. Vice 1947-1951, N. C. Napier 1952-1968, C. V. Cochran 1969 

S )ply), W. Johnson Gupton, Jr., 1970- 

Timber Ridge 

i'ham Fuqua 1805-1810, James H. L Moorman 1811-1814, William 

ris 1814, Merriman E. Lunsford 1823, William Leftwich 1823-1828, 

W> Fuqua 1828-1831, William Leftwich 1831-1848, Francis M. Barker 

; i-1853, William Harris 1854-1855, Alexander Eubank 1855-1856, 

'mas C. Goggin 1856-1861, James A. Davis 1862-1871, William Fisher 

! -1872, James A. Davis 1872-1873, Dr. Cornelius Tyree 1873-1883, Dr. 

i T. Kincanon 1884-1886, George C. Abbitt 1886-1887, J. D. Berry 

^'-1888, James P. Luck 1889-1894, Dr. John T. Kincanon 1894-1899, 

liam S. Royall 1900-1905, Charles W. Collier 1905-1911, Robert D. 

ite 1911-1914, Henry B. Jennings, Jr. 1914-1917, Penn A. Anthony 

f'-1920, Jasper N. Newsom 1920-1921, Edwin J. Hopkins 1922, W. P. 

jbke 1923-1926, Robert E. L. Chadwick 1926-1928, Lewis D. Craddock 

J-1933, Luther C. Coffman 1933-1950, Charlie M. Shelton 1950-1952, 

2. Craig 1953-1954, Alton W. Jessee 1954-1956, John R Boon 1957- 

k, Dr. Harry P. Clause 1961 (supply), G. Milton Bettini 1961-1964, 

\l W. Ellis 1964 (supply), William H. Pearson 1964-1967, Neal W. Ellis 

(supply), Carl E. Sizemore 1967-1969, A. Donald Anthony 1969- 

l ) (supply), William H. Pearson 1970- 

'■; 

Trinity 

Wendell Sodergen 1962-1963, Charles F. Wilson 1964-1965, Donald 
^oleman 1965-1967, L Gale Lyon 1967-1974, A Donald Anthony 1974- 
'» (supply), Herbert D. Holton 1975- 



Walnut Grove 

abriel Gray 1875-1881, C. F. James 1882, John R. Fizer 1883-1885, 
ihaniel C. Burnett 1886, William D. Barr 1887, James A. Davis 1888- 
:), J. K. Gait 1890-1891, James B. Cook 1892-1894, William S. Royall 

)-1900, R. J. Dogan 1901-1902, W. T. Henderson 1904, Nathaniel C. 
snett 1906, R. L Cauley 1908-1911, Andrew J. Coons 1913-1914, James 
-Coleman 1915-1917, R. E. Ingram 1918-1919, J. Mack Franklin 1920- 
13, Francis H. Harrison 1927-1928, Charlie M. Roberson 1933-1945, 
"M. Fogg 1946, Thomas E. Weringo 1951-1952, Edgar P. Roberson 

I (supply), Eugene C. Campbell 1955, Charles A. Echols 1957- 

169 



APPENDIX B 

MEN SERVING THE DENOMINATION 

Presidents of the General Association from the 
Strawberry Association 



Jeremiah B. Jeter 1854-'57* 

Daniel P. Witt 1861-'62* 

Robert Ryland 1862-'63 

William E. Hatcher 1888-'90* 

R. A. MacFarland 1926 

T. Claggett Skinner 1929-'31 

B. F. Moomaw 1934-'35** 

Walter P. Binns 1944 

R F. Hough 1946, 1954** 

Aubrey H. Camden 1948* ** 

Wade H. Bryant 1951 

Charles L. Harman 1956* 

W. Curtis English 1957** 

Albert E. Simms 1960 

R. P. Downey 1962 

W. Barker Hardison 1972 

Charles G. Fuller 1974 

Secretaries 

Eli Ball 1831-'32 

Hugh C. Smith 1891-1930 






Roanoke 
Roanoke 
Salem 

Roanoke 



Salem 



Roanoke 



Statistical Secretaries 



Charles C. Bitting 
E. J. Wright 



Preachers of Annual Sermon at Virginia General Associatior 

Eli Ball 1837 

Robert Ryland 1839 

J. B. Jeter 1843, 1877* 

A. M. Poindexter 1845, 1858 



170 



C. Bitting I860, 1865 

aniei P. Witt 1863* 

>rnelius Tyree 1870, 1891 

. E. Hatcher 1872* 

C. McConnell 1900 

Claggett Skinner 1912 

J. Wicker 1914* 

unes E. Shelburne 1923 Danville 

. M. Thompson : 1935 

>sef Nordenhaug 1946 

erbert R. Carlton 1948 

, D. Johnson 1951 Danville 

F. Campbell 1953 

'. W. Shrader 1954 

any Y. Gamble 1955 Roanoke 

ouglas M. White 1963 Bassett 

r . Barker Hardison 1964 Roanoke 

hevis F. Home 1966 Martinsville 

harles G. Fuller 1969 Roanoke 

Jnless stated preacher has been a pastor in the bounds of the association 
; of the last 100 years.) 

Members of the General Board 
of the General Association, Organized in 1921 

. A. MacFarland 1921-'25 

Calvin Moss 1926-'29** 

. Claggett Skinner 1929-'33 

. A. Diuguid 1934** 

L. Langley 1935-'38 

. C. Shotwell 1939-'43** 

. L. Randolph 1944-'45 

. G. Carter 1946-1850 

eorge Rumney 1950-'51 

Alliam M. Thompson 1952-'56 

IL W. Gentry 1956-'59** 
[. H. Stembridge 1960-'61 

I ussell Cherry 1962-'63 

. MarshaU Walker 1964-'67 

f. C. Napier 1968 

.. R. Freeman 1969-'75 

lbert W. Hassell 1976-** 

*Native 
i*Layman 



171 



MEN SERVING IN THE ASSOCIATION 
Superintendents of the Associational Sunday Schools 



1938 W. H. Bullard* 

1939 V. W. Nichols* 
1941-'44 Luther C. Coffman 
1945-'50 E. P. Roberson 
1951 George T. Herring 
1952-'56 T. G. Lester, Jr. 
1957-'58 W. C. Mattox, Jr. 
1959-'61 Dewey V. Page 
1962 H. Lawson Smith* 



1963-'64 James T. Campbell 

1965 L. R. Freeman 

1966 James T. Campbell 

1967 Mervin J. Garrison 
1968-'69 L. Gale Lyon 
1970 Earl B. Denoff 
1971-'72 Norman A. Gooding 
1973-'76 B. G. Finnell, Jr.* 



I }■ 



I'- 



ll 



■■ 



Directors of Associational Training Unions 



1935 


Ira Campbell 


1964 




J. R. Duffie 


1936-'44 


B. C. Davis* 


1965 




Everett W. Chapman 


1945 


Kenneth E. Crouch* 


1966 




Mrs. W. S. Arthur* 


1946-'50 


Cline L. Vice 


1967- 


'69 


Carroll B. Welsh 


1951-'56 


Vergil L Robertson* 


1970 




Fred Sawyer* 


1958 


William T. Vest 


1971- 


'72 


Nelson A. Barese 


1959 


M. C. Patterson 


1973- 


'74 


W. A. Hale* 


1960 


Robert C. Wells 


1975- 


'76 


W. H. Burnette, Jr.* 


1961-'63 


John R. Boon 








* Layman 









1 1 

rl 
?■ 
:■ 

(■ 
; 
I 

i 

!■ 
I 

i 
: 
c 

li 
LEADERS OF WOMEN'S WORK 

Date Place Superintendent (*) 

1890 Miss Willie Bowman . 

1891 Miss Willie Bowman 

1892 Miss Willie Bowman 

1893 Miss Willie Bowman 

1894 Mrs. Charles R. Smith 

Aug. 7, 1895 — Morgans Mrs. Charles R. Smith 

Aug. 5, 1896— Lynch's Mrs. Charles R. Smith 

Aug. 5, 1897— Pecks Mrs. Charles R. Smith 

1898 — Diamond Hill Mrs. Charles R. Smith 

Aug. 9, 1899— Timber Ridge Mrs. Charles R Smith 

1900 Mrs. Charles R. Smith 

Aug 7, 1901 — First Presbyterian, Lynchburg Mrs. Charles R. Smith 

Aug. 6, 1902— Suck Spring Mrs. Charles R. Smith 

Aug. 6, 1903— Difficult Creek Mrs. Charles R. Smith 

July 28, 1904— Bedford Mrs. Charles R. Smith 

Aug. 9, 1905 Mrs. Alexander Millar 

1906 Mrs. Alexander Millar 

Aug. 6, 1907 — Bedford Presbyterian Mrs. Alexander Millar 

1908 Mrs. J. Mack Franklin 



172 



■: 



.• 






) Mrs. Charles R. Smith 

;. 10, 1910— Palestine Mrs. Charles R. Smith 

\r 26-27, 1911— Big Island Mrs. Charles R. Smith 

/ 2-3, 1912 — Rivermont Avenue, Lynchburg .... Mrs. Charles R. Smith 

f 7-8, 1913— Forest Mrs. Charles R. Smith 

/ 22-23, 1914— Flat Creek Mrs. Charles R. Smith 

t.22-23, 1915— Thaxton Mrs. Charles R. Smith 

> 18-19, 1916— Bedford Mrs. W. A. Woodruff 

/ 17-18, 1917— FranKlm Street, Lynchburg Mrs. W. A. Woodruff 

/ 22-23, 1918 — Timber Ridge Mrs. W. A. Woodruff 

;. 16, 1919— Suck Spring Mrs. W. A. Woodruff 

t 20-21, 1920— Forest Mrs. W. A. Woodruff 

f 19, 1921— New Prospect Mrs. W. A. Woodruff 

y 17-18, 1922— Boones Mill Miss Emaline Thornhill 

Y 18, 1923— Rivermont Avenue, Lynchburg Mrs. Charles Marshall 

y 22, 1924 — Thaxton Mrs. Charles Marshall 

/ 21, 1925 — Franklin Street, Lynchburg Mrs. J. Mack Franklin 

y 20, 1926— Bedford Mrs. J. Mack Franklin 

Y 19, 1927 — College Hill, Lynchburg Miss Elsie Gilliam 

3 Miss Elsie Gilliam 

Y 23, 1929 — First Baptist, Lynchburg Miss Elsie Gilliam 

f 2, 1930— Franklin Street, Lynchburg Miss Elsie Gilliam 

il 24, 1931— Bedford Miss Elsie Gilliam 

I Mrs. W. S. Royall 

•ch 2, 1933— Bedford Mrs. W. S. Royall 

•ch 1, 1934 — First Baptist, Lynchburg Mrs. W. S. Royall 

•il 12, 1935— Bedford Mrs. W. S. Royall 

il 7, 1936— Bedford Mrs. W. S. Royall 

•il 13, 1937— Bedford Mrs. W. S. Royall 

Y 21-22, 1938— Bedford Mrs. W. S. Royall 

/ 6, 1939— Bedford Mrs. W. F. Hickey 

•il 11, 1940— Bedford Mrs. W. F. Hickey 

(til 10, 1941— Bedford Mrs. W. F. Hickey 

HI 9, 1942— Bedford Mrs. W. F. Hickey 

HI 8, 1943— Bedford Mrs. W. F. Hickey 

til 13, 1944— Bedford Mrs. W. F. Hickey 

111 12, 1945— Bedford Mrs. W. F. Hickey 

t- il 11, 1946— Bedford Mrs. W. F. Hickey 

[••'•il 10, 1947— Bedford Mrs. W. F. Hickey 

HI 8, 1948— First Baptist, Lynchburg Mrs. W. F. Hickey 

HI 14, 1949— Bedford Mrs. W. F. Hickey 

f--ch 23, 1950— Bedford Mrs. W. F. Hickey 

Irch 22, 1951— Bedford Mrs. W. F. Hickey 

HI 3, 1952— West Lynchburg Mrs. W. F. Hickey 

pch 26, 1953— Bedford Mrs. H. M. Fugate 

111 6, 1954— Bedford Mrs. H. M. Fugate 

j-uary 6, 1955— Bedford Mrs. H. M. Fugate 

fuary 6, 1956— Bedford Mrs. H. M. Fugate 

j*uary 10, 1957— Bedford Mrs. H. M. Fugate 

luary 7, 1958— Bedford Mrs. H. M. Fugate 



173 



March 31, 1959— Bedford Mrs. H. M. Fugj 

April 10, 1960— Bedford Mrs. Harry P. Clai; 

Mrs. J, L. McGhs 

January, 1961— Thaxton Mrs. J. L. McGl 

October 18-19, 1962— Franklin Street, Lynchburg Mrs. J. L. McGh; 

April 4, 1963— Forest Mrs. J. L. McGhj 

April 2, 1964— Bedford Mrs. J. L. McGh! 

April 8, 1965— Hunting Creek Mrs. J. L. McGh 

April 7, 1966— Thaxton Mrs. J. L. McGh 

April 13, 1967— Bedford Mrs. Robert N. Kre 

April 4, 1968— Thaxton Mrs. Robert N. Kre 

April 10, 1969 — Morgans Mrs. Robert N. Kre 

April 9, 1970— Bedford Mrs. Robert N. Kre 

April 8, 1971— Trinity Mrs. Hobart F. Markha 

April 6, 1972— Quaker Mrs. Hobart F. Markha 

April 5, 1973— Shady Grove Mrs. Hobart F. Markha 

April 4, 1974— Thaxton Mrs. David E. Broo! 

April 17, 1975— Flint Hill Mrs. David E. Broo 

April 1, 1976— Suck Spring Mrs. David E. Broo: 

(*) Presiding officer of organization known as Vice President 1890-19C 



DAUGHTER ASSOCIATIONS 

Strawberry Baptist Association, Organized 1776 

Churches from this association as members of other associations in tv 
states: 



In North.Carolina 



M7' 



Yadkin, 1786 

Mountain, 1799 became anti-missionary 

Brier Creek, 1821 

Jefferson, 1849 

New River, 1871 partly in Virginia 

In Virginia 

Staunton River, 1788 became anti-missionary 

Albemarle, 1790 

New River (old), 1793 

Pig River, 1825 became anti-missionary 

Pittsylvania, 1841 

Valley, 1841 

Blue Ridge, 1859 

Staunton River, 1951 

Lynchburg, 1965 



174 



kiYom the old New River 
fl Greenbrier, 1801 

>rom the Greenbrier 

K 

P Teay's VaUey, 1812 

r 

from Albemarle 

I 

i Piedmont, 1903 

1 

^rom Valley 

j Highlands, 1958 
Natural Bridge, 1955 

i 

r.^rom Blue Ridge 

| Franklin County, 1956 
[ Henry County, 1957 



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October 31, 1787 
May 31, 1788 
October 4, 1 788 
May 30, 1 789 
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May 29, 1790 
October 2, 1 790 
May 28, 1791 
October 1, 1791 
May 23, 1792 


October 6, 1 792 
May 25, 1793 
October 5, 1793 
May 31, 1794 
October 1, 1796 


May 27, 1797 
October 7, 1 797 
May 26, 1798 
October 6, 1 798 
May 25, 1799 


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October 2, 1 802 
May 28, 1 803 
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May 16, 1 804 


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May 25, 1805 
October 5, 1 805 
May 31, 1806 
May 30, 1807 


October 3, 1807 
May 28, 1808 
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May 27, 1 809 
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May 26, 1810 
October 6, 1810 
May 25, 1811 
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May 27, 1815 
October 7, 1815 
May 25, 1816 
October 23, 1816 
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May 30, 1818 
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October 2, 1819 


May 27, 1820 
September 30, 1820 
May 26, 1821 
October 6, 1821 
May 25, 1822 


October 5, 1822 
May 24, 1823 
October 4, 1 823 
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May 28, 1825 
October 1, 1825 
May 27, 1826 
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October 6, 1827 
May 24, 1828 
October 4, 1 828 
May 30, 1829 
October 3, 1829 


May 29, 1830 
October 2, 1 830 
May 28, 1831 
October 1, 1831 
May 26, 1832 


October 6, 1 832 
May 27, 1833 
October 5, 1833 
May 24, 1834 
October 4, 1 834 


May 5, 1835 
October 3, 1835 
May 28, 1836 
October 1, 1836 
May 27, 1837 


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May 26, 1838 
October 6, 1838 
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August 31. 1839 



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May 11, 1844 
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May 10, 1845 


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204 



On August 28-30, 1790, at Eaton's Meeting House, a branch of Flat 
x:k Church, on Dutchman's Creek the first Yadkin Baptist Association 
as organized by delegates from 14 churches. For four years prior to 
'90 the Yadkin Association had operated as an arm or branch of the 
rawherry Association. The 14 churches in the Yadkin Association 
>rganized in 1786 as an arm or branch of the Strawberry Association) 
ere 

Name County 

eaver Creek Wilkes County, N. C. 

ew River Watauga County, N. C. 

orth Fork Wilkes County, N. C. 

riar Creek Wilkes County, N. C. 

juth Fork of Roaring River Wilkes County, N. C. 

itchell River Wilkes County, N. C. 

ead of Yadkin Caldwell County, N. C. 

oaring River Wilkes County, N. C. 

imber Ridge Rowan County, N. C. 

*rsey Davidson County, N. C. 

rassy Knob Iredell County, N. C. 

atawba River Burke County, N. C. 

unting Creek Yadkin County, N. C. 

ye Valley Wythe County, Va. 



205 



APPENDIX E 

QUERIES PRESENTED TO THE ASSOCIATION 

Queries and Their Answers 

A "QUERY" is a question, especially an inquiry to be answered o: 
solved. It may involve a question in the mind, or a doubt, as I have 
query about his sincerity. As a verb it means to examine by questions 
or to question the truth or corrections of something. 

In the Articles adopted for the Strawberry Baptist Association ir 
Catawba Meeting House, October 5, 1822 — When a Church wants the 
assistance of the Association, she must make her wishes known in hei 
letter, to the Association meeting, either by query or request, and i: 
reasonable the Association will pay respectful attention to it. 

We consider some of the queries which arose within the Strawberry 
Baptist Association. They cover a wide range of subjects, and give u 
a distinct idea of the thinking and needs in the functioning of th 
churches. We cannot begin to cover all the queries that arose, but here 
are a sampling of some of the more significant queries and the answers 

1789 — Query from Strawberry Baptist Association to the Genera 
Committee of Baptist Associations in City of Richmond. "WHAT IS i 
BAPTIST CONSTITUTION?" The answer came in a letter to the Straw 
berry Association meeting August 8-10, 1789. "We answer THE BIBLE 
There is none other like it. . . . A Bible Baptist is the best appellatioi 
for us. . . . Neither the Committee nor any association have any righ 
to disrobe churches of their independence. 

May 25-27, 1822. Timber Ridge Meeting House. Query proposed b; 
the Committee on Arrangements: What particular points of faith shouli 
be indispensably attended to by Presbyteries, in the ordination of 
minister of the Gospel? (In Baptist usage a Presbytery, evidently mean 
a council of ministers and perhaps some laymen.) The answer wa 
presented, by a special committee, October 5, 1822 in Catawba Meetin 
House in Botetourt County. It was a detailed summary of Scriptur 
truth agreed upon by the Ministers and Messengers of Strawberry Dis 
trict Baptist Association as fundamental principles of their belief. 

Queries on Ordination of Ministers 

May 1791 — Where is the power of ordination of ministers and wh 
have the right of administration of the ordination of Gospel Ministers 
Answer — The power is in the Church and the administration in th 
Presbytery. 

206 



: October 1791 — What mode shall we fall upon to be uniform in the 

:amination and ordination of ministers? 

nswer — We recommend to the churches, when they have a minister 
I ordain, that they call for a Presbytery of ministers to examine him 

id if found qualified, to ordain him by fasting and prayer and imposition 
hands. Moreover, we advise that such Presbytery be composed of the 
■ jlest ministers that can be conveniently obtained, to prevent further 
- iread of the ordination of unqualified ministers. 

; October 7, 1793 — Is any Presbytery authorized by the Word of God 
( ordain any to preach the Gospel and administer the ordinances who 

•e not called to take a pastoral charge of a church? 

nswer — We think there is no ordination of a minister, but to the 
\ ork of the ministry. 

I Again — Is it desirable for young ministers to preach out of the bounds 
f: the Church to which they belong without the approbation of said 
.hurch? 

! nswer — NO! 

i October 1804 — The first request, from a Church, for the appointment 
Hi an ordination Presbytery by the Association. Goose Creek Church 
;,. "quested the appointment of a Presbytery to enquire into the qualifi- 
i itions of Brother William Leftwich for the ministry, as also of Brethren 
; ichaxd and Jesse Turner for the office of Deacons, and, if qualified, to 
j--dain the same. 

j May 1807 — From Goose Creek Church. Are the powers of a Church 
ibmpetent to the restoration by her minister or pastor, who has been 
i ^communicated for transgression, to his former standing? If so, whether 
Iny and, if any, what regulations ought to be made relative to credentials 
f. such ministers? 

I nswer — We think the Church has power, but we advise such a Church 
/• call for the best helps, that she conveniently can, to assist her in that 
Liportant business and to make such regulations relative to the credential 
\i' such minister as they may deem necessary. 
Vi October 1807 — Is it right for a preacher, who has been ordained in 

le Baptist order and, after that, excommunicated, to hold his cre- 
dentials? If not what measures shall be taken in such cases? 
jmswer — It is not right that he should retain them but, if retained 

ter they are demanded by the Church, the Church should advertise it in 
|'e public papers. 

li 

t Duties of Ministers 

October 1788 — Whether a minister has a right to baptize any person 

:cept their experience be first received by some church of the same 

ith and order? 

nswer — A majority vote said they have. 

,May 1789 — Whether a minister has a right to baptize any person in 
,e bounds of a church except their experience be first received by some 
, urch of the same faith and order? 

lswer — They have not. 

207 



May 1790 — Whether one minister is sufficient to ordain officers aw 
constitute churches? 
Answer — NO! 

Again — Whether an ordained minister, moving into another churcl 
and there called to his office, has need of being reordained? 
Answer — NO! 

October 1790 — Whether the apostolic practice of laying on of hand 
on newly baptized persons is not obligatory upon us? 
Answer — After a good deal of debating, by a majority, that it is. 

May 1799 — Has a Church a right to act when a minister or othe, 
Church officers do not attend Church meeting? 
Answer — In the affirmative. 

May 1800 — Is it agreeable to the Word of God for ministers to marr 
on the Sabbath and receive their pay? 
Answer — We think it no crime, provided the minister does not neglec 
his religious duties. 

October 4, 1802 — Is it advisable for Baptists to encourage and go ti 
hear any man preach who is not in good standing? 
Answer — NO! 

October 3, 1803 — What is a Church to do with a preacher who fre 
quently drinks himself drunk, makes his acknowledgments and repeat 
his sin? 

Answer — In the first place, deal with him according to Matthew 18, am 
if the fruits of repentance be discovered to the satisfaction of the Church 
let him be restored. 



• 



Baptism and the Lord's Supper 

May 1803 — Is it advisable for a Baptist Church to receive a Tunkan 
into their fellowship unless he submits to this baptism? 
Answer — NO! 

May 1806 — Is it scriptural to rebaptize a person who has been baptize 
in faith by immersion? 
Answer — Negative, provided the same be done agreeable to the Baptis 
faith and order. 

October 1810 — Is it scriptural to rebaptize a person who has bee/ 
baptized agreeable to the Baptist order but in unbelief? 
Answer — We do not consider baptism valid, being administered to ) 
subject in unbelief. 

May 29, 1790 — Whether, according to our Constitution — (They ha* 
nothing but the Bible until 1822) — we can commune with other societie, 
or denominations? 
Answer — NO! 

May 25, 1793 — Is it legal for Baptists to commune with any society? 
Answer — We think not. 

Heresy Among Members 

In October, 1797, the Association declared Universalists "out of fellow 
ship". 

208 



October 1801 — What ought to be done with a member who holds the 
I >ctrine of universal redemption from hell? 

I nswer — Such a member ought to be dealt with in Gospel order, and 
I' he cannot be reclaimed, excommunicated. 

; May 1805 — Is it extortion to sell corn amongst brethren at three 
i )llars per .barrel, at this time? 
f nswer — We think not. 

i May 1809 — Is it scriptural when a member who has been guilty of 
• crime and comes before the Church and makes a satisfactory ac- 
\ lowledgment, for him to get up, on the Lord's day, and make the same 
: .'knowledgment to the congregation? 

nswer — We think a brother is not bound in that case, 
i October 1809 — What shall be done with a preacher who holds and 
i reaches Arminianism, to the distress of his brethren? 

•nswer — We have no fellowship with the principle, nor with any 
! rother who propagates it. 

i May 1813 — What shall be done with a Church which holds in fellow- 
lip a preacher who holds and propagates doctrines repugnant to the 

;neral belief of Baptists? 
Answer — Such church should be labored with tenderly and faithfully, 
b> reclaim her from such error. If not reclaimed, withdraw from her. 

I May 1814 — What shall be done with members who, for months to- 
gether, fail to fill their seats at Church meetings and who, by order of 
he Church, have been visited at different times and to no good effect? 

jiswer — Deal with such members as transgressors. 
October 1817 — Is a member, who is head of a family, and does not 

eep up worship in his family, eligible to any office in Church? 
iijiswer — We believe no member to be eligible to any office in the 

!hurch, who is the head of a family and neglects to worship God in 

ieir presence. Moreover, we believe no member of the Church of Christ 
Ijan frame an excuse to justify the omission of that important duty. 

May 13, 1844 — Ought any Baptist minister who holds and teaches 
me doctrine that sinners ought not to pray, be invited to preach in our 

ulpit or take part in the deliberations of this Association? 
,.inswer — NO! 

Vhether the doctrine of teaching sinners not to pray ought to be deemed 

eretical? 

inswer — We think it is heresy. 

;Vhat course ought to be pursued with a member who holds it? 
Answer — Churches ought to pursue every kind measure to convince a 

nember that he is wrong and, if he will not renounce the heresy and 

lecomes or continues troublesome to the Church, then he or she ought 
J o be excluded. 

Feet Washing 

August 2, 1858 — Should feet-washing, as enjoined in John 13:14, 15, 
>e observed in the Churches of Christ as a religious ordinance? 
Answer — "We are of the opinion that the washing of feet was enjoined 

209 



in the passage referred to, not as a Christian institution, to be adminis I & 
tered in the Churches, as are baptism and the Lord's supper, but as ai I '•• 
act of kindness and condescension proper among those of the househol( p 
of faith. The washing of feet is never referred to in the Acts of th :- ! 
Apostolic Epistles as a Church ordinance; but, is, by the Apostle Pau : • 
I Tim. 5:10, distinctly classed, not with baptism and the Lord's suppeii :c ■ 
but with the lodging of strangers, relieving of the afflicted, and othe erie 
good works. We are of opinion, therefore, that the obligation of fee t 
washing passed away with the social customs which rendered it an ac %> 
of hospitality; and that the duty is fulfilled, in its true intent, by acts o $ 
kindness and condescension among brethren." J. B. Jeter. Several wen jo 
opposed to its adoption. i «il( 

tti 
Dismissing and Receiving Members pin 

October 1804 — Is it right for an arm of a Church to excommunicatt f 
a member without an ordained minister or the concurrence of th* 1 
Church? 
Answer — In the negative. 

May 1807 — What steps are necessary to be taken concerning member: 
who have removed to a remote place without applying for letters o 
dismission when they had it in their power to apply to the Church? 
Answer — It is the duty of the Church to write a friendly letter to sucl' 
member or members and enclose it in another letter to the Baptist Churcl 
most convenient to where they live. 

October 1817 — Would it not be advisable in a Church having a giftec 
member, he not being her pastor, to give him up to a sister Church, i.i &) 
called for, he consenting thereto? 

Answer — In the affirmative. 

May 1821 — It is the opinion of this Association that a Church canno - 
receive a member excluded from another Church, without the conseni 
of the Church from which he has been excluded. i 

October 1821 — What shall be done with persons who received letters! 
at the dissolving of a Church, of which they had been members, yet 
hold the same, and neglect to join themselves to a sister Church? 
Answer — This Association advise that any Church, being most con 
venient to the residence of such person or persons, cite them to the 
Church meetings, to show cause why they hold their letters, and that th€ 
Church or Churches make report at the next Association. 

October 1826 — Does a Church act correctly in granting letters ol 
dismission to members when the circumstances evidence that the ap- 
plication for dismission grows out of a lack of fidelity to the Church or 
to any part of its members? 
Answer — It is the opinion of this Association that they do not. 

October 1837 — What qualifications are required in a member who 
applies for a letter of dismission with a view of joining another Church 
of the same faith and order. Should it be answered that full fellowship 
with the Church includes every necessary qualification, then Query: 
What is indispensable to Church fellowship? On motion, the following 
is adopted as our answer: 

210 



3 



r e consider it indispensable in granting letters of admission to members 
tat such members should be in full fellowship with the Church, and 

; tat in this is included every necessary qualification. By full fellowship 
e do not mean that there shall not exist, to any extent whatever, con- 
icting or discordant views and opinions among members, as to matters 
id measures not of vital importance, for then should we require a 
erfect equality in capacity of mind, gifts and graces, but we do mean 
lat full fellowship, so far as the mental doctrines of the Scriptures, the 

Ordinances and the government of a Church are involved, require a 
erfect unity among all those professing one Lord, one Faith, one Baptism, 
xemplified by such a moral and godly department in all, that charity 
xild extend her hand to all, recognizing them with all their imper- 
ictions and weaknesses, as the dear children of God. It is, we are of 
pinion, the privilege of such (a right which they have not surrendered) 
lould they desire it, to remove their membership from one Church to 
nother of the same faith and order; and if so, the Church cannot in 
astice withhold her letter of dismission, no cause of complaint against 
tie applicant being known to exist, and that it is sufficient for the Church 
i granting such letters that such members fellowship the Church, as 
uch; but to interrogate them as to their motives, views and reasons 
particularly, we think uncalled for, wholly out of place, and but little 
hort of an invasion of private and individual right. 

< 

Covenants 

i May 1799 — Is it Scriptural for a Church to have a written covenant? 
\jiswer — We cannot find any positive Scripture to require a written 
:ovenant but advise every Church to act, in this respect, agreeably to 
heir light on Scripture, but to be very careful not to occasion rents or 
livisions in Churches. 

May 1801 — It is decided that it is not necessary for a Church to have 
vritten rules of government, forasmuch as we have taken the Word of 

<jod for the ground of our faith and the rule of our practice in all re- 
igious matters. 

Miscellaneous 

I 

October 1800 — What shall be done with a Church which neglects to 

x>rrespond with us? 

Answer — We think they ought to be admonished. If they remain 

obstinate, they exclude themselves. 
October 1803 — Is it right for a man to use the office of a deacon and 

his wife an unbeliever? 

Answer — We think a man may use the office of a deacon although his 

wife does not profess saving faith, provided she be of good report. 
. There are, on the records, many items of curious interest of which 
j time and space do not allow notice here. Those quoted have seemed 
, likely to be of some practical service or to set forth the frankness and 

sturdy adhesion to convictions and principles by our predecessors. 



211 



1 

■ 



APPENDIX F 

"IT COULD HAVE HAPPENED" 



Time: 1857, a few weeks before the annual meeting of the Strawberry 
Association at Mt. Hermon Baptist Church. 



f.: 



i 



•; 



:■■ 



Scene I 

Place: Lone Pine Post Office. 

Characters: Jerry Noel, postmaster and store keeper; Tom Spinner 
owner of a big farm; Bill Sledd, a young farmer; and two boys 
Dick Karr and Hy Major. As scene opens Mr. Noel is completing 
the housekeeping in the store, picks up mail and sorts. Reads care 
and lays it down. Dick Karr and Hy Major are sitting on stort 
porch. Tom Spinner comes up and speaks to the boys. 

Spinner — Howdy chaps, the rain gave you a day off? (He goes in the 
store.) 

Hy — Here I am ready to marry Isabele at Christmas and Mr. Spinnei 
still calls me chap, don't he know I am a man. 

Dick — Dickety do, you and Isabele going to jump the brookstick. 
Glad to know it. 

Hy — Dick, if you tell I will nail your hide to the side of the barn. 

Spinner — (Placing a sack of side meat on counter, picks up paper \ 
and reads as Noel completes his work.) 

Noel — Howdy Tom, wasn't that a great rain we had last night? It, 
was good for the pastures and crops. I was beginning to think 
we were in for a long dry spell. 

Spinner — Yes, but the grass will grow faster than me and my crew 
can chop. This morning the ground is so soft that one can hardly 
keep the critters out of the field. 

Noel — (Looking into the sack.) Say, when are you going to bring, 
me a few of your good hams? The Relay House in Lynchburg is 
worrying me for a half dozen of them. 

Spinner — I can't get shed of many this year. You and them will 
have to settle for some good sides and shoulders. We will need 
the hams for the association. You saw that I fetched a couple of 
sides today. Jane needs extra sugar since she is making more 
pickles and stuff than common. She also wants twenty yards of 
yellow cotton; seems that we need new sheets and things for the 
house and she don't have time to weave it. 

Noel — July is almost here and we can't let the delegates down. 

212 



iters Bill Sledd, they exchange greetings and he sets the egg basket 
down, strolls over to the counter and gets a sample of cheese from 
the cheese box. 
ledd — That sure was a rain last night. The road, below the church, 

is washed out and the foot-log across North Otter is gone. 
oel — That will mean more work for the men. They had about 
gotten their crops in shape and they have to make arrangements 
for the stand in the grove, 
iedd — Just why is everyone getting the neighborhood so spruced 
up? I can't remember when every farmer had his hedgerows cut 
and all the bushes removed from the road. It seems that every 
fruit tree has been whitewashed. Even Lazy Charlie has put the 
post in his porch and hung a gate at the road, 
pinner — They are getting ready for the association meeting. All of 
us have made more garden, raised an extra beef and hog. Jane 
has hatched enough biddies to feed an army. 
ledd — So that is why Patience watches our flock closer than the 
hawks do and she wants an extra row of every vegetable. That 
little woman thinks I know about everything. I do recall they 
talked about the meeting of the association and building the seats 
at the stand at the last Saturday church conference. 

'pinner — I can't go along with that meeting in the grove. The 
meeting house will hold all the brethren; the young people come 
to see and be seen and the women folk have their hands full 
feeding the people and caring for the young ones. What will the 
stand be for? Really, I don't have time to help build it. 
'oel — Can't say that I agree with you, Tom. The women have been 
hankering for a place to meet and I understand old man Nick 
Pearcy's son, George, will be speaking there. Too, the slaves need 
a place to gather, 
ledd — Who is George Pearcy? 

foel — He is a missionary from China; was raised in the Lisbon Com- 
munity and attended Mt. Zion Church. 

/ledd — (Talking to himself.) Wonder if they will object to some 
men listening? 

hitside the store 

;>ick — Say, let's go down to the baptising hole and see if old Willie 
wants to play with a fish hook. I would love to catch that old 
cat fish. (Boys leave.) 

'Joel — Bill, I forgot you all got a card from Patience's Uncle Joe 
Martin and Aunt Sue. Said they would be coming over for a 
visit in July. He wants to attend the association and Aunt Sue 
will help care for the little ones so Patience can do her share in 
entertaining the delegates. 

'ipinner — I expect Mr. Martin will miss the Strawberry Association 
when the new Blue Ridge is formed. He has always represented 
the Leatherwood Church. 

•ledd — (Looking at the card.) That's real nice of them. Hope we 
will have some time for family visiting. Say, why is this called 
the Strawberry Association? 

213 



Noel — It was named for the church in which they held their firs 
meeting in 1776. The church was named for Strawberry Creel ._, 
that flows at the foot of the hill on which it is located in Pittsyl- . 
vania County. The name was not adopted until 1791 when th( 
association met at Hatcher's Meeting House, now Mt. Hermon 
They have had a meeting every year since they adopted the name . 
(Shaking his head.) Things certainly have changed. When I wa: }. 
a boy only the men attended and they had real preaching. Fom 
or five men would exhort for an hour and a half each. Last yeai ■,. 
they had two to preach and they just talked for about an houj 
each. This new fangle idea about programs don't sound too gooc 
to me. 

Spinner — I went to see old man Hatcher Sunday and he was upse 
about it too. He recalls going with his father to the early meeting' 
and they did not have much of an agenda. They seemed to talk 
about things as they came up. 

Sledd — What did a group do without something planned? 

Spinner — From what Mr. Hatcher told me they had plenty to talK 
about and some of it seemed most enlightening. After I got home f 
I tried to make a list of some of the queries that were sent in foi 
discussion. I think I have it somewhere. (Searches in severa 
pockets and pulls out paper.) Here it is. 

1. It is scriptural for a church to have a written covenant? 

2. Does the church have a right to act when the ministers or of- 
ficers do not attend? 

3. Is it agreeable to the scriptures for a minister to marry couple: 
on the Sabbath? 

4. What should a church do who frequents the Mason's Lodge? 

5. What should be done with a sister, after the death of her hus- 
band, who marries his brother and by him has children? 

6. What should be done with a slave sister who is separated agains 
her will from her husband, and takes another one? 

7. Was the apostolic practice of the laying on of hands on the 
newly baptised members to be an obligation to us? 

8. What should a church do with a member who frequently drinki 
himself drunk, then repents after acknowledging his sin? 

9. Can a slave be in full membership if his master does not allow 
him to be baptised? 

10. Should women be allowed to speak in church? 
Sledd — They must have had some discussions. If I don't get home 

I know one woman who will use her right to speak in her own 

home. Good day, gentlemen. (He leaves.) 
Spinner — Jerry, weigh out my meat and get Jane's things ready. 

I'll pick them up on the way back from Logwood's Mill. (He 

leaves.) 
Noel goes about his duties. 



214 



I 



i 



:. 



Scene II 

;ene: On lawn of the Spinner home. 
Hhoir assembles, props removed and new one placed.) 
,ick and Hy sit whittling. Dick gives a whistle and some girls appear, 
ick — I knew they would come. 

"y — What of it? I don't have to whistle to get them. 
J ick — Shut your mouth! Want me to tell on you? 
Grirls sit on bench or spread a quilt. Some have handiwork while 
others just talk.) 
I atty — Susie, how is the edging going? 
usie — Not too well. I wish I had not started it for I do not think 

I will get it finished by July, 
'•race — Mama just told me we would have five ministers on Saturday 
before the association begins. They will talk about the things to 
be discussed at the meeting and select the preachers who will lead 
the divine service on the Sabbath. 
fatty — Will it take them two days to do that? 

r allie — I don't think so. Grandma says they will have the visiting 

J ministers to speak at the church on Sunday morning and they will 

do no other work. Grace, I expect everyone in the neighborhood 

will be stopping by your house on Sunday afternoon to see and 

talk with the preachers. 

'Usie — I hope all five don't preach on Sunday morning; those seats 

are too hard, 
ennie — Maybe some of them will preach on Sunday night. I love 
night preaching when the moon is full. The walk to the church 
through the oak grove is just wonderful. 
)ick — Sure, if the crowd is sorta scattered out. I know Hy will be 
all for the Sunday night service. Jennie, can I bring Willie — he 
likes you. 
ly — Alright, RICHARD, mind what you say. 
[ ennie — Don't worry about bringing Willie. Are you going? 
: )ick — If I get back from Liberty in time. 
Ptrirls — Liberty!! 
)ick — Yes, Pa is letting me drive over and pick up some of the things 
he has ordered for the farm. He wants everything ready before 
the association. 
'Susie — I will be so glad when the association is over, all one hears 
is association, association. Papa says we will have fourteen to 
twenty delegates to spend the nights. That means boys to the 
hayloft and children to the palletts. 
,iy — Good old Baptist palletts. I hope all our delegates are men. 
?atty — I hope we get all men and young ones at that. Who knows 

that my future may be one of them. 
;3allie — Now, you would not like to leave the Lone Pine Community. 

We would never see you again. 
Jrrace — I am not thinking about all the men and boys, but all that 
work. Killing and plucking twenty-five chickens, picking and cook- 
ing bushels of vegetables and all that baking. It should be ready 
to eat by noon each day. 

215 



to 



John — And cutting all that firewood. 

Jim — Don't forget fetching gallons of water from the spring. 

(Two small girls have entered and sit apart from the older girls.) 

Helen — Grace, can I help pick chickens? 

Charlotte — My mama says I am too small. I might get scalded t< 

death. 

David — What are those chaps doing? They sound like cackling hens 
Helen — We are saying the books of the Bible. 
Charlotte — What are the first five books of the Old Testament? 
Helen — Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy. Nov 

say the first five of the New Testament. 
Charlotte — Matthew, Mark, Luke, John and Acts. 
Charles — What are the last five books of the Bible? 
Girls together — 1st, 2nd, 3rd John, Jude and Revelation. 
David — Why this sudden interest in learning all the books of th< 

Bible? 
Helen — Elder Goggin is staying at our house and I know he will as! 

me to say them. 
Charlotte — Aunt Sue and Uncle Joe Martin are staying with us anc 

Aunt Sue thinks I should have known them last year. 
Susie — Show offs. 
(Man's voice from back of stage.) It is 1:30 and you boys should ge 1 

to the fields. (Boys exit and girls chat.) 
Grace — I think I will go and check the spring-house. The rain maj 

have caused surface water to come in and we don't need water ir 

the milk crocks. (Exit) 
Jennie — The boys must be thirsty. A drink of cold water would make 

the chopping go faster. (Jennie goes out.) 
Susie — She is so forward. Dick does not care about her or any girl 

But he will do a lot of looking at the association. 
Patty — It is too bad the guests coming Saturday are all men and nol 

girls. 
Sallie — (Playing with her long hair.) Do you girls think we are toe 

young to put our hair up. The visitors may think we are jusl 

little girls like it is. 
(Woman's voice from back.) Sallie and Susie, it is time for you to 

go home. Please come again, soon. Patty can come over one after 

noon next week. Will you see that Charlotte gets home safely? 

Patty, have Helen drive the cows to the milking lot. I have put 

the milking pail on the post. (All exit.) 

Scene III 

As the choir sings "O God, Our Help in Ages Past", the stage is pre- 
pared for the last scene. Steps are placed in the center with 
rugged cross on top. An unlighted lantern is hung at the junction 
of the cross. Cover it with a blue drape, drape the steps with 
white and drop a red banner at the base. On either side have a 
boy with a U. S. flag and one with the Christian flag — stand about 
four feet from the steps. Group the youth in equal numbers to 
back of cross. Near the edge of stage on each side have two 

216 



youths with unlighted lanterns. On one 1700's and the other 1800's. 
They wiD be lit later. The narrator stands near the cross, 
arrator — 198 years ago our country was seeking its freedom, an 
earthquake rocked Bedford County and our association was born. 
Now, nearly two hundred years later we should begin a period of 
reflection, recalling, re-evaluating, rediscovering and rededication. 

It has been said if one does not reverence the past he will not 
be interested in contributing to the future. 

These next two years will be a great time to reflect on and 
recall that which has taken place. The calm, deep dedication of 
those first leaders must somehow be recaptured by every member 
of every church as they seek to recall the past. Do we actually 
have more today than those who lived in 1776? Have we kept pace 
with our enlightment? Who will receive the most "well dones"? 
Go back and read your church's history, talk with the older mem- 
bers about the church of yesterday to see what contribution it 
made to the community and then make an honest appraisal. 

Will we dare to stop and try to rediscover why early Baptists 
spent hours trying to solve their problems, meet their needs and 
fulfill their mission in their world? This was done without all the 
commotion of 1974, without the advice of boards, without policies 
handed from someone else or a multitude of committees and meet- 
ings. They did not seek answers from the Virginia General As- 
sociation, the Southern Baptist Convention or the Executive Com- 
mittee of the Strawberry Association. They just took time at the 
yearly meeting to discuss, debate, and discover the things that 
seemed to be of paramount importance at that time. Who knows 
more about your church and community and its need than you 
do? Somehow the early Strawberry Baptists seemed anxious to 
solve their own problems through Bible searching, prayer and 
dialogue. Have we lost the power they had in seeking solutions 
from those who knew little about what we are trying to do ox 
the needs of our local congregations? We need to rediscover the 
independent spirit of the late 17Q0's. 

As we begin the celebration of 200 years of Baptist work in 
the Strawberry Association, let us try to catch the spirit of those 
whose dust hallows our county and the counties that made up the 
first association. Many sleep in unknown and unmarked graves. 
They rest in peace, having done what they could with what they 
had. They left the future in our hands. We are their tomorrows. 
Will God and those long gone be pleased with us? They laid 
strong foundations. Have we made the base wider or is what we 
do just a structure for today, leaving nothing for our tomorrows 
to build upon? 

In the 1700's the lantern was one of the most useful items man 
owned. He used it for delivering messages, issuing a warning or 
guiding his steps. All of us recall Paul Revere's classic words, 
"One if by land and two if by sea." Where was the lantern hung? 
In a church steeple. Baptists in mid Virginia and North Carolina 
lit a lantern to deliver the message of freedom in the 1700's. An- 
other was lit in the 1800's to warn against much that would affect 

217 



the church and its members and now in the 19O0's we are called 
upon to light the third lantern as a guide, not only for our owii 
members, but for all mankind. Will you help your church refuej 
the first two and light the third? This will enable all who 
by to be blessed and to become a blessing. The lanterns are hunj 
the wicks are trimmed — waiting for the match. Only your churcl 
can light the lantern that hangs from its tower, it has the match 
but may need the fuel replenished. When will you help to brightei 
the way? The darkness creeps toward each group of Baptists anc 
only light can drive it away. Are you willing to let the ligh 
shine from your church through you? 

(The narrator removes the blue drape and drops it at the foa 
of the cross so as to make a red, white and blue base. The lanterr 
on the cross is lit and removed; the other two lanterns are als( 
lit. The narrator with 1900 lanterns leads the procession dowr 
the aisle and out of the church. The flag bearers follow the 
narrator and lantern bearers. The choir sings one stanza of "Lead 
on O King Eternal" before the group leaves the stage, and the 
remainder of the procession moves out of the building. The choir 
joins them and the last stanza is sung outside.) 

This dramatic presentation was presented at the 1974 sessior 
of the Strawberry Association to open a two-year observance oi 
its bicentennial. The choir and a group of young people from Big 
Island Baptist Church gave this at the Mt. Olivet Church. It was 
written and directed by Mrs. L. R. Freeman. 



218 



Leaders in the Association 




Dr. C. A. Board Rev. Thomas E. Boorde Col. Aubrey H. Camden 




KPH 


■L* JUk 




Wr- 



Miss Mary Cowling Rev. Alexander Eubank Mrs. A. H. Gregory 




Dr. James E. Gwatkin Mrs. O. C. Hancock Rev. William Harris 



219 



Leaders in the Association 





Rev. Jos. R. Harrison Dr. William E. Hatcher Miss Alma Hunt 



I 




Dr. Jeremiah B. Jeter Dr. John T. Kincanon Rev. Jas. C. Leftwich 






Dr. Wm. A. Montgomery J. Calvin Moss Dr. Josef Nordenhaug 

220 



Leaders in the Association 




Miss Celeste Parrish Dr. Hugh C. Smith Rev. Grover M. Turner 





Rev. Daniel P. Witt 



Rev. Elbert J. Wright 



221 



Jeter Female Institute 




Located on Blue Ridge Avenue in Liberty (now Bedford) an' 
named in honor of Dr. Jeremiah B. Jeter. 



222 



Ministers at 1914 Session 




The earliest known picture of ministers in the Strawberry Association 
■j one taken when the association met July 28-30, 1914, at Mentow 
aptist Church near Huddleston. 

There was no identification made of that picture in the 1914 annual, 
owever, all but one minister in the group have been identified. 
In the above picture the ministers are as follows: front row, left to 
ght: unknown, Charles L. Anthony, Franklin P. Robertson, Walter 
. Hughes, George H. Broyles, James E. Poteet, Dr. William W. Hamil- 
>n (president of New Orleans Baptist Theological Seminary, 1927- 
942, and president of the Southern Baptist Convention, 1941-1942). 
ack row, left to right: Wiley P. Page, C. Kelly Hobbs, Horace L. 
/ilkinson, Dr. Oscar E. Sams (president of Carson-Newman College, 
)20-1927, president of Bluefield College, 1927-1930, and vice president 
E Mars Hill College, 1930-1952), Dr. William A. Ayers, Charles T. 
incanon, H. Hudnall Fairies. 



223 



Oldest Church Building 




The oldest Baptist church building in Bedford County that once 
membership in the Strawberry Association is old Stone Road Chur< 
which was Stone Road Baptist Church when in the association. 

The building is located on Route 630 southwest of Huddleston, 
the eastern slope of the smaller of Smith Mountain near the upp 
portion of Leesville lake. 

From 1829-1839 it was in the Roanoke (now Pittsylvania) Associati 
and again in 1923-1927. In 1853-1866 it was in Staunton River Prin 
tive Baptist Association and from 1891-1901 in the Strawberry A 
sociation. 

The date it was built is not known nor are there any deeds record 
for the church, but it is regarded as being in existence in the Rev 
lutionary period and that Patrick Henry once spoke there. In rece 
years it has been used by various denominations for services. 



■:: 



■ 



224 




in 1950 the Virginia Baptist Board of Missions and Education pur- 
'ased for $31,500 the 200-acre estate northwest of Lynchburg as a 
e for development of a state Baptist assembly center. 
The Board purchased the "Eagle Eyrie" estate from Carleton J. 
ephenson and his wife, Mrs. Florine Follit Stephenson, and has in- 
eased its size to 363 acres. 

The estate, atop Locke Mountain near Boonsboro in Bedford County, 
its a long history dating to the formation of Bedford County in 1754. 
Nicholas Davies (? - 1793/1800) came from Wales to Virginia, he- 
me a merchant in Henrico County, was a justice in Goochland and 
omberland Counties, and owned thousands of acres in Amherst and 
xlford Counties. 

In 1733, he married Mrs. Judith Fleming Randolph, widow of Thomas 
andolph and the great-grandmother of Chief Justice John Marshall, 
fter 1754 they moved to Bedford County and built his "Pebbleton" 
tate. He named the mountain Fleming and creek Judith after his 
ife. He built a log cabin on the summit for a hunting lodge, and 
is he called "Eagle Eyrie". This later burned and was replaced by 
tavern which was operated by two generations of the Ogden family 
id thus the post office derived its name Ogden's Gap. 



225 



Nicholas Davies married a second time, to Catherine Whiting, an* 
they had one son, Henry L. Davies, who built the ordinary and in: 
atop the mountain. 

In 1909 the property was sold to Seymour E. Locke, who was th 
owner of the property when the highway (Route 501) was bui 
through the section and the name Locke Mountain was applied. 

In 1915 Mr. Locke sold the property to Jonkheer (Baron) Ott 
Quarles van Ufford (? - 1923) and his wife, Wilhelmina (Willy 
Quarles van Ufford, of The Netherlands. It was Jonkheer Quarles va 
Ufford that built the "White Oak" or "White Mansion House" that i 
used as the administration building of the assembly site. In the fa 
of 1919 he sold the estate, returned to The Netherlands where he die 
in 1923. 

The Stephenson's purchased the site in 1936 upon his retiremer 
from Canadian banking interests. 



226 



Churches Once Served by the Association 




\a an 
\ i ) u 

i*.i .*! = § c I ) '^4 i 
lilfi eliiiflt? \/ | /\l i 

""W g 1 

I ( I ! 

227 •-- -J 



Churches Once Served by the Association 



^•SfS 




/•li\ i J. 1 \ l , r • V f?i-( H /i J f-- 7 J - 



z 

l-H 

O 

> 




228 



INDEX 



Adams, Mrs 27 

Alderson, A. L 34 

Allison, Cathy 80 

I Anthony, Abner 43, 71 

: Anthony, Charles Lewis .... 35, 37 

< Anthony, John 8, 10, 12, 15 

( Anthony, Joseph 7, 12 

| Arthur, Col 74 

j Asplund, John 2, 6, 16 

I Aurs, William 12 

I Bailey, Kathrine 84 

i Bailey, Phillip 12 

\ Baker, George 75 

i Baker, Mrs. J. A 82 

[ Ball, Eli 50, 54, 83 

) Baptist, Edward 17 

\ Barker, Emma 28 

\ Barker, F. M 36, 57, 67, 72 

f Barker, O. B 25, 83 

I Bennett, Bartlet 6 

Bilow, 36 

Bitting, Charles C 74 

( Black, John 17 

Bledsoe, James 6 

; Board, Annie Mae 28 

' Board, Mrs 30 

} Boatwright, F. W 50 

• Boatwright, R. B 50, 53 

i 3ond, G. W 77 

i Bond, Mrs. G. W 33 

i Bowman, Miss Willie 28 

r Bradley, R. L 77 

r 3roaddus, Andrew 20 

| Brown, O. B 17 

r 3rown, R. E 67 

| Broyles, Annie Mae 32, 33, 81 

I 3uckner, Mrs 27 

I Bullard, Kathryn 33 

! Burgess, Malcolm H 84 

i Burnes, Rev. and 
VIrs. Norman 80 



Burnett, Joshua 71 

Burrus, John 6 

Burton, Mae 82 

Bush, I. J 36 

Bryant, James R 85 

Camden, Aubrey H 52 

Camden, R. L 83 

Campbell, Ira 66 

Card, William 6 

Carlton, Herbert R 77, 84 

Carr, Donald C 25 

Carter, Mrs. A. G 82 

Carter, Bailey 12 

Carter, O. C 77 

Chastain, Rane 5 

Chiles, James 5 

Chocklett, G. A 52 

Chocklett, Minnie 52 

Churches 

Histories 94 to 170 

Member of the 

Association 196 

Civil War 72, 73 

Clary, Amos 83 

Clause, Mrs. Harry P 83 

Clifton, N. C 77 

Clopton, James C 57 

Cocke, C. L 61, 68 

Cocke, W. J 35 

Coffee, Arnold W 77 

Coleman, J. W 25 

Compton, J. E 36 

Connelly, H. W 85 

Council, Jas. G 63 

Cox, B. F 24 

Craig, Elijah 6 

Craig, John 6 

Craig, Joseph 6 

Craig, Lewis 6 

Cravens, James T 35 

Crenshaw, Versil 65 



229 



Crist, Remi P 65 

Cridlin, Mrs. Chiles J 83 

Cowling, Mary 83 

Crump, Frank T 32 

Davis, B. C 66 

Davis, James Allison .... 35, 37, 44 

Dempsey, Absalom 34, 71 

Denson, W. B 85 

Derveese, William 12 

Deury, Joseph 12 

Diuguid, George 25 

Dinwittie, Annie 27 

Dinwiddie, Mary 28, 30 

Dodge, H. W 62, 72 

Douglas, Thomas 15 

Dowdy, Mary E 65 

Driskill, Lawrence 65 

Duncan, W. E 44 

DuPuy, Peter 20 

DuPuy, Mrs. E. L 82 

Eager, Olive Mae Board .... 29, 80 

Edwards, Morgan 2 

Ellington, David 5 

Ellyson, Mary 65 

Eubank, Alexander 27, 34, 44, 

50, 51 

Eubank, William 25 

Eves, George : 6 

Fallis, William 84 

Falls, Helen 53 

Falls, O. B 53 

Falls, T. N 58 

Fariss, Jacob 12 

Fellows, Lewis 43 

Fields, Mrs. Elizabeth 27 

Fife, James 19 

Figg, Lucille 66 

Fisher, Mrs. S. 29 

Fisher, W. F 25 

Fletcher, Louise 32 

Flippin, Percy S 64 

Ford, Ruben 6 

Foster, Lewis 17 

Foster, Mrs. J. P 32 

Fox, Mrs. Jane 27 

Freeman, James 12, 17 

Freeman, Mrs. L. R 77, 218 

Fugate, Elizabeth 52 

Fugate, H. M 52, 65, 84 

Fugate, Mrs. H. M 77 



Fugate, Mary 52 

Fuqua, Fred 77 

Fuqua, Isham 15 

Fuqua, William W 52 

Furgerson, Alex 12 

Furgerson, Lawrence 65 

General Association of 
Virginia 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 49, 59, 
61, 63, 67, 70 

General Committee 10, 11 

General Committee 

of Correspondence 14, 15, 19 

Gentry, Harvey B 25 

Gilbert, Cornelius „... 24 

Gilliam, Elsie 31, 77, 80, 82 

Glass, Jessie Pettigrew 80 

Goggin, T. C 34, 36, 44, 57, 62 

Goodwill Center 32, 33 

Goodwin, Samuel 12 

Gregory, Mrs. A. Harrison .... 83 

Griggs, Jerry 61 

Gwaltney, J. L 34, 57 

Gwatkin, J. Edward 53 

Habel, Louise 82 

Habel, S. T., Sr 35, 82 

Halesford Academy 50 

Hall, Randolph 6, 12 

Halstead, Martin 83 

Hamilton, W. W 30, 53 

Hamlet, Lettie Spainhour 80 

Hamner, J. A 25, 44, 46 

Hamner, W. G 45, 61 

Hancock, Elaine 80 

Hancock, Mrs. O. C 82 

Hargate, Thomas 5, 6 

Harman, Charles L 52 

Harman, P. T 52 

Harris, Samuel 6, 23 

Harris, William 22, 34, 62, 

67, 71, 72 

Harrison, J. R 35, 52 

Harvey, Elizabeth 82 

Hash, Walter A 52 

Hatcher, Eldridge B 52 

Hatcher, Emma 28 

Hatcher, Hilary E 53 

Hatcher, Jeremiah 12, 15 

Hatcher, Julius 12 

Hatcher, William E 38, 52, 83 

Hatcher, Mrs. William E 82 



230 



■■ Hatsclow, Joseph 5 

" Hawkins, T. B 80 

? - Hawkins, Mrs 32 

> Henderson, Jane R 27 

Hensley, 44 

• Hester, F. M 77 

Hickey, Mrs. W. F 77 

I Hill, J. B 47 

Hite, Elton C 77 

Holland, 36 

Hubbard, Stephen 17 

Hunt, Alma 82 

Hurt, Ira 36 

Ingram, R. E 47 

i Ireland, John 8 

> Jackson, C. S 77 

$ Jackson, Loyd F 33 

' Jamerson, Mrs. Augustus 30 

•■ Jefferson, Thomas 14 

Jeter, J. B 20, 21, 22, 49, 

50, 51, 52, 53, 56, 72, 79, 83, 84 

« Jeter, Mrs. J. B 82 

' Jeter Jesse 36, 57, 61, 69 

Jeter, Mrs. Laura 27 



Jeter Female Institute 51, 52, 222 



. Jenks, J. A 53 

, Johns, Thomas 12 

J Johnson, Frank 35 

\ : Johnson, George 57 

: Johnson, Robert 84 

j Johnson, William 5, 8, 10, 12 

, Johnston, John N 43 

r Jones, Richard 2 



, Judd, Mrs. Ella 



28 



<J Kessee, Charles B., 

( : Education Fund 51 

\", Keyfauver, J. B. W 36 

"King, John 15 

Li Kirk, Mrs. J. R 83 

u Lawrence, John 12 

I '.'Layman's Movement 24, 25 

^Lea, Ola 80 

LlLee, John S 15, 17, 20, 22, 

34, 37, 70, 79 

: Lee, Elizabeth 37 

'■- Leftwich, G. W 36, 57 

: Leftwich, James C 22, 23, 34, 

f 50, 71 
i Leftwich, J. W 43 



Leftwich, William 20, 22, 

34, 43, 54, 71 

Ligon, W. C 71 

Lovell, William 5, 6, 7 

Lowery, Elliot 36 

Luck, G. C 77 

Luck, J. P 25, 37, 38 

Lunceford, Merriman 71 

Lunsford, William 36 

Lynn, James S 35 

McAllister, Jas. D 34, 54 

McCabe, J. P 51, 77 

McCabe, Mrs. W. 30, 84 

McConnville, Mrs. E. A 32 

McDaniel, George M 39 

McDermott, William 23 

McDonald, James 70 

McNeill, George 12 

McNiel, Warren 25 

Mahan, John 12 

Madison, James 11 

Markham, Charles W 77 

Marshall, Mrs. Charles P 31 

Marshall, William 5 

Martin, Henry 80 

Martin, J. D 28 

Mason, J. W 35 

Mason, Valentine M 20, 22, 23 

Mathews, J. M 44 

Mathis, James 12 

Mattox, W. C 77 

Maxey, Jeremiah 12 

Meadow, J. W 34 

Menesse, James 5 

Mentz, Casper 2 

Mercer, Mrs. I. M 82 

Millar, Alexander 35 

Millar, Mrs. Alexander 82 

Miller, G. A 47 

Miller, Hunter 25 

Miller, T. C 30 

Miller, W. A 25 

Mssionaries 

Associational 33, 34, 35 

Home 81 

Foreign 29, 33, 38, 79, 80 

Journeyman 80 

State 20, 21, 81 

Mitciff, Jacob 6 

Morgan, J. W 36 



231 



Morris, J. M 35 

Morris, Mary 30 

Morrow, John 5 

Moss, J. Calvin 25, 28, 30, 39, 

41, 65 

Murry, Mrs. Frank 32, 83 

Negroes 

First Church 57 

Organizations 59 

Religious Instruction 56, 57 

Assisting 58 

Newman, A 43 

Noel, J. C 17 

Noel, Mollie 28 

Noffsinger, H. G 52 

Norden, Robert 2 

Nordenhaug, Josef 81 

O'Conner, Rev. and 

Mrs. Lewis 80 

Ogden, Mrs. J. M 27 

Ogden, Mrs. L 27 

Old, Mrs. L. 65 

Owen, A. E 28 

Owen, Elias 12 

Parker, Gladys 81 

Parker, W. A 52 

Pastors 160 

Parrish, Celeste 29, 30 

Patterson, Mrs. Jane 28 

Payne, Mrs. E. H 30 

Pearcy, George 27, 36, 67 

Pearcy, Nicholas 79 

Perego, James 15 

Perego, Joseph (Pedigo) .... 17, 79 

Peyton, Thomas 5 

Pickett, Ruben 5 

Pictures 

Leaders in the 

Association 219, 220, 221 

Jeter Female Institute 222 

1914 Ministers 223 

Stone Road Church 224 

Eagle Eyrie Assembly .. 225, 226 

Pilcher, J. M 46 

Pinkard, Lucinda 28 

Poindexter, A. M 52, 61 

Polhill, Lucius 85 

Semple, Robert 21 

Seventy-five Million 

Campaign 41, 42, 47 



Shumate, Margie 80 

Simms, Albert E 84 

Simms, Mrs. Albert E 83 

Small, Mary Burnett 80 

Smith, Absalom 12 

Smith, Mrs. C. R 28 

Smitn, Humphry 12 

Smith, H. C 83 

Smith, R. A 35 

Smith, Mrs. J. R 31 

Smith, Jim 80 

Smith, W. R. L 75 

Snead, Georgie 81 

Snead, G. T 36 

Snuggs, Grace Mason 80 

Steen, Mrs 32 

St. John, Mrs. S. J 30 

Staley, D 35 

Stephenson, Virtley 66 

Steptoe, John R 72 

Stevens, Williams 12 

Stewart, S. H 65 

Stockton, Robert .... 6, 8, 10, 56, 80 

Stockton, Mrs. Robert 27 

Strawberry Lodge 77, 78 

Street, J. M 35, 52 

Sunday School 43 to 48 

Superintendents 172 

Sunnyside Academy 51 

Talbot, Mathew 80 

Tate, Fannie M 28 

Taylor, A. Poindexter 51 

Temperance Society 70 

Thomas, Elizabeth 81 

Thomas, M. C 64 

Thomas, Mrs. Nancy 28 

Thomas, Zula 81 

Thornhill, Emiline 31 

Thornhill, Joshua 43 

Thompson, David 5 

Thompson, W. M 84 

Thornton, John 36 

Thornton, Sterling M 43 

Thurman, J. B 77 

Tinsley, W. P 51 

Tinsdale, Robert 20 

Tolley, Blanche 28 

Tompson, C. J 28 

Training Union 64 

Directors 172 



232 



Poteet, J. E 38 

Price, Mrs. Bettie 27 

Prichard, J. L 36 

Quesenberry, W. Y 35 

Ramsey, Angeline 28 

Randolph, R. L 85 

Read, Ann 28 

Read, Marshall W 36, 68 

Reese, M. W 44 

Reese, W. W 69 

Renfro, Moses 12 

Rice, Luther 19, 49, 79 

Ricketts, George F 84 

Robertson, Mrs. F. P 82 

Royall, W. S 38, 83 

Royall, Mrs. W. S 82 

Rucker, J. A 25 

Rucker, Sallie H 28 

Rules of Decorum 12 

Ryland, Robert 23, 50 

Sale, E. B. (Edmonia) 24, 28, 

38, 80 

Sanders, Eva 80 

Sanderson, T. N 34, 44 

Scarbrough, L. R 39 

Tribble, Andrew 5 

Tuggle, Henry 17 

Turner, Grover M 52 

Turpin, Connie 80 

Tyree, Cornelius 44, 74 

Twymen, George 6 

Updike, Mrs. Rebecca 28 



Vaughn, Edith 

Vines, Mrs. J. F. .. 
Waller, Jeremiah 
Waller, John 



80 

82 

5 

6 

Washington, Booker T 59 

Weathers, James 5 

Webber, William 6 

Welch, A. E 80 

Welsh, C. W 35 

Wheeler, G 73 

White, S. R 34, 36, 44 

Whitefield, George 3 

Whorley, Z 71 

Wicker, J. C 52 

Wicker, J. J 52 

Williams, Edward 27 

Williams, John 5, 6 

Williams, W. H 51 

Wilson, Bettie 28 

Winn, Mrs. George T 82 

Witt, Daniel P 19, 21, 22, 49, 50 

Witt, George D 25 

Witt, Jesse 23, 34, 50, 52, 54, 

67, 71, 81 
Womans' Missionary 

Society 27 to 30 

Officers 172 

Wranek, W. H 24, 64 

Wright, E. J 46, 66 

Wyre, H. W 72 

Young, Lucy E 30 



233